Google se equivoca: el TPP, varios pasos hacia atrás para Internet | R3D: Red en Defensa de los Derechos Digitales

La postura de Google sorprende a la luz de posiciones previas en favor de un Internet libre y abierto. El TPP, contrario a lo expresado por la empresa, es una de las principales amenazas a Internet, a las democracias y los derechos humanos.

Fuente: Google se equivoca: el TPP, varios pasos hacia atrás para Internet | R3D: Red en Defensa de los Derechos Digitales


Next revolution will seek to overthrow privileges of nationhood | Business | The Guardian

Ultimately, the next revolution will likely stem from daily interactions on computer monitors with foreigners whom we can see are intelligent, decent people – people who happen, through no choice of their own, to be living in poverty. This should lead to better trade agreements, which presuppose the eventual development of orders of magnitude more social insurance to protect people within a country during the transition to a more just global economy.

Fuente: Next revolution will seek to overthrow privileges of nationhood | Business | The Guardian


‘Anteproyecto vulnera abiertamente el derecho a la libertad de expresión’

Como una propuesta que “vulnera abiertamente el derecho a la libertad de expresión y genera condiciones que hacen prácticamente imposible el ejercicio del periodismo”, calificó Catalina Botero, ex relatora especial para la Libertad de Expresión de la Comisión Interamericana de los Derechos Humanos, un anteproyecto que obligará a los portales de internet a borrar los datos de cualquier ciudadano de forma “inmediata y completa”, si la persona considera que esa información afecta su intimidad.

Fuente: ‘Anteproyecto vulnera abiertamente el derecho a la libertad de expresión’


“La ciberguerra sería una forma de terrorismo de Estado”

El libro pretende incentivar la mirada crítica entre el gran público ante los acontecimientos calificados de “ciberguerra” y alertar de la coartada que puede proporcionar el tremendismo sensacionalista en estos temas a quienes pretenden recortar libertades o privacidad.

Fuente: “La ciberguerra sería una forma de terrorismo de Estado”


Alguien te mira: las miles de solicitudes que hacen los gobiernos para acceder a datos de usuarios de Facebook – El Mostrador

La red social precisó que el número de artículos restringidos por infringir la ley ascendió el segundo semestre de 2015 a 55.827, una cifra muy elevada en comparación con la del mismo periodo de 2014, que se situó en 20.568. La red social Facebook recibió en el último semestre 2015 un total de 46.763 solicitudes de acceso a datos de sus usuarios, un 13 % más que en el mismo periodo del año anterior, según informó la compañía estadounidence

Fuente: Alguien te mira: las miles de solicitudes que hacen los gobiernos para acceder a datos de usuarios de Facebook – El Mostrador


How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance Dragnet – The Intercept

How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance Dragnet – The Intercept.

By 
Featured photo - How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance DragnetTop-secret documents reveal how the NSA has established secret partnerships to spy on huge flows of private data.

Huge volumes of private emails, phone calls, and internet chats are being intercepted by the National Security Agency with the secret cooperation of more foreign governments than previously known, according to newly disclosed documents from whistleblower Edward Snowden.

The classified files, revealed today by the Danish newspaper Dagbladet Information in a reporting collaboration with The Intercept, shed light on how the NSA’s surveillance of global communications has expanded under a clandestine program, known as RAMPART-A, that depends on the participation of a growing network of intelligence agencies.

It has already been widely reported that the NSA works closely with eavesdropping agencies in the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia as part of the so-called Five Eyes surveillance alliance. But the latest Snowden documents show that a number of other countries, described by the NSA as “third-party partners,” are playing an increasingly important role – by secretly allowing the NSA to install surveillance equipment on their fiber-optic cables.

The NSA documents state that under RAMPART-A, foreign partners “provide access to cables and host U.S. equipment.” This allows the agency to covertly tap into “congestion points around the world” where it says it can intercept the content of phone calls, faxes, e-mails, internet chats, data from virtual private networks, and calls made using Voice over IP software like Skype.

The program, which the secret files show cost U.S. taxpayers about $170 million between 2011 and 2013, sweeps up a vast amount of communications at lightning speed. According to the intelligence community’s classified “Black Budget” for 2013, RAMPART-A enables the NSA to tap into three terabits of data every second as the data flows across the compromised cables – the equivalent of being able to download about 5,400 uncompressed high-definition movies every minute.


Reset the Net: herramientas para tu privacidad | Manzana Mecánica

Reset the Net: herramientas para tu privacidad | Manzana Mecánica.

Durante este 5 de junio hemos decidido sumarnos a la campaña “Reset the Net” con un molesto widget, que resulta tan intrusivo como las prácticas de la NSA que vigilan el tráfico de la red.

