With the latest WikiLeaks revelations about the CIA – is privacy really dead? | World news | The Guardian

Both the Snowden revelations and the CIA leak highlight the variety of creative techniques intelligence agencies can use to spy on individuals, at a time when many of us are voluntarily giving up our personal data to private companies and installing so-called “smart” devices with microphones (smart TVs, Amazon Echo) in our homes.So, where does this leave us? Is privacy really dead, as Silicon Valley luminaries such as Mark Zuckerberg have previously declared?

Fuente: With the latest WikiLeaks revelations about the CIA – is privacy really dead? | World news | The Guardian


Five Big Unanswered Questions About NSA’s Worldwide Spying

Nearly three years after NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden gave journalists his trove of documents on the intelligence community’s broad and powerful surveillance regime, the public is still missing some crucial, basic facts about how the operations work.Surveillance researchers and privacy advocates published a report on Wednesday outlining what we do know, thanks to the period of discovery post-Snowden — and the overwhelming amount of things we don’t.

Fuente: Five Big Unanswered Questions About NSA’s Worldwide Spying


Big tech groups warn UK against spy bill – FT.com

Silicon Valley’s biggest companies have urged the UK government to reconsider swaths of its proposed surveillance law, saying it will have far-reaching implications for how other countries upgrade their spying regimes. In a rare show of unity,

Fuente: Big tech groups warn UK against spy bill – FT.com


Edward Snowden's lawyers 'working' to bring NSA whistleblower back to US | US news | The Guardian

Edward Snowden’s lawyers ‘working’ to bring NSA whistleblower back to US | US news | The Guardian.

Edward Snowden in Citizenfour. Edward Snowden in the Oscar-winning documentary Citizenfour. Photograph: PR

 

 

A Russian lawyer for Edward Snowden, the NSA whistleblower, said on Tuesday that new legal efforts were under way to arrange a return for Snowden to the United States, although such efforts could not be independently confirmed.

 

“I won’t keep it secret that he … wants to return back home,” lawyer Anatoly Kucherena told Reuters. “And we are doing everything possible now to solve this issue. There is a group of US lawyers, there is also a group of German lawyers and I’m dealing with it on the Russian side.”

A US legal adviser to Snowden, Ben Wizner, a lawyer with the American Civil Liberties Union, declined on Wednesday to comment on Kucherena’s statement.


La reforma de la NSA se queda a medio camino un año después | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La reforma de la NSA se queda a medio camino un año después | Internacional | EL PAÍS.


Algunos de los cambios anunciados por Obama no se han materializado

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Centro de datos de la NSA, en Utah. / RICK BOWMER (AP)

El teléfono de J. Kirk Wiebe suena desde hace unos meses con menos frecuencia. Wiebe fue uno de los primeros filtradores de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad. Tras jubilarse en 2001, denunció, junto a dos veteranos exanalistas, que la NSA tenía cada vez más acceso a datos personales. Lograron poca atención y fueron perseguidos en la justicia. Pero en junio de 2013, adquirieron notoriedad gracias a las revelaciones deEdward Snowden sobre los largos tentáculos de la NSA: empezaron a dar muchas más charlas en Estados Unidos y Europa sobre su experiencia e influencia.

“Snowden nos había visto diciendo que intentamos ir por los canales internos del Gobierno y no conseguimos nada”, subraya Wiebe en alusión a que, tras fracasar ellos, Snowden optase por filtrar secretos a la prensa en vez de formular una queja interna en la NSA.

Pero ahora, al año y medio de las filtraciones de Snowden y al año de anunciarse la reforma de los programas de vigilancia, se habla mucho menos del joven exanalista refugiado en Rusia y del espionaje masivo. “La excitación ha bajado un poco, pero a la gente sigue sin gustarle [la NSA]”, agrega en una entrevista telefónica Wiebe, de 70 años, 30 de ellos en la agencia. La percepción pública sobre la NSA apenas ha variado: en octubre de 2013, un 54% tenía una opinión favorable; en enero de este año, un 51% (sobre todo jóvenes), según una encuesta del centro Pew.

Al año y medio de las filtraciones de Snowden y al año de anunciarse la reforma de los programas de vigilancia, se habla mucho menos del joven exanalista refugiado en Rusia y del espionaje masivo

Sin embargo, buena parte del debate en EE UU sobre los límites de la recopilación masiva de datos ha quedado eclipsado. El contexto ha cambiado, lo que puede propiciar retrocesos: crecen las voces que, ante el auge del yihadismo, se oponen a restringir los programas de vigilancia, y reclaman que las autoridades tengan plenos poderes para desbloquear la encriptación de teléfonos móviles.

La reforma de la NSA se ha quedado, por ahora, a medio camino. En enero de 2014, el presidente de EE UU, Barack Obama, anunció un conjunto de cambios para limitar la interceptación de datos sin mermar la protección de la seguridad nacional. Su objetivo era atenuar las preocupaciones de ciudadanos estadounidenses y gobiernos extranjeros aliados sobre posibles injerencias a la privacidad.


Court rejects attempt to allow Edward Snowden into Germany | US news | The Guardian

Court rejects attempt to allow Edward Snowden into Germany | US news | The Guardian.

