La omnipresencia de los algoritmos en la vida cotidiana y en los grandes saltos de la tecnología – El Mostrador

En el siglo XXI, procesos como encontrar pareja, trabajo, reconocer rostros, tomar fotos, construir -y manejar- autos y enviar emails, entre otros servicios entregados por aplicaciones móviles, se basan también en el uso de algoritmos. Y Chile no está ajeno al avance científico y matemático en torno a ellos.

Fuente: La omnipresencia de los algoritmos en la vida cotidiana y en los grandes saltos de la tecnología – El Mostrador


¿Qué hacen las páginas de citas online para proteger a sus usuarios? – El Mostrador

Las autoridades advierten de que el fraude en las webs de citas está aumentando. La pregunta es: ¿cómo protegen estos portales a sus miembros?

Fuente: ¿Qué hacen las páginas de citas online para proteger a sus usuarios? – El Mostrador


Estonia, la diminuta república báltica que pasó de ser un satélite soviético a convertirse en la meca tecnológica de Europa – El Mostrador

Conocida como el “Silicon Valley europeo”, Estonia fue el primer país del mundo en instaurar el voto por internet en unas elecciones generales. Y esa es sólo una de las razones por las que es considerada una de las sociedades digitales más avanzadas del planeta.

Fuente: Estonia, la diminuta república báltica que pasó de ser un satélite soviético a convertirse en la meca tecnológica de Europa – El Mostrador


The Observer view on artificial intelligence | Observer editorial | Opinion | The Guardian

This means that the move towards an algorithmically driven society also represents a radical power-shift, away from citizens and consumers and towards a smallish number of powerful, pathologically secretive technology companies, whose governing philosophy seems to be that they should know everything about us, but that we should know as little as possible about their operations.

Fuente: The Observer view on artificial intelligence | Observer editorial | Opinion | The Guardian


Por un populismo digital / Blog AGETIC

no es falso considerar hoy en día que todos estos datos que proveemos a los gigantes de la economía digital en cada uno de nuestros actos digitales (simplemente, por ejemplo, desplazándonos con un teléfono geolocalizado), y que nos revenden luego bajo la forma de servicios diversos, constituye una de las expoliaciones del bien del pueblo más espectacular de la Historia.

Fuente: Por un populismo digital / Blog AGETIC


Mark Zuckerberg and philanthropy: it’s not like it was in Rockefeller’s day | Evgeny Morozov | Opinion | The Guardian

Mark Zuckerberg has ploughed funds into health and education but there’s a fine line between philanthropy and speculation

Fuente: Mark Zuckerberg and philanthropy: it’s not like it was in Rockefeller’s day | Evgeny Morozov | Opinion | The Guardian


Love me Tinder – tales from the frontline of modern dating | Life and style | The Guardian

Modern love is digitised. Letters and unrequited love have been replaced with modern iterations (saucy pictures and ghosting). You do not go on blind dates, you go on dates with people whose best photos you deem, at best, attractive and, at worst, passable. No one asks each other out in person any more, probably.

Fuente: Love me Tinder – tales from the frontline of modern dating | Life and style | The Guardian


Big tech stands with Black Lives Matter, but solidarity may be all about branding | US news | The Guardian

When prominent activist Deray McKesson was arrested Saturday night at a protest against the police killing of Alton Sterling in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, many saw the arrest as another example of the excessive policing of Black Lives Matter protests.Others saw a branding opportunity.

Fuente: Big tech stands with Black Lives Matter, but solidarity may be all about branding | US news | The Guardian


US start-up aims to steer through flood of data – FT.com

The “open data” movement has produced a deluge of publicly available information this decade, as governments like those in the UK and US have released large volumes of data for general use.But the flood has left researchers and data scientists with a problem: how do they find the best data sets, ensure these are accurate and up to date, and combine them with other sources of information?

