Ciberguerra: cuando el arma más poderosa es un ejército de hackers

La ciberguerra ha dejado de ser una excentricidad reservada a actos aislados, a pequeñas cosas. Las nuevas tecnologías forman parte de los civiles y sus ejércitos. Y atacarlas se ha puesto a la par de la guerra convencional.

Fuente: Ciberguerra: cuando el arma más poderosa es un ejército de hackers


Five Big Unanswered Questions About NSA’s Worldwide Spying

Nearly three years after NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden gave journalists his trove of documents on the intelligence community’s broad and powerful surveillance regime, the public is still missing some crucial, basic facts about how the operations work.Surveillance researchers and privacy advocates published a report on Wednesday outlining what we do know, thanks to the period of discovery post-Snowden — and the overwhelming amount of things we don’t.

Fuente: Five Big Unanswered Questions About NSA’s Worldwide Spying


New Zealand Spied on WTO Director Candidates – The Intercept

New Zealand Spied on WTO Director Candidates – The Intercept.

Featured photo - New Zealand Spied on WTO Director Candidates

New Zealand launched a covert surveillance operation targeting candidates vying to be director general of the World Trade Organization, a top-secret document reveals.

In the period leading up to the May 2013 appointment, the country’s electronic eavesdropping agency programmed an Internet spying system to intercept emails about a list of high-profile candidates from Brazil, Costa Rica, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Mexico, and South Korea.

New Zealand’s trade minister Tim Groser was one of nine candidates in contention for the position at the WTO, a powerful international organization based in Geneva, Switzerland that negotiates trade agreements between nations. The surveillance operation, carried out by Government Communications Security Bureau, or GCSB, appears to have been part of a secret effort to help Groser win the job.


Cómo es el 'Google' secreto de la NSA y cuáles son sus peligros

Cómo es el ‘Google’ secreto de la NSA y cuáles son sus peligros.


La última filtración de los “papeles de Snowden” revela la creación del buscador ICREACH para rastrear entre los metadatos espiados

La herramienta pudo servir para detenciones e interrogatorios de sospechosos

El anterior director de la NSA, Keith Alexander, ahora consultor privado, fue su promotor

Cárcel de Guantánamo. Foto: EFE

Aunque hace más de un año empezaron a salir a la luz las prácticas de espionaje masivo de la NSA con la publicación del rastreo de las llamadas de los usuarios de Verizon, el caso está lejos de cerrarse.

El último de los programas conocidos, revelado por “The Intercept” la semana pasada, es “ICREACH”, un buscador que la NSA habría desarrollado en secreto para rastrear entre miles de millones de metadatos obtenidos en sus actividades de espionaje indiscriminado.

Se trata, entre los sistemas de espionaje hasta ahora desvelados, de uno de los más graves por la cesión de millones de datos registrados a otras agencias como la CIA, el FBI o la DEA (que carecen del control y autorización excepcional con que supuestamente contaría la NSA), porquehabría servido para detenciones e interrogatorios a quienes se consideraban sospechosos “a la luz” del tratamiento de dichos metadatos.

Estas prácticas vulnerarían, tal como apuntaron enseguida las primeras reacciones, la Cuarta Enmienda de la Constitución norteamericana que establece que solo se podrá ser objeto de investigación o detención por causas “razonables”:

“El derecho de los habitantes de que sus personas, domicilios, papeles y efectos se hallen a salvo de pesquisas y aprehensiones arbitrarias, será inviolable, y no se expedirán al efecto mandamientos que no se apoyen en un motivo verosímil…”


ICREACH: How the NSA Built Its Own Secret Google -The Intercept

ICREACH: How the NSA Built Its Own Secret Google -The Intercept.

 

architecture
By 200

The National Security Agency is secretly providing data to nearly two dozen U.S. government agencies with a “Google-like” search engine built to share more than 850 billion records about phone calls, emails, cellphone locations, and internet chats, according to classified documents obtained by The Intercept.

The documents provide the first definitive evidence that the NSA has for years made massive amounts of surveillance data directly accessible to domestic law enforcement agencies. Planning documents for ICREACH, as the search engine is called, cite the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Drug Enforcement Administration as key participants.

ICREACH contains information on the private communications of foreigners and, it appears, millions of records on American citizens who have not been accused of any wrongdoing. Details about its existence are contained in the archive of materials provided to The Intercept by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden.

Earlier revelations sourced to the Snowden documents have exposed a multitude of NSA programs for collecting large volumes of communications. The NSA has acknowledged that it shares some of its collected data with domestic agencies like the FBI, but details about the method and scope of its sharing have remained shrouded in secrecy.


Cisco Systems to cut 6000 jobs

Cisco Systems to cut 6000 jobs.

Cisco has had to make more adjustments to counter sluggish sales.Cisco has had to make more adjustments to counter sluggish sales. Photo: Albert Gea

In what has become almost an annual ritual, computer networking and communications colossus Cisco Systems on Wednesday said it was laying off thousands of employees as it struggles with sluggish sales and a range of fierce competitors.

