The U.S. Has Ramped Up Airstrikes Against ISIS in Raqqa, and Syrian Civilians Are Paying the Price

Thanks to camera phones and social media, the deadly consequences of U.S. military operations are indeed being recorded, shared, and watched around the world on an unprecedented scale. But while civilian deaths are regularly reported in local media outlets in the Middle East, they are seldom reported in detail by international media.

Fuente: The U.S. Has Ramped Up Airstrikes Against ISIS in Raqqa, and Syrian Civilians Are Paying the Price


Rebelion. La pantalla de la libertad

Las redes sociales, libertad vigilada para los usuarios y filón temporal para quienes las explotan comercialmente, que han pasado ser confesionarios abiertos en los que da cuenta de pecados y virtudes individuales con la ingenua pretensión de salir del anonimato de las masas, se han convertido en cárceles de las ideas, cuando, curiosamente, se ofrecen como plataforma de libertad para expresar opiniones. En un plano general, permiten confinar el instinto social de los individuos al plano del entretenimiento, desviándolo hacia el espectáculo para hacerlo inofensivo. Políticamente, sirven de instrumentos de control para que se explaye en libertad el instinto político en un marco contenido.

Fuente: Rebelion. La pantalla de la libertad


María Olivia Mönckeberg y el peligro de las noticias falsas: “Esto puede afectar incluso la seguridad de las personas” – El Mostrador

lo que me preocupa, lo que preocupa mucho en general, es esto de las noticias falsas. Yo lo centraría más en la cuestión de las famosas redes sociales.

Fuente: María Olivia Mönckeberg y el peligro de las noticias falsas: “Esto puede afectar incluso la seguridad de las personas” – El Mostrador


Por la eliminación de las violencias contra las mujeres | Derechos Digitales

Las principales víctimas de la violencia en línea son las mujeres con perfiles públicos y que participan en espacios de comunicación (como periodistas, investigadoras, activistas y artistas), junto con aquellas que sostienen una relación de pareja violenta y quienes han sobrevivido a la violencia física o sexual.

Fuente: Por la eliminación de las violencias contra las mujeres | Derechos Digitales


California single mother faces jail time for selling homemade food on Facebook | US news | The Guardian

The Facebook group, which she doesn’t use any more, was designed to build community, Ruelas added.“It helped a lot of people in a lot of ways. The purpose wasn’t to get rich.”

Fuente: California single mother faces jail time for selling homemade food on Facebook | US news | The Guardian


Las detenciones irregulares en São Paulo que empezaron con un militar infiltrado en Tinder | Internacional | EL PAÍS

EL PAÍS reconstruye la detención de 21 personas antes de una marcha contra el presidente Temer el pasado día 4Los manifestantes sospechan que un militar se infiltró en varias redes sociales, entre ellos una de ligue, para identificarlos

Fuente: Las detenciones irregulares en São Paulo que empezaron con un militar infiltrado en Tinder | Internacional | EL PAÍS


Social media revolution is tough to ‘like’ for Southeast Asian governments- Nikkei Asian Review

a tectonic plate has shifted in national dialogues, even under repressive regimes. Riding the wave of information technology, people find themselves able to communicate collective ideas, intents, desires, frustrations, identities, resentments, tastes and consumption preferences as never before.

Fuente: Social media revolution is tough to ‘like’ for Southeast Asian governments- Nikkei Asian Review


Facebook is Collaborating with the Israeli Government to Determine What Should be Censored

Associated Press reports today from Jerusalem that “the Israeli government and Facebook have agreed to work together to determine how to tackle incitement on the social media network.” These meetings are taking place “as the government pushes ahead with legislative steps meant to force social networks to rein in content that Israel says incites violence.” In other words, Israel is about to legislatively force Facebook to censor content deemed by Israeli officials to be improper, and Facebook appears eager to appease those threats by working directly with the Israeli government to determine what content should be censored.

Fuente: Facebook is Collaborating with the Israeli Government to Determine What Should be Censored


What does a feminist internet look like? | Chitra Nagarajan | Opinion | The Guardian

Feminist activists from around the world were in a conference room in Brazil, discussing what a feminist internet might look like. How did we get here?

Fuente: What does a feminist internet look like? | Chitra Nagarajan | Opinion | The Guardian


A day with Facebook’s trending topics: celebrity birthdays and Pokémon Go | Technology | The Guardian

From a hurricane to Brock Turner’s release, a lot happened last week. But Facebook calculated that a celebrity losing some weight was more important

Fuente: A day with Facebook’s trending topics: celebrity birthdays and Pokémon Go | Technology | The Guardian


Worried face: the battle for emoji, the world’s fastest-growing language | Art and design | The Guardian

It started with 176 icons. Now it’s grown to 1,800. But who decides what becomes an emoji? We lift the lid on the California coders who live and breathe smiling cats and banned aubergines

Fuente: Worried face: the battle for emoji, the world’s fastest-growing language | Art and design | The Guardian


German proposals could see refugees’ phones searched by police | World news | The Guardian

Checking smartphones of those without passports among measures announced by the interior minister, Thomas de Maizière

Fuente: German proposals could see refugees’ phones searched by police | World news | The Guardian


Nueva realidad que traen Facebook Live y Periscope | ELESPECTADOR.COM

Las herramientas de video en vivo de estas redes sociales traen ventajas para la diversificación de discursos, pero también presentan retos para las plataformas y para la sociedad en general.