Opposition parties wanted Snowden to give evidence in person to a parliamentary committee investigating NSA espionage

 

 

Edward Snowden
Edward Snowden. Photograph: Guardian

 

Attempts by opposition parties in Germany to bring Edward Snowden to Berlin to give evidence about the NSA’s operations have been thwarted by the country’s highest court.

 

The Green and Left parties wanted the whistleblower to give evidence in person to a parliamentary committee investigating espionage by the US agency, but Germany’s constitutional court ruled against them on Friday.

 

The government has argued that Snowden’s presence in Germany could impair relations with the US and put it under pressure to extradite him.

 

It has suggested sending the committee – which consists of eight MPs – to interview him in Moscow, where Snowden is living in exile. Snowden has said through a lawyer that he is prepared to speak to the panel only if permitted to do so in Germany.


Germany arrests BND member on suspicion of spying for US | World news | theguardian.com

Germany arrests BND member on suspicion of spying for US | World news | theguardian.com.

Media says alleged double agent may have been tasked with spying on committee investigating NSA’s activities in Germany

 

 

BND headquarters, Germany

Reports allege the BND member was originally arrested under suspicion of passing on information to Russian intelligence services. Photograph: Soeren Stache/AFP/Getty Images

 

A new surveillance scandal is threatening to unsettle US-German relations after it emerged that an employee of the Germany‘s intelligence agency has been arrested under suspicion of acting as a double agent for the USA.

According to several reports in the German media, a 31-year-old member of the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) administration department in Pullach was on Wednesday arrested by the country’s federal prosecutor, originally under suspicion of passing on information to Russian intelligence services.

However, under questioning by the federal prosecutor the suspect said he had received money in exchange for passing on secret information to a US contact. If his claims turn out to be true, German papers say it would constitute the biggest scandal involving a US-German double agent in the post-war era.

Some newspapers are speculating whether the BND employee may have been specifically tasked with spying on the activities of the special Bundestag inquiry committee currently investigating the NSA‘s activities in Germany.

According to Süddeutsche Zeitung newspaper, the employee had been approached several times by the NSA, at least once with a specific request for information on the Bundestag’s investigation into NSA surveillance.According to Der Spiegel, the BND staffer had collected between 200 and 300 secret documents from internal servers and saved them onto a USB stick.

They were sold on to the US intelligence services between 2012 and 2014, for price of several tens of thousands of euros, said the magazine. The employee had managed to establish contact with the NSA by the most obvious way imaginable – by sending an email to the US embassy.On Friday, the investigative committee gathered for an emergency meeting in response to the arrest. Martina Renner, a Left party politician on the parliamentary committee, told Associated Press that the case indicated that anyone who examined Snowden’s revelations in detail was subject to scrutiny by US intelligence agencies.


La fiscalía alemana investigará el espionaje de EE UU al móvil de Merkel | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La fiscalía alemana investigará el espionaje de EE UU al móvil de Merkel | Internacional | EL PAÍS.

 

El fiscal general de Alemania, Harald Range, a su llegada al Bundestag en Berlín. / KAY NIETFELD (AFP)

Siete meses después de estallar el escándalo que más ha dañado en los últimos años las relaciones diplomáticas entre Washington y Berlín, la justicia alemana se ha decidido a tomar cartas en el asunto. El fiscal general, Harald Range, ha anunciado en una comparecencia parlamentaria a puerta cerrada que va a investigar las escuchas al móvil de la canciller Angela Merkel por parte de los servicios de espionaje de Estados Unidos. Esta noticia llega horas antes de la cena que compartirán la líder alemana y el presidente Barack Obama en el marco de la cumbre del G-7 que se celebra en Bruselas.

Los diputados que forman parte de la comisión de Asuntos Jurídicos del Bundestag han escuchado esta mañana por boca de Range la decisión de abrir un sumario a miembros “desconocidos” de la Agencia de Seguridad Nacional (NSA, en sus siglas en inglés) estadounidense. El portavoz de Merkel ha negado cualquier interferencia del Gobierno alemán en esta decisión, tomada de forma autónoma por la fiscalía. Horas antes, el ministro de Justicia, el socialdemócrata Heiko Maas, aseguraba que los investigadores tendrán que tomar decisiones si se demuestra que las prácticas reveladas por el exespía Edward Snowden vulneraron la ley.

Se trata del primer paso formal que da Alemania desde el inicio del escándalo por las actividades de los servicios de inteligencia de EE UU. El fiscal Range ha dejado claro en su comparecencia que el sumario aborda por ahora solo las escuchas al teléfono de la canciller. La fiscalía también había analizado el espionaje practicado de forma masiva a millones de ciudadanos alemanes por parte de los servicios secretos británicos o estadounidenses, pero este no entrará en el sumario que abre ahora.


Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian

Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian.

Thanks to Edward Snowden, we know the apparatus of repression has been covertly attached to the democratic state. However, our struggle to retain privacy is far from hopeless

US National Security Agency
The US National Security Agency threat operations centre in Fort Meade, Maryland, in 2006. Photograph: Paul Richards/AFP/Getty Images

In the third chapter of his History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon gave two reasons why the slavery into which the Romans had tumbled under Augustus and his successors left them more wretched than any previous human slavery. In the first place, Gibbon said, the Romans had carried with them into slavery the culture of a free people: their language and their conception of themselves as human beings presupposed freedom. And thus, says Gibbon, for a long time the Romans preserved the sentiments – or at least the ideas – of a freeborn people. In the second place, the empire of the Romans filled all the world, and when that empire fell into the hands of a single person, the world was a safe and dreary prison for his enemies. As Gibbon wrote, to resist was fatal, and it was impossible to fly.