The company announced 6000 job cuts on a conference call following its quarterly earnings report, or roughly 8 per cent of its workforce, and has trimmed nearly 20,000 jobs worldwide over the last five years. Although Chief Financial Officer Frank Calderoni said the company expected to reinvest much of the savings from the cuts announced Wednesday into key growth areas, Cisco officials would not say how many new people would be hired in those areas or where they would be employed. They also did not say where the cuts would occur.

A spokeswoman for Cisco Australia said the cuts would have a global impact. It’s understood the company employees around 1000 people in Australia.

Noting that the San Jose corporation needs to make changes to keep pace with rapidly changing technology, Baird Equity Research analyst Jayson Noland said “it’s probably frustrating to be an employee there when they are going to have major restructuring efforts like this every year or two.” But he added, “if your skills are stale as an engineer or as a sales and marketing guy, you’re running the risk of being replaced.”

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Cisco is Silicon Valley’s fifth-biggest corporation by revenue, but its sales have been blunted by the sluggish global economy. It also faces competition from recent start-ups to more established corporations such as Juniper Networks of Sunnyvale and Brocade Communications Systems of San Jose.


Los gigantes tecnológicos pagan el precio por el caso Snowden

Los gigantes tecnológicos pagan el precio por el caso Snowden.

Un año después de las revelaciones del extécnico de la NSA Edward Snowden, grandes empresas como Microsoft, IBM o Cisco sufren las consecuencias del ciberespionaje practicado por su Gobierno

 

 

Muchos recelan de los sistemas que provienen de Estados Unidos, incluido el mercado chino, esperanza de crecimiento para las tecnológicas.

Muchos recelan de los sistemas que provienen de Estados Unidos, incluido el mercado chino, esperanza de crecimiento para las tecnológicas.

 

El tradicional mimo con el que el Gobierno de Estados Unidos trata a sus empresas nacionales y las impulsa a hacer negocios en todo el mundo se ha visto malogrado en estos últimos 12 meses. Se acaba de cumplir un año desde que las primeras revelaciones de Edward Snowden estamparan las páginas de The Guardian y The Washington Post.

Tras el estupor inicial, el debate sobre la privacidad de los ciudadanos se desarrolla en diferentes países y aparece entre los usuarios la preocupación para evitar la dependencia de la tecnología estadounidense. Y entre los principales afectados se encuentran nombres como IBM, Cisco o Microsoft.

Las empresas de Estados Unidos son las que más tecnología exportan a todo el mundo y la amenaza de posibles puertas traseras en sus sistemas es también una amenaza para su negocio. Apenas un mes después del escándalo, más de 50 compañías pidieron en una carta a Barack Obama permiso para ser más transparentes sobre la información que tenían que pasar al gobierno. Fue el primer intento –tímido– por evitar que sus negocios salieran malparados.

A lo largo de este año transcurrido desde las revelaciones sobre la NSA se han podido comprobar los daños económicos más inmediatos para las compañías tecnológicas e incluso estimar los que podrían darse en el futuro. Aun así existen muchos contratos firmados por varios años, con lo que las verdaderas consecuencias se sabrán a medida que vayan expirando estos contratos.

Microsoft ya ha perdido algunos clientes, tanto es así que el pasado mes de enero anunció que permitirá a los usuarios elegir en qué país se almacenarán sus datos. El golpe más importante para la compañía de Redmond ha sido el plan de Brasil para abandonar el uso de Microsoft Outlook, sustituyéndolo por su propio sistema de correo electrónico, con centros de datos locales. De paso, también se ha cancelado un acuerdo de 4.000 millones de dólares por el que el país carioca iba a comprar aviones de combate a Estados Unidos.

La comunicación entre Brasil y Europa hasta ahora se producía mediante cables submarinos estadounidenses, pero la UE y el Gobierno brasileño han aprobado la construcción de nuevos cables, que correrá a cargo de empresas brasileñas y españolas. Mientras que otros países de Latinoamérica, bajo la bandera de UNASUR, están pensando en la posibilidad de crear su propio sistema de comunicaciones a prueba del espionaje de la NSA.


How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance Dragnet – The Intercept

How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance Dragnet – The Intercept.

By 
Featured photo - How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance DragnetTop-secret documents reveal how the NSA has established secret partnerships to spy on huge flows of private data.

Huge volumes of private emails, phone calls, and internet chats are being intercepted by the National Security Agency with the secret cooperation of more foreign governments than previously known, according to newly disclosed documents from whistleblower Edward Snowden.

The classified files, revealed today by the Danish newspaper Dagbladet Information in a reporting collaboration with The Intercept, shed light on how the NSA’s surveillance of global communications has expanded under a clandestine program, known as RAMPART-A, that depends on the participation of a growing network of intelligence agencies.

It has already been widely reported that the NSA works closely with eavesdropping agencies in the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia as part of the so-called Five Eyes surveillance alliance. But the latest Snowden documents show that a number of other countries, described by the NSA as “third-party partners,” are playing an increasingly important role – by secretly allowing the NSA to install surveillance equipment on their fiber-optic cables.

The NSA documents state that under RAMPART-A, foreign partners “provide access to cables and host U.S. equipment.” This allows the agency to covertly tap into “congestion points around the world” where it says it can intercept the content of phone calls, faxes, e-mails, internet chats, data from virtual private networks, and calls made using Voice over IP software like Skype.

