Científicos crean primer archivo chileno digital de noticias en Twitter – El Mostrador

¿Cómo reaccionaron los chilenos ante la elección de Donald Trump? ¿Cuál fue el impacto del caso SQM en los usuarios de Twitter?Son preguntas que podrán hacerse periodistas, historiadores, profesionales de las ciencias sociales y ciudadanos en “Galean”, archivo digital de Twitter que reúne reacciones, opiniones, impresiones de los usuarios chilenos ante eventos noticiosos.

Fuente: Científicos crean primer archivo chileno digital de noticias en Twitter – El Mostrador


Estudio revela que sector de medios digitales independientes en América Latina crece, pero sujeto a ataques – El Mostrador

El 45 por ciento de los medios digitales independientes de América Latina declaró haber sufrido violencia o amenazas por los temas a los que haqn dado cobertura, mientras que el 20% admitió haberse autocensurado como resultado de ello.

Fuente: Estudio revela que sector de medios digitales independientes en América Latina crece, pero sujeto a ataques – El Mostrador


Marshall McLuhan, el “profeta de la era digital” que predijo internet 20 años antes de que se inventara – El Mostrador

En lugar de dirigirse hacia una vasta librería de Alejandría, el planeta se ha convertido en una computadora, un cerebro electrónico, como una obra de ciencia ficción infantil, al exteriorizarse nuestros sentidos, el Gran Hermano se asienta en nuestro interior.Así que, a menos de que seamos conscientes de esta dinámica, nos moveremos hacia una fase de terrores de pánico, adaptándonos a un mundo pequeño de tambores tribales, interdependencia total y coexistencia superimpuesta.

Fuente: Marshall McLuhan, el “profeta de la era digital” que predijo internet 20 años antes de que se inventara – El Mostrador


The media’s war on Trump is destined to fail. Why can’t it see that? | Thomas Frank | Opinion | The Guardian

One part of the explanation is the structural situation of the news media. As newspapers die off, their place in the American consciousness is taken by social networks of both the formal and informal variety. Thanks to Facebook and Twitter, these days we read only that which confirms our biases. Once upon a time, perhaps, the Washington Post could single-handedly bring down a president, but those days have passed.But there’s also a second reason, one that is even more fundamental. The truth is that the unanimous anti-Trumpness of the respectable press is just one facet of a larger homogeneity. As it happens, the surviving press in this country is unanimous about all sorts of things.

Fuente: The media’s war on Trump is destined to fail. Why can’t it see that? | Thomas Frank | Opinion | The Guardian


Las humanidades digitales en la información falsa: una explicación científica de la posverdad – El Mostrador

Las indagaciones científicas publicadas por la revista Physical Review E. demostraron que, cuando en las redes existe más de un núcleo de personas con opiniones similares, conectadas a pocas fuentes de información y muchos medios de retransmisión, se generan círculos cerrados y autorreferentes, los que pierden la capacidad de absorber otras ideas.

Fuente: Las humanidades digitales en la información falsa: una explicación científica de la posverdad – El Mostrador


Periodista noruego que investiga caso SQM: “Se ha creado un sistema donde es imposible competir en política sin el apoyo de la elite empresarial” – El Mostrador

Hoy no hay un conflicto en el mundo en el que los cables Wikileaks no tengan algo que decir. Me impactó cuando Assange dijo: “¿Cómo es posible que un puñado de jóvenes con sus computadores hayan descubierto más secretos de la potencia mundial más fuerte del mundo que todo el aparataje de la prensa en su conjunto?”.

