Sello Propio: Cristián Warnken revisa lo humano en la era digital – El Mostrador

El ex animador de “La Belleza de Pensar”, quién, recientemente ha calificado el tablet como el “nuevo ravotril”, propone discutir en las charlas qué estrategias educativas y políticas debemos tomar en una era en que las relaciones humanas más íntimas se ven amenazadas por una cultura digital individualista.

Fuente: Sello Propio: Cristián Warnken revisa lo humano en la era digital – El Mostrador


Cuáles son los idiomas que están en peligro de extinción por culpa de los smartphones – El Mostrador

El universo online, con sus más de mil páginas web, está creando toda una revolución idiomática potenciada por el uso de nuevas tecnologías en nuestra vida diaria, como el GPS o el uso de comandos de voz en el celular.Ha llegado incluso a imponer un nuevo lenguaje plagado de tecnicismos informáticos y anglicismos.Y el desarrollo de nuevos dispositivos y tecnologías que no reconocen todos los idiomas agudiza el problema.

Fuente: Cuáles son los idiomas que están en peligro de extinción por culpa de los smartphones – El Mostrador


¿Tenía Marx razón? – El Mostrador

Es el desarrollo de la “sociedad de la información” el que ha generado serias sospechas sobre un proceso de alcance mucho mayor al hasta ahora previsto. Por lo pronto, pareciera que tiende a romper el principio de escasez, al instalar un bien como la “información” como algo creciente y aceleradamente disponible, del cual es posible crear riqueza, por ejemplo, a través de un producto comercializable…

Fuente: ¿Tenía Marx razón? – El Mostrador


Por un populismo digital / Blog AGETIC

no es falso considerar hoy en día que todos estos datos que proveemos a los gigantes de la economía digital en cada uno de nuestros actos digitales (simplemente, por ejemplo, desplazándonos con un teléfono geolocalizado), y que nos revenden luego bajo la forma de servicios diversos, constituye una de las expoliaciones del bien del pueblo más espectacular de la Historia.

Fuente: Por un populismo digital / Blog AGETIC


Editor de The Economist anticipa en Chile la extinción de las actuales formas de trabajo ante la cuarta revolución industrial – El Mostrador

“Las computadoras han aprendido a conducir automóviles y entender el habla humana mucho más rápido de lo que anticipábamos que lo harían hace una década. Las capacidades que permiten a las computadoras hacer esas cosas también les permitirán hacer muchas otras tareas, ahora en manos de personas. Incluso si la inteligencia de la máquina mejora a un ritmo modesto en las próximas décadas, la cantidad de trabajo que pueden hacer las máquinas crecerá enormemente. Otro factor es, irónicamente, el estancamiento de los salarios. Veo un crecimiento débil en los salarios como evidencia que apunta a un exceso de mano de obra, donde es demasiado poco trabajo bueno”

Fuente: Editor de The Economist anticipa en Chile la extinción de las actuales formas de trabajo ante la cuarta revolución industrial – El Mostrador


Forget the internet of things – we need an internet of people | Technology | The Guardian

From cars to umbrellas, everyday objects are becoming increasingly connected. But the question we need to ask is – should they be?

Fuente: Forget the internet of things – we need an internet of people | Technology | The Guardian


Will the internet kill off conspicuous consumption? | Richard Sennett and Carlo Ratti | Opinion | The Guardian

In the pre-digital age, the sharing of services lacked prestige. But if symbolic experiences can be communicated virtually, there’s no point in owning stuff

Fuente: Will the internet kill off conspicuous consumption? | Richard Sennett and Carlo Ratti | Opinion | The Guardian


Next revolution will seek to overthrow privileges of nationhood | Business | The Guardian

Ultimately, the next revolution will likely stem from daily interactions on computer monitors with foreigners whom we can see are intelligent, decent people – people who happen, through no choice of their own, to be living in poverty. This should lead to better trade agreements, which presuppose the eventual development of orders of magnitude more social insurance to protect people within a country during the transition to a more just global economy.

Fuente: Next revolution will seek to overthrow privileges of nationhood | Business | The Guardian


Las caras de la tecnología o la narcoeconomía – El Mostrador

Existe la dependencia que tiene toda la industria digital del mineral llamado coltán, que se produce mayoritariamente en la República del Congo. … Sí, ese es un de los temas que toca este artículo. Pero la verdad es que se pasea por casi todos … ; y también aborda lo que hoy está sucediendo en Chile … Es mucho … pero igual [AP]

Fuente: Las caras de la tecnología o la narcoeconomía – El Mostrador


Jóvenes y viejos – El Mostrador

Nunca en la historia de la humanidad el foso entre dos generaciones sucesivas ha sido tan profundo. Y tan grave. El paso de los cazadores-recolectores a los agricultores tomó miles de años en cumplirse. Hoy, el salto a la realidad virtual también es gigantesco, pero se está dando en pocas décadas.

