California single mother faces jail time for selling homemade food on Facebook | US news | The Guardian

The Facebook group, which she doesn’t use any more, was designed to build community, Ruelas added.“It helped a lot of people in a lot of ways. The purpose wasn’t to get rich.”

Fuente: California single mother faces jail time for selling homemade food on Facebook | US news | The Guardian


Is Facebook the enemy of truth and civic unity? | Technology | The Guardian

The defining political achievements of the past decade have favored tolerance and empathy – and online discussion has fuelled them all, argues Steven Johnson

Fuente: Is Facebook the enemy of truth and civic unity? | Technology | The Guardian


Human Rights Watch denuncia censura del régimen de Rafael Correa a contenidos antigubernamentales en Internet – El Mostrador

Human Rights Watch denuncia censura del régimen de Rafael Correa a contenidos antigubernamentales en Internet – El Mostrador.

El director ejecutivo para las Américas de la ONG dedicada a cautelar los derechos humanos, alertó sobre los métodos que tienen instituciones vinculadas al Estado para hacer desaparecer perfiles de facebook, videos de YouTube y cuentas de Twitter, sumándose a la crítica situación de la libertad de prensa en ese país.

correa

El chileno José Miguel Vivanco, director ejecutivo para las Américas de la ONG Human Rights Watch, denunció en una columna publicada por el diario español El País, cómo el gobierno ecuatoriano encabezado por Rafael Correa se las arregla para sacar de Internet el contenido que considera crítico a la gestión del gobierno y a la persona del Presidente.

“El  Gobierno encontró una nueva herramienta para acallar la libertad de expresión en el país. En un momento en el cual los periódicos, las estaciones de radio y los canales de televisión ecuatorianos enfrentan cada vez más dificultades para publicar libremente información crítica, los ciudadanos recurren a Internet, el último espacio que les queda para obtener, difundir y compartir informaciones y opiniones. Pareciera que, si fuera por las autoridades, no debería quedarles ni siquiera eso”, escribió Vivanco junto al profesor Eduardo Bertoni, ex relator para la libertad de expresión de la OEA.


The US government can brand you a terrorist based on a Facebook post. We can't let them make up the rules | Arjun Sethi | Comment is free | theguardian.com

The US government can brand you a terrorist based on a Facebook post. We can’t let them make up the rules | Arjun Sethi | Comment is free | theguardian.com.

Innocent people’s lives are being ruined. Why isn’t anyone watching the watchlist? 

facebook surveillance illustration
Reasonable suspicion is based on a circular logic – people can be watchlisted if they are suspected of being suspected terrorists – that is ultimately backwards, and must be changed. Illustration: Joelle L / Flickr via Creative Commons Illustration: Joelle L / Flickr via Creative Commons

The US government’s web of surveillance is vast and interconnected. Now we know just how opaque, inefficient and discriminatory it can be.

As we were reminded again just this week, you can be pulled into the National Security Agency’s database quietly and quickly, and the consequences can be long and enduring. Through ICREACH, a Google-style search engine created for the intelligence community, the NSA provides data on private communications to 23 government agencies. More than 1,000 analysts had access to that information.

This kind of data sharing, however, isn’t limited to the latest from Edward Snowden’s NSA files. It was confirmed earlier this month that the FBI shares its master watchlist, the Terrorist Screening Database, with at least 22 foreign governments, countless federal agencies, state and local law enforcement, plus private contractors.

The watchlist tracks “known” and “suspected” terrorists and includes both foreigners and Americans. It’s also based on loose standards and secret evidence, which ensnares innocent people. Indeed, the standards are so low that the US government’s guidelines specifically allow for a single, uncorroborated source of information – including a Facebook or Twitter post – to serve as the basis for placing you on its master watchlist.

Of the 680,000 individuals on that FBI master list, roughly 40% have “no recognized terrorist group affiliation”, according to the Intercept. These individuals don’t even have a connection – as the government loosely defines it – to a designated terrorist group, but they are still branded as suspected terrorists.

The absurdities don’t end there. Take Dearborn, Michigan, a city with a population under 100,000 that is known for its large Arab American community – and has more watchlisted residents than any other city in America except New York.