Fuente: Nueva realidad que traen Facebook Live y Periscope | ELESPECTADOR.COM


Turkey’s President Survives Coup Attempt, Thanks in Part to Social Media He So Despises

The plotters failed, despite following a script that might have succeeded in the 20th century, in part because Erdogan was able to rally support for democratic rule using 21st century tools: video chat and social media.

Fuente: Turkey’s President Survives Coup Attempt, Thanks in Part to Social Media He So Despises


Brexit Is Only the Latest Proof of the Insularity and Failure of Western Establishment Institutions

The decision by U.K. voters to leave the EU is such a glaring repudiation of the wisdom and relevance of elite political and media institutions that — for once — their failures have become a prominent part of the storyline.

Fuente: Brexit Is Only the Latest Proof of the Insularity and Failure of Western Establishment Institutions


Bolivia cerca de regular redes sociales

El gobierno de Bolivia ha mostrado al menos dos frentes para controlar la difusión de contenidos propios y ajenos en redes sociales: la creación de la Dirección General de Redes Sociales y la intención de elaborar una normativa que prohíba el anonimato y la difamación de funcionarios públicos.

Fuente: Bolivia cerca de regular redes sociales


Burundi turns to WhatsApp as political turmoil brings media blackout | Global development | The Guardian

Threats and harassment have driven journalists into exile, leaving social media to fill the void for those wanting to reach the world and connect disparate groups

Fuente: Burundi turns to WhatsApp as political turmoil brings media blackout | Global development | The Guardian


Guerrilla Vs. Patrulla: activistas de Podemos y Ciudadanos buscan la hegemonía en las redes sociales

El canal de Telegram ‘Guerrilla’ lleva meses organizando acciones en Twitter y Facebook para situar mensajes afines a Podemos. Desde abril ha surgido un “rival”, ‘La Patrulla’, que ha colocado su primer Trending Topic: #PodemosEsChavismo

Fuente: Guerrilla Vs. Patrulla: activistas de Podemos y Ciudadanos buscan la hegemonía en las redes sociales


Jueza acude a Tribunales para que bajen su video de YouTube – FayerWayer

Constanza Feilú exige el retiro de un video en el que se le acusa de vulnerar los derechos de los niños, a raíz de una decisión que no gustó a uno de los miembros de la agrupación.

Fuente: Jueza acude a Tribunales para que bajen su video de YouTube – FayerWayer


Between Hashtags and Memes, Bolivian Leaders Push for Social Media Regulation · Global Voices

A draft law that would regulate social media — with criminal consequences for its violators — has sparked intense debates among Bolivian citizens.

Fuente: Between Hashtags and Memes, Bolivian Leaders Push for Social Media Regulation · Global Voices


Quisiera compartir algunas reflexiones, que he…

Quisiera compartir algunas reflexiones, que he ido madurando luego de un año de trabajar en temas relacionados con el análisis de redes sociales (“social network analysis”). Actualmente estamos presenciando una emergente odiosidad del trollero desinformado: miles de adictos a las redes sociales que comentan de todo, que ansían convertirse en líderes de opinión, sumándose a los comentarios clichés promovidos por el “mass media”, sin fomentar el diálogo ni tener un verdadero espíritu crítico, sin leer libros

Fuente: Fabián Farisori – Quisiera compartir algunas reflexiones, que he…


La agresiva estrategia del Gobierno y el PC para ganar la batalla en redes sociales – El Mostrador

En el Partido Comunista un grupo de adherentes actúa de forma organizada para levantar temas y enfrentar opiniones contrarias a las defendidas por el Ejecutivo, lo que estaría visado por el propio Gobierno. Algunos acusan la utilización de cuentas falsas, “bots”, y lenguaje agresivo, para enfrentar las temáticas y tendencias que se discuten en la web.

Fuente: La agresiva estrategia del Gobierno y el PC para ganar la batalla en redes sociales – El Mostrador


Mexico is bypassing politicians to practice democracy by social media – Quartz

Mexicans have the right to bypass their elected officials and propose laws directly to congress. But so far, it’s been practically impossible to do so, due to the requirement of a 0.13% backing by the electorate, or more than 100,000 signatures in ink and on paper.Now a mishmash of citizen groups is using Facebook and Twitter to get over that hurdle, in order to propose a law that would combat corruption. Through those platforms, they are asking Mexicans to download and sign the official form (link in Spanish) required for citizen law proposals and turn it in at any one of 140 delivery points around the country, which they’ve conveniently pinned on Google Maps. There are also delivery points in the United States.

Fuente: Mexico is bypassing politicians to practice democracy by social media – Quartz


Technology comes to the rescue in migrant crisis – FT.com

Funzi.mobi informs migrants about Finnish rules and attitudes towards sexuality, Refugeesonrails.org distributes donated laptops and teaches migrants programming so they can land a dream job, and Refugees-Welcome.net is a kind of Airbnb for migrants,

Fuente: Technology comes to the rescue in migrant crisis – FT.com


Is the online surveillance of black teenagers the new stop-and-frisk? | US news | The Guardian

Is the online surveillance of black teenagers the new stop-and-frisk? | US news | The Guardian.

police gangs surveillance Stop-and-frisk was found unconstitutional in 2013. Illustration: Rob Dobi

Taylonn Murphy is sitting in a Harlem beauty salon after hours. Leaning back in his chair and with a calm demeanor, he is talking about keeping young local people out of harm’s way.

Every now and then though, as he speaks, his voice breaks.

In September 2011, his daughter Tayshana, 18, a local basketball superstar and resident of West Harlem’s Grant Houses, was shot dead by two residents of Manhattanville Houses. The killing was described as the result of a rivalry between the two housing projects that dates back decades.

