Las 25 noticias más censuradas 2015-2016 (04): ¿Cómo controlar las máquinas electrónicas de votación? | Resumen

Desde los algoritmos de motor de búsqueda (search engine) a las máquinas electrónica de votación, la tecnología ofrece oportunidades para la manipulación de votantes y de los sufragios de maneras que podrían afectar profundamente los resultados de una elección.

Fuente: Las 25 noticias más censuradas 2015-2016 (04): ¿Cómo controlar las máquinas electrónicas de votación? | Resumen


Facebook and Google: most powerful and secretive empires we’ve ever known | Technology | The Guardian

Google and Facebook have conveyed nearly all of us to this page, and just about every other idea or expression we’ll encounter today. Yet we don’t know how to talk about these companies, nor digest their sheer power.

Fuente: Facebook and Google: most powerful and secretive empires we’ve ever known | Technology | The Guardian


Google's Jigsaw project has new ideas, but an old imperial mindset | Global | The Guardian

Human development is too important, too complex, and too culturally diverse to be left to profit-driven companies acting in their own interests

Fuente: Google’s Jigsaw project has new ideas, but an old imperial mindset | Global | The Guardian


Facebook isn’t a charity. The poor will pay by surrendering their data | Technology | The Guardian

Facebook isn’t a charity. The poor will pay by surrendering their data | Technology | The Guardian.

 Facebook isn’t a charity. The poor will pay by surrendering their dataFacebook is interested in ‘digital inclusion’ in much the same manner as loan sharks are interested in ‘financial inclusion’: it is in it for the money. Photograph: DADO RUVIC/REUTERS

Luxury is already here – it’s just not very evenly distributed. Such, at any rate, is the provocative argument put forward by Hal Varian, Google’s chief economist. Recently dubbed “the Varian rule”, it states that to predict the future, we just have to look at what rich people already have and assume that the middle classes will have it in five years and poor people will have it in 10. Radio, TV, dishwashers, mobile phones, flatscreen TVs: Varian sees this principle at work in the history of many technologies.

So what is it that the rich have today that the poor will get in a decade? Varian bets on personal assistants. Instead of maids and chauffeurs we would have self-driving cars, housecleaning robots and clever, omniscient apps that can monitor, inform and nudge us in real time.

As Varian puts it: “These digital assistants will be so useful that everyone will want one and the scare stories you read today about privacy concerns will just seem quaint and old-fashioned.” Google Now, one such assistant, can monitor our emails, searches and locations and constantly remind us about forthcoming meetings or trips, all while patiently checking real-time weather and traffic in the background.

Varian’s juxtaposition of dishwashers with apps might seem reasonable but it’s actually misleading. When you hire somebody as your personal assistant, the transaction is relatively straightforward: you pay the person for the services tendered – often, in cash – and that’s the end of it. It’s tempting to say that the same logic is at work with virtual assistants: you surrender your data – the way you would surrender your cash – for Google to provide this otherwise free service.

But something doesn’t add up here: few of us expect our personal assistants to walk away with a copy of all our letters and files in order to make a buck off them. For our virtual assistants, on the other hand, this is the only reason they exist.


Meet tech’s new concierge economy, where serfs deliver stuff to rich folk | John Naughton | Comment is free | The Observer

Meet tech’s new concierge economy, where serfs deliver stuff to rich folk | John Naughton | Comment is free | The Observer.

The rise of Uber and possible Amazon deliveries by drone typify our regrettable need for instant gratification
Driving force: Uber's phenomenal commercial success seems set to continue.
Driving force: Uber’s phenomenal commercial success seems set to continue.Photograph: Quique Garcia/AFP/Getty Images

In a way, the name of the company – Uber – gives the game away. It has connotations of elevation, superiority, authority – as in Nietzsche’s coinage, Übermensch, to describe the higher state to which men might aspire. Although it’s only been around since 2009, Uber, the smartphone-enabled minicab company, is probably the only startup of recent times to have achieved the same level of name recognition as the established internet giants.

This is partly because Uber is arguably the most aggressive tech startupin recent history and partly because it has attracted a lot of bad press. But mainly it’s because a colossal pile of American venture capital is riding on it. Its most recent investment round valued the company at about $40bn,which is why every MBA graduate in California is currently clutching a PowerPoint presentation arguing that his/her daft idea is “Uber for X” – where X is any industry you care to mention.

What lies behind the frenzy is a conviction that Uber is the Next Big Thing, fuelled by the belief that it is the embodiment of what Silicon Valley values most, namely “disruptive innovation” – as in disruption of established, old-economy ways of doing things. In Uber’s case, the ancien regime is urban taxi cab businesses in more than 200 cities worldwide, which are portrayed by Übermenschen as little more than cosy or corrupt local monopolies.

Uber fits neatly into the mythology of the tech industry, which portrays itself as surfing one of the waves of “creative destruction” through which, as the economist Joseph Schumpeter argued, capitalism periodically renews itself. In this narrative, industrial progress involves a good deal of destruction in order to make way for new, creative, wealth-creating industries. The abolition of old timers such as licensed taxi cabs, travel agents and bookshops etc is merely the collateral damage of an essentially benign process – regrettable but necessary casualties of innovation.


San Francisco, ciudad wifi | Tecnología | EL PAÍS

San Francisco, ciudad wifi | Tecnología | EL PAÍS.

Google pagará el mantenimiento de la red durante dos años

El San Francisco nocturno visto desde el puente Oakland Bay. / M.J. Sánchez (AP)

El viejo sueño de hacer de Internet un servicio de acceso público y gratuito se acerca a los ciudadanos de San Francisco. La cercanía de las elecciones, el 4 de noviembre, hace que no solo se asfalten calles y mejore el estado de los jardines, sino también que se cumplan las promesas electorales. En diciembre de 2013 se hizo público el proyecto para proveer de conexión a 32 lugares de paso y recreo en la ciudad. Casi 10 meses después la conexión a Internet ha empezado a funcionar.