Fuente: Jóvenes y viejos – El Mostrador


E n e l Enjambre . P ara una crítica d e la opinión pública pos moderna Han, Byun – Chul (2014).

Byung-Chul Han realiza una aguda crítica a la ideología que transportan los procesos de globalización y analiza como esta ideología, neoliberal, captura el discurso del proceso civilizatorio y lo convierte en un poderoso instrumento de control social. Estacaptura, dice, no conduce a una sociedad del bienestar sino a una sociedad del malestar: enferma, enajenada y neurótica, hundida en el paroxismo del rendimiento/éxito, anegada en sus portentosas tecnologías, donde los maravillosos avances de la ciencia y la tecnología sucumben ante las economías de mercado que no logran implantar estados prósperos y felices.

Fuente: 01_Serrano_R90.pdf


Why Silicon Valley is embracing universal basic income | Technology | The Guardian

Silicon Valley has, paradoxically, become one of the most vocal proponents of universal basic income (UBI). Venture capitalist Marc Andreessen, web guru Tim O’Reilly and a cadre of other Silicon Valley denizens have expressed support for the “social vaccine of the 21st century”, and influential incubator Y Combinator announced on 31 May that it will be conducting its own basic income experiment with a pilot study of 100 families in Oakland, California – a short hop over the San Francisco bay.

Fuente: Why Silicon Valley is embracing universal basic income | Technology | The Guardian


Only Humans Need Apply – Thomas H. Davenport, Julia Kirby – Hardcover

An invigorating, thought-provoking, and positive look at the rise of automation that explores how professionals across industries can find sustainable careers in the near future.Nearly half of all working Americans could risk losing their jobs because of technology. It’s not only blue-collar jobs at stake. Millions of educated knowledge workers—writers, paralegals, assistants, medical technicians—are threatened by accelerating advances in artificial intelligence.

Fuente: Only Humans Need Apply – Thomas H. Davenport, Julia Kirby – Hardcover


Digital advances uneven across US economy – FT.com

Large sections of the US economy are failing to make the most of digital technologies and millions more jobs are set to be displaced as companies do more to harness the innovations available to them, according to a new report. Research from the

Fuente: Digital advances uneven across US economy – FT.com


Facebook’s outage exposes our digital fragility | Simon Jenkins | Comment is free | theguardian.com

Facebook’s outage exposes our digital fragility | Simon Jenkins | Comment is free | theguardian.com.

Today’s Facebook suspension shows how vulnerable digital information is – penetrable by hackers, governments or subject to random failures
Facebook logo as seen on its website
‘Any electronic device is subject to failure. Any locked door invites trespass.’ Photograph: Alamy

OMG Facebook is down! Down too went Instagram. It was just for an hour this morning, but the tweets screamed “Do I have to talk to someone real?”

In a manner of speaking, yes. Despite the hackers of Lizard Squad claiming credit, it is now clear that an outage at Facebook’s HQ was responsible. But the confusion was understandable after Lizard Squad had in recent weeks variously hit Sony executives and Microsoft products. It brought down PlayStation and Xbox platforms over Christmas.

Others such as Anonymous and LulSec have hit the FBI, the CIA, Britain’s NHS and the Australian government. North Korea appears to have hacked Hollywood and American security has hacked North Korea. Similar attacks are reported between Russia and Ukraine. Cyberwar is clearly in its infancy.

Admittedly, most such attacks are through denial of service rather than data theft, but as Wikileaks and Snowden showed, the thief is always a step ahead of the cop. Digital is inherently insecure. Anyone who claims otherwise is lying. Last year the NHS sought permission to store the personal data of every patient. It promised total security and guaranteed that any patient could opt out. Nothing would pass to insurers or drugs companies.

We now know it was not secure and that requests to opt out were simply disregarded. The NHS had lied.

The same must go for the Home Office’s desire to hoover up internet and phone records for “national security”, with the material going “only to the security services and the police”. What goes to the police goes to the public.


Context collapse, performance piety and civil inattention – the web concepts you need to understand in 2015 | Technology | The Guardian

Context collapse, performance piety and civil inattention – the web concepts you need to understand in 2015 | Technology | The Guardian.

Digital tablets
 Do you really ‘get’ the internet? Photograph: Jurgen Ziewe/Alamy

Spending time on the internet can sometimes feel like navigating a treacherous sea full of shipwrecks and jagged rocks. For many of us, the online world is real life, just as much as our 3D interactions are, but that doesn’t mean navigating web culture is simple. Offline norms have taken millennia to develop, but we’ve had just a few decades to get used to living with the internet. So, if you truly want to “get” online culture in 2015, here are the five concepts you need to know.