The power of that Roman empire rested in its leaders’ control of communications. The Mediterranean was their lake. Across their European empire, from Scotland to Syria, they pushed roads that 15 centuries later were still primary arteries of European transportation. Down those roads the emperor marched his armies. Up those roads he gathered his intelligence. The emperors invented the posts to move couriers and messages at the fastest possible speed.

Using that infrastructure, with respect to everything that involved the administration of power, the emperor made himself the best-informed person in the history of the world.

That power eradicated human freedom. “Remember,” said Cicero to Marcellus in exile, “wherever you are, you are equally within the power of the conqueror.”

The empire of the United States after the second world war also depended upon control of communications. This was more evident when, a mere 20 years later, the United States was locked in a confrontation of nuclear annihilation with the Soviet Union. In a war of submarines hidden in the dark below the continents, capable of eradicating human civilisation in less than an hour, the rule of engagement was “launch on warning”. Thus the United States valued control of communications as highly as the Emperor Augustus. Its listeners too aspired to know everything.

We all know that the United States has for decades spent as much on its military might as all other powers in the world combined. Americans are now realising what it means that we applied to the stealing of signals and the breaking of codes a similar proportion of our resources in relation to the rest of the world.

The US system of listening comprises a military command controlling a large civilian workforce. That structure presupposes the foreign intelligence nature of listening activities. Military control was a symbol and guarantee of the nature of the activity being pursued. Wide-scale domestic surveillance under military command would have violated the fundamental principle of civilian control.

Instead what it had was a foreign intelligence service responsible to the president as military commander-in-chief. The chain of military command absolutely ensured respect for the fundamental principle “no listening here”. The boundary between home and away distinguished the permissible from the unconstitutional.

The distinction between home and away was at least technically credible, given the reality of 20th-century communications media, which were hierarchically organised and very often state-controlled.

When the US government chose to listen to other governments abroad – to their militaries, to their diplomatic communications, to their policymakers where possible – they were listening in a world of defined targets. The basic principle was: hack, tap, steal. We listened, we hacked in, we traded, we stole.

In the beginning we listened to militaries and their governments. Later we monitored the flow of international trade as far as it engaged American national security interests.


Pekín endurece su protesta contra los cargos de ciberespionaje a militares chinos | Internacional | EL PAÍS

Pekín endurece su protesta contra los cargos de ciberespionaje a militares chinos | Internacional | EL PAÍS.

REUTERS-LIVE!

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China ha convocado al embajador estadounidense en Pekín, Max Baucus, para protestar de manera oficial contra la presentación de cargos por parte de un gran jurado de EEUU contra cinco militares chinos, acusados de ciberespionaje contra empresas del país norteamericano. La reacción del Gobierno chino, al que el anuncio estadounidense sorprendió apenas horas antes de inaugurar en Shanghai un foro de seguridad y cooperación para Asia en el que participan también, entre otros, el presidente ruso Vladímir Putin y el jefe de Estado iraní Hasan Rohaní, no se hizo esperar.

Un comunicado en la página web del Ministerio de Exteriores chino indicaba que el viceministro Zheng Zeguang transmitió a Baucus, quien apenas lleva dos meses en el cargo, la protesta “solemne” de su Gobierno contra una acción que ha perjudicado gravemente los lazos bilaterales y contra la que China puede tomar aún más medidas.

El lunes, Pekín ya había anunciado su retirada del grupo de trabajo China-EEUU para la ciberseguridad

El lunes, Pekín ya había anunciado su retirada del grupo de trabajo China-EEUU para la ciberseguridad. En Washington, el embajador chino también transmitía un mensaje similar a las autoridades estadounidenses. Por su parte, el Ministerio de Defensa chino rechazaba tajantemente las acusaciones contra sus militares y acusaba, en un comunicado de su portavoz Geng Yansheng, a EEUU de “hipocresía y doble rasero”.

“Desde hace largo tiempo, las autoridades de EEUU utilizan una tecnología e infraestructura avanzadas para llevar a cabo ciberespionaje y tareas de vigilancia sobre dignatarios y empresas extranjeras”, señala el comunicado del Ministerio de Defensa, que alude a los cables diplomáticos filtrados por Wikileaks y a las denuncias deEdward Snowden. El ex contratista de los servicios de seguridad estadounidenses ha asegurado, entre otras cosas, que EEUU entró en los ordenadores de Huawei, el gigante de las telecomunicaciones chino al que Washington acusa, sin haberlo probado aún, de mantener vínculos con el Ejército Popular de Liberación chino. Las terminales de los ordenadores militares chinos, asegura Geng, han sufrido un alto número de ciberataques provenientes del extranjero, de los cuales una cifra “considerable” provienen de EEUU.


Pekín considera “absurdo” procesamiento de 5 oficiales de ejército chino en EEUU por ciberespionaje – BioBioChile

Pekín considera “absurdo” procesamiento de 5 oficiales de ejército chino en EEUU por ciberespionaje – BioBioChile.