The program, which the secret files show cost U.S. taxpayers about $170 million between 2011 and 2013, sweeps up a vast amount of communications at lightning speed. According to the intelligence community’s classified “Black Budget” for 2013, RAMPART-A enables the NSA to tap into three terabits of data every second as the data flows across the compromised cables – the equivalent of being able to download about 5,400 uncompressed high-definition movies every minute.


US tech groups must adapt to life after Edward Snowden – FT.com

US tech groups must adapt to life after Edward Snowden – FT.com.

Many early tenets of the internet age no longer apply
Demonstrators hold placards featuring an image of former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden as they take part in a protest against the US National Security Agency (NSA) collecting German emails, online chats and phone calls and sharing some of it with the country's intelligence services in Berlin©AFP

Demonstrators hold placards featuring former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden in protest against intelligence services

On the anniversary of Edward Snowden’s revelations that lifted the lid on US internet surveillance, it is worth pondering how much things have changed for American tech companies – and, by extension, their investors.

Like the world before the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the pre-Snowden internet is starting to feel like a more innocent, far-off place. The ascendancy of American internet companies seemed unshakeable. With the exception of China and one or two other countries, there was little to disturb their dominance.

In retrospect, some of the received wisdom from that time is now starting to sound complacent. Its tenets included a borderless internet where information would always flow freely; a standard set of services delivered globally to an audience numbering in the billions; freedom from much of the regulation that encumbers companies trapped in the physical world; and the untrammelled ability to amass large amounts of data to feed evermore refined ad targeting. None of these things feels as assured as it once did.

In reality, the ground had already been shifting, as politicians and regulators took a keener interest in the expanding digital realm. Any hopes of retaining the light-touch regulation of the internet’s early days, when governments were grappling with its implications, already looked like wishful thinking. But the shock from the Snowden disclosures has greatly accelerated the shift.

However it plays out in detail, the direction is clear. Regulations will be tougher and courts more prone to set limits – as Google found last month, when it was ordered to extend a new “right to be forgotten” to people in Europe. Foreign customers will be more likely to consider buying from local suppliers, often with encouragement from their governments. In extreme cases, the Snowden leaks will provide an excuse to shut out US companies altogether on security grounds.

The reaction has been most obvious in countries such as China, which picked this week’s 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown to step up its rhetorical assault on US internet companies, and Russia, which is leading the way in pushing for data about its citizens to be held on local servers.

One result of all of this, inevitably, will be higher costs. Breaking up the big data holdings of cloud companies into national or regional pools would eat into the scale economies the digital world makes possible. Even without this, more onerous privacy rules are likely to raise the compliance stakes, while limiting the room to experiment with new ways of making money from customer data.

These may be costs worth paying. But in the wake of the Snowden disclosures, there is a danger of excessive reactions that cut into the potential benefits of digital services.

The internet companies, while struggling to reassure their users, are paying the penalty for having appeared in the past to have put their own commercial interests first. Moves like Facebook’s attempt last week to give its members more control over the privacy of their personal data, for instance, may have come too late to change the perception.

US cloud services companies that sell to governments or business customers, meanwhile, will face different pressures. For some, the response will be to rely more heavily on local partners to deliver their services and act as the front line in dealing with regulators. That could lead to more “white label” services from American companies that recede into the background.

Stronger competition in some foreign markets also looks likely as national governments promote their local champions. In China, IBM and Microsoft have been beset by recent reports of official encouragement for some big customers to stop buying their technology.

However, the lock that US companies have in many corners of the IT industry makes it hard to predict how quickly serious competition will emerge. It may be relatively easy to find alternative suppliers for the routers or switches made by a Cisco or the industry-standard servers from a Hewlett-Packard, but much US tech is not quickly replaceable. And when it comes to the type of cloud services that are starting to play a bigger role in IT provision, American companies have taken a definitive early lead.

None of this changes the new realities, though. As the expanding digital platforms of companies like Google and Facebook encroached deeper into everyday life, it was inevitable that they would attract greater scrutiny, envy and resistance. The test for US internet companies in the post-Snowden era will be how well they adapt to the changing times.

Richard Waters is the Financial Times’ West Coast Editor

 


Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian

Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian.

Thanks to Edward Snowden, we know the apparatus of repression has been covertly attached to the democratic state. However, our struggle to retain privacy is far from hopeless

US National Security Agency
The US National Security Agency threat operations centre in Fort Meade, Maryland, in 2006. Photograph: Paul Richards/AFP/Getty Images

In the third chapter of his History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon gave two reasons why the slavery into which the Romans had tumbled under Augustus and his successors left them more wretched than any previous human slavery. In the first place, Gibbon said, the Romans had carried with them into slavery the culture of a free people: their language and their conception of themselves as human beings presupposed freedom. And thus, says Gibbon, for a long time the Romans preserved the sentiments – or at least the ideas – of a freeborn people. In the second place, the empire of the Romans filled all the world, and when that empire fell into the hands of a single person, the world was a safe and dreary prison for his enemies. As Gibbon wrote, to resist was fatal, and it was impossible to fly.