No importa si piensas o no que tienes “algo que ocultar”. Las mismas herramientas que usa NSA para espiar lo que tú haces en Internet, pueden ser usadas por otros para conocer y revelar aspectos de tu vida personal que no tendrían por qué ser públicos. La solución es que nosotros mismos tomemos control de nuestros datos privados con algunas simples medidas de protección.

La campaña expresa los conceptos desde el punto de vista de los estadounidenses, pero las herramientas que promueven son globales. Tan globales que pueden instalarse en Linux, Mac y Windows, y están destinadas a ayudarte a proteger tu privacidad.


Snowden, Greenwald, Appelbaum, WikiLeaks 'blacklisted' from Stockholm Internet Forum — RT News

Snowden, Greenwald, Appelbaum, WikiLeaks ‘blacklisted’ from Stockholm Internet Forum — RT News.

Published time: May 27, 2014 16:36

Image from David Michael Miranda's facebook page

Image from David Michael Miranda’s facebook page

Key digital rights activists – including Edward Snowden and hacker Jacob Appelbaum – have been blacklisted from the Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) on internet openness and freedom. The move has caused a stir at the gathering and outraged Twitter users.

The third annual European meeting of internet activists kicked off in Sweden on May 26, with its main theme being “Internet– privacy, transparency, surveillance and control.”

But strangely enough, those whose names immediately spring to mind when it comes to the issue of surveillance were not allowed to attend the event.

Former CIA employee Edward Snowden, who revealed the NSA’s mass spying program, was not invited. Neither was journalist Glenn Greenwald, who broke the story.

Hacker Jacob Appelbaum, who found German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s mobile phone number in Snowden’s database, didn’t receive an invitation either.

The conference also failed to invite representatives of WikiLeaks, which repeatedly made headlines worldwide by leaking diplomatic cables.

According to German magazine Cicero Online, the only non-governmental organization among the hosts of the conference – .SE – had made a list of possible candidates and sent it to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for approval.The ministry vetoed the activists from attending the SIF – the brainchild of Foreign Minister Carl Bildt. Snowden’s name was marked red, the magazine wrote, suggesting that could be code for “do not invite.”


Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian

Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian.

Thanks to Edward Snowden, we know the apparatus of repression has been covertly attached to the democratic state. However, our struggle to retain privacy is far from hopeless

US National Security Agency
The US National Security Agency threat operations centre in Fort Meade, Maryland, in 2006. Photograph: Paul Richards/AFP/Getty Images

In the third chapter of his History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon gave two reasons why the slavery into which the Romans had tumbled under Augustus and his successors left them more wretched than any previous human slavery. In the first place, Gibbon said, the Romans had carried with them into slavery the culture of a free people: their language and their conception of themselves as human beings presupposed freedom. And thus, says Gibbon, for a long time the Romans preserved the sentiments – or at least the ideas – of a freeborn people. In the second place, the empire of the Romans filled all the world, and when that empire fell into the hands of a single person, the world was a safe and dreary prison for his enemies. As Gibbon wrote, to resist was fatal, and it was impossible to fly.

The power of that Roman empire rested in its leaders’ control of communications. The Mediterranean was their lake. Across their European empire, from Scotland to Syria, they pushed roads that 15 centuries later were still primary arteries of European transportation. Down those roads the emperor marched his armies. Up those roads he gathered his intelligence. The emperors invented the posts to move couriers and messages at the fastest possible speed.

Using that infrastructure, with respect to everything that involved the administration of power, the emperor made himself the best-informed person in the history of the world.

That power eradicated human freedom. “Remember,” said Cicero to Marcellus in exile, “wherever you are, you are equally within the power of the conqueror.”

The empire of the United States after the second world war also depended upon control of communications. This was more evident when, a mere 20 years later, the United States was locked in a confrontation of nuclear annihilation with the Soviet Union. In a war of submarines hidden in the dark below the continents, capable of eradicating human civilisation in less than an hour, the rule of engagement was “launch on warning”. Thus the United States valued control of communications as highly as the Emperor Augustus. Its listeners too aspired to know everything.

We all know that the United States has for decades spent as much on its military might as all other powers in the world combined. Americans are now realising what it means that we applied to the stealing of signals and the breaking of codes a similar proportion of our resources in relation to the rest of the world.

The US system of listening comprises a military command controlling a large civilian workforce. That structure presupposes the foreign intelligence nature of listening activities. Military control was a symbol and guarantee of the nature of the activity being pursued. Wide-scale domestic surveillance under military command would have violated the fundamental principle of civilian control.

Instead what it had was a foreign intelligence service responsible to the president as military commander-in-chief. The chain of military command absolutely ensured respect for the fundamental principle “no listening here”. The boundary between home and away distinguished the permissible from the unconstitutional.

The distinction between home and away was at least technically credible, given the reality of 20th-century communications media, which were hierarchically organised and very often state-controlled.