Fuente: Periodista noruego que investiga caso SQM: “Se ha creado un sistema donde es imposible competir en política sin el apoyo de la elite empresarial” – El Mostrador


Laura Poitras on her WikiLeaks film Risk: ‘I knew Julian Assange was going to be furious’ | Film | The Guardian

The Oscar-winning director made her name with the Edward Snowden revelations. In turn, that led to the opportunity to closely film Assange. But the more she filmed, the more critical she became

Fuente: Laura Poitras on her WikiLeaks film Risk: ‘I knew Julian Assange was going to be furious’ | Film | The Guardian


Chelsea Manning: I leaked reports after seeing how Americans ignored wars | US news | The Guardian

Manning describes ‘two worlds’ – one in the US and one she witnessed in Iraq – in New York Times interview days after her release from military prison

Fuente: Chelsea Manning: I leaked reports after seeing how Americans ignored wars | US news | The Guardian


The U.S. Has Ramped Up Airstrikes Against ISIS in Raqqa, and Syrian Civilians Are Paying the Price

Thanks to camera phones and social media, the deadly consequences of U.S. military operations are indeed being recorded, shared, and watched around the world on an unprecedented scale. But while civilian deaths are regularly reported in local media outlets in the Middle East, they are seldom reported in detail by international media.

Fuente: The U.S. Has Ramped Up Airstrikes Against ISIS in Raqqa, and Syrian Civilians Are Paying the Price


Egypt blocks access to news websites including Al-Jazeera and Mada Masr | World news | The Guardian

Egypt has blocked access to at least 21 news sites critical of the government, notably the Qatari channel Al-Jazeera, Huffington Post’s Arabic-language site HuffPost Arabi and the independent website Mada Masr.

Fuente: Egypt blocks access to news websites including Al-Jazeera and Mada Masr | World news | The Guardian


Chelsea Manning released from military prison | US news | The Guardian

Chelsea Manning, the army private who released a vast trove of US state secrets and was punished by the US military for months in penal conditions denounced by the UN as torture, has been released from a military prison in Kansas after serving seven years of a 35-year sentence.

Fuente: Chelsea Manning released from military prison | US news | The Guardian


The far right thrives on global networks. They must be fought online and off | Julia Ebner | Opinion | The Guardian

“Muslims are like cockroaches. An infestation that needs to be eradicated. Immediately. Permanently”, reads the tweet by one of thousands of anonymous far-right Twitter accounts that spread hate against ethnic and religious minorities each day.

Fuente: The far right thrives on global networks. They must be fought online and off | Julia Ebner | Opinion | The Guardian


Wikipedia founder to fight fake news with new Wikitribune site | Technology | The Guardian

Crowdfunded online publication from Jimmy Wales will pair paid journalists with army of volunteer contributors

Fuente: Wikipedia founder to fight fake news with new Wikitribune site | Technology | The Guardian


Trump’s CIA Director Pompeo, Targeting WikiLeaks, Explicitly Threatens Speech and Press Freedoms

“To give them the space to crush us with misappropriated secrets is a perversion of what our great Constitution stands for. It ends now.” At no point did Pompeo specify what steps the CIA intended to take to ensure that the “space” to publish secrets “ends now.”

Fuente: Trump’s CIA Director Pompeo, Targeting WikiLeaks, Explicitly Threatens Speech and Press Freedoms


The stench of the Iraq war lingers behind today’s preoccupation with fake news | Jeff Sparrow | Opinion | The Guardian

If world leaders can deceive voters about the greatest foreign policy debacle in a generation, why should a president today worry about casually lying about the crowds at his inauguration?

Fuente: The stench of the Iraq war lingers behind today’s preoccupation with fake news | Jeff Sparrow | Opinion | The Guardian


Why a digital detox is bad for us | Ruth Whippman | Life and style | The Guardian

Negative emotions and anxiety exist for a reason. The rancid sense of rising terror that we often feel in response to the current news cycle is a crucial early-warning system that things are indeed not right. Rather than trying to ignore and appease those feelings of anxiety by disengaging, we should be listening to what they are telling us. We need to be more vigilant, not less.