The power of that Roman empire rested in its leaders’ control of communications. The Mediterranean was their lake. Across their European empire, from Scotland to Syria, they pushed roads that 15 centuries later were still primary arteries of European transportation. Down those roads the emperor marched his armies. Up those roads he gathered his intelligence. The emperors invented the posts to move couriers and messages at the fastest possible speed.

Using that infrastructure, with respect to everything that involved the administration of power, the emperor made himself the best-informed person in the history of the world.

That power eradicated human freedom. “Remember,” said Cicero to Marcellus in exile, “wherever you are, you are equally within the power of the conqueror.”

The empire of the United States after the second world war also depended upon control of communications. This was more evident when, a mere 20 years later, the United States was locked in a confrontation of nuclear annihilation with the Soviet Union. In a war of submarines hidden in the dark below the continents, capable of eradicating human civilisation in less than an hour, the rule of engagement was “launch on warning”. Thus the United States valued control of communications as highly as the Emperor Augustus. Its listeners too aspired to know everything.

We all know that the United States has for decades spent as much on its military might as all other powers in the world combined. Americans are now realising what it means that we applied to the stealing of signals and the breaking of codes a similar proportion of our resources in relation to the rest of the world.

The US system of listening comprises a military command controlling a large civilian workforce. That structure presupposes the foreign intelligence nature of listening activities. Military control was a symbol and guarantee of the nature of the activity being pursued. Wide-scale domestic surveillance under military command would have violated the fundamental principle of civilian control.

Instead what it had was a foreign intelligence service responsible to the president as military commander-in-chief. The chain of military command absolutely ensured respect for the fundamental principle “no listening here”. The boundary between home and away distinguished the permissible from the unconstitutional.

The distinction between home and away was at least technically credible, given the reality of 20th-century communications media, which were hierarchically organised and very often state-controlled.

When the US government chose to listen to other governments abroad – to their militaries, to their diplomatic communications, to their policymakers where possible – they were listening in a world of defined targets. The basic principle was: hack, tap, steal. We listened, we hacked in, we traded, we stole.

In the beginning we listened to militaries and their governments. Later we monitored the flow of international trade as far as it engaged American national security interests.


A Global Campaign to Monitor the "Digital Weapons" Trade | TechPresident

A Global Campaign to Monitor the “Digital Weapons” Trade | TechPresident.

BY Carola Frediani | Tuesday, April 8 2014

A map from the CAUSE website shows where surveillance technology has been sold to countries with spotty human rights records.

It might seem that there is little connection between Milan and the atrocities occurring in Syria under the regime of President Bashar al-Assad but we now know that a little known Italian tech company called Area SpA was providing Assad with technology that could virtually allow him to seize and search any e-mail that passed through the country. Unfortunately, such an example is now fairly commonplace: Vodafone in Egypt, as well as Siemens and Nokia in Iran, to name a few.

Though Area SpA later announced it was curtailing its surveillance project in Syria, in an alarming trend, surveillance technology companies, many of them in western countries with decent human rights records are selling such technology to countries with fairly sinister ones. This problem, which some activists have called the “digital arms trade” is global and complex in nature and is at the heart of a new global campaign launched on April 4 by an international group of leading NGOs. They banded together to create the Coalition Against Unlawful Surveillance Exports (CAUSE), calling for governments to take action on the international trade in communication surveillance technologies.

The group — which includes Amnesty International, Digitale Gesellschaft, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), Human Rights Watch, the New America Foundation’s Open Technology Institute, Privacy International, and Reporters without Borders — wants governments and private companies to tackle the proliferation and abuse of these technologies across the world, since they are more often than not used to violate their citizens’ right to privacy, free speech and a host of other human rights. World leaders are responsible for keeping such invasive surveillance systems and technologies out of the hands of dictators and oppressive regimes, said the coalition’s organizers.

“What is unique about the CAUSE coalition are the groups that are part of it,” Mike Rispoli, Communication Manager of UK-based Privacy International, says to techPresident. “You have organizations like Privacy International, as well as Open Technology Institute or Digitale Gesellschaft, that focus on technology, digital rights, etc., but you also have more traditional human rights groups like Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and Reporters without Borders. The reason why this is so important is that there’s a broad recognition that surveillance technologies pose significant threat to the enjoyment of rights around the world, not just the right to privacy but also freedom of expression.”

What exactly do these technologies do? There is malware that allows surreptitious data extraction from personal devices such as phone and PCs; tools that can intercept telecommunications traffic; spygear that geolocates mobile phones and can therefore track their owners; monitoring systems that allow authorities to track entire populations; and devices used to tap undersea fiber optic cables to enable NSA-style internet monitoring and filtering.


Der Spiegel: NSA Put Merkel on List of 122 Targeted Leaders – The Intercept

Der Spiegel: NSA Put Merkel on List of 122 Targeted Leaders – The Intercept

By 


Featured photo - Der Spiegel: NSA Put Merkel on List of 122 Targeted LeadersGerman Chancellor Angela Merkel uses her mobile phone in Berlin in 2011. (AP File Photo/Gero Breloer)

Secret documents newly disclosed by the German newspaper Der Spiegel on Saturday shed more light on how aggressively the National Security Agency and its British counterpart have targeted Germany for surveillance.