These eye-popping numbers are largely the result of the US government’s use of a loose standard – so-called “reasonable suspicion” – in determining who, exactly, can be watchlisted.

Reasonable suspicion is such a low standard because it requires neither “concrete evidence” nor “irrefutable evidence”. Instead, an official is permitted to consider “reasonable inferences” and “to draw from the facts in light of his/her experience”.

Consider a real world context – actual criminal justice – where an officer needs reasonable suspicion to stop a person in the street and ask him or her a few questions. Courts have controversially held that avoiding eye contact with an officer, traveling alone, and traveling late at night, for example, all amount to reasonable suspicion.

This vague criteria is now being used to label innocent people as terrorism suspects.


More than 17,000 sign up to Austrian student's Facebook privacy class action | Technology | theguardian.com

More than 17,000 sign up to Austrian student’s Facebook privacy class action | Technology | theguardian.com.

Max Schrems, 26, is claiming €500 damages per user for data violations, including helping the NSA to run Prism

 

 

Facebook

Max Schrems says that most of the people who have signed up for the class action so far are from Europe. Photograph: Jim Young/Reuters/Corbis

 

More than 17,000 people have signed up to join an Austrian law student’s class action against Facebook over the social media group’s alleged violations of its users’ privacy, the student said on Tuesday.

Max Schrems, 26, appealed last week to a billion Facebook users to join a claim he filed at Vienna’s commercial court. Under Austrian law a group of people may transfer their financial claims to a single person – in this case, Schrems. Legal proceedings are then effectively run as a class action.

The response to his appeal has been “giant, much more than expected”, Schrems said, adding that most people who have signed up are from Europe.

“The emails and feedback have been really positive and what is interesting is that many people say finally someone is doing something in this direction,” he said.

Schrems is claiming damages of €500 euros (£397) per user for alleged data violations by Facebook, including helping the US National Security Agency to run its Prism programme, which mined the personal data of Facebook users, among others.

He is also seeking injunctions under EU data-protection law at the court in data-privacy-friendly Austria.

Some of those joining his cause are donating money, he said. “It is good to see that for most people it is not a matter of [getting] money but of advancing the matter,” he said.

Schrems, who already has a case involving the social network pending at the European Court of Justice, invited others to join his Vienna court action at www.fbclaim.com using their Facebook login.


Hackers iraníes utilizan cuentas falsas de Facebook para espiar en EE.UU. e Israel – ABC.es

Hackers iraníes utilizan cuentas falsas de Facebook para espiar en EE.UU. e Israel – ABC.es.

Los piratas crearon seis identidades que parecían trabajar para una página web de noticias falsa, NewsOnAir.org. La camapa de ciberespionaje se prolongó durante tres años

En una campaña de ciberespionaje sin precedentes de tres años, los piratas informáticos iraníes crearon falsas cuentas de redes sociales y una página web para espiar a líderes políticos y militares en Estados Unidos, Israel y otros países, según ha informado este jueves una empresa de inteligencia.

ISight Partners, que descubrió las operaciones, ha señalado que entre los objetivos de los hackers había un almirante de la Armada estadounidense, abogados y embajadores, miembros de grupos de presión de Estados Unidos e Israel y personal en Reino Unido, Arabia Saudí, Siria, Irak y Afganistán.

La empresa ha rechazado identificar a las víctimas y ha dicho que no diría qué datos fueron robados por los piratas, que buscaban credenciales para acceder a redes del Gobierno y corporativas, así como infectar computadoras con software malicioso.

«Si ha funcionado tanto tiempo, entonces tuvieron éxito claramente», ha subrayado la vicepresidenta ejecutiva de iSight, Tiffany Jones, a Reuters. La empresa privada tiene sede en Dallas, Texas, y da información sobre ciberamenazas.


Reguladora de EEUU advierte a Facebook y WhatsApp sobre uso de datos privados

Jan Persiel (cc)Jan Persiel (cc)

Publicado por Gabriela Ulloa | La Información es de Agencia AFP

La Comisión Federal de Comercio estadounidense, encargada de la competencia y de proteger a consumidores (FTC), advirtió a la red social Facebook contra un mal uso de los datos personales de los usuarios de su futura filial de mensajería móvil WhatsApp.