Almost three years after his daughter’s death, on 4 June 2014, helicopters hovered overhead as the first rays of sunlight hit the concrete. At least 400 New York police officers in military gear raided both housing projects, with indictments for the arrest of 103 people.

Starting in January 2010, the community’s children and young adults had been closely watched by police officers – both online and off. The investigation had involved listening in to 40,000 calls from correctional facilities, watching hours of surveillance video, and reviewing over 1m online social media pages.

For Murphy, the revelation of these details was choking: the NYPD had been attentively surveilling both communities for over one and a half years before his daughter was murdered, patiently waiting and observing as the rivalry between crew members escalated.

Online surveillance: the new stop-and-frisk?

In 2013, stop-and-frisk was found unconstitutional by a federal judge for its use of racial profiling. Since then, logged instances have dropped from an astonishing 685,000 in 2011 to just 46,000 in 2014. But celebrations may be premature, with local policing increasingly moving off the streets and migrating online.

In 2012, the NYPD declared a war on gangs across the city with Operation Crew Cut. The linchpin of the operation’s activities is the sweeping online surveillance of individuals as young as 10 years old deemed to be members of crews and gangs.

This move is being criticized by an increasing number of community members and legal scholars, who see it as an insidious way of justifying the monitoring of young men and boys of color in low-income communities.


Jacob Silverman’s Terms of Service and opting in to social media.

Jacob Silverman’s Terms of Service and opting in to social media..

The problem with telling people who hate social media, "Just opt out."
Services like Facebook ostensibly give us ownership of our data, letting us chose when and how we’ll be tracked, but to take control, we have to delve deep into the sites themselves.

Photo illustration by Slate. Photo by Dado Ruvic/Reuters.

If you complain about social media (especially if you post that diatribe on Twitter or Facebook), your friends will tell you one thing over and over: If you think it’s so bad, don’t use it in the first place. Criticism, they propose, is a waste of breath when all you really need to do is opt out. Consider the case of Curt Schilling, who was recently told by some that he should just “get off Twitter” after he struck back at those who had tweeted (truly awful) insults about his daughter.

Those who do manage to escape rarely fare much better: We often treat people who try to extract themselves with contempt, responding as if it were little more than an anti-modern affectation. When Iggy Azalea announced that she was quitting social media, many gloated, with a touch of disdain. As one entertainment gossip site sneered, “This chick doesn’t seem to be quite tough enough for the spotlight. … [S]hould we all just give her her wish and make her irrelevant? She said she’d be wildly happy about it.” Where some elicit scorn for staying, others generate just as much when they go, doomed to mockery either way.

In his new book Terms of Service: Social Media and the Price of Constant Connection, journalist Jacob Silverman argues that we’ve yet to develop a language for discussing what it means to really give up on social media. In a phone conversation (which, naturally, we arranged over Twitter), Silverman told me that responses to critics of social media tend to be strangely antagonistic, reminiscent of the “Love it or leave it!” proclamations that often chase criticism of the United States. And yet we often regard those who do extract themselves—and those who refuse to participate in the first place—as pariahs.

More troublingly, the very conversation about opting out may already be part of the social media machine. As Silverman notes in Terms of Service, “new features on social media tend to be opt-out rather than opt-in.” Services like Facebook ostensibly give us ownership of our data, letting us chose when and how we’ll be tracked. To take control, however, we have to delve deeper and deeper into the sites themselves, digging for options that are, as Silverman puts it, “carefully buried.” Dealing with Facebook on our own terms means engaging with it, more and more deeply. In the process, Facebook all but co-opts the very act of opting out, ensuring that we never really get away, especially when we’re most eager to.


Reddit: can anyone clean up the mess behind 'the front page of the internet'? | Technology | The Guardian

Reddit: can anyone clean up the mess behind ‘the front page of the internet’? | Technology | The Guardian.

Reddit's Alien logo and CEO Ellen Pao.Reddit’s Alien logo and CEO Ellen Pao. Photograph: Robert Galbraith/Reuters

 

When Ellen Pao became chief executive of the social news site Reddit in November 2014, few thought her tenure would change the make-up of the site that bills itself the “front page of the internet”. Thrust into the limelight by the surprise resignation of the company’s previous CEO Yishan Wong, Pao had only joined Reddit the previous year, working on building “strategic partnerships that benefit the community”.

 

And yet just four months after starting, she has led the site through one of its biggest steps towards being the mainstream hub that that “front page” billing has always implied was its aim. In the wake of the vast cache of nude celebrity photos, leaked on 4chan but rapidly centered on “The Fappening”, a Reddit subforum (or “subreddit”) which swelled to millions of members before being shut down by the site’s administrators, Reddit has banned “involuntary pornography” entirely.

 

“Last year, we missed a chance to be a leader in social media when it comes to protecting your privacy – something we’ve cared deeply about since Reddit’s inception,” the site’s admins wrote in a message to users. “At our recent all hands company meeting, this was something that we all, as a company, decided we needed to address.”

The new privacy policy came into effect on Tuesday 10 March. But the company has an uphill struggle if the intention is to clean up Reddit, even to the smallest extent.


Un nuevo portal en internet para una nueva etapa de Resumen – Resumen

Un nuevo portal en internet para una nueva etapa de Resumen – Resumen.

Nuevaweb

Esta mañana estrenamos un nuevo rostro en internet. Tras más de 5 años, hemos sustituido la versión original de nuestro portal resumen.cl, por este nuevo formato que nos permite una mejor interacción con nuestros lectores que nos siguen a través del sitio web o las redes sociales, ya que precisamente este nuevo formato nos facilita la comunicación entre estas dos áreas que hasta ahora manejábamos en paralelo, lo que sin duda redundará en una mayor actividad, crecimiento de audiencias y potenciación del medio.