A series of classified files from the archive provided to reporters by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, also seen by The Intercept, reveal that the NSA appears to have included Merkel in a surveillance database alongside more than 100 others foreign leaders. The documents also confirm for the first time that, in March 2013, the NSA obtained a top-secret court order against Germany as part of U.S. government efforts to monitor communications related to the country. Meanwhile, the British spy agency Government Communications Headquarters targeted three German companies in a clandestine operation that involved infiltrating the companies’ computer servers and eavesdropping on the communications of their staff.

Der Spiegel, which has already sketched out over several stories the vast extent of American and British targeting of German people and institutions, broke the news last October that Merkel’s cellphone calls were being tapped by the NSA – sparking a diplomatic backlash that strained US-Germany relations. Now a new document, dated 2009, indicates that Merkel was targeted in a broader NSA surveillance effort. She appears to have been placed in the NSA’s so-called “Target Knowledge Base“ (TKB), which Der Spiegel described as the central agency database of individual targets. An internal NSA description states that employees can use it to analyze “complete profiles“ of targeted people.

A classified file demonstrating an NSA search system named Nymrod shows Merkel listed alongside other heads of state. Only 11 names are shown on the document, including Syria’s Bashar al-Assad, Belarus’s Alexander Lukashenko, and Columbia’s Alvaro Uribe – the list is in alphabetical order by first name – but it indicates that the full list contains 122 names. The NSA uses the Nymrod system to “find information relating to targets that would otherwise be tough to track down,” according to internal NSA documentsNymrod sifts through secret reports based on intercepted communications as well as full transcripts of faxes, phone calls, and communications collected from computer systems. More than 300 “cites” for Merkel are listed as available in intelligence reports and transcripts for NSA operatives to read.

But the NSA’s surveillance of Germany has extended far beyond its leader. Der Spiegel reporters Marcel Rosenbach and Holger Stark – together with The Intercept’s Laura Poitras – described a separate document from the NSA’s Special Source Operations unit, which shows that the Obama administration obtained a top-secret court order specifically permitting it to monitor communications related to Germany. Special Source Operations is the NSA department that manages what the agency describes as its “corporate partnerships” with major US companies, including AT&T, Verizon, Microsoft, and Google. The order on Germany was issued by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court on March 7, 2013. The court issues annual certifications to the NSA that authorize the agency to intercept communications related to named countries or groups; it has provided similar authorization, Der Spiegel reported, for measures targeting China, Mexico, Japan, Venezuela, Yemen, Brazil, Sudan, Guatemala, Bosnia and Russia.


La NSA tenía un archivo con datos de 122 jefes de Estado | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La NSA tenía un archivo con datos de 122 jefes de Estado | Internacional | EL PAÍS.

La revista alemana ‘Der Spiegel’ revela que la base de datos incluye 300 informes sobre Merkel


La canciller Merkel este viernes en Berlín. / SEAN GALLUP (GETTY IMAGES)

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El espionaje de EEUU acumula “más de 300 informes” sobre la canciller alemana, Angela Merkel, informó este sábado el semanario Der Spiegel, que cita documentos obtenidos a través del extécnico de la inteligencia estadounidense Edward Snowden.

Estos informes, calificados de alto secreto, están en un archivo especial con datos de jefes de Estado y Gobierno que en mayo de 2009 contaba con fichas de 122 personas, entre ellas las de los entonces presidentes de Perú, Alan García; Guatemala, Álvaro Colom, y Colombia, Álvaro Uribe.

La lista de líderes internacionales espiados por EEUU arrancaba con Abdullah Badawi, el entonces recién dimitido primer ministro de Malasia, y concluía con Yulia Timoshenko, la líder opositora ucraniana, que en aquel momento era primera ministra de su país.

La justificación de espiar a estas personalidades extranjeras era lograr “informaciones” sobre “objetivos” que “de otra forma es difícil de conseguir”, según uno de los documentos a los que tuvo acceso Der Spiegel.


Foreign Officials In the Dark About Their Own Spy Agencies' Cooperation with NSA – The Intercept

Foreign Officials In the Dark About Their Own Spy Agencies’ Cooperation with NSA – The Intercept.

By 
Featured photo - Foreign Officials In the Dark About Their Own Spy Agencies’ Cooperation with NSAGerman Chancellor Angela Merkel

One of the more bizarre aspects of the last nine months of Snowden revelations is how top political officials in other nations have repeatedly demonstrated, or even explicitly claimed, wholesale ignorance about their nations’ cooperation with the National Security Agency, as well as their own spying activities. This has led to widespread speculation about the authenticity of these reactions: Were these top officials truly unaware, or were they pretending to be, in order to distance themselves from surveillance operations that became highly controversial once disclosed?

In Germany, when Der Spiegel first reported last June that the NSA was engaged in mass spying aimed at the German population, Chancellor Angela Merkel and other senior officials publicly expressed outrage – only for that paper to then reveal documents showing extensive cooperation between the NSA and the German spy agency BND. In the Netherlands, a cabinet minister was forced to survive a no-confidence vote after he admitted to having wrongfully attributed the collection of metadata from 1.8 million calls to the NSA rather than the Dutch spying agency.