El programa, presentado por el alcalde Ed Lee, en un centro comunitario del Tenderloin, un barrio céntrico y deprimido, donde es fácil presenciar el menudeo de droga en las esquinas, quiere rebajar la desigualdad que divide a una de las urbes más ricas del mundo: “Es nuestra prioridad máxima, que el acceso sea para todos, al margen de la capacidad económica. Nuestra meta es terminar con la brecha digital”.

Mark Farrell, máximo responsable de tecnología en la ciudad, apoya esta idea: “Es una derecho, este es solo un primer paso en esta dirección”. En total, se han creado 32 grandes áreas, en su mayoría parques, como el Balboa o el centro de entretenimiento de Bernal Heights, ambos al sur, como los aledaños del centro cultural Harvey Milk, el parque Dolores, muy cercano al nuevo hogar de Mark Zuckerberg o el Parque Huntington. También lugares de paso o con gran afluencia de turistas como son Washington Square, Embarcadero, Saint Mary’s Square, Unioin Square y Civic Center, donde se encuentra el ayuntamiento.

Miguel Gamiño, miembro del departamento de tecnología, explicó que todas las redes de este servicio se unificarán bajo el nombre #SFWifi con el fin de convertirlo en una marca reconocible y comenzar la expansión. Como primera medida, las redes abiertas de edificios públicos, como bibliotecas y centros sociales ya han adoptado esta denominación. “Una vez que se da permiso, los dispositivos móviles lo detectan

Google, cuya sede está a más de 40 kilómetros, en Mountain View, fue la primera en sumarse al proyecto con 608.000 dólares para ponerlo en marcha y mantenerlo durante dos años. A partir de entonces será responsabilidad del ayuntamiento, que pretende mientras tanto tejer una red de patrocinadores para darle continuidad.


Julian Assange: 'When you post to Facebook, you're being a rat' | Books | theguardian.com

Julian Assange: ‘When you post to Facebook, you’re being a rat’ | Books | theguardian.com.

Assange joins party for his book When Google Met WikiLeaks to discuss the consequences of Google’s power in the 21st century

AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND - SEPTEMBER 15:  Julian Assange appears on screen to discuss the revelations about New Zealand's mass surveillance at Auckland Town Hall on September 15, 2014 in Auckland, New Zealand.  The general election in New Zealand will be held this weekend, on 20 September 2014.  (Photo by Hannah Peters/Getty Images)Politics
‘[Google chairman] Eric Schmidt is actually quite similar to me … Only he’s very banal,’ Assange said. Photograph: Hannah Peters/Getty

How does a wanted man have a book party? On Wednesday night at Babycastles, a Manhattan videogame-art collective, Julian Assange celebrated the publication of his new book, When Google Met WikiLeaks. He was present via videochat. The collectivists projected him on their walls. A crowd had formed to see the shining-haired hacker king – youngish New Yorkers, mostly. They stood or sat and drank beers as Assange talked about the internet.

Assange said: “Compare the mission statements of Google and the NSA – the NSA, who literally say, ‘We want to collect all private information, pool it, store it, sort it, index it, and exploit it.’ Whereas Google says, ‘We want to collect all private information, pool it, store it, sort it, and sell those profiles to advertisers.’ Really, they’re almost identical.”

He said, “Every time you go to a party and take a picture and post that picture to Facebook, you’re being a rat. You’re being a narc.”

Assange now wears a beard. It fuzzed as the feed wavered.

“People who use Google are the product,” he said.


Bethany Mota, la nueva gurú de internet que logró superar a Lady Gaga en Youtube – BioBioChile

Bethany Mota, la nueva gurú de internet que logró superar a Lady Gaga en Youtube – BioBioChile.

 

Bethany MotaBethany Mota

 

Publicado por Bernardita Villa

 

Tiene sólo 18 años y se ha convertido en una sensación en Youtube. Su canal ha logrado superar en cantidad de suscriptores a estrellas como Lady Gaga y actualmente esta a punto de alcanzar los siete millones de seguidores en dicha plataforma.

La joven vive junto a sus padres en California (EE.UU.), y cada semana sube un video sobre cosas de su vida cotidiana, tutoriales para ayudar a las niñas de su edad con temas de maquillaje, cabello, moda o simplemente conversaciones sobre grupos favoritos o música de moda.

Con un estilo sencillo y enfocado a adolescentes, los videos de Bethany suelen alcanzar los tres millones de reproducciones en promedio, aunque el recorrido de su pieza que grabó hace algunas semanas ya ha superado los ocho millones de visitas, lo que algunas empresas han visto como un buen negocio en el cual participar.

Según un articulo de Yahoo, la joven factura al mes cerca de US$40.000 (23.092.800 pesos chilenos aprox) por conceptos de publicidad de su canal. A esto se suma los aportes de varias empresas para que muestre sus productos e incluso la compañía Aeropostale lanzó línea de moda y fragancias que lleva su nombre, The Bethany Mota Collection.

Pero no todo ha sido color de rosa para ésta joven, pues antes de iniciar su carrera como “Youtuber”, Bethany tuvo que dejar la escuela debido al bullying de sus compañeros, pidiéndole a sus padres ser educada en casa.

“No quería hablar con nadie. No quería salir de mi casa” explicó a Business Insider a lo cual agregó que Youtube se convirtió en una especie de vía de escape para sus problemas.