Desde hoy pueden comentar nuestras noticias del portal, desde sus cuentas de Facebook o Twitter, así también podrán compartirlas directamente desde el portal hacia las redes sociales.  Esperamos que efectivamente realicen este ejercicio, que nos hagan llegar sus comentarios, sugerencias, opiniones, criticas, todo aquello que nos ayude a crecer y mejorar nuestro trabajo.

 


Why UK politicians could learn a lot from the Pirate party | Comment is free | The Guardian

Why UK politicians could learn a lot from the Pirate party | Comment is free | The Guardian.

 Supporters of the Pirate party in Germany.Supporters of the Pirate party in Germany. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

With just 22 days to go until the election starts, like many social media addicts I am wondering just how much more Official Political Tweeting I can take.

Politics with a small p is, of course, on fire. My social media feeds sizzle with the anger of people from across the globe: over the racism of cops in Ferguson, US, over the destruction of antiquities by Isis, over Jihadi John, over Netanyahu’s 26 standing ovations and, above all, over the alleged criminal behaviour of bankers.

Yet the average mainstream politician runs a Twitter feed sublimely indifferent to the issues that excite the world. “Glad to be on the doorstep in Acme-shire, where we had a good discussion about local nursery provision,” is typical MP’s tweet. It is often accompanied by a photograph of the said meeting, in which nobody at all looks glad, nor indeed involved in any kind of discussion.

The social media output of MPs looks even more unhinged when you see it in the context of the debates raging among their constituents online. In fact, if you look closely at people in a party political hustings these days, you will find many of the punters and all the journalists glued to their phones, discussing almost everything except what the meeting is about.

In this context, the decision by the UK’s newly founded Pirate party to crowdsource its manifesto looks interesting. The Pirate party phenomenon started in Sweden in 2006 and spread to 20 EU countries including Germany, where it secured its one MEP in the 2014 elections.

Up to now, its obsessions have been grouped around the issues of internet freedom, state surveillance and the monopolisation of intellectual property and communications. But a glance at the Reddit page where the crowdsourced UK manifesto is being assembled reveals a much wider agenda. If you discount the pure techie stuff, the top five policies being discussed right now are publication of all government documents; removal of CCTV from public places; exempting small businesses from EU VAT rules; scaling all fines against a convicted person’s wealth; and – as with the Greens – paying everybody a basic income from taxation.

If you interrogate the subtext of these discussions, it is possible to come up with quite an accurate picture of what this part of the UK electorate is worried about. Namely, the size and unaccountable power of the state; criminality and tax evasion among corporations; and the venality and powerlessness of official politics. And though the Pirate party’s membership is small, my online life tells me these are indeed the political worries of a generation.


MySpace – what went wrong: ‘The site was a massive spaghetti-ball mess’ | Technology | The Guardian

MySpace – what went wrong: ‘The site was a massive spaghetti-ball mess’ | Technology | The Guardian.

MySpace: 'They knew they were about to lose to Facebook. They knew that the end was near. They could smell it'MySpace: ‘They knew they were about to lose to Facebook. They knew that the end was near. They could smell it’ Photograph: Bloomberg/Bloomberg via Getty Images

In 2015, Sean Percival is a partner at Silicon Valley seed accelerator 500 Startups, but from 2009 to 2011, he was working at MySpace as its vice president of online marketing – just as the social network lost its crown to Facebook.

In a speech at the By:Larm conference in Oslo this week, Percival gave an insider’s view of what went wrong at MySpace, from the “massive spaghetti-ball mess” of its website and the “politics, greed” of parent company News Corporation to a doomed attempt to acquire music streaming service Spotify.

His talk was aimed at startups looking to learn the lessons from MySpace’s decline, but it seemed as relevant for the largest internet companies today, such as Facebook, as they seek to avoid a similar fate.


How a team of social media experts is able to keep track of the UK jihadis | World news | The Guardian

How a team of social media experts is able to keep track of the UK jihadis | World news | The Guardian.

A Facebook posting by Collin Gordon, one of the 700 or so western fighters for Isis in the database

Another Briton had died in Syria, and back in London investigators were busy “scraping” through his online peer network for clues about fellow Islamic State (Isis) foot soldiers.

It was little surprise that Rhonan Malik knew two Canadian brothers, Gregory and Collin Gordon. After all, Twitter rumours suggested that all three had been killed in the same December air strike. More intriguing was the prodigious Facebookpresence of Collin Gordon which indicated that, shortly before becoming a jihadist, he had been “quite the party boy”.

On a labyrinthine upper floor of King’s College London is the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR), the first global initiative of its type, whose offices are frequently contacted by counter-terrorism officers, hungry for information on the continuing flow of Britons to the ranks of Isis.

At 4.30pm on Thursday the centre’s researchers were assiduously examining social media “accounts of value”, noting the ongoing ripples of jubilation following the Charlie Hebdo and Paris attacks. A pseudonymous jihadist from Manchester, Abu QaQa, had said that the shootings had persuaded Isis and al-Qaida supporters to bury their differences.

“He’s saying we should be happy that jihad was made against the crusaders. It doesn’t matter that AQ and IS have been fighting each other – if it brings attacks against the west he’ll support it,” said Joseph Carter, research fellow at the ICSR.

