Marshall McLuhan, el “profeta de la era digital” que predijo internet 20 años antes de que se inventara – El Mostrador

En lugar de dirigirse hacia una vasta librería de Alejandría, el planeta se ha convertido en una computadora, un cerebro electrónico, como una obra de ciencia ficción infantil, al exteriorizarse nuestros sentidos, el Gran Hermano se asienta en nuestro interior.Así que, a menos de que seamos conscientes de esta dinámica, nos moveremos hacia una fase de terrores de pánico, adaptándonos a un mundo pequeño de tambores tribales, interdependencia total y coexistencia superimpuesta.

Fuente: Marshall McLuhan, el “profeta de la era digital” que predijo internet 20 años antes de que se inventara – El Mostrador

Todas las cosas buenas eventualmente terminan | Manzana Mecánica

Todo llega a su fin. Algunas cosas antes de lo esperado, algunas otras más tarde. A veces el fin de las cosas llega de una forma invisible, cuando deja de ocupar espacio en nuestras mentes, en nuestro tiempo, porque nuestras vidas se han movido vertiginosamente en direcciones que hasta hace poco, no habríamos si quiera imaginado. Es este, en mi opinión, el caso de Manzana Mecánica.

Fuente: Todas las cosas buenas eventualmente terminan | Manzana Mecánica

WikiLeaks: Diez años por la transparencia informativa | Resumen

WikiLeaks, definida por su fundador, Julian Assange como “una gran biblioteca de la rebelión”, lleva diez años publicando más información secreta que todos los demás medios de prensa combinados. Las revelaciones informaron al público sobre tratados secretos, vigilancia masiva, ataques contra civiles, torturas y asesinatos cometido por los gobiernos de EE.UU. y otros países.

Fuente: WikiLeaks: Diez años por la transparencia informativa | Resumen

Facebook backs down from ‘napalm girl’ censorship and reinstates photo | Technology | The Guardian

“After hearing from our community, we looked again at how our Community Standards were applied in this case. An image of a naked child would normally be presumed to violate our Community Standards, and in some countries might even qualify as child pornography. In this case, we recognize the history and global importance of this image in documenting a particular moment in time.”

Fuente: Facebook backs down from ‘napalm girl’ censorship and reinstates photo | Technology | The Guardian

Gremio histórico de los periódicos de EE.UU. se deshace del “papel” y se abre a los medios digitales – El Mostrador

Dejó de llamarse “Newspaper Association of America” y pasó a ser la News Media Alliance, porque según su presidente ejecutivo, David Chavern,“newspaper” ya no es la palabra adecuada para referirse a muchos miembros del grupo, como The Washington Post, The New York Times y Dow Jones, que si bien son impresos, tienen gran parte de su lectoría a través de la web.

Fuente: Gremio histórico de los periódicos de EE.UU. se deshace del “papel” y se abre a los medios digitales – El Mostrador

“El Watergate es una ilusión diseñada por Hollywood”

“La gestión de los Papeles de Panamá es un ataque a nuestro modelo”, asegura el fundador de Wikileaks, muy crítico con el Consorcio Internacional de Periodistas de Investigación que ha publicado esta última gran filtración”Los medios establecidos tienen que limitarse constantemente bajo los poderes del establishment, los poderes del Estado al que pertenecen”, dice Assange en esta entrevista con en la Embajada de Ecuador en Londres

Fuente: “El Watergate es una ilusión diseñada por Hollywood”

Twitter and Instagram users can learn a lot from a 1920s journalist | Comment is free | The Guardian

Twitter and Instagram users can learn a lot from a 1920s journalist | Comment is free | The Guardian.