 

HANDOUT / FBI / AFPHANDOUT / FBI / AFP

 

Publicado por Alberto Gonzalez | La Información es de Agencia AFP

 

China calificó de “absurdo” el procesamiento el lunes en Estados Unidos de cinco oficiales del ejército chino, acusados de robar secretos estadounidenses.

Este procesamiento, “basada en hechos fabricados, viola burdamente las normas básicas que regulan las relaciones internacionales y ponen en peligro la cooperación y la confianza mutua entre China y Estados Unidos”, declaró el portavoz del ministerio chino de Relaciones Exteriores, Qin Gang.

Pekín pidió a Washington que “corrija inmediatamente su error y abandone este ‘procesamiento’”, agregó. “La acusación contra el personal chino es absurda y sin ningún fundamento”, estimó.

El gobierno de Estados Unidos inició el lunes un proceso contra cinco oficiales del ejército de China a quienes acusa de robar secretos estadounidenses para ayudar a empresas estatales chinas, informó el Departamento de Justicia.

Es “la primera vez que se presentan cargos contra agentes de un estado por este tipo de piratería”, dijo el Fiscal General Eric Holder al presentar el caso ante un jurado en Pensilvania (este).


La Justicia de EE UU acusa a militares chinos de espionaje industrial | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La Justicia de EE UU acusa a militares chinos de espionaje industrial | Internacional | EL PAÍS.

 

El fiscal general, Eric Holder, anuncia la acusación contra los supuestos piratas informáticos del ejército chino / ALEX WONG (AFP)

Estados Unidos lo había probado todo. Hasta ahora la respuesta a los ciberataques procedentes de potencias extranjeras era asunto del Pentágono y de los servicios de espionaje, con la NSA (Agencia de Seguridad Nacional, siglas en inglés) a la cabeza. Pero estas tácticas han sido poco efectivas. Tampoco la presión diplomática ha funcionado.

La Administración Obama pone ahora en juego otro arma contra el espionaje por Internet: los tribunales norteamericanos. El Departamento de Justicia ha anunciado este lunes acusaciones criminales contra cinco altos militares del Ejército Popular de Liberación chino por participar en actividades de ciberespionaje. Es la primera vez que el EE UU inicia un proceso criminal en este ámbito contra responsables de otro país.

La acusación contra los militares chinos no se refiere a casos de ciberespionaje militar o de inteligencia. Los casos investigados por la Justicia norteamericana afectan al espionaje industrial y al robo de secretos comerciales de cinco empresas manufactureras y energéticas y un sindicato de EE UU. Supuestamente estas actividades chinas han provocado pérdidas millonarias para las empresas afectadas.

Entre las empresas espiadas se encuentra Westinghouse, Alcoa y United States Steel, gigantes de la energía nuclear, el aluminio y el acero respectivamente. El Departamento de Justicia acusa a China de robarles los secretos para el beneficio de los competidores chinos en estos sectores.


The official US position on the NSA is still unlimited eavesdropping power | Jameel Jaffer | Comment is free | theguardian.com

The official US position on the NSA is still unlimited eavesdropping power | Jameel Jaffer | Comment is free | theguardian.com.

One year after Snowden, the government is defending – in not-so-plain sight – the ‘paramount’ power to spy on every call and email between you and your friends abroad

 

 

george washington american flag nsa spy
The reform bill currently in Congress would not narrow surveillance powers granted by a law the government is still defending. Photograph: Courtesy of Frontline, from United States of Secrets, aseries premiering this week (JOIN THE LIVE CHAT HERE)

 

Modern American privacy law begins with Charles Katz, an accused gambler, making a call from a Los Angeles phone booth. In a now-famous opinion, Justice John Marshall Harlan concluded that the US Constitution protected Katz’s “expectation of privacy” in his call. American phone booths are now a thing of the past, of course, and Americans’ expectations of privacy seem to be fast disappearing, too.

In two significant but almost-completely overlooked legal briefs filed last week, the US government defended the constitutionality of the Fisa Amendments Act, the controversial 2008 law that codified the Bush administration’s warrantless-wiretapping program. That law permits the government to monitor Americans’ international communications without first obtaining individualized court orders or establishing any suspicion of wrongdoing.

It’s hardly surprising that the government believes the 2008 law is constitutional – government officials advocated for its passage six years ago, and they have been vigorously defending the law ever since. Documents made public over the last eleven-and-a-half months by the Guardian and others show that the NSA has been using the law aggressively.

What’s surprising – even remarkable – is what the government says on the way to its conclusion. It says, in essence, that the Constitution is utterly indifferent to the NSA’s large-scale surveillance of Americans’ international telephone calls and emails:

The privacy rights of US persons in international communications are significantly diminished, if not completely eliminated, when those communications have been transmitted to or obtained from non-US persons located outside the United States.

That phrase – “if not completely eliminated” is unusually revealing. Think of it as the Justice Department’s twin to the NSA’s “collect it all”.

The government filed the legal briefs last week in two criminal cases, one in Colorado and another in Oregon, in which the defendants are being prosecuted based on evidence acquired under the Fisa Amendments Act. Both defendants have sought to have the government’s evidence suppressed on the grounds that the surveillance law is unconstitutional. (The ACLU joined with the defense team in the Colorado case to make that argument.)

