Young people attack computer networks to impress friends and challenge political system, crime research shows
Edward Snowden won the majority of Guardian readers’ votes in our online poll, with Malala Yousafzai, joint official winner, in second place
Edward Snowden should have won the 2014 Nobel peace prize, according to Guardian readers who put the NSA whistleblower ahead of official winners Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi.
Snowden, who leaked documents revealing global surveillance by the US and UK to the Guardian and others last year, received 47% of reader votes, with educational campaigner Malala gaining 36% and Snowden’s fellow American whistleblower Chelsea Manning at 15%.
Guardian reader Norbert Schuff explained the reasoning behind his vote:
Snowden is the only one on this list who deserves the peace price. His revelations of the broad government surveillance of digital communications not only had the most global impact but will also shape actions for freedom of expression and right of privacy for years to come.
Readers’ hopes were dashed when the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the prestigious and often controversial prize to Malala and Satyarthi for “their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”.
The committee prides itself on its independence, but, headed by Norway’s former prime minister Thorbjørn Jagland and chosen by Norway’s parliament, its members are keenly aware of the political ramifications of their decisions.
“Giving it to Snowden would run against all political instincts. He is, after all, considered a traitor to one of Norway’s closest allies,” Kristian Harpviken, director at the Peace Research Institute in Oslo, told the Christian Science Monitor.
Escudados en apodos exóticos, más o menos bien intencionados y exaltando sus talentos informáticos, los piratas cibernéticos forman una comunidad que busca crear el caos… pero en estricto acato a sus normas.
“La gente piensa que los piratas son asociales que viven en un granero. Eso es totalmente falso”, dijo a la AFP Nico Sell, organizadora de DEF CON, la convención más importante de los llamados hackers, cuya edición número 23 se celebrará el próximo año en Las Vegas (oeste de EEUU)
“Para ser bueno (en piratería), hay que comprender cómo funciona la gente y la sociedad. Estos cracks no son cracks normales”, añadió la cofundadora del servicio de mensajería encriptada Wickr.
Las tribus de piratas, entre ellas Anonymous, LulzSec o Lizard Squad, se dividen en dos grupos: los “sombreros blancos”, que utilizan sus habilidades con buenas intenciones, y los “sombreros negros”, que se dedican a espiar o robar.
Estos sabios clandestinos comparten sus hazañas en foros como DEF CON o en chats de internet como 4Chan, indicó por su parte Gabriella Coleman, especialista de esta comunidad de la Universidad McGill de Montreal, en Canadá.
In Geneva this week, an expert seminar will be held at the Human Rights Council on the right to privacy. To inform these discussions and debates, Privacy International is releasing our report, The State of Privacy 2014, which identifies recent accomplishments from around the world, and highlights significant challenges ahead for this right.
Promoting and defending the right to privacy in national and international policy discourses is always an interesting challenge. The right to privacy is fundamental to who we are as human beings, insulating our most intimate and personal thoughts and deeds, and acts as a critical safeguard against abuse and overreach by pow- erful institutions. It is perhaps for these reasons that the right has for so long been under attack by governments.
At the same time, privacy has received too little attention within the human rights community. Unlike many other human rights, privacy requires an understanding of law, ethics, technology, sociology, and policy. In many ways it is also subjected to prevailing forces and trends within these domains. Meanwhile significant changes in technology, coupled with trends in security policy, have given rise to previously unimaginable forms of surveil- lance. There has been a deluge of policy and technology changes across the world.
We have seen a gradual and yet significant change in this respect over the past five years, as new technologies have become ubiquitous in both the developed and developing world, and privacy issues have begun to surface in the public consciousness. Privacy International began working with organisations and academics in developing countries in 2008 to promote research and policy engagement around privacy. In this time we have seen privacy make a remarkable ascent up the political agenda in countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America. Privacy and data protection have gained currency in conversations about biometric technologies, identification systems, public health initiatives, development and humanitarian initiatives, and, of course, national security and law enforcement debates.
In June 2013 the entire discourse changed dramatically. The catalyst for the right’s recent rise to the top of international political and human rights agendas was last year’s series of revelations by Edward Snowden, the former NSA contractor. The importance of the Snowden revelations cannot be overstated, as they finally gave us the evidence of what we had most feared: that governments acting with scant attention to legal protections, are using invasive techniques to collect as much as they can, while compromising the systems that we all rely upon. Equally, these revelations accelerated, in leaps and bounds, the process of building public knowledge about global surveillance arrangements and capabilities. Awareness of, and interest in, the right to privacy is now unprecedented.
And so it was that 2013 became the year that privacy advocates finally gained traction in the halls of national parliaments and the United Nations General Assembly; that strong civil society coalitions were formed across borders and regions; that the world’s 101st data protection law was adopted (by South Africa). Privacy became, in the words of Human Rights Watch,‘the right whose time has come’.
The inventor of the world wide web believes an online “Magna Carta” is needed to protect and enshrine the independence of the medium he created and the rights of its users worldwide.
Sir Tim Berners-Lee told the Guardian the web had come under increasing attack from governments and corporate influence and that new rules were needed to protect the “open, neutral” system.
Speaking exactly 25 years after he wrote the first draft of the first proposal for what would become the world wide web, the computer scientist said: “We need a global constitution – a bill of rights.”
Berners-Lee’s Magna Carta plan is to be taken up as part of an initiative called “the web we want”, which calls on people to generate a digital bill of rights in each country – a statement of principles he hopes will be supported by public institutions, government officials and corporations.
“Unless we have an open, neutral internet we can rely on without worrying about what’s happening at the back door, we can’t have open government, good democracy, good healthcare, connected communities and diversity of culture. It’s not naive to think we can have that, but it is naive to think we can just sit back and get it.”
Berners-Lee has been an outspoken critic of the American and British spy agencies’ surveillance of citizens following the revelations by National Security Agency whistleblower Edward Snowden. In the light of what has emerged, he said, people were looking for an overhaul of how the security services were managed.