Fuente: Why a digital detox is bad for us | Ruth Whippman | Life and style | The Guardian


Forget Trump’s tweets and media bans. The real issue is his threat to the internet | Charles Ferguson | Opinion | The Guardian

Deregulation could allow the president to undermine freedom of speech in a way that was beyond even Nixon

Fuente: Forget Trump’s tweets and media bans. The real issue is his threat to the internet | Charles Ferguson | Opinion | The Guardian


The Facebook manifesto: Mark Zuckerberg’s letter to the world looks a lot like politics | Technology | The Guardian

The social media tycoon’s 5,700-word post about the ‘global community’ stokes rumours that another billionaire businessman is planning to run for president

Fuente: The Facebook manifesto: Mark Zuckerberg’s letter to the world looks a lot like politics | Technology | The Guardian


Todas las cosas buenas eventualmente terminan | Manzana Mecánica

Todo llega a su fin. Algunas cosas antes de lo esperado, algunas otras más tarde. A veces el fin de las cosas llega de una forma invisible, cuando deja de ocupar espacio en nuestras mentes, en nuestro tiempo, porque nuestras vidas se han movido vertiginosamente en direcciones que hasta hace poco, no habríamos si quiera imaginado. Es este, en mi opinión, el caso de Manzana Mecánica.

Fuente: Todas las cosas buenas eventualmente terminan | Manzana Mecánica


Fact-checkers are weapons in the post-truth wars, but they’re not all on one side | Media | The Guardian

The practice of spreading facts to counter falsehoods has been hailed as way to counter ‘fake news’, but on the front line the picture is becoming confused

Fuente: Fact-checkers are weapons in the post-truth wars, but they’re not all on one side | Media | The Guardian


Is technology smart enough to fix the fake news frenzy? | John Naughton | Opinion | The Guardian

The debate about “fake news” and the “post-truth” society we now supposedly inhabit has become the epistemological version of a feeding frenzy: so much heat, so little light. Two things about it are particularly infuriating. The first is the implicit assumption that “truth” is somehow a straightforward thing and our problem is that we just can’t be bothered any more to find it. The second is the failure to appreciate that the profitability, if not the entire business model, of both Google and Facebook depends critically on them not taking responsibility for what passes through their servers. So hoping that these companies will somehow fix the problem is like persuading turkeys to look forward to Christmas.

Fuente: Is technology smart enough to fix the fake news frenzy? | John Naughton | Opinion | The Guardian


With the power of online transparency, together we can beat fake news | Jimmy Wales | Opinion | The Guardian

The rise of the internet may have created our current predicament, but the people who populate the internet can help us get out of it. Next time you go back and forth with someone over a controversial issue online, stick to facts with good sources, and engage in open dialogue. Most importantly, be nice. You may end up being a small part of the process whereby information chaos becomes knowledge.

Fuente: With the power of online transparency, together we can beat fake news | Jimmy Wales | Opinion | The Guardian


María Olivia Mönckeberg y el peligro de las noticias falsas: “Esto puede afectar incluso la seguridad de las personas” – El Mostrador

lo que me preocupa, lo que preocupa mucho en general, es esto de las noticias falsas. Yo lo centraría más en la cuestión de las famosas redes sociales.

Fuente: María Olivia Mönckeberg y el peligro de las noticias falsas: “Esto puede afectar incluso la seguridad de las personas” – El Mostrador


Julian Assange: ‘Chelsea Manning clemency was bid to make life hard for me’ | Media | The Guardian

WikiLeaks founder qualifies his pledge to accept extradition to the US in interview with Australian current affairs programme The Project

Fuente: Julian Assange: ‘Chelsea Manning clemency was bid to make life hard for me’ | Media | The Guardian


Julian Assange confirms he is willing to travel to US after Manning decision | Media | The Guardian

WikiLeaks tweeted last week that Assange would agree to US extradition if Obama granted Manning clemency. Asked during a web broadcast on Thursday if he would now leave the embassy, Assange said: “I stand by everything I said, including the offer to go to the United States if Chelsea Manning’s sentence was commuted.”

Fuente: Julian Assange confirms he is willing to travel to US after Manning decision | Media | The Guardian


Chelsea Manning did the right thing. Finally, Barack Obama has too | Trevor Timm | Opinion | The Guardian

At the time of her revelations, she was the most important whistleblower since Daniel Ellsberg. Upon hearing the news today, Ellsberg said this: “Once in a while, someone does what they ought to do. Some go to prison for it, for seven years; some accept exile for life. But sometimes even a president does it. And today, it was Obama.”