In support of the law, the government contends that Americans who make phone calls or sends emails to people abroad have a diminished expectation of privacy because the people with whom they are communicating – non-Americans abroad, that is – are not protected by the Constitution.

The government also argues that Americans’ privacy rights are further diminished in this context because the NSA has a “paramount” interest in examining information that crosses international borders.

And, apparently contemplating a kind of race to the bottom in global privacy rights, the government even argues that Americans can’t reasonably expect that their international communications will be private from the NSA when the intelligence services of so many other countries – the government doesn’t name them – might be monitoring those communications, too.

The government’s argument is not simply that the NSA has broad authority to monitor Americans’ international communications. The US government is arguing that the NSA’s authority is unlimited in this respect. If the government is right, nothing in the Constitution bars the NSA from monitoring a phone call between a journalist in New York City and his source in London. For that matter, nothing bars the NSA from monitoring every call and email between Americans in the United States and their non-American friends, relatives, and colleagues overseas.


Green politicians launch legal challenge over GCHQ surveillance | UK news | The Guardian

Green politicians launch legal challenge over GCHQ surveillance | UK news | The Guardian.

Caroline Lucas and Lady Jones of Moulsecoomb claim GCHQ is violating Wilson doctrine barring eavesdropping on MPs
Caroline Lucas

Caroline Lucas, the Green MP for Brighton Pavilion. Photograph: Gareth Fuller/PA

Two politicians have launched a legal action to challenge the government’s ability to spy on parliamentarians.

The pair allege that GCHQ is violating a long-established rule that bans intelligence agencies from eavesdropping on MPs and peers. They say their communications are likely to have been intercepted by GCHQ, which gathers and stores data on millions of people “on a blanket basis”.

The claim by Caroline Lucas, MP for Brighton Pavilion, and Lady Jones of Moulsecoomb, the Green party‘s two representatives in parliament, adds to a growing number of legal challenges over the large-scale harvesting of emails, phone calls and other internet traffic by GCHQ.

Their complaint focuses on a rule introduced by 1966 by the then prime minister, Harold Wilson, instructing Britain’s intelligence agencies not to tap the telephones of MPs and peers unless there is a national emergency.

A government minister acknowledged last July that this explicit ban, still in force and known as the Wilson doctrine, also applied to electronicsurveillance.

Lucas and Jones say: “The Wilson doctrine is a fundamental doctrine of public policy. It not only protects the rights and privileges of elected politicians, but it also protects the privacy of their communications with their constituents, who may very well be complaining or whistleblowing about the very government departments and agencies and other agents of the state who try to carry out surveillance on them.”


Obama promete a Merkel que no volverá a espiar su teléfono móvil | Internacional | EL PAÍS

Obama promete a Merkel que no volverá a espiar su teléfono móvil | Internacional | EL PAÍS.


Angela Merkel y Barack Obama en 2009 en la Casa Blanca. / NICHOLAS KAMM (AFP)

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En un extraordinario gesto, el presidente de Estados Unidos, Barack Obama, proclamó ante las cámaras de la segunda cadena de la televisión pública, ZDF, que no dejará que las relaciones entre Alemania y su país se dañen por las labores de inteligencia y prometió que, mientras él sea presidente, el teléfono móvil de la canciller alemana, Angela Merkel, no volverá a ser espiado.

La entrevista de la cadena ZDF, que se difundió el sábado por la noche, quedó el domingo opacada por la exclusiva que ofreció la revistaSpiegel a sus lectores. Según el semanario que se edita en Hamburgo, la Fiscalía General alemana cree que hay suficientes elementos para abrir una causa penal para establecer responsabilidades en el espionaje del teléfono móvil de la canciller.

La Fiscalía aún no ha tomado una decisión, pero el trámite oficial mantiene en estado de alerta a la propia canciller Merkel y a su ministro de Asuntos Exteriores, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, que temen que una investigación oficial pueda provocar un daño relevante a las relaciones bilaterales, que quedaron muy deterioradas el año pasado a causa del escándalo protagonizado por las escuchas de la NSA, la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad de Estados Unidos, desveladas por el antiguo analista informático Edward Snowden.


Google must face UK courts over claims of privacy breach of iPhone users | Technology | theguardian.com

Google must face UK courts over claims of privacy breach of iPhone users | Technology | theguardian.com.

High court rules that group of more than 100 alleging invasion of privacy through Safari ‘hack’ can have case heard in UK

Google
Google has lost its high court bid to block a breach of privacy legal action launched against it in the UK by a group of British internet users. Photograph: Chris Ison/PA

Google has lost its high court bid to block a breach of privacy legal action launched against it in the UK by a group of British internet users.

The case will now go ahead in the UK, where a group of more than 100 people are suing Google, alleging that it misused private information, breached confidence and breached the 1998 Data Protection Act.

Google said it will appeal against the decision, on the basis that the case does not meet the standards required to be heard by the court.

The search company had applied for a declaration that the case doesn’t meet the criteria to be heard by the court, which relate to a “hack” that it used on Apple’s Safari browser to install advertising cookies.

But Mr Justice Tugendhat, sitting at London’s high court, ruled that the UK courts were the “appropriate jurisdiction” to try their claims. “I am satisfied that there is a serious issue to be tried in each of the claimant’s claims for misuse of private information,” he said in the ruling.