Facebook anunció en febrero que compraría WhatsApp por 19.000 millones de dólares. El sistema de mensajería por celular, que posee unos 450 millones de usuarios, carece de publicidad y no recupera datos de usuarios, contrariamente a Facebook.

“WhatsApp hizo una cierta cantidad de promesas” que “superan las protecciones hoy otorgadas a los usuarios de Facebook”, recuerda Jessica Rich, quien encabeza la oficina de protección de consumidores de la FTC en una carta que hizo pública y fue enviada a Facebook y WhatsApp. “Independientemente de la compra, WhatsApp debe seguir cumpliendo con sus promesas”.


Compare the NSA's Facebook Malware Denial to its Own Secret Documents – The Intercept

Compare the NSA’s Facebook Malware Denial to its Own Secret Documents – The Intercept.

By 


Featured photo - Compare the NSA’s Facebook Malware Denial to its Own Secret DocumentsA top-secret NSA presentation reveals how the agency used Facebook to hack into targeted computers for surveillance.

On Wednesday, Glenn Greenwald and I revealed new details about the National Security Agency’s efforts to radically expand its ability to hack into computers and networks across the world. The story has received a lot of attention, and one detail in particular has sparked controversy: specifically, that the NSA secretly pretended to be a Facebook server in order to covertly infect targets with malware “implants” used for surveillance.

This revelation apparently infuriated Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg so much that he got on the phone to President Barack Obama to complain about it. “I’ve been so confused and frustrated by the repeated reports of the behavior of the US government,” Zuckerberg wrote in a blog post Thursday. “When our engineers work tirelessly to improve security, we imagine we’re protecting you against criminals, not our own government.”

That wasn’t all. Wired ran a piece saying that the NSA’s widespread use of its malware tools “acts as implicit permission to others, both nation-state and criminal.” Slate noted that the NSA’s hacking platform appears to be “becoming a bit more like the un-targeted dragnets everyone has been so upset about.” Meanwhile, Ars Technica wrote that the surveillance technology we exposed “poses a risk to the entire Internet.”

In response, the NSA has attempted to quell the backlash by putting out a public statementdismissing what it called “inaccurate” media reports. The agency denied that it was “impersonating U.S. social media or other websites” and said that it had not “infected millions of computers around the world with malware.” The statement follows a trend that hasrepeatedly been seen in the aftermath of major disclosures from documents turned over by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, in which the NSA or one of its implicated allies issues a carefully worded non-denial denial that on the face of it seems to refute an allegation but on closer inspection does not refute it at all.

Prior to publishing our story, we asked the NSA to explain its use of Facebook to deploy malware as part of a top-secret initiative codenamed QUANTUMHAND. The NSA declined to answer all of our questions or offer context for the documents. We went into meticulous detail in our report, which went through a rigorous fact-checking process because of the gravity of the revelations. What we reported, accurately, was that the Snowden files showed how the agency had in some cases “masqueraded as a fake Facebook server, using the social media site as a launching pad to infect a target’s computer and exfiltrate files from a hard drive.” The source for that detail was not plucked from thin air; it was rooted in multiple documents that refer to the technique in action, including the internal NSA animation that we published.

A particular short excerpt from one of the classified documents, however, has taken on new significance due to the NSA’s statement. The excerpt is worth drawing attention to here because of the clarity of the language it uses about the Facebook tactic and the light it shines on the NSA’s denial. Referencing the NSA’s Quantum malware initiative, the document, dated April 2011, explains how the NSA “pretends” to be Facebook servers to deploy its surveillance “implants” on target’s computers:

 


Fundador de Facebook afirma que el gobierno de EEUU es una amenaza para Internet – BioBioChile

Fundador de Facebook afirma que el gobierno de EEUU es una amenaza para Internet – BioBioChile.

 

Maria Elena (cc) | FlickrMaria Elena (cc) | Flickr

 

Publicado por Gabriela Ulloa | La Información es de Agencia AFP

 

El fundador y director ejecutivo de Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, dijo el jueves que llamó al presidente Barack Obama para decirle que el gobierno estadounidense está socavando la confianza en Internet con sus vastos programas secretos de vigilancia.