Fuente: US start-up aims to steer through flood of data – FT.com


Why Silicon Valley is embracing universal basic income | Technology | The Guardian

Silicon Valley has, paradoxically, become one of the most vocal proponents of universal basic income (UBI). Venture capitalist Marc Andreessen, web guru Tim O’Reilly and a cadre of other Silicon Valley denizens have expressed support for the “social vaccine of the 21st century”, and influential incubator Y Combinator announced on 31 May that it will be conducting its own basic income experiment with a pilot study of 100 families in Oakland, California – a short hop over the San Francisco bay.

Fuente: Why Silicon Valley is embracing universal basic income | Technology | The Guardian


Social entrepreneurs can give the government a lift — FT.com

The stereotypical Silicon Valley approach to solving public problems is to invest in social entrepreneurship. Bypass lumbering government bureaucracy to find innovative solutions that harness economic incentives to create social value. In place of government-run schools, find corporations to fund charter schools. Instead of foreign aid, fund Kiva, a platform that allows individuals with capital, however small, to lend directly to development entrepreneurs who need it.

Fuente: Social entrepreneurs can give the government a lift — FT.com


El capitalismo colaborativo tiene un plan | ctxt.es

El éxito de empresas como UBER o Airbnb ha disparado las expectativas de la “economía colaborativa”. Pero el rentismo desenfrenado no produce mayor bienestar. Hace falta que las instituciones pongan la cooperación a funcionar para el beneficio colectivo

Fuente: El capitalismo colaborativo tiene un plan | ctxt.es


Nueva plataforma promueve y financia emprendimientos de impacto positivo – El Mostrador

Firstep es un portal web que hace posible el desarrollo de emprendimientos sociales, ambientales y culturales, gestionando alianzas entre RSE de empresas y estas iniciativas de impacto positivo, según su alcance en Facebook y Twitter.

Fuente: Nueva plataforma promueve y financia emprendimientos de impacto positivo – El Mostrador


Whatever the likes of Airbnb and Uber are up to, it isn’t ‘sharing’… | Opinion | The Guardian

The tech industry is as prone as any other to euphemism – the ‘sharing economy’ being a prime example

Fuente: Whatever the likes of Airbnb and Uber are up to, it isn’t ‘sharing’… | Opinion | The Guardian


Los jóvenes emprendedores que miran más allá del dinero | Internacional | EL PAÍS

Los jóvenes emprendedores que miran más allá del dinero | Internacional | EL PAÍS.

 

Una nueva generación de empresarios apuntan a los beneficios sociales, educativos y ambientales sin descuidar el lucro

 

 

 

Emprendedores latinoamericanos

Hasta hace poco, la motivación para hacerse empresario era ganar un montón de dinero para tener una vida relajada y llena de comodidades. Pero últimamente ha surgido una nueva generación de emprendedores que además de ideas modernas y rentables, incorporan los beneficios sociales y ambientales a sus planes de negocio.

Muchas veces se trata de jóvenes que no encuentran trabajo en una empresa o en el sector público, donde les suelen cerrar las puertas por falta de experiencia. Para muchos de ellos, este rechazo no es motivo de derrota, sino fuente inspiración.

Inspiración que a veces resulta en ideas de negocios que además de dinero traen otros beneficios que se ven no solo en los balances contables, sino también en la sociedad y el medioambiente.

¿Cómo lo hacen? Las posibilidades y los temas son infinitos.

Desde una aplicación móvil que detecta el riesgo de enfermedades no transmisibles en comunidades pobres de Rio de Janeiro o un juego de video que promueve la cultura maya, hasta una empresa que incentiva el uso de botellas plásticas en sus construcciones, todos estos emprendimientos jóvenes buscan contribuir con soluciones concretas, replicables y escalables, y que responden a necesidades específicas en sus países.

Son también parte de la tendencia mundial llamada “empresas b” o “Bcorps”, que se alejan del modelo tradicional de emprender solo para generar rentabilidad, su finalidad también pasa por preservar el medio ambiente y promover la inclusión social.

O visto de otro modo; son empresas que utilizan una lógica de negocios para resolver problemas sociales, ambientales o de desarrollo. Su motivación, de hecho, no es ser las mejores empresas del mundo, sino ser las mejores para el mundo.