Fuente: Chelsea Manning did the right thing. Finally, Barack Obama has too | Trevor Timm | Opinion | The Guardian


Julian Assange ready for US extradition, one of his lawyers suggests | Media | The Guardian

A lawyer for Julian Assange has indicated that the WikiLeaks founder is ready to face extradition to the US after Barack Obama commuted the sentence of US army whistleblower Chelsea Manning.

Fuente: Julian Assange ready for US extradition, one of his lawyers suggests | Media | The Guardian


Chelsea Manning’s prison sentence commuted by Barack Obama | US news | The Guardian

The White House insisted on Tuesday that Assange’s offer to submit to extradition if Obama “grants Manning clemency” did not influence the president’s action.

Fuente: Chelsea Manning’s prison sentence commuted by Barack Obama | US news | The Guardian


Apple censura la aplicación del New York Times en | ELESPECTADOR.COM

El gigante estadounidense de la electrónica Apple confirmó este jueves que había retirado la aplicación del New York Times de la versión china de su tienda en línea, mientras que el sitio web del diario lleva bloqueado en China varios años.

Fuente: Apple censura la aplicación del New York Times en | ELESPECTADOR.COM


Obama libera a exsoldado que actuó como fuente en caso WikiLeaks

El presidente estadounidense, Barack Obama, conmutó la pena de prisión a quien fuera fuente de Wikileaks, Chelsea Manning.Según la información de la Casa Blanca, la exsoldado será liberada el próximo 17 de mayo, aunque se encontraba condenada a una pena de cárcel de 35 años.

Fuente: Obama libera a exsoldado que actuó como fuente en caso WikiLeaks


Watch How Casually False Claims are Published: New York Times and Nicholas Lemann Edition

Like most people, I’ve long known that factual falsehoods are routinely published in major media outlets. But as I’ve pointed out before, nothing makes you internalize just how often it really happens, how completely their editorial standards so often fail, like being personally involved in a story that receives substantial media coverage. I cannot count how many times I’ve read or heard claims from major media outlets about the Snowden story that I knew, from first-hand knowledge, were a total fabrication.We have a perfect example of how this happens from the New York Times today, in a book review by Nicholas Lemann, the Pulitzer-Moore professor of journalism at Columbia University as well as a long-time staff writer for The New Yorker.

Fuente: Watch How Casually False Claims are Published: New York Times and Nicholas Lemann Edition


WashPost Is Richly Rewarded for False News About Russia Threat While Public Is Deceived

The most ironic aspect of all this is that it is mainstream journalists — the very people who have become obsessed with the crusade against Fake News — who play the key role in enabling and fueling this dissemination of false stories. They do so not only by uncritically spreading them, but also by taking little or no steps to notify the public of their falsity.

Fuente: WashPost Is Richly Rewarded for False News About Russia Threat While Public Is Deceived


Russia Hysteria Infects WashPost Again: False Story About Hacking U.S. Electric Grid

Those interested in a sober and rational discussion of the Russia hacking issue should read the following:(1) Three posts by cybersecurity expert Jeffrey Carr: first, on the difficulty of proving attribution for any hacks; second, on the irrational claims on which the “Russia hacked the DNC” case is predicated; and third, on the woefully inadequate, evidence-free report issued by the Department of Homeland Security and FBI this week to justify sanctions against Russia.(2) Yesterday’s Rolling Stone article by Matt Taibbi, who lived and worked for more than a decade in Russia, titled: “Something About This Russia Story Stinks.”(3) An Atlantic article by David A. Graham on the politics and strategies of the sanctions imposed this week on Russia by Obama; I disagree with several of his claims, but the article is a rarity: a calm, sober, rational assessment of this debate.