When the US government chose to listen to other governments abroad – to their militaries, to their diplomatic communications, to their policymakers where possible – they were listening in a world of defined targets. The basic principle was: hack, tap, steal. We listened, we hacked in, we traded, we stole.

In the beginning we listened to militaries and their governments. Later we monitored the flow of international trade as far as it engaged American national security interests.


Cumbre NetMundial apunta a una Internet de todos y sin control estadounidense – BioBioChile

Cumbre NetMundial apunta a una Internet de todos y sin control estadounidense – BioBioChile.

 

photosteve101 | Flickr (CC)photosteve101 | Flickr (CC)

 

Publicado por Víctor Schwencke | La Información es de Agencia AFP

 

Una internet alejada de la hegemonía de facto de Estados Unidos y gobernada de manera multilateral: a eso apunta la cumbre NetMundial de Sao Paulo que debate hasta este jueves el futuro de la web.

Por razones sobre todo históricas, Estados Unidos alberga los principales organismos que administran las direcciones, dominios, normas y protocolos de la web, lo que irrita desde hace años a varios gobiernos.

Por eso, desde la presidenta brasileña Dilma Rousseff, el vicepresidente de Google Vint Serf -uno de los creadores de internet- hasta representantes de la sociedad civil y de otros gobiernos, han insistido en la importancia de una gobernanza “multilateral” para fortalecer la legitimidad de la red.

Sobre todo después del escándalo de las revelaciones del ex agente de seguridad estadounidense Edward Snowden sobre el espionaje masivo llevado adelante por Estados Unidos.

“Nadie debería dudar sobre nuestro compromiso con una visión multilateral de la gobernanza de internet y nuestro apoyo a la NetMundial”, dijo el representante de Estados Unidos en la cita, el coordinador de Ciberseguridad de la Casa Blanca, Michael Daniel.


The internet is freest in US hands | The Acorn

The internet is freest in US hands | The Acorn.

Internationalising internet governance will abridge liberty and restrict free speech

Edward Snowden’s revelations have strengthened demands for “extricating the internet from US control.” This is not a new phenomenon. Ever since Jon Postel died in 1998, governments and non-government organisations have been engaged in a long, complex and meandering process of somehow taking control over the internet. However, while outfits like ICANN and assorted United Nations forums have gotten into the act of “internet governance”, much of the internet remains in US hands. China might well be the country that has more internet users, but it has locked its citizens behind the Great Firewall and effectively created its own national intranet.

Mr Snowden’s revelations are grave, but shouldn’t surprise anyone familiar with national security issues or the communications infrastructure business. So while a lot of international reaction is properly in the Captain Renault (“I’m shocked, shocked to find that gambling is going on in here!”) category, there are some attempts by governments to secure greater control over internet. China, Russia and Brazil are expected to raise the pitch in the coming months.

It would be terrible thing if they succeed. Whatever the imperfections, whatever the US government’s transgressions, we are better off with as much of the internet coming under the US Constitution than the UN Charter.


UIT: ¡Saquen las manos de nuestro Internet!

https://secure.avaaz.org/es/hands_off_our_internet_i/?aBUnbab&s=1

A la UIT y a todas las naciones reunidas en la Conferencia Mundial de Telecomunicaciones Internacionales (CMTI-12) en Dubai :

Como ciudadanos del mundo y usuarios de Internet, les pedimos que rechacen cualquier cambio a la regulación actual de Internet que pueda debilitar o alterar la naturaleza libre y abierta de la Red, o que permita a cualquier gobierno u organismo la potestad de infringir los derechos de libertad de expresión, de privacidad o de libre acceso a la información de los usuarios. También les exigimos que cualquier cambio sugerido a la regulación internacional actual sea debatida públicamente, y que garantice la participación ciudadana y esté sujeta su aprobación.

1,000,000
928,577

928,577 han firmado. Ayúdanos a llegar a 1,000,000

Actualizado: 14 Diciembre 2012
¡Excelentes noticias! Hoy el poder ciudadano logró frenar a los gobiernos autoritarios que pretendían someter Internet a un absurdo control gubernamental. Fortalecidos por la oposición pública, decenas de países se negaron a firmar el tratado RTI y lograron hundirlo. Pero esta no será la última amenaza a nuestro Internet. Sigamos firmando y compartiendo esta campaña para mantener la presión por un Internet libre.
Actualizado: 12 Diciembre 2012
La presión está funcionando. La peligrosa propuesta de Rusia y otros países para censurar y filtrar Internet ha sido derrotada. Mientras las negociaciones se mueven en la dirección correcta, permanece la amenaza de que esta reunión se utilice para aumentar el control gubernamental sobre Internet, poniendo en riesgo nuestra privacidad y libertad de expresión en la Red. Sigamos aumentando nuestro llamamiento, mientras entregamos nuestra petición hoy mismo en Dubai.