Varios de estos nuevos emprendedores y sus ideas, llegaron después de una cerrada competencia al IV Foro de Jóvenes de las Américas, liderado por el Young American Business Trust (YABT) y apoyado la Organización de los Estados Americanos y el Banco Mundial, previo a la Cumbre de las Américas, que se celebra este fin de semana en Panamá.

Estas fueron algunas de sus propuestas:


Los empresarios de Silicon Valley son los más generosos | Estilo | EL PAÍS

Los empresarios de Silicon Valley son los más generosos | Estilo | EL PAÍS.


Seis de los diez mayores donantes de obras filantrópicas pertenecen al sector tecnológico

El magnate Bill Gates. / CORDON

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Los grandes protagonistas del sector tecnológico en EE UU están dando un nuevo dinamismo a la filantropía. Hasta el punto de que entre los 10 mayores donantes en 2014 aparecen seis nombres del universo que se asocia con Silicon Valley. Dos son viejos conocidos: Bill Gates y Paul Allen, cofundadores de Microsoft. Vuelven a despuntar Sean Parker, de Napster, y Sergey Brin, de Google. Y ahora se suman al exclusivo club Jan Koum, de WhatsApp, y Nicholas Woodman, de GoPro.

Bill Gates, a través de la fundación que tiene junto a su mujer Melinda, movilizó el año pasado 1.510 millones de dólares (1.335 millones de euros),según Chronicle of Philanthrophy. Es el magnate que más dinero de su fortuna destinó a obras benéficas. Le sigue con 1.000 millones Ralph Wilson, el difunto propietario del equipo de fútbol americano Buffalo Bills. El tercero es Theodore Stanley. Jan Koum debuta colocándose justo detrás, con 556 millones.


Meet tech’s new concierge economy, where serfs deliver stuff to rich folk | John Naughton | Comment is free | The Observer

Meet tech’s new concierge economy, where serfs deliver stuff to rich folk | John Naughton | Comment is free | The Observer.

The rise of Uber and possible Amazon deliveries by drone typify our regrettable need for instant gratification
Driving force: Uber's phenomenal commercial success seems set to continue.
Driving force: Uber’s phenomenal commercial success seems set to continue.Photograph: Quique Garcia/AFP/Getty Images

In a way, the name of the company – Uber – gives the game away. It has connotations of elevation, superiority, authority – as in Nietzsche’s coinage, Übermensch, to describe the higher state to which men might aspire. Although it’s only been around since 2009, Uber, the smartphone-enabled minicab company, is probably the only startup of recent times to have achieved the same level of name recognition as the established internet giants.

This is partly because Uber is arguably the most aggressive tech startupin recent history and partly because it has attracted a lot of bad press. But mainly it’s because a colossal pile of American venture capital is riding on it. Its most recent investment round valued the company at about $40bn,which is why every MBA graduate in California is currently clutching a PowerPoint presentation arguing that his/her daft idea is “Uber for X” – where X is any industry you care to mention.

What lies behind the frenzy is a conviction that Uber is the Next Big Thing, fuelled by the belief that it is the embodiment of what Silicon Valley values most, namely “disruptive innovation” – as in disruption of established, old-economy ways of doing things. In Uber’s case, the ancien regime is urban taxi cab businesses in more than 200 cities worldwide, which are portrayed by Übermenschen as little more than cosy or corrupt local monopolies.

Uber fits neatly into the mythology of the tech industry, which portrays itself as surfing one of the waves of “creative destruction” through which, as the economist Joseph Schumpeter argued, capitalism periodically renews itself. In this narrative, industrial progress involves a good deal of destruction in order to make way for new, creative, wealth-creating industries. The abolition of old timers such as licensed taxi cabs, travel agents and bookshops etc is merely the collateral damage of an essentially benign process – regrettable but necessary casualties of innovation.


Wisdom2.0: it came for our heartbeats, now Google wants our souls | Technology | theguardian.com

Wisdom2.0: it came for our heartbeats, now Google wants our souls | Technology | theguardian.com.