Fuente: Russia Hysteria Infects WashPost Again: False Story About Hacking U.S. Electric Grid


The Guardian’s Summary of Julian Assange’s Interview Went Viral and Was Completely False

one’s views of Assange are completely irrelevant to this article, which is not about Assange. This article, instead, is about a report published this week by The Guardian that recklessly attributed to Assange comments that he did not make. This article is about how those false claims — fabrications, really — were spread all over the internet by journalists, causing hundreds of thousands of people (if not millions) to consume false news. The purpose of this article is to underscore, yet again, that those who most flamboyantly denounce Fake News, and want Facebook and other tech giants to suppress content in the name of combating it, are often the most aggressive and self-serving perpetrators of it.

Fuente: The Guardian’s Summary of Julian Assange’s Interview Went Viral and Was Completely False


A Clinton Fan Manufactured Fake News That MSNBC Personalities Spread to Discredit WikiLeaks Docs

The phrase “Fake News” has exploded in usage since the election, but the term is similar to other malleable political labels such as “terrorism” and “hate speech”; because the phrase lacks any clear definition, it is essentially useless except as an instrument of propaganda and censorship. The most important fact to realize about this new term: Those who most loudly denounce Fake News are typically those most aggressively disseminating it.

Fuente: A Clinton Fan Manufactured Fake News That MSNBC Personalities Spread to Discredit WikiLeaks Docs


Edward Snowden backers beam calls for pardon on Washington news museum | US news | The Guardian

Now the most audacious display of support for Snowden is under way. Messages calling for his pardon are being beamed on to the outside wall of the Newseum, the Washington institution devoted to freedom of speech and the press that stands less than two miles from the White House.

Fuente: Edward Snowden backers beam calls for pardon on Washington news museum | US news | The Guardian


Why it’s dangerous to outsource our critical thinking to computers | Technology | The Guardian

It is crucial for a resilient democracy that we better understand how Google and Facebook are changing the way we think, interact and behave

Fuente: Why it’s dangerous to outsource our critical thinking to computers | Technology | The Guardian


WikiLeaks: Diez años por la transparencia informativa | Resumen

WikiLeaks, definida por su fundador, Julian Assange como “una gran biblioteca de la rebelión”, lleva diez años publicando más información secreta que todos los demás medios de prensa combinados. Las revelaciones informaron al público sobre tratados secretos, vigilancia masiva, ataques contra civiles, torturas y asesinatos cometido por los gobiernos de EE.UU. y otros países.

Fuente: WikiLeaks: Diez años por la transparencia informativa | Resumen


A moment of truth for Mark Zuckerberg | John Naughton | Opinion | The Guardian

The study found that over the last three months of the election campaign, 20 top-performing false election stories from hoax sites and hyper-partisan blogs generated 8,711,000 shares, reactions, and comments on Facebook, whereas the 20 best-performing election stories from 19 major news websites generated a total of 7,367,000 shares, reactions and comments. In other words, if you run a social networking site, fake news is good for business, even if it’s bad for democracy.

Fuente: A moment of truth for Mark Zuckerberg | John Naughton | Opinion | The Guardian


Facebook faces calls for greater transparency amid ‘fake news’ row | Technology | The Guardian

Facebook is facing calls for greater transparency and oversight after admitting widespread errors in the way it measures advertising activity, as the social media company finds itself under increased pressure to clean up its act over a number of issues including distributing “fake news”.

Fuente: Facebook faces calls for greater transparency amid ‘fake news’ row | Technology | The Guardian


La corrupción y la caída final de los Clinton – El Mostrador

Y pese a que la prensa mayoritaria lo negaba en forma maniaca, los correos filtrados por Wikileaks eran viralizados por las redes sociales, dando cuenta de una serie de situaciones como las siguientes: cerca de la mitad de las personas que lograron tener acceso a Hillary Clinton mientras era Secretaria de Estado, habían hecho, en los días previos, importantes donaciones a la Fundación Clinton (pay to play); su jefe de campaña era al mismo tiempo lobbista de los gobiernos de Arabia Saudita y Qatar (acusados de ser financistas de ISIS), para los cuales consiguió millonarias ventas de armas (durante el periodo en que Clinton fue Secretaria de Estado las exportaciones de armas duplicaron a las realizadas en tiempos de Bush).