The group, which calls itself Safari Users Against Google’s Secret Tracking, accuses Google of invading their privacy after bypassing security settings in order to track their online browsing and to target them with personalised advertisements.

Judith Vidal-Hall, one of the claimants, who had campaigned under the name Safari Users Against Google’s Secret Tracking, said she was “delighted” that Google will have to answer questions in open court.

“We want to know how Google came to ignore user preferences to track us online; how did they get around Apple’s program settings – they have said it was accidental, but how do you accidentally interfere with someone else’s program? We want to know how long they have done this for, what they’ve done with our private data, how much they have made from this, and why they keep flouting privacy laws? This case is about protecting the rights of all internet users who use a company that is virtually a monopoly but seems intent on ignoring their right to privacy.”


Fisa court documents reveal extent of NSA disregard for privacy restrictions | World news | theguardian.com

Fisa court documents reveal extent of NSA disregard for privacy restrictions | World news | theguardian.com.

Incensed Fisa court judges questioned NSA’s truthfulness after repeated breaches of rules meant to protect Americans’ privacy

 

 

NSA HQ at Fort Meade, Maryland
Fisa court judge John Bates found that the NSA engaged in ‘systemic overcollection’. Photograph: Paul J Richards/AFP

 

Newly declassified court documents indicate that the National Security Agency shared its trove of American bulk email and internet data with other government agencies in violation of specific court-ordered procedures to protect Americans’ privacy.

 

The dissemination of the sensitive data transgressed both the NSA’s affirmations to the secret surveillance court about the extent of the access it provided, and prompted incensed Fisa court judges to question both the NSA’s truthfulness and the value of the now-cancelled program to counter-terrorism.

 

While the NSA over the past several months has portrayed its previous violations of Fisa court orders as “technical” violations or inadvertent errors, the oversharing of internet data is described in the documents as apparent widespread and unexplained procedural violations.

 

“NSA’s record of compliance with these rules has been poor,” wrote judge John Bates in an opinion released on Monday night in which the date is redacted.


Nueva Zelanda, condenada por espiar ilegalmente a Kim Dotcom | Tecnología | EL PAÍS

Nueva Zelanda, condenada por espiar ilegalmente a Kim Dotcom | Tecnología | EL PAÍS.

La detención del fundador de Megaupload por piratería en Internet fue posible tras ser vigilado por agencias, una práctica prohibida en el país

 

Madrid 25 OCT 2013 – 13:21 CET

 

Kim Dotcom y, de espaldas, el primer ministro John Key.

En enero de 2012, Kim Dotcom era detenido en Auckland, la mayor ciudad de Nueva Zelanda. Sus propiedades fueron confiscadas, sus cuentas embargadas, los discos duros de sus ordenadores enviados a las oficinas del FBI en Estados Unidos, país que solicitó su inmediata extradición, “por el mayor caso de piratería de la historia”.

Han pasado casi dos años y, en este tiempo, Dotcom sigue en Nueva Zelanda, ha recuperado sus propiedades, también sus cuentas bancarias, ha sentado en el banquillo al primer ministro del país y la jueza del Tribunal Supremo ha ordenado que el FBI haga copias (pagando de su bolsillo) de todo el material incautado y se lo reenvíe a su propietario. ¿Por qué? Por ser espiado ilegalmente gracias a Five Eyes, un acuerdo de colaboración policial entre Nueva Zelanda, Australia, Canadá, Reino Unido y Estados Unidos. Las agencias de espionaje se olvidaron que en Nueva Zelanda está prohibido el espionaje a sus ciudadanos y residentes.


GCHQ faces legal challenge in European court over online privacy | UK news | theguardian.com

GCHQ faces legal challenge in European court over online privacy | UK news | theguardian.com.

Campaigners accuse British spy agency of breaching privacy of millions in UK and Europe via online surveillance

GCHQ

GCHQ’s offices in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. Photograph: GCHQ/British Ministry of Defence/EPA

The UK spy agency GCHQ is facing a legal challenge in the European courts over claims its mass online surveillance programmes have breached the privacy of tens of millions of people across the UK andEurope.

Three campaign groups – Big Brother Watch, the Open Rights Group and English PEN – together with the German internet activist Constanze Kurz have filed papers at the European court of human rights alleging that the collection of vast amounts of data, including the content of emails and social media messages, by UK spy agencies is illegal.

 


Britain accused of trying to impede EU data protection law | Technology | The Guardian

Britain accused of trying to impede EU data protection law | Technology | The Guardian.

Proposals would make it more difficult for spy agencies to get hold of material online

 

 

Edward Snowden

Edward Snowden’s revelations about US and British surveillance meant regulation was urgently needed, one German commissioner said. Photograph: AP

 

Britain has been accused of trying to impede data protection reforms that would make it more difficult for spy agencies to get hold of material online.

The European parliament is planning to vote on a new, unified law for EU member states in the next few weeks, but activists fear Britain is deliberately obstructing the path to new legislation.

Speaking at an international conference on data protection in Warsaw on Thursday, the UK information commissioner, Christopher Graham, said the first draft of the proposed regulation was “too dirigiste”. Britain was “not interested in regulation that is a to-do list”.

The first draft of the new general data protection regulation was presented on 25 January 2012. Following the revelations about the extent of US and British surveillance from Edward Snowden, one German commissioner said there was an urgent need for regulation.