Social media give us the power to create a real-time portrait of our age, just as pioneering journalist Ben Hecht documented his own era

Ben Hecht On Horseback
Chicago Daily News reporter Ben Hecht on horseback in 1915 … we can each create a Chicago of the mind as real as the one Hecht created in print. Photograph: Chicago History Museum/Getty

Chicago, late afternoon in 1921. Outside, the pavements are slick with rain and in the newsroom, amid cigar smoke, they can feel the rumble as the Chicago Daily News rolls off the press. Enter reporter Ben Hecht, with a new idea. He will write a daily sketch of the city’s life, modelled on the stories of Scheherazade and entitled 1001 Afternoons in Chicago. Hecht is hired, and from then on, throughout the 1920s, not a day goes by without a miniature masterpiece of reportage.

By the time he was finished, and had gone to Broadway to write The Front Page, Hecht had documented in detail the everyday world in which all fictional heroes of film noir begin their adventures. It is a world of cardsharps, condemned men, sex workers, Yiddish tailors and Chinese laundrymen. Hecht’s description of one gives a flavour of the way he wrote: “There is something immaculate about Sing Lee. Sing Lee has been ironing out collars and shirts for 35 years. And 35 years have been ironing Sing Lee out.” But beyond the individuals, the main character for Hecht is always Chicago: its windows always rain-spattered, its streets always dark, its coffee always laced with bootlegged brandy.

Hecht was part of an international cadre of reporters who all had a similar idea at the same time: to make newswriting literary, so it could sustain greater length, pack a bigger emotional punch, but to use demotic language for a mass audience. They called it “reportage” – which is only French for reporting, but denotes its character as literary non-fiction.

Thanks to Hecht’s reportage, we possess, 90 years on, a granular social history of the time, one that the people of Chicago were seeing written in real time. While the news pages told them that a judge had released some woman charged with prostitution, Hecht tells us how her eyes pleaded for leniency – “a dog takes a kick like this with eyes like these” – and how, after release, she halted by a drugstore window to reapply her makeup.

Ben Hecht in 1918
The writer Ben Hecht in 1918 … we should be claiming our right to be lyrical and profound on social media. Photograph: Chicago History Museum/Getty

In a brilliant piece, Hecht catches the radical trade union leader Big Bill Haywood watching a burlesque show in a supposed last week of freedom prior to starting a 20-year jail sentence for sedition. A few days later, Haywood escaped to Russia, but Hecht uses this event to take us on a tour of lowlife Chicago through the eyes of a man who loves it, and will never see it again.

Today, technology has given all of us the power to be our own version of Ben Hecht. Amid the trolling and the cat pictures and the clickbait, there are still enough real things said on Twitter, and beautiful images posted on Instagram or Tumblr, to make them function as real-time journals of the public space we inhabit.

Today’s Chinese laundry worker can write his own story; so can the sex worker in the dock. Plus there are millions of us posting cityscapes and candid street photography every second. Nobody can follow it all: but by following a fraction of it we each create a Chicago of the mind just as real as the one Hecht created in newsprint.

The NSA and Me – The Intercept

The NSA and Me – The Intercept.

By James Bamford

The tone of the answering machine message was routine, like a reminder for a dental appointment. But there was also an undercurrent of urgency. “Please call me back,” the voice said. “It’s important.”

What worried me was who was calling: a senior attorney with the Justice Department’s secretive Office of Intelligence Policy and Review. By the time I hung up the payphone at a little coffee shop in Cambridge, Mass., and wandered back to my table, strewn with yellow legal pads and dog-eared documents, I had guessed what he was after: my copy of the Justice Department’s top-secret criminal file on the National Security Agency. Only two copies of the original were ever made. Now I had to find a way to get it out of the country—fast.

It was July 8, 1981, a broiling Wednesday in Harvard Square, and I was in a quiet corner of the Algiers Coffee House on Brattle Street. A cool, souk-like basement room, with the piney aroma of frankincense, it made for a perfect hideout to sort through documents, jot down notes, and pore over stacks of newspapers while sipping bottomless cups of Arabic coffee and espresso the color of dark chocolate.