In the UK, Chris Huhne, a former cabinet minister and member of the national security council until 2012, insisted that ministers were in “utter ignorance” about even the largest GCHQ spying program, known as Tempora, “or its US counterpart, the NSA’s Prism,” as well as “about their extraordinary capability to hoover up and store personal emails, voice contact, social networking activity and even internet searches.”

A similar controversy arose in the U.S., when the White House claimed that President Obama was kept unaware of the NSA’s surveillance of Merkel’s personal cell phone and those of other allied leaders. Senate Intelligence Committee Chairwoman Dianne Feinstein claimed the same ignorance, while an unnamed NSA source told a German newspaper that the White House knew.

A new NSA document published today by The Intercept sheds considerable light on these questions. The classified document contains an internal NSA interview with an official from the SIGINT Operations Group in NSA’s Foreign Affairs Directorate. Titled “What Are We After with Our Third Party Relationships? — And What Do They Want from Us, Generally Speaking?”, the discussion explores the NSA’s cooperative relationship with its surveillance partners. Upon being asked whether political shifts within those nations affect the NSA’s relationships, the SIGINT official explains why such changes generally have no effect: because only a handful of military officials in those countries are aware of the spying activities. Few, if any, elected leaders have any knowledge of the surveillance.

Are our foreign intelligence relationships usually insulated from short-term political ups and downs, or not?

(S//SI//REL) For a variety of reasons, our intelligence relationships are rarely disrupted by foreign political perturbations, international or domestic. First, we are helping our partners address critical intelligence shortfalls, just as they are assisting us. Second, in many of our foreign partners’ capitals, few senior officials outside of their defense-intelligence apparatuses are witting to any SIGINT connection to the U.S./NSA [emphasis added].

 


Internet governance too US-centric, says European commission | Technology | The Guardian

Internet governance too US-centric, says European commission | Technology | The Guardian.

Commission says NSA revelations call into question US role in internet governance, which should be more global
Neelie Kroes

Neelie Kroes, the European commissioner for digital affairs. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

The mass surveillance carried out by the US National Security Agencymeans that governance of the internet has to be made more international and less dominated by America, the European Union‘s executive has declared.

Setting out proposals on how the world wide web should function and be regulated, the European commission called for a shift away from the California-based Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (Icann), which is subject to US law, is contracted by the US administration and is empowered to supervise how digital traffic operates.

“Recent revelations of large-scale surveillance have called into question the stewardship of the US when it comes to internet governance,” said the commission.

“Given the US-centric model of internet governance currently in place, it is necessary to broker a smooth transition to a more global model while at the same time protecting the underlying values of open multi-stakeholder governance …


Revelan que Canadá recogió datos de viajeros en aeropuertos a través de WiFi – BioBioChile

Revelan que Canadá recogió datos de viajeros en aeropuertos a través de WiFi – BioBioChile.

Aeropuerto Internacional de Vancouver | IDuke (cc) – Wikipedia

Aeropuerto Internacional de Vancouver | IDuke (cc) – Wikipedia

Publicado por Gabriela Ulloa | La Información es de Agencia AFP
La inteligencia de Canadá realizó, para la NSA de Estados Unidos y otras agencias de inteligencia extranjeras, una prueba de recolección de datos de viajeros que pasaron por los aeropuertos y se conectaron a servicios WiFi, lo que permitió rastrearlos por días, informó la CBC.

La Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) dijo que documentos filtrados por el ex agente de inteligencia de la NSA, Edward Snowden, muestran que la Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC) podía seguir los movimientos de los canadienses que pasaron por los aeropuertos y se conectaban a los sistemas inalámbricos WiFi con teléfonos móviles, tabletas y computadoras portátiles.

El documento muestra que la agencia podía realizar un seguimiento de los viajeros durante una semana o más en tanto sus dispositivos inalámbricos los identificaban a través del WiFi en otras ciudades de Canadá, e incluso en los aeropuertos de Estados Unidos.


Líderes de empresas tecnológicas piden cambio ambicioso en políticas de espionaje estadounidense – BioBioChile

Líderes de empresas tecnológicas piden cambio ambicioso en políticas de espionaje estadounidense – BioBioChile.

Publicado por Paula Ramírez | La Información es de Agencia AFPJohn T. Chambers | Wikipedia

John T. Chambers | Wikipedia

Directivos de grandes empresas tecnológicas reunidos en Davos pidieron este miércoles a las autoridades un cambio ambicioso en sus políticas de espionaje, tras el escándalo de las escuchas masivas de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad (NSA) norteamericana.

Los directivos reunidos en los Alpes suizos con motivo del Foro Económico Mundial dijeron que las demandas de seguridad de los gobiernos suponen un riesgo para su negocio.

“Lo que se ha visto en todo el mundo es el salvaje oeste”, dijo John T. Chambers, presidente de la compañía de sistemas Cisco, en un foro sobre el mundo digital.

“Tenemos que recuperar la confianza con nuestros usuarios”, dijo Marissa Mayer, consejera delegada del portal de internet Yahoo!.

“La confianza se ha resentido no sólo en Estados Unidos, sino también a nivel internacional, en países que están muy inquietos por lo que la NSA vigila”, añadió Mayer.

Según ella, los usuarios de internet y las empresas del sector deben poder conocer “qué tipo de datos nos piden (las autoridades), y cómo van a utilizarse esos datos”.