So far the centre’s database has amassed profiles of about 700 western foreign fighters who have joined either Isis or groups such as al-Qaida’s Syrian offshoot, the al-Nusra Front. Each individual is categorised according to 72 data points, such as their birthplace or previous employment. At one point the database held the particulars of up to 90 Britons, a figure that has dwindled to around 50, largely as a consequence of coalition air strikes against Isis positions – Malik is believed to be at least the 35th Briton killed in Syria during 2014 – while a handful have simply vanished without trace from social media.


El Estado Islámico inunda las redes sociales alternativas | Diario Público

El Estado Islámico inunda las redes sociales alternativas | Diario Público.

Móvil con la bandera de ISIS en la pantalla

Móvil con la bandera de ISIS en la pantalla

DAVID BOLLERO

A finales de 2014, la ONU mostraba su preocupación por el hecho de que al menos 15.000 extranjeros procedentes de más de 80 países hubieran viajado a Siria, Irak, Somalia, Yemen y la región del Magreb y el Sahel para unirse a grupos extremistas. Se estima que una cuarta parte de los combatientes del Estado Islámico (EI) podrían ser extranjeros. Buena parte de este poder de captación se canaliza a través de las nuevas tecnologías.

El primer ministro británico, David Cameron, sugería esta misma semana la prohibición del uso de aplicaciones como Whatsapp por la dificultad de interceptar sus comunicaciones al estar cifradas y ser directamente de terminal a terminal. Si bien es verdad que el EI ha utilizado este tipo de aplicaciones no es menos cierto que desde el pasado mes de octubre el Estado Islámico desaconsejó a sus seguidores utilizarla por considerar que la NSA sí podía interceptar las comunicaciones. De esta manera, el EI encuentra recambio a Whatsapp en otros servicios de mensajería instantánea, como Kik, a través de los cuales coordina sus operaciones en el mercado negro, recluta o, incluso, organiza incursiones en primera línea de combate.

En ocasiones, las herramientas utilizadas por grupos extremistas como el EI ni siquiera se encuentran cuidadosamente ocultas; más bien al contrario, a plena luz de los internautas. El problema es que el volumen de información es tan elevado en la red que, precisamente, esa es su mejor baza para pasar inadvertidos. Es el caso de la aplicación móvil para Android que se descubrió el año pasado en Google Play: ‘The Dawn of Glad Tidings’, también conocida simplemente como ‘Dawn’.

Activa desde abril de 2014, fue descargada por miles de usuarios -se calcula que entre 5.000 y 10.000 descargas- bajo la descripción de “la aplicación que te informa sobre Siria, Irak y el mundo islámico”. Más de 600 calificaciones de la aplicación fueron de 4.9 estrellas, siendo una de las mejor posicionadas.

Una vez descargada, la aplicación tuiteaba a la cuenta del usuario –con enlaces, fotos, hashtags…- y, por ejemplo, el día que el EI se hizo con la ciudad de Mosul –la segunda ciudad de Irak- se registraron cerca de 40.000 tuits desde la aplicación.

Cuando el EI se hizo con
la ciudad de Mosul, se registraron cerca de 40.000 tuits desde la aplicación.

Una presencia en Twitter que, además, se refuerza utilizando cuentas como @ActiveHashtags que publica en árabe los trending topics (TT). Asimismo, estos grupos extremistas abren continuamente cuentas similares que únicamente publican contenido yihadista, consiguiendo cientos de retuits por tuit y, ya no sólo postear los principales TT sino, además, crearlos.

Manual ante una cuenta cerrada

Los esfuerzos por identificar estas cuentas y cancelarlas por parte de las principales redes como Facebook, Twitter e, incluso, YouTube se han intensificado, especialmente, desde la primera emisión del vídeo que mostraba la decapitación del periodista James Foley con campañas como #ISISmediablackout. Lo mismo sucede con otras redes como Tumblr, Flickr, SoundCloud o Instagram (y clones móviles como Iphoneogram).

Sin embargo, en los diversos foros yihadistas circulan recomendaciones sobre lo que hay que hacer cuando una cuenta es cancelada. Entre estos consejos, además de hackear los medios occidentales, figuran diversificar las redes, redirigiendo seguidores a canales distintos a Twitter o subiendo vídeos a canales diferentes a los de YouTube. Además, desde el EI animan a configurar servidores alternativos para dar salida a sus publicaciones, ampliando las aplicaciones más allá de la polaca Just Paste. Mixlr se perfila como otra de las bazas multimedia para el EI, brindando la oportunidad de emitir y sintonizar transmisiones en directo de audio.

Redes descentralizadas

Como alternativa a Twitter, los terroristas han dado con Quitter, donde también sufren el cierre de cuentas con son detectadas por el sistema. Del mismo modo, los yihadistas encuentras en redes como la rusa VKontakte una alternativa a Facebook. No es la única, puesto que existen otras alternativas como la árabe Gulpup o las de código abierto Friendica y especialmente Diaspora por su mayor calado, que también se han convertido en una vehículo de propagando y reclutamiento para el Estado Islámico.

Diaspora es una red sin ánimo de lucro que, a diferencia de otras redes sociales, no tiene sus servidores centralizados sino repartidos en una red de podmins, esto es, administradores de pods, como se denomina al servidor web personal de un usuario, que puede albergar múltiples cuentas. Es su responsabilidad eliminarlas o no, algo a lo que se anima desde Diaspora, pero sobre lo que no se toma acción directa por lo que el EI puede desarrollar su comunidad de adeptos más fácilmente.