¿Video killed the radio star? sobre lectura, libros y cultura digital | Manzana Mecánica

¿Video killed the radio star? sobre lectura, libros y cultura digital | Manzana Mecánica.

Miércoles 17 Dic 2014

Carolina Gainza

La semana pasada participé en una mesa en el II Seminario Internacional ¿Qué leer? ¿Cómo leer?. El objetivo del panel era reflexionar, en el marco de las prácticas de lectura y las formas de procesar la información en nuestra época, sobre la pregunta que lanzó Nicholas G. Carr en su artículo publicado el 2008 en The Atlantic¿Está Google volviéndonos estúpidos?.

Desde mi experiencia, la respuesta a esta pregunta fue un rotundo no. Después de haber leído bastante sobre literatura digital y ver cómo en su momento, e incluso aún se escucha, se planteó la muerte del autor destronado por el lector, la muerte del libro, la decadencia de la cultura, y ver cómo este tipo de preguntas responden a un miedo a lo nuevo y lo desconocido, mi respuesta no podía ser diferente. De alguna manera, varios paneles en el seminario apuntaron a un cambio en las formas de conocer y procesar la información en nuestra época, lo cual afecta directamente las prácticas de lectura.


Ello might or might not replace Facebook, but the giant social network won't last forever | Ruby J Murray | Comment is free | theguardian.com

Ello might or might not replace Facebook, but the giant social network won’t last forever | Ruby J Murray | Comment is free | theguardian.com.

Ello is the ‘anti-facebook’, positioning itself as a network with a social conscience. It might not be the one to replace the social giant, but Facebook is getting old

 

 

Ello
Ello: the new Facebook?

 

Predicting the end of Facebook in 2014 feels reckless. Like slapping a date on the fall of the wall might have felt in the 1980s.

 

As of June this year, the social networking behemoth had 1.32bn active monthly users. According to the latest data from the Pew Research Centre, 71% of online adults use Facebook. Considering 73% use a social networking site, that’s pretty much: all of us.

 

The startup world is full of people pitching and failing the next big thing. Two days ago, though, something exciting happened. San Francisco began jumping out of Facebook’s ad-splattered soup and into the clean, empty social networking world of Ello.

 

Ello is crawling with bugs, isn’t out of beta testing, and it’s still taking off in starship headquarters. 31,000 new users were asking to be beta testers at this week’s peak. On Thursday, the Ello team had to shut down new invites to the site as they struggled to keep up.

 

The brain-child of Kidrobot designer Paul Budnitz , Ello is the “anti-facebook.” It’s been around a while, but the LGBTIQ community’s recent struggle with Facebook’s “real-name” policy has been instrumental in the shift to the site. Ello positions itself as a network with a manifesto and a social conscience. Its logo has a V for Vendetta-like menace to it: an eyeless black smiley with a spinning mouth that mocks the social gaze we are so used to feeding online.

 

Humans like us forget that change is the only constant. Facebook will not last forever. The only questions are why the move starts, when it does, and where the party is next.


The best of capitalism is over for rich countries – and for the poor ones it will be over by 2060 | Paul Mason | Comment is free | The Guardian

The best of capitalism is over for rich countries – and for the poor ones it will be over by 2060 | Paul Mason | Comment is free | The Guardian.

Populations with access to technology and a sense of their human rights will not accept inequality

 

 

Spanish policemen watch would-be immigra

Migrants scaling a fence at the Spanish city of Melilla in March this year. Photograph: Jose Colon/AFP/Getty Images

 

One of the upsides of having a global elite is that at least they know what’s going on. We, the deluded masses, may have to wait for decades to find out who the paedophiles in high places are; and which banks are criminal, or bust. But the elite are supposed to know in real time – and on that basis to make accurate predictions.

Just how difficult this has become was shown last week when the OECD released its predictions for the world economy until 2060. These are that growth will slow to around two-thirds its current rate; that inequality will increase massively; and that there is a big risk that climate change will make things worse. Despite all this, says the OECD, the world will be four times richer, more productive, more globalised and more highly educated. If you are struggling to rationalise the two halves of that prediction then don’t worry – so are some of the best-qualified economists on earth.

World growth will slow to 2.7%, says the Paris-based thinktank, because the catch-up effects boosting growth in the developing world – population growth, education, urbanisation – will peter out. Even before that happens, near-stagnation in advanced economies means a long-term global average over the next 50 years of just 3% growth, which is low. The growth of high-skilled jobs and the automation of medium-skilled jobs means, on the central projection, that inequality will rise by 30%. By 2060 countries such as Sweden will have levels of inequality currently seen in the USA: think Gary, Indiana, in the suburbs of Stockholm.

The whole projection is overlaid by the risk that the economic effects of climate change begin to destroy capital, coastal land and agriculture in the first half of the century, shaving up to 2.5% off world GDP and 6% in south-east Asia.