The author in Hawaii, 1967

For several years I had been working on my first book, The Puzzle Palace, which provided the first in-depth look at the National Security Agency. The deeper I dug, the more troubled I became. Not only did the classified file from the Justice Department accuse the NSA of systematically breaking the law by eavesdropping on American citizens, it concluded that it was impossible to prosecute those running the agency because of the enormous secrecy that enveloped it. Worse, the file made clear that the NSA itself was effectively beyond the law—allowed to bypass statutes passed by Congress and follow its own super-classified charter, what the agency called a “top-secret birth certificate” drawn up by the White House decades earlier.

Knowing the potential for such an unregulated agency to go rogue, I went on to write two more books about the NSA, Body of Secrets, in 2001, and The Shadow Factory, in 2008. My goal was to draw attention to the dangers the agency posed if it is not closely watched and controlled—dangers that would be laid bare in stark detail by Edward Snowden years later.

Mercè Molist: "El verdadero hacker brilla por sí mismo"

Mercè Molist: “El verdadero hacker brilla por sí mismo”.

Mercè Molist escribe sobre los orígenes del movimiento hacker en ‘Hackstory’.

“El hacker nace con la tecnología, con la necesidad de comprender cómo funcionan las cosas complejas, de imaginar cómo hacerlas funcionar de otra manera y de crear a partir del conocimiento adquirido”.

“Si hay dos bandos, policías y criminales, está claro dónde se alineará un hacker ético”

Mercé Molist

Mercè Molist se describe en  Hackstory (el libro que acaba de publicar sobre las primeras décadas del underground hacker) como “una chica de pueblo que en 1995 entró en Internet”. Poco después, cuando en esas catacumbas de aquella red incipiente que eran las  BBS y los canales IRCusaba los nicks de “morgana” o “M&M”, pasó a ser una las primeras periodistas especializadas en tecnología.

Ha escrito “en múltiples medios, entre ellos los periódicos El Mundo, El País, La Vanguardia y las revistas Web y @rroba”. Como explica en una nota final del libro, buena parte del trabajo que desarrolló para El País durante los más de 10 años en los que se encargó de investigar en exclusiva los temas relacionados con la seguridad informática y comunidades hacker, es el que desde 2008 ha venido volcando en el wiki y que ahora, revisado y actualizado, se publica como libro electrónico.

A pesar de las dificultades, por la desconfianza que la prensa despertaba, Mercè Molist se ganó pronto el respeto de la comunidad hacker. Su forma de trabajar se parecía a la de ellos mismos: investigaba a fondo los temas, pedía revisión (peer review) de los textos antes de publicarlos y siempre subía en abierto a  su web el trabajo original. Como David Casacuberta dijo de ella “Mercè es una hacker del periodismo”.

Además de su labor como periodista y conferenciante documentando y divulgando el underground hacker, Mercè fue una de las fundadoras de Fronteras Electrónicas (la primera organización en España dedicada a la defensa de los derechos civiles en Internet). También fue promotora de los primeros Hackmeetings que, junto a otras personas, trajo de Italia donde se habían empezado a celebrar a finales de los 90, en un deseo de “devolver a la red parte de lo que recibía de ella”.

El Congreso de Periodismo Digital celebra 15 años de cambio tecnológico – Pú

El Congreso de Periodismo Digital celebra 15 años de cambio tecnológico – Pú

Los organizadores del evento, que reúne en Huesca a los profesionales del sector, apuestan por la información comprometida, el emprendimiento y las redes sociales

MARIMAR CABRERA Zaragoza 13/03/2014 07:00

Cartel del Congreso de Periodismo Digital de Huesca.

Cartel del Congreso de Periodismo Digital de Huesca.

Ocho ordenadores conectados a una línea Rdsi eran más que suficientes para que todos los asistentes al primer Congreso de Periodismo Digital, en el año 2000, consultaran sus correos electrónicos. Y no se generaban colas ni  atascos. Unos 150 periodistas participaban en Huesca en el primer encuentro en España en el que se hablaba de información en Internet. Hoy y mañana, el congreso celebra su 15ª edición con una apuesta por el periodismo comprometido, el emprendimiento y las redes sociales.