Preguntas y respuestas

Otros métodos seguidos por el Estado Islámico para reclutar seguidores son las webs del tipo de la letona Ask.fm, donde los usuarios lanzan preguntas y otros las responden. El EI habría hecho uso de páginas como ésta para identificar a los reclutas más jóvenes y extender la propaganda. Informes del MEMRI (The Middle East Media Research Institute) revelan incluso cómo, dado que el portal no realiza ningún tipo de monitorización del contenido subido por los usuarios, un tal Abu Abdullah –que en Twitter llegó a operar como @Al_Brittani- habría viajado a Siria vía Turquía para unirse al Estado Islámico y habría respondido preguntas acerca de la yihad, armas, combatir o de cómo viajar a Siria, entre otras.

Estas técnicas, como sucede con las producciones ‘hollywoodienses’ de algunos de sus vídeos, persiguen aparecerse como una causa atractiva a los potenciales candidatos aliados, sin olvidar la amplificación de su mensaje. Complementando este planteamiento, el EI cuenta con su propia publicación, DABIQ, cuyos números pueden descargarse fácilmente desde diversas páginas web y están especialmente dirigidas a los musulmanes occidentales.


La crisis de representación política y el refugio en las redes sociales digitales – El Mostrador

La crisis de representación política y el refugio en las redes sociales digitales – El Mostrador.


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Cientista Político y Diplomado en América Latina, Desarrollo y Cultura: Desafíos de la Globalización.

Quienes provienen del mundo de las Ciencias Sociales sabrán que es innegable el potencial que han estado teniendo las redes sociales digitales (Facebook y Twitter, entre las más conocidas) en la configuración de la opinión pública en Chile. Pero incluso más, la importancia que han tenido las redes sociales digitales como espacio de construcción identitaria y refugio de presión social. No es menor que el país tenga la mayor cantidad de usuarios registrados en Facebook (aproximadamente 10.800.000, es decir, casi la mitad de los habitantes del país) y que entre el 50 y 75% de lo que está despierto una persona, un 30% lo pase frente a una pantalla. Experiencias pasadas en Chile y a nivel internacional han existido por doquier: Patagonia Sin Represas, Alza del Gas en Magallanes, Salvemos Punta de Choros, demandas del Movimiento Estudiantil,Greenpeace, #Yosoy132 México, #Movimiento15M España, #OccupyWallStreet, Primavera Árabe, etc.

Algunas disciplinas ya han estado preocupándose sobre dichos asuntos: a) la Psicología Social, que apunta a los vínculos socioemocionales, a la satisfacción de las necesidades del Yo, a la formación de hábitos e interacciones, a una expulsión de catarsis individual y reafirmación de las opiniones aprobadas por el núcleo inserto en la red; b) la Sociología, mediante el estudio de los comportamientos disruptivos de protesta social, los cambios de los patrones identitarios en la sociedad tras el auge de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y comunicación (TIC’s) y las nuevas características que asume la sociedad debido a la influencia (tanto positiva como negativa) de la tecnología; c) la Ciencia Política, intentando develar los comportamientos de los actores, las nuevas relaciones entre tecnología/política y finalmente las nuevas formas de participación política, a la luz del contexto marcado por la crisis procedimental en la cual está subsumida la democracia liberal representativa chilena. Es desde este punto donde quisiera comenzar la reflexión.


La edad del pavo, en digital – El Huffington Post

La edad del pavo, en digital – El Huffington Post.


La generación menor de 15 años es la primera que inicia la adolescencia con móvil propio

Los padres, desorientados ante la poderosa atracción de sus niños por las redes sociales

Sara, Sauditu, Hugo, Isa y Kacper muestran sus móviles. / SANTI BURGOS

Sara, de 13 años, está de morros con sus padres. Se siente víctima de una injusticia. A pesar de sus buenas notas, han decidido confiscarle el móvil a las 11 de la noche, después de pillarla whatsappeando en la cama de madrugada. Al principio, protestó, clamó, chantajeó. Ahora, es ella la que le tira muy digna el teléfono a su madre, autora de este reportaje, antes de anunciar, cual rea rumbo al patíbulo, que se va a la cama. Sara era, dice su madre, “un bebé adorable”. Una niña risueña, cariñosa y siempre dispuesta a todo. Hasta que, súbitamente, mutó en la chica “contestona, indolente y alérgica a las efusiones” que describen hoy sus progenitores. Una adolescente de libro.

Sara está en plena eclosión hormonal. “Tengo un pavazo que no me tengo”, admite, entre ofendida y orgullosa. Nada que no pasara en su día su hermana Irene, hoy casi una adulta oficial a sus 17 años y medio. La diferencia es que, mientras Irene cruzó la delicada frontera entre niñez y adolescencia acompañada del ordenador situado en el salón de la casa, Sara lo está haciedo con el mundo, su mundo, incrustado las 24 horas en la palma de su mano en la pantalla de su teléfono móvil.

Irene, siendo nativa digital, ha tenido que migrar del PC al móvil. Sara, es nativa movildigital pura. La edad del pavo siempre fue difícil, pero el nuevo pavo digital tiene desorientados a muchos progenitores que, como los de Sara, compraron el móvil a sus niñospara tenerlos más controlados, y han terminado con sus hijos localizados, sí, pero abducidos por una pantalla en la que no saben muy bien qué hacen ni con quién.


Twitter and Instagram users can learn a lot from a 1920s journalist | Comment is free | The Guardian

Twitter and Instagram users can learn a lot from a 1920s journalist | Comment is free | The Guardian.