The bleakest part of the OECD report lies not in what it projects but what it assumes. It assumes, first, a rapid rise in productivity, due to information technology. Three-quarters of all the growth expected comes from this. However, that assumption is, as the report states euphemistically, “high compared with recent history”.

There is no certainty at all that the information revolution of the past 20 years will cascade down into ever more highly productive and value-creating industries. The OECD said last year that, while the internet had probably boosted the US economy by up to 13%, the wider economic effects were probably bigger, unmeasurable and not captured by the market. The veteran US economist Robert Gordon has suggested the productivity boost from info-tech is real but already spent. Either way, there is a fairly big risk that the meagre 3% growth projected comes closer to 1%.


Will the internet kill the literary novel? Depends on who you ask | Books | theguardian.com

Will the internet kill the literary novel? Depends on who you ask | Books | theguardian.com.

Author Tim Parks argues that our technology-shredded attention spans have definitively doomed the novel, but many other writers, from John Banville to Francesca Segal, disagree

 

 

Tim Parks

Frequent interruptions … Tim Parks thinks endless distractions make it difficult to read novels in the 21st century. Photograph: Alex Macnaughton/Rex Features

 

The sort of lengthy, involved literary fiction written by the likes of Dickens or Faulkner has met its match in the shape of the internet, according to the author Tim Parks, who believes modern readers are too distracted to appreciate serious literary novels.

Parks’s claims follow swiftly on the footsteps of similar assertions made by his fellow novelist Will Self. He said in May that “the literary novel as an art work and a narrative art form central to our culture is indeed dying before our eyes”, as “the hallmark of our contemporary culture is an active resistance to difficulty in all its aesthetic manifestations”.

Parks, writing in the New York Review of Books, has now asserted that “the state of constant distraction we live in”, thanks to email, messaging, Skype and online news, “affects the very special energies required for tackling a substantial work of fiction – for immersing oneself in it and then coming back and back to it on numerous occasions over what could be days, weeks or months, each time picking up the threads of the story or stories, the patterning of internal reference, the positioning of the work within the context of other novels and indeed the larger world”.

When we do read, “there are more breaks, ever more frequent stops and restarts, more input from elsewhere, fewer refuges where the mind can settle,” according to Parks. “It is not simply that one is interrupted; it is that one is actually inclined to interruption. Hence more and more energy is required to stay in contact with a book, particularly something long and complex.”

No art form, he believes, “exists independently of the conditions in which it is enjoyed”, and so contemporary fiction is going to adapt; in fact, it is already doing so. Although he acknowledged that long and complex novels are still written – Parks pointed to the stellar sales currently being enjoyed by Norwegian author Karl Ove Knausgaard – he said that “the texture of these books seems radically different from the serious fiction of the 19th and early-20th centuries”.

“There is a battering ram quality to the contemporary novel, an insistence and repetition that perhaps permits the reader to hang in despite the frequent interruptions to which most ordinary readers leave themselves open,” said Parks, adding that even Philip Roth, who predicted five years ago that the novel would become “cultic” in 25 years because “the book can’t compete with the screen”, “has himself, at least in his longer novels, been accused of adopting a coercive, almost bludgeoning style”.

Parks finished by predicting that “the novel of elegant, highly distinct prose, of conceptual delicacy and syntactical complexity, will tend to divide itself up into shorter and shorter sections, offering more frequent pauses where we can take time out”.

Meanwhile, “the larger popular novel, or the novel of extensive narrative architecture, will be ever more laden with repetitive formulas, and coercive, declamatory rhetoric to make it easier and easier, after breaks, to pick up, not a thread, but a sturdy cable”.


Basta de hablar de revolución tecnológica – El Mostrador

Basta de hablar de revolución tecnológica – El Mostrador.

Ya se el grafeno, la impresión 3D, el gas de esquistoo el bitcoin, cualquier descubrimiento nuevo e importante pasa a llamarse revolución. Pero ¿qué pasa con el derecho a dudar, criticar o simplemente rechazar una tecnología?

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Si hay una idea asociada con la tecnología que hay que desterrar es que estamos presenciando o que presenciaremos una revolución.

Ya se trate del grafeno, la impresión en 3D, la biología sintética, el gas de esquisto, los grandes datos (big data) o el bitcoin, cualquier descubrimiento, técnica o invento nuevo e importante invoca la palabra con “R”. Es el caballito de batalla de los proveedores del bombo tecnológico.

La idea de una revolución no solamente se utiliza para impulsar una tecnología en particular. Por ejemplo, en respuesta al cambio climático,políticos como Nicolás Sternpromueven una nueva revolución industrial con bajas emisiones de carbono.

Pero qué tecnologías se usarán y, fundamentalmente, cómo serán los procesos de toma de decisiones que las rodean, parece en gran medida irrelevante. El punto es que en una revolución está la salvación.