“Llamé al presidente Obama para expresarle mi frustración por el daño que el gobierno está haciéndole a nuestro futuro”, dijo Zuckerberg en un texto en su página de Facebook, en el que mostró su irritación con Washington, luego de las revelaciones sobre programas de espionaje estadounidenses.

“Desafortunadamente, parece que tomará un tiempo muy largo para que se dé una reforma completa”, lamentó Zuckerberg. “El gobierno de Estados Unidos debería ser un defensor de internet, no una amenaza. Debe ser mucho más transparente con respecto a lo que está haciendo, o de otra manera la gente creerá lo peor”, agregó.

Los comentarios tienen lugar un día después de la publicación de un informe que sostiene que la Agencia de Seguridad Nacional (NSA) imitó un servidor de Facebook, para inyectar un software malicioso a las computadoras con el objetivo de expandir su capacidad para recoger información.


How the NSA Plans to Infect 'Millions' of Computers with Malware – The Intercept

How the NSA Plans to Infect ‘Millions’ of Computers with Malware – The Intercept.

By  and 549
Featured photo - How the NSA Plans to Infect ‘Millions’ of Computers with MalwareOne presentation outlines how the NSA performs “industrial-scale exploitation” of computer networks across the world.

Top-secret documents reveal that the National Security Agency is dramatically expanding its ability to covertly hack into computers on a mass scale by using automated systems that reduce the level of human oversight in the process.

The classified files – provided previously by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden – contain new details about groundbreaking surveillance technology the agency has developed to infect potentially millions of computers worldwide with malware “implants.” The clandestine initiative enables the NSA to break into targeted computers and to siphon out data from foreign Internet and phone networks.

The covert infrastructure that supports the hacking efforts operates from the agency’s headquarters in Fort Meade, Maryland, and from eavesdropping bases in the United Kingdom and Japan. GCHQ, the British intelligence agency, appears to have played an integral role in helping to develop the implants tactic.

In some cases the NSA has masqueraded as a fake Facebook server, using the social media site as a launching pad to infect a target’s computer and exfiltrate files from a hard drive. In others, it has sent out spam emails laced with the malware, which can be tailored to covertly record audio from a computer’s microphone and take snapshots with its webcam. The hacking systems have also enabled the NSA to launch cyberattacks by corrupting and disrupting file downloads or denying access to websites.


Critican a gobierno de EEUU por gastar millonaria suma en “Me gusta” de Facebook

http://www.biobiochile.cl/2013/07/05/critican-a-gobierno-de-eeuu-por-gastar-millonaria-suma-en-me-gusta-de-facebook.shtml

Publicado por Gabriela Ulloa | La Información es de Agencia AFP

Vista en dottech.orgVista en dottech.org

El Departamento de Estado era objeto el miércoles de fuertes críticas por haber invertido 630.000 dólares (cerca de 320 millones de pesos chilenos) durante dos años, para obtener millones de “Me gusta” en su página de Facebook en un contexto de crisis económica y políticas de austeridad.

El informe de un organismo de inspección de las cuestas del departamento, reveló que el país financió dos campañas publicitarias en 2011 y 2012 con el “objetivo de construir plataformas globales para atraer público internacional y aumentar el número de seguidores en cuatro aplicaciones temáticas de Facebook”.


Facebook matiza su apoyo a la polémica ley de ciberseguridad CISPA

http://www.rtve.es/noticias/20120417/facebook-matiza-su-apoyo-polemica-ley-ciberseguridad-cispa/516698.shtml

RTVE.es / EUROPA PRESS 17.04.2012

  • La nueva norma está siendo debatida en Estados Unidos
  • Las empresas pueden compartir datos de usuarios para prevenir amenazas
  • Muchos la consideran como la sucesora de las polémicas leyes SOPA y PIPA
Ampliar fotoLa red social Facebook ha mostrado su apoyo a la ley CISPA que se debate en Estados UnidosLa red social Facebook ha mostrado su apoyo a la ley CISPA que se debate en Estados UnidosEFE/John G. Mabanglo