Tech companies are embracing mindfulness to help staff deal with stress – and help seize back control from the gadgets that have taken over our lives

Intel Engineers Meditating
Intel engineers meditating. Photograph: Intel Free Press/flickr

Dublin’s Google headquarters bears all the hallmarks of the modern tech workplace: an industrial chic aesthetic, endless free snacks, designer furniture in primary colours that looks like it’s been hijacked from a children’s playground, and, this week, the advanced forces of what may or may not be the Next Big Thing: not a new mobile phone, or a really super fancy watch, but something even more radically cutting-edge: “wisdom”.

Because for three days this week, in an auditorium at the heart of the city’s hi-tech cluster, an unholy alliance of Googlers, Buddhist monks, techies, HR directors, MPs and recovering CEOs bandied around words like “compassion”, “empathy”, “communion” and “consciousness”.

This was Wisdom2.0, a Californian conference that grew out of the west coast’s twin obsessions of technology and self-actualisation, and that came to Europe for the first time this week.

It has already held events in Google’s Mountain View office and at Facebook and since its inception six years ago, it’s been enthusiastically taken up by the tech industry. More than 2,000 people attended Wisdom2.0’s main event in San Francisco this year, and it’s attracted high-profile supporters like Arianna Huffington and Jeff Weiner, CEO of LinkedIn, and now it’s looking to take the message to a global audience.


Un intelectual rockstar en la cota mil – El Mostrador

Un intelectual rockstar en la cota mil – El Mostrador.

Está entre los 100 personajes más influyentes según la revista Times, debido a sus libros y series sobre la historia económica y financiera de la humanidad. El académico y best sellers expuso ante un auditorio lleno sobre los mil metros del nivel del mar lo que es su visión para entender la historia. Esto fue lo que pasó.

NF

La charla arranca en media hora, el auditorio está lleno y en la fila de atrás dos estudiantes discuten su futuro.

–Yo me quiero ir a Río de Janeiro, París o Singapur, cachai?

–Sí, pero ¿altiro?

–Sí. Me gustaría especializarme en economía, negocios, management y finanzas. Quedaría papo pos.

La divagación sobre el futuro de los estudiantes continúa pero se suman otros horizontes, como las universidades de Oxford, Columbia y Harvard. Mientras, en la primera fila se acomodan los académicos de la UAI: Lucía Santa Cruz, Andrea Repetto y Ascanio Cavallo, entre otros.

El ruido de conversación en el auditorio es total. Aparece Niall Ferguson, de traje, alto y con una barba que le da un aire marxista, según él, aunque no lo sea. Baja la escalera y el auditorio lo recibe con aplausos.

El historiador económico británico llegó hasta las faldas de la cordillera para ser incorporado al selecto club de académicos honoríficos de la universidad, entre los que se cuentan al Nobel de Economía y padre del liberalismo, Milton Friedman, y al otro Nobel y liberal, Friedrich Hayek.

Méritos no le faltan. Ferguson ha escrito cinco libros, una gran cantidad de artículos académicos y su exposición en TED del 2011 tiene más de un millón 352 mil reproducciones. Además, ha producido cuatro series de televisión entre 2003 y 2011 en las que expone sus tesis sobre el dinero, la civilización y el desarrollo de la humanidad. Su estilo directo y satírico junto a afirmaciones como que los “incas no tenían una percepción real del dinero” en el documental El Ascenso del Dinero, le han generado varios enemigos.


Sitio de citas online OkCupid confiesa sus experimentos con personas – BioBioChile

Sitio de citas online OkCupid confiesa sus experimentos con personas – BioBioChile.


OkCupid

OkCupid

Publicado por Denisse Charpentier | La Información es de Agencia AFP
Un mes después de que acusaran a Facebook de manipular las emociones de sus usuarios, el sitio de citas online estadounidense OkCupid decidió salir del closet: ellos también experimentaron con personas y vincularon parejas incompatibles para ver qué pasaba.

OkCupid, uno de los más populares sitios de citas online de Estados Unidos, dijo que había redefinido su fórmula para armar parejas con la idea de estudiar mejor el arte (o el negocio) del celestinaje.