Sin adsl, wifi, smarthphones, ni Facebook ni Twitter. “En el primer congreso había un par de portátiles y varios móviles de un tamaño enorme,  pero ya se apuntó que las nuevas tecnologías cambiarían la forma de trabajar de los periodistas, de consumir la información y los propios modelos de financiación”, explica Fernando García Mongay, director del congreso.

En otros debates menos acertados, ese mismo año se analizaba la tecnología wap, el  periodismo en la televisión interactiva y el teléfono móvil y preocupaba la apuesta “tímida” de los grandes medios por la red. La conclusión más repetida de la primera edición fue “dudas sobre el futuro del periodismo digital”.

Con la burbuja de las puntocom hubo muchos que dijeron que “la moda” había tocado techo. “Por suerte, había una pandilla de bichos raros al fondo de las redacciones que seguían diciendo que Internet era importante y el congreso sirvió para reunir a muchos de ellos e impulsar proyectos”, explica el periodista Pedro de Alzaga, que ha estado presente en las primeras y últimas ediciones.

How Edward Snowden went from loyal NSA contractor to whistleblower | World news | The Guardian

How Edward Snowden went from loyal NSA contractor to whistleblower | World news | The Guardian.

He was politically conservative, a gun owner, a geek – and the man behind the biggest intelligence leak in history. In this exclusive extract from his new book, Luke Harding looks at Edward Snowden’s journey from patriot to America’s most wanted
Edward Snowden illustrationView larger picture

Click for full picture. Image by Kyle Bean for the Guardian

In late December 2001, someone calling themselves TheTrueHOOHA had a question. He was an 18-year-old American male with impressive IT skills and a sharp intelligence. His real identity was unknown. Everyone who posted on Ars Technica, a popular technology website, did so anonymously.

  1. The Snowden Files: The Inside Story of the World’s Most Wanted Man
  2. by Luke Harding
  1. Tell us what you think:Star-rate and review this book

TheTrueHOOHA wanted to set up his own web server. It was a Saturday morning, a little after 11am. He posted: “It’s my first time. Be gentle. Here’s my dilemma: I want to be my own host. What do I need?”

Soon, regular users were piling in with helpful suggestions. TheTrueHOOHA replied: “Ah, the vast treasury of geek knowledge that is Ars.” He would become a prolific contributor; over the next eight years, he authored nearly 800 comments. He described himself variously as “unemployed”, a failed soldier, a “systems editor”, and someone who had US State Department security clearance.

His home was on the east coast of America in the state of Maryland, near Washington DC. But by his mid-20s he was already an international man of mystery. He popped up in Europe – in Geneva, London, Ireland, Italy and Bosnia. He travelled to India. Despite having no degree, he knew an astonishing amount about computers. His politics appeared staunchly Republican. He believed strongly in personal liberty, defending, for example, Australians who farmed cannabis plants.

At times he could be rather obnoxious. He called one fellow-Arsian, for example, a “cock”; others who disagreed with his sink-or-swim views on social security were “fucking retards”.

His chat logs cover a colourful array of themes: gaming, girls, sex, Japan, the stock market, his disastrous stint in the US army, his negative impressions of multiracial Britain (he was shocked by the number of “Muslims” in east London and wrote, “I thought I had gotten off of the plane in the wrong country… it was terrifying”), the joys of gun ownership (“I have a Walther P22. It’s my only gun but I love it to death,” he wrote in 2006). In their own way, the logs form a Bildungsroman.

Then, in 2009, the entries fizzle away. In February 2010, TheTrueHOOHA mentions a thing that troubles him: pervasive government surveillance. “Society really seems to have developed an unquestioning obedience towards spooky types… Did we get to where we are today via a slippery slope that was entirely within our control to stop? Or was it a relatively instantaneous sea change that sneaked in undetected because of pervasive government secrecy?”

TheTrueHOOHA’s last post is on 21 May 2012. After that, he disappears, a lost electronic signature amid the vastness of cyberspace. He was, we now know, Edward Snowden.