Social media give us the power to create a real-time portrait of our age, just as pioneering journalist Ben Hecht documented his own era

Ben Hecht On Horseback
Chicago Daily News reporter Ben Hecht on horseback in 1915 … we can each create a Chicago of the mind as real as the one Hecht created in print. Photograph: Chicago History Museum/Getty

Chicago, late afternoon in 1921. Outside, the pavements are slick with rain and in the newsroom, amid cigar smoke, they can feel the rumble as the Chicago Daily News rolls off the press. Enter reporter Ben Hecht, with a new idea. He will write a daily sketch of the city’s life, modelled on the stories of Scheherazade and entitled 1001 Afternoons in Chicago. Hecht is hired, and from then on, throughout the 1920s, not a day goes by without a miniature masterpiece of reportage.

By the time he was finished, and had gone to Broadway to write The Front Page, Hecht had documented in detail the everyday world in which all fictional heroes of film noir begin their adventures. It is a world of cardsharps, condemned men, sex workers, Yiddish tailors and Chinese laundrymen. Hecht’s description of one gives a flavour of the way he wrote: “There is something immaculate about Sing Lee. Sing Lee has been ironing out collars and shirts for 35 years. And 35 years have been ironing Sing Lee out.” But beyond the individuals, the main character for Hecht is always Chicago: its windows always rain-spattered, its streets always dark, its coffee always laced with bootlegged brandy.

Hecht was part of an international cadre of reporters who all had a similar idea at the same time: to make newswriting literary, so it could sustain greater length, pack a bigger emotional punch, but to use demotic language for a mass audience. They called it “reportage” – which is only French for reporting, but denotes its character as literary non-fiction.

Thanks to Hecht’s reportage, we possess, 90 years on, a granular social history of the time, one that the people of Chicago were seeing written in real time. While the news pages told them that a judge had released some woman charged with prostitution, Hecht tells us how her eyes pleaded for leniency – “a dog takes a kick like this with eyes like these” – and how, after release, she halted by a drugstore window to reapply her makeup.

Ben Hecht in 1918
The writer Ben Hecht in 1918 … we should be claiming our right to be lyrical and profound on social media. Photograph: Chicago History Museum/Getty

In a brilliant piece, Hecht catches the radical trade union leader Big Bill Haywood watching a burlesque show in a supposed last week of freedom prior to starting a 20-year jail sentence for sedition. A few days later, Haywood escaped to Russia, but Hecht uses this event to take us on a tour of lowlife Chicago through the eyes of a man who loves it, and will never see it again.

Today, technology has given all of us the power to be our own version of Ben Hecht. Amid the trolling and the cat pictures and the clickbait, there are still enough real things said on Twitter, and beautiful images posted on Instagram or Tumblr, to make them function as real-time journals of the public space we inhabit.

Today’s Chinese laundry worker can write his own story; so can the sex worker in the dock. Plus there are millions of us posting cityscapes and candid street photography every second. Nobody can follow it all: but by following a fraction of it we each create a Chicago of the mind just as real as the one Hecht created in newsprint.


Facebook knows who your friends are. Now it could know about your health too | Technology | theguardian.com

Facebook knows who your friends are. Now it could know about your health too | Technology | theguardian.com.

Company exploring creation of online ‘support communities’ that would connect users suffering from various ailments

 

 

Facebook publishes one million new pieces of content each day.
Healthcare has historically been an area of interest for Facebook, but it has taken a backseat to more pressing products. Photograph: Jonathan Nackstrand/AFP /Getty Images

 

Facebook already knows who your friends are and the kind of things that grab your attention. Soon, it could also know the state of your health.

 

On the heels of fellow Silicon Valley technology companies Apple and Google, Facebook is plotting its first steps into the fertile field of healthcare, said three people familiar with the matter. The people requested anonymity as the plans are still in development.

 

The company is exploring creating online “support communities” that would connect Facebook users suffering from various ailments. A small team is also considering new “preventative care” applications that would help people improve their lifestyles.

 

In recent months, the sources said, the social networking giant has been holding meetings with medical industry experts and entrepreneurs, and is setting up a research and development unit to test new health apps. Facebook is still in the idea-gathering stage, the people said.


La batalla electoral de Brasil se fragua en las redes | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La batalla electoral de Brasil se fragua en las redes | Internacional | EL PAÍS.

Facebook y Twitter condenan o ensalzan a los candidatos. Rousseff se maneja con ventaja gracias a la maquinaria creada para defenderse de los escándalos de corrupción

Una manifestante en las protestas de junio de 2013 / EFE

Los candidatos a la presidencia de Brasil batallan una disputa paralela lejos de los mítines, actos de campaña y debates televisados. El dicho brasileño de que no se discute de fútbol, política, ni religión salta por los aires en las redes sociales en clima electoral. Desde perfiles falsos y bienhumorados, militantes profesionales y hasta robots que disparan publicaciones a la velocidad de la luz, los 76 millones de usuarios de redes sociales –casi el 40% de la población– están decidiendo lo que es importante y lo que no en esta campaña. Hoy, casi el 40% de las publicaciones habla de la campaña electoral, según un informe del Instituto Brasileño de Opinión Pública (IBOPE).

El poder de las redes ha dejado coja la imagen de Marina Silva, la principal rival de Dilma Rousseff, por retirar de su programa su apoyo a los homosexuales. Los internautas de la oposición han puesto a Rousseff en la picota por el último escándalo de corrupción en la petrolera estatal, mientras están permitiendo a Aécio Neves, acusado de usar robots para difundir ataques contra sus adversarias, pasar de puntillas por los escándalos del mundo virtual.