La semana pasada, el presidente de Estados Unidos, Barack Obama, anunció restricciones al sistema de vigilancia de comunicaciones de la NSA, aunque advirtió que mantendrá esta actividad para prevenir el terrorismo.

Los directivos reunidos en Davos indicaron que el diálogo con sus compañías apenas ha comenzado, y que se necesitan leyes más adaptadas para internet.

“De momento es muy difuso” el panorama, dijo Gavin Patterson, director ejecutivo de BT Group, grupo británico de telecomunicaciones.

“La legislación y la regulación tienen que ponerse al día”, según él.

Randall Stephenson, consejero delegado del grupo estadounidense de telecomunicaciones AT&T, recordó que el debate comenzó tras los ataques del 11 de septiembre de 2001 en Estados Unidos, cuando la seguridad se convirtió en una exigencia absoluta.

Pero según él, ahora se necesita “un equilibrio”.

“Creo que el cliente tiene mucho que decir en cuanto a de qué lado se inclina esta balanza”, declaró.

Patterson dijo que no cree posible que se respete la privacidad al 100%, ya que hace falta un mínimo de vigilancia para combatir la criminalidad.

Según Mayer, las autoridades de Estados Unidos ya dan alguna información a Yahoo! sobre el destino de los datos que recaban, pero es necesario que esta política se amplíe a la poderosa NSC.

El directivo de Cisco pidió normas “con las que todo el mundo pueda vivir, en especial en países aliados”, en una referencia velada a las alegaciones de que Estados Unidos espió las comunicaciones de líderes aliados como la canciller alemana, Angela Merkel, o el presidente mexicano, Enrique Peña Nieto.

En otro debate en el Foro Económico Mundial, el secretario general de Amnistía Internacional, Salil Shetty, denunció “un falso debate entre seguridad y protección de los ciudadanos”.

“No se puede tener una vigilancia masiva, es simplemente una violación de la legislación internacional”.

En la misma línea, el senador demócrata por Vermont Patrick J. Leahy dijo que “la recolección masiva de datos de teléfonos celulares tiene que parar”.


Human Rights Watch critica el peligroso ejemplo de la NSA – BioBioChile

Human Rights Watch critica el peligroso ejemplo de la NSA – BioBioChile.

Publicado por Alberto Gonzalez | La Información es de Agencia AFPImagen de Archivo | Hades2k (cc)

Imagen de Archivo | Hades2k (cc)

Estados Unidos y su programa generalizado de vigilancia son un peligroso ejemplo para otros países, considera la ONG Human Rights Watch (HRW) en su informe anual, presentado este martes en Berlín y en el que también denuncia la situación política en Venezuela.

El texto, que analiza la situación de los derechos humanos en más de 90 países, considera que la falta de respeto a la vida privada por parte de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad (NSA) estadounidense permitirá a los Estados represivos imponer restricciones en la libertad de expresión.

La ONG, con sede en Nueva York, señala que el Gobierno estadounidense dispone de una “posición excepcional para vigilar las comunicaciones mundiales, ya que la mayoría de los datos de internet circulan por territorio estadounidense”, por lo que tiene una responsabilidad especial en la defensa de los derechos de los individuos.

En una entrevista con la AFP, el director ejecutivo de HRW, Kenneth Roth, consideró que países como China, Rusia e India toman ejemplo de la NSA para minar el respeto a la vida privada.

En reacción a la vigilancia de la NSA “muchos países van a crear internets locales, y van a forzar a los grupos de este sector a mantener los datos de sus usuarios en su país”, añadió.


EE.UU. también espió las comunicaciones entre Europa, norte de África y Asia – El Mostrador

EE.UU. también espió las comunicaciones entre Europa, norte de África y Asia – El Mostrador.

La NSA habría obtenido información “sobre la gestión de red” del sistema de cableado submarino Sea-Me-We-4, según un informe confidencial del 13 de febrero de 2013 al que tuvo acceso la revista germana.

espionaje EEUU 12

La Agencia de Seguridad Nacional estadounidense (NSA) también espió una de las vías más importantes de telecomunicación entre Europa, África del norte y Asia, según informaciones del semanario alemán Der Spiegel, dadas a conocer hoy.

El Departamento para Operaciones Adaptadas de Acceso (TAO) de la NSA habría obtenido información “sobre la gestión de red” del sistema de cableado submarino Sea-Me-We-4, según un informe confidencial del 13 de febrero de 2013 al que tuvo acceso la revista germana.

Según el informe, este sistema de cables transcurre desde Marsella hacia el norte de África y los estados del Golfo, para después pasar por Pakistán y la India hasta alcanzar Singapur, Malasia y Tailandia.

Entre las empresas participantes en este sistema se encuentra la francesa Orange y Telecom Italia.

Según los documentos internos, especialistas de la NSA habrían “hackeado” una página web de este consorcio de empresas para obtener documentos sobre la infraestructura técnica del sistema de cableado.

De este modo, según Der Spiegel, la agencia de inteligencia estadounidense se hizo con información detallada sobre una gran parte de la red.