Su fundador Christian Rudder escribió esta confidencia el lunes, en una entrada en su blog titulada “Nosotros experimentamos con seres humanos”, luego de que una ola de críticas rompiera sobre Facebook por manipular los “estados” de sus usuarios para estudiar cómo estos influencian las emociones.

“Notamos recientemente que a la gente no le gustó que Facebook ‘experimentara’ con sus perfiles”, dijo Rudder.

“Pero adivinen qué: si usan internet, ustedes son sujeto de cientos de experimentos en cualquier momento, en cualquier sitio. Así es como funcionan las páginas web”.


Is the internet now just one big human experiment? | Dan Gillmor | Comment is free | theguardian.com

Is the internet now just one big human experiment? | Dan Gillmor | Comment is free | theguardian.com.

It’s not only Facebook treating us like lab rats. Dating sites can manipulate our emotions, too – and blame it on user testing. The possibilities are endlessly scary

 

 

frankenstein in love
‘I understand … why the anger is there,’ OKCupid’s co-founder said. ‘But people also need to understand that … nobody launches a redesign without testing on different users.’ Photograph: Pelle Sten / Flickr via Creative Commons (Art: Frankenstein in Love, by Mogul)

 

If you thought the internet industry was chastened by the public firestorm after Facebook revealed it had manipulated the news feeds of its own users to affect their emotions, think again: OKCupid.com, the dating site, is now bragging that it deliberately arranged matches between people whom its algorithms determined were not compatible – just to get data on how well the site was working.

In a Monday blog post entitled – I’m not making this up – “We Experiment On Human Beings!” the site’s co-founder, Christian Rudder, essentially told us to face the facts of our modern world … at least as he sees them:

[G]uess what, everybody: if you use the Internet, you’re the subject of hundreds of experiments at any given time, on every site. That’s how websites work.

Human experimentation is definitely part of how websites work, in a way, because all online services of considerable size do something called A/B testing – seeing how users respond to tweaks, then adjusting accordingly. But that doesn’t mean sites can, do or should routinely and deliberately deceive their users or customers.

Yet Rudder – whose observations about data on his site’s “OKTrends” blog were almost always fascinating when he was posting regularly – acknowledges that OKCupid wasn’t merely A/B testing when it recently tried to figure out whether its human recommendation algorithm was actually correct:

To test this, we took pairs of bad matches (actual 30% match) and told them they were exceptionally good for each other (displaying a 90% match.)

Where I come from, we call this deception, and the Washington Post’s Brian Fung asks, reasonably, “If you’re lying to your users in an attempt to improve your service, what’s the line between A/B testing and fraud?”


The Internet Ideology: Why We Are Allowed to Hate Silicon Valley – Debatten – FAZ

The Internet Ideology: Why We Are Allowed to Hate Silicon Valley – Debatten – FAZ

 ·  It knows how to talk about tools but is barely capable of talking about social, political, and economic systems that these tools enable and disable, amplify and pacify. Why the “digital debate” leads us astray.

If Ronald Reagan was the first Teflon President, then Silicon Valley is the first Teflon Industry:  no matter how much dirt one throws at it, nothing seems to stick. While “Big Pharma,” “Big Food” and “Big Oil” are derogatory terms used to describe the greediness that reigns supreme in those industries, this is not the case with “Big Data.” This innocent term is never used to refer to the shared agendas of technology companies.  What shared agendas? Aren’t these guys simply improving the world, one line of code at a time?

Let’s re-inject politics and economics into this debate

Do people in Silicon Valley realize the mess that they are dragging us into? I doubt it. The “invisible barbed wire” remains invisible even to its builders. Whoever is building a tool to link MOOCs to biometric identification isn’t much concerned with what this means for our freedoms: “freedom” is not their department, they are just building cool tools for spreading knowledge!