Fuente: La corrupción y la caída final de los Clinton – El Mostrador


In the Trump Era, Leaking and Whistleblowing Are More Urgent, and More Noble, Than Ever

One of the very few remaining avenues for learning what the U.S. government is doing — beyond the propaganda that it wants Americans to ingest and thus deliberately disseminates through media outlets — is leaking and whistleblowing. Among the leading U.S. heroes in the war on terror have been the men and women inside various agencies of the U.S. government who discovered serious wrongdoing being carried out in secret, and then risked their own personal welfare to ensure that the public learned of what never should have been hidden in the first place.

Fuente: In the Trump Era, Leaking and Whistleblowing Are More Urgent, and More Noble, Than Ever


From Weiner to Making A Murderer: this is the golden age of documentaries | Film | The Guardian

Documentary films have are more diverse, experimental and popular than ever before. Here we consider why, and survey the genre’s game-changers

Fuente: From Weiner to Making A Murderer: this is the golden age of documentaries | Film | The Guardian


La complicada relación entre Perú y la vigilancia, y cómo solucionarla | Hiperderecho

En Perú, un mecanismo de control débil de la vigilancia hizo caer a un primer ministro. En 2015 la revista peruana, Correo Semanal, alegó que la Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional del Perú (DINI) había espiado ilegalmente a periodistas, empresarios, legisladores, políticos y miembros de las fuerzas armadas y sus familias. La DINI accedió supuestamente a información almacenada en el registro nacional de las propiedades del Perú, y almacenó esta información en expediente de cientos de personas.

Fuente: La complicada relación entre Perú y la vigilancia, y cómo solucionarla | Hiperderecho


How do I tell my daughter that her online ‘truth’ is a conspiracy theory? | Life and style | The Guardian

False claims abound on the internet and are snaring many children into believing them

Fuente: How do I tell my daughter that her online ‘truth’ is a conspiracy theory? | Life and style | The Guardian


Social media alone understood the Donald Trump story

That which US journalism proclaims as its most precious contribution to a democratic polity, that it finds and publishes the facts, shorn of bias, was absent this week. Neither the journalism of facts nor the algorithms of the polling organisations could grasp the popular swell of affection for a candidate that nearly all mainstream media found irredeemably flawed — perhaps because he was flawed.The media that do get it are those that carry emotion: social media above all others.

Fuente: Social media alone understood the Donald Trump story


Three New Scandals Show How Pervasive and Dangerous Mass Surveillance Is in the West, Vindicating Snowden

While most eyes are focused on the presidential race between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, three major events prove how widespread, and dangerous, mass surveillance has become in the West. Standing alone, each event highlights exactly the severe threats that motivated Edward Snowden to blow his whistle; taken together, they constitute full-scale vindication of everything he’s done.

Fuente: Three New Scandals Show How Pervasive and Dangerous Mass Surveillance Is in the West, Vindicating Snowden


Montreal police defend surveillance of journalist’s phone amid outcry | World news | The Guardian

Rights campaigners are among those sounding the alarm over the erosion of press freedom in Canada after it emerged that police in Montreal had spent several months monitoring the phone of a journalist in order to identify his sources.

Fuente: Montreal police defend surveillance of journalist’s phone amid outcry | World news | The Guardian


Victory over Isis will stream live on Facebook. But defeat won’t | Technology | The Guardian

The war in Iraq is being broadcast 24/7. But don’t think for a moment that the authorities have surrendered their control over the media

Fuente: Victory over Isis will stream live on Facebook. But defeat won’t | Technology | The Guardian


US and Ecuador deny conspiring to take Julian Assange offline | Media | The Guardian

The journalist John Pilger, a close ally and frequent visitor of Assange in the embassy, told the Guardian that Assange “will have a contingency”, and stressed that WikiLeaks was bigger than its founder.“I can’t imagine that the restrictions will stop the leaks or deter WikiLeaks and Assange,” he said. “The significance of the action by Ecuador, which is clearly under pressure, is to show how frightened the US establishment is of further revelations reaching the public about its preferred presidential candidate.”

Fuente: US and Ecuador deny conspiring to take Julian Assange offline | Media | The Guardian