Tras las revelaciones de Snowden, comienza la reforma de inteligencia en EEUU – BioBioChile

Tras las revelaciones de Snowden, comienza la reforma de inteligencia en EEUU – BioBioChile.

theguardian.com

theguardian.com

Publicado por Guido Focacci | La Información es de Agencia AFP

El Congreso estadounidense comienza este jueves a analizar la reforma de leyes sobre vigilancia electrónica, un proceso desencadenado por las revelaciones de Edward Snowden. Lo anterior, a pesar de las afirmaciones del presidente Barack Obama sobre la legalidad de estos polémicos programas.

El director nacional de inteligencia, James Clapper, y el director de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad (NSA), el general Keith Alexander, participarán este jueves de una audiencia pública de la comisión de Inteligencia del Senado. Ambos serán interrogados por primera vez sobre las propuestas concretas de reforma del inmenso aparato de vigilancia estadounidense.

El proceso de cambio se debe a el programa de recolección sistemático de los “metadatos” de todas las llamadas telefónicas en Estados Unidos, revelado en junio por el exinformático de la NSA Edward Snowden.


NSA reform bill to trim back US surveillance unveiled in Congress | World news | theguardian.com

NSA reform bill to trim back US surveillance unveiled in Congress | World news | theguardian.com.

Ron Wyden says Snowden disclosures have ’caused a sea change’ and announces most comprehensive package so far

 

Rand Paul speaks at the unveiling of the NSA reform package

Rand Paul (third right) speaks at the unveiling of the NSA reform package on Capitol Hill. Photograph: Mark Wilson/Getty Images

 

Four senators at the vanguard of bipartisan efforts to rein in US government spying programs announced the most comprehensive package of surveillance reforms so far presented on Capitol Hill on Wednesday.

The draft bill represented the first sign that key Republican and Democratic figures in the Senate are beginning to coalesce around a raft of proposals to roll back the powers of the National Security Agency in the wake of top-secret disclosures made by whistleblower Edward Snowden.

“The disclosures over the last 100 days have caused a sea change in the way the public views the surveillance system,” said Democratic senator Ron Wyden, unveiling the bill at a press conference alongside Republican Rand Paul.

“We are introducing legislation that is the most comprehensive bipartisan intelligence reform proposal since the disclosures of last June,” he said.


Fisa judge: Snowden's NSA disclosures triggered important spying debate | World news | The Guardian

Fisa judge: Snowden’s NSA disclosures triggered important spying debate | World news | The Guardian.

Dennis Saylor orders government to review rules on surveillance and says further declassification would protect court’s integrity

NSA data surveillance

The ACLU said: ‘The opinion recognizes the importance of transparency to the debate about NSA spying.’ Photograph: Julian Stratenschulte/EPA

The court that oversees US surveillance has ordered the government to review for declassification a set of secret rulings about the National Security Agency’s bulk trawls of Americans’ phone records, acknowledging that disclosures by the whistleblower Edward Snowden had triggered an important public debate.

The Fisa court ordered the Justice Department to identify the court’s own rulings after May 2011 that concern a section of the Patriot Act used by the NSA to justify its mass database of American phone data. The ruling was a significant step towards their publication.

It is the second time in a week that a US court has ordered the disclosure of secret intelligence rulings. On Tuesday, a federal court in New York compelled the government to declassify numerous documents that revealed substantial tension between federal authorities and the surveillance court over the years.


How to foil NSA sabotage: use a dead man's switch | Technology | theguardian.com

How to foil NSA sabotage: use a dead man’s switch | Technology | theguardian.com.

Registering for nothing-to-see-here deadlines could help to sound the alert when a website has been compromised

 

 

Person typing on a computer keyboard

‘The deliberate sabotage of computers is an act of depraved indifference to the physical security and economic and intellectual integrity of every person alive.’ Photograph: Workbook Stock/Martin Rogers

 

The more we learn about the breadth and depth of the NSA and GCHQ‘s programmes of spying on the general public, the more alarming it all becomes. The most recent stories about the deliberate sabotage of security technology are the full stop at the end of a sentence that started on 8 August, when the founder of Lavabit (the privacy oriented email provider used by whistleblower Edward Snowden) abruptly shut down, with its founder, Ladar Levison, obliquely implying that he’d been ordered to secretly subvert his own system to compromise his users’ privacy.

It doesn’t really matter if you trust the “good” spies of America and the UK not to abuse their powers (though even the NSA now admits to routine abuse, you should still be wary of deliberately weakened security. It is laughable to suppose that the back doors that the NSA has secretly inserted into common technologies will only be exploited by the NSA. There are plenty of crooks, foreign powers, and creeps who devote themselves to picking away patiently at the systems that make up the world and guard its wealth and security (that is, your wealth and security) and whatever sneaky tools the NSA has stashed for itself in your operating system, hardware, applications and services, they will surely find and exploit.


Yahoo files lawsuit against NSA over user data requests | World news | theguardian.com

Yahoo files lawsuit against NSA over user data requests | World news | theguardian.com.