This is where the “digital debate” leads us astray: it knows how to talk about tools but is barely capable of talking about social, political, and economic systems that these tools enable and disable, amplify and pacify.  When these systems are once again brought to the fore of our analysis, the “digital” aspect of such tool-talk becomes extremely boring, for it explains nothing. Deleuze warned of such tool-centrism back in 1990:

“One can of course see how each kind of society corresponds to a particular kind of machine – with simple mechanical machines corresponding to sovereign societies, thermodynamic machines to disciplinary societies, cybernetic machines and computers to control societies. But the machines don’t explain anything, you have to analyze the collective arrangements of which the machines are just one component.”

In the last two decades, our ability to make such connections between machines and “collective arrangements” has all but atrophied. This happened, I suspect, because we’ve presumed that these machines come from “cyberspace,” that they are of the “online” and “digital” world – in other words, that they were bestowed upon us by the gods of “the Internet.” And “the Internet,” as Silicon Valley keeps reminding us, is the future. So to oppose these machines was to oppose the future itself.

Well, this is all bunk: there’s no “cyberspace” and “the digital debate” is just a bunch of sophistries concocted by Silicon Valley that allow its executives to sleep well at night. (It pays well too!) Haven’t we had enough? Our first step should be to rob them of their banal but highly effective language. Our second step should be to rob them of their flawed history. Our third step should be to re-inject politics and economics into this debate. Let’s bury the “digital debate” for good – along with an oversupply of intellectual mediocrity it has produced in the meantime.


Expertos llaman al próximo gobierno a incorporar uso “permanente y transversal” de TICs a la malla curricular – El Mostrador

Expertos llaman al próximo gobierno a incorporar uso “permanente y transversal” de TICs a la malla curricular – El Mostrador.

La tecnologías de la información y la comunicación salen a la palestra luego de que la propia Unesco señalara que en los últimos tres años la educación en línea pasó de tener 22 millones de alumnos a 25 millones.

teclado

Tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC’s), infraestructura, el concepto de “Tercera Plataforma” y la calidad en los mecanismos de transmisión de datos son algunos de los elementos que, según expertos de Edutic Chile (una asociación de profesionales de la educación superior que buscan implementar el uso de las tecnologías de la información), se debiesen incorporar al plan educacional que se implementará en los próximos cuatro años.

Cuando se debate sobre la necesidad de mejorar la calidad y la equidad en la enseñanza chilena, Hernán Silva, director ejecutivo de Edutic, destacó que uno de los grandes desafíos para el próximo gobierno será “nivelar la tremenda brecha en infraestructura y calidad tecnológica que tenemos, tanto en la limitada banda ancha y de todos los mecanismos de transmisión de datos que se vincula a Internet, como también de la desigual accesibilidad social a dispositivos y redes.”


Online marketplaces dare not forget the human touch – FT.com

Online marketplaces dare not forget the human touch – FT.com

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It takes more than an app to keep customers happy
Model Molly Sims at Airbnb's Hello LA event at The Grove on Monday, September 30, 2013 in Los Angeles.©Getty

It is every tech entrepreneur’s dream. Think of a new idea for a marketplace, throw up a website (or, these days, an app) for buyers and sellers to connect, then sit back and rake in the cash.

It also helps to come up with some lofty rhetoric to ennoble your opportunism. Calling yourself part of the new “sharing economy” makes the endeavour sound so much grander.

Online marketplaces such as Uber, for high-end taxi services, and Airbnb, for temporary accommodation rentals, have struck a chord with start-up investors. Economies, however, depend on more than just the marketplaces where willing buyers and sellers meet and transact – even if those happen to be the most profitable places for middlemen to insert themselves.

They need infrastructure and services to support the new forms of activity they promote. And they must generate the trust among customers that comes from a consistent, reliable and safe experience – even when the service is being delivered by a third party.

As Brian Chesky, chief executive of Airbnb, put it at a press conference this month: “We used to think the product was the website and we only designed the online experience – because that’s what every other tech company does.”

Along the way, though, reality intruded. It was not just that some landlords returned to find their homes damaged by paying guests, or that regulators and tax authorities got interested in the company’s success. Renters wanted the assurance that they would get a decent place to stay – and, when things went wrong, that there would be someone on the end of a phone to make them right again. It takes more than an app to keep customers happy.