“Existe un diálogo muy fuerte entre los medios tradicionales y la media social. Las redes ejercen de caja de resonancia, repercuten una noticia y la amplifican enormemente. Muchas veces, son las redes sociales las que generan los temas que acaban tratándose en los medios tradicionales”, explica Ronaldo Lemos, uno de los especialistas en tecnología y redes sociales más renombrado del país.

En la guerra por conquistar al internauta, Dilma Rousseff gana por goleada, según los especialistas, mientras Marina Silva perderá cualquier enfrentamiento que se dispute en las redes.


Twister: la primera red social completamente descentralizada | Manzana Mecánica

Twister: la primera red social completamente descentralizada | Manzana Mecánica.

Para ser un medio que promete darle más poder a los ciudadanos permitiéndoles intercambiar información libremente, los medios sociales que usamos hoy son sistemas altamente centralizados. Tanto las redes de contactos como los mensajes en sí mismos son intermediados por entidades que tienen la capacidad, y a veces la obligación legal, de interceptar, retener, o borrar mensajes, o incluso de hacer desaparecer complemente a un usuario.

El sistema Diaspora introduce un nivel de descentralización al dividir un sitio en pods, cada uno encargado de mantener la información acerca de un subconjunto de usuarios. Actualmente hay decenas de pods, lo que hace a Diaspora más resistente que Twitter o Facebook, pero de todas formas cada pod constituye un punto posible de control y de ataque.

Twister lleva esta descentralización un paso más allá, permitiendo que cada computador sea un nodo de una red social totalmente distribuida.

¿Cómo funciona?

Twister utiliza 3 tecnologías P2P, como se detalla en este artículo:

Identidades. Las identidades de los usuarios (nombre, clave pública y clave privada) son almacenadas en un ledger (libro de registros distribuido) idéntico al usado en Bitcoin. Cada usuario puede crear una o varias identidades y registrarlas en la red, pagando con una pequeña computación que toma unos pocos minutos.

Perfiles. Los perfiles de cada usuario (nombre, biografía, foto, etc.) son almacenadas en una tabla de hashing distribuida (DHT). Esta tabla contiene una copia de algunos de los últimos posts de cada usuario e información requerida para la distribución de los mensajes a los seguidores de cada usuario.

Mensajes. Los mensajes de cada usuario son diseminados utilizando una variante de BitTorrent. Cada usuario de la red se constituye en una semilla (seed), y seguir a un usuario significa unirse a ese torrent y esperar que llegue un nuevo mensaje. Esto permite recibir mensajes en forma instantánea, sin necesidad de que cada usuario esté permanentemente consultando a la DHT si hay mensajes nuevos. Para enviar un mensaje privado, simplemente el mensaje es primero encriptado usando la llave pública del usuario de destino.


Amazon and Hachette feud could rewrite the book on publishing | Technology | theguardian.com

Amazon and Hachette feud could rewrite the book on publishing | Technology | theguardian.com.

The Ebook price row has the potential to create irreversible changes to the literary world and its business models
Woman reading an e-book on a tube train in London

The next chapter? The publishing industry is undergoing a process of reinvention with ebooks and social media interaction with readers. Photograph: Sarah Lee for the Guardian

The battle between Amazon and the French publisher Hachette is not just a spat about the price of books. Their row over ebook prices, which led to the online retailer freezing out pre-orders of Hachette books and has provoked angry words from authors such as Donna Tartt and Phillip Pullman, could determine the next chapter of the publishing industry.

On one side is “the everything store” that sold $75bn (£45bn) of goods online last year, from toothbrushes to tents – and is estimated to sell 90% of ebooks in Britain. On the other is one of the world’s biggest publishers, whose parent company, French conglomerate Lagardère, earned €7.2bn (£5.8bn) last year from its print and broadcasting empire.

But Hachette’s starring role is more than anything a quirk of timing, as all the major publishers face fresh negotiations with Amazon over the coming months. And this latest dispute, which strikes at the heart of their business model, comes as the traditional publishers face changes sweeping through the industry. Independent bookshops continue to close, while mobile games and on-screen entertainment are competing for readers’ scarce attention like never before.

Even before the latest dispute, publishers were thinking about how to reinvent themselves, from developing their own digital content to trying to build a direct relationship with readers by hosting author events and using social media. The world’s biggest publisher, Penguin Random House, recently launched a social network site for readers, allowing people to showcase their favourite books and buy them from independent stores.

In another closely-watched development, HarperCollins has unveiled a revamped version of its US website, making it easier for fans of Agatha Christie, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie and David Walliams to buy their titles direct from the publisher.

A new version of the UK website is to be unveiled in the autumn, as the redesign is rolled out across all HarperCollins’s English-language sites. The timing of the launch prompted headlines that the initiative was a device to bypass Amazon, but Chantal Restivo-Alessi, chief digital officer at HarperCollins, says she never had any intention of competing with the internet company.

“Do you think I am mad?” she says. “I don’t think that’s realistic and why would we want to. They are one of our biggest retail partners. We want to create different channels and opportunities for our authors to sell our products.”

The HarperCollins site encourages consumers to shop around, providing links to almost two dozen other retailers including Amazon and Apple, often selling the book cheaper. For example, the official autobiography of One Direction was available to pre-order on HarperCollins website for $21.99 in hardback, but a $14.84 version was only a click away on Amazon. While HarperCollins is only selling the book, Amazon is also chivvying browsers to buy the group’s albums, wall calendars and posters, post their own reviews and create wishlists.

HarperCollins is not revealing the percentage of sales it is seeking to generate, but Restivo-Alessi says that is not the whole point. “Even if we get a small percentage of sales, that small percentage will give us a better insight into the author’s consumer, which will make us a better publisher and provide a better service to our authors.”