Yahoo says ‘withholding information breeds mistrust’ and asks to be allowed to publish its number of received data requests

Yahoo

Yahoo: ‘We filed the suit today because we are not authorized to break out the number of requests we receive for user data.’ Photograph: Michael Nelson/EPA

Yahoo on Monday joined other US technology giants in launching legal action against the federal government over the NSA surveillance revealed by whistleblower Edward Snowden.

Yahoo filed a suit in the foreign intelligence surveillance (Fisa) court, which provides the legal framework for NSA surveillance, to allow the company to make public the number of data requests it receives per year from the spy agency.

Withholding the information creates mistrust, Yahoo said. Companies are forbidden by law to say how much data they provide.

Yahoo, in its motion, said it and other electronic communication providers have been intensely and publicly scrutinised for their alleged “participation” in government surveillance: “Yahoo has been unable to engage fully in the debate about whether the government has properly used its powers, because the government has placed a prior restraint on Yahoo’s speech.”

Criticising news coverage, specifically by the Guardian and the Washington Post, Yahoo said media outlets were mistaken in claiming that the Prism program allowed the US government to tap directly into the servers to collect information. It said that claim was “false”.

“Yahoo’s inability to respond to news reports has harmed its reputation and has undermined its business not only in the United States but worldwide. Yahoo cannot respond to such reports with mere generalities.”

Microsoft and Google also filed their latest legal briefs on Monday to force the Fisa court to disclose more information.


ONG denuncian en Francia el espionaje masivo de EEUU

http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2013/07/11/actualidad/1373542160_397669.html

La Liga por los Derechos Humanos quiere saber si los gigantes tecnológicos estadounidenses y sus filiales francesas colaboraron con el FBI y la NSA en el programa Prisma. Las agencias de seguridad de EEUU interceptaron dos millones de mensajes en Francia entre diciembre de 2012 y enero de 2013, afirma la denuncia

La sede de Google en California. / Jeff Chiu (AP)

La Federación Internacional de las Ligas por los Derechos Humanos (FIDH) y la Liga por los Derechos Humanos de Francia han presentado hoy una denuncia contra desconocidos ante el Tribunal de Gran Instancia de París para tratar de aclarar el papel jugado por los gigantes tecnológicos estadounidenses en el programa de espionaje electrónico Prisma, revelado al mundo por el exagente secreto de la CIA y de la NSA Edward Snowden.


Privacy Group Tries to Bring NSA Wiretap Challenge to Supreme Court

 

Privacy Group Tries to Bring NSA Wiretap Challenge to Supreme Court

|Jul. 8, 2013 2:30 pm

 

Another possible fight on standing at the Supreme CourtAs the Obama Administration tries to unsuccessfully talking point* its way through this lively public debate the president says he wants to have over balancing security and privacy in the wake of Edward Snowden’s leak, one privacy group is trying to take the matter directly to the Supreme Court. They pretty much have to, thanks to the secret rules of the National Security Agency’s program.


Obama defiende su programa de espionaje

http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2013/06/18/actualidad/1371537771_907259.html

El presidente de EE UU afirma en una entrevista grabada antes de salir para la cumbre del G8 que los programas de espionaje son legales y transparentes

El presidente de EE.UU., Barack Obama, durante la segunda jornada de la cumbre del G8. / TIM BRAKEMEIER (EFE)

El presidente de EEUU, Barack Obama ha afirmado que los programas de espionaje de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad son “legales” y “trasparentes”, aunque sean autorizados en secreto, razón por la cual existe el tribunal conocido como FISA, explicó el mandatario al reputado periodista de la cadena de televisión pública PBS Charlie Rose en una netrevista grabada antes de salir para la cumbre del G8 en Irlanda del Norte y que se emitió el lunes por la noche. FISA es una corte secreta -de la que no se conoce su emplazamiento y cuyas sesiones son a puerta cerrada, asistiendo solo abogados del Gobierno- nacida de la Ley de Vigilancia de Inteligencia Extranjera y la responsable de haber autorizado los programas secretos de espionaje de los registros telefónicos de estadounidenses y el rastreo de la pista del uso de servidores de internet por parte de extranjeros con posibles vínculos terroristas y sacados a la luz por el analista de la CIA Edward Snowden.


After NSA Leaks, Senators Re-Introduce Bill To Reduce Patriot Act Secrecy

Andy Greenberg Andy Greenberg, Forbes StaffCovering the worlds of data security, privacy and hacker culture.

 

Senator Ron Wyden questioning Director of National Intelligence James Clapper in March.

While many in the U.S. government and the media are busy calling for the extradition and prosecution of NSA leaker Edward Snowden, one group of senators is working to change the laws that allowed the secret surveillance his leaks exposed.

 


El FBI obliga a Google a entregar datos

El buscador tendrá que dar información de usuarios sin necesidad de orden judicial

 Madrid 3 JUN 2013 – 11:05 CET1

La juez federal de EE UU Susan Illston dictaminó que Google deberá cumplir con las demandas del FBI y entregar al servicio secreto datos confidenciales de los usuarios sin ninguna orden judicial. Desde hace varios meses el buscador ha intentado evitar esta medida

De este modo el gobierno podrá acceder a los datos de transacciones, números de teléfono, direcciones de correo electrónico e historiales de búsqueda, entre otras informaciones confidenciales.

Los defensores de los derechos civiles se han mostrado contrarios a esta petición, mientras que el gobierno lo justifica con motivos de ‘seguridad nacional’.