Internet privacy as important as human rights, says UN's Navi Pillay | World news | The Guardian

Internet privacy as important as human rights, says UN’s Navi Pillay | World news | The Guardian.

Navi Pillay compares uproar over mass surveillance to response that helped defeat apartheid during Today programme

 

 

Tim Berners-Lee, Navi Pillay

Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Navi Pillay, during a press conference in Geneva earlier this month. Photograph: Martial Trezzini/AP

 

The UN human rights chief, Navi Pillay, has compared the uproar in the international community caused by revelations of mass surveillance with the collective response that helped bring down the apartheid regime in South Africa.

Pillay, the first non-white woman to serve as a high-court judge in South Africa, made the comments in an interview with Sir Tim Berners-Lee on a special edition of BBC Radio 4’s Today programme, which the inventor of the world wide web was guest editing.

Pillay has been asked by the UN to prepare a report on protection of the right to privacy, in the wake of the former National Security Agency analyst Edward Snowden leaking classified documents about UK and US spying and the collection of personal data.

The former international criminal court judge said her encounters with serious human rights abuses, which included serving on the Rwanda tribunal, did not make her take online privacy less seriously. “I don’t grade human rights,” she said. “I feel I have to look after and promote the rights of all persons. I’m not put off by the lifetime experience of violations I have seen.”

She said apartheid ended in South Africa principally because the international community co-operated to denounce it, adding: “Combined and collective action by everybody can end serious violations of human rights … That experience inspires me to go on and address the issue of internet [privacy], which right now is extremely troubling because the revelations of surveillance have implications for human rights … People are really afraid that all their personal details are being used in violation of traditional national protections.”

The UN general assembly unanimously voted last week to adopt a resolution, introduced by Germany and Brazil, stating that “the same rights that people have offline must also be protected online, including the right to privacy”. Brazil’s president, Dilma Rousseff, and the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, were among those spied on, according to the documents leaked by Snowden.


La onda expansiva desatada por Snowden | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La onda expansiva desatada por Snowden | Internacional | EL PAÍS.


Edward Snowden el 10 de junio de 2013. / THE GUARDIAN (AFP)

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Las revelaciones del exanalista de la NSA Edward Snowden sobre el espionaje de Estados Unidos y Reino Unido han provocado un tsunamide consecuencias globales sin precedentes en el mundo de los servicios de espionaje. Han puesto a EEUU en apuros con sus aliados, han generado una enorme desconfianza global y multiplicado la sensación de que vivimos bajo la mirada de un gran hermano.


GCHQ and NSA targeted charities, Germans, Israeli PM and EU chief | UK news | The Guardian

GCHQ and NSA targeted charities, Germans, Israeli PM and EU chief | UK news | The Guardian.

• Unicef and Médecins du Monde were on surveillance list
• Targets went well beyond potential criminals and terrorists
• Revelations could cause embarrassment at EU summit

 

 

 

Edward Snowden composite with GCHQ and fibre optics

The details of GCHQ and NSA targets are the latest revelations from documents leaked by Edward Snowden. Photograph: Guardian

 

British and American intelligence agencies had a comprehensive list of surveillance targets that included the EU’s competition commissioner, German government buildings in Berlin and overseas, and the heads of institutions that provide humanitarian and financial help to Africa, top secret documents reveal.

The papers show GCHQ, in collaboration with America’s National Security Agency (NSA), was targeting organisations such as the United Nations development programme, the UN’s children’s charity Unicef and Médecins du Monde, a French organisation that provides doctors and medical volunteers to conflict zones. The head of the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas) also appears in the documents, along with text messages he sent to colleagues.

The latest disclosures will add to Washington’s embarrassment following the heavy criticism of the NSA when it emerged that it had been tapping the mobile telephone of the German chancellor, Angela Merkel.

One GCHQ document, drafted in January 2009, makes clear the agencies were targeting an email address listed as belonging to another key American ally – the “Israeli prime minister”. Ehud Olmert was in office at the time. Three other Israeli targets appeared on GCHQ documents, including another email address understood to have been used to send messages between the then Israeli defence minister, Ehud Barak, and his chief of staff, Yoni Koren.

Britain’s targeting of Germany may also prove awkward for the prime minister, David Cameron; in October, he endorsed an EU statement condemning NSA spying on world leaders, including Merkel. They have both been in Brussels, attending an EU summit that concludes on Friday.


Tim Berners-Lee: encryption cracking by spy agencies 'appalling and foolish' | World news | theguardian.com

Tim Berners-Lee: encryption cracking by spy agencies ‘appalling and foolish’ | World news | theguardian.com.

Inventor of world wide web calls for debate about ‘dysfunctional and unaccountable’ oversight of NSA and GCHQ

 

 

Tim Berners-Lee

Tim Berners-Lee: ‘Based on recent revelations it seems the system of checks and balances [on spy agencies] has failed.’ Photograph: Rick Friedman for the Guardian

 

Sir Tim Berners-Lee, the computer scientist who created the world wide web, has called for a “full and frank public debate” over internet surveillance by the National Security Agency and its British counterpart, GCHQ, warning that the system of checks and balances over these two powerful bodies has failed.

As the inventor of the global system of inter-connectivity known as the web, with its now ubiquitous www and http, Berners-Lee is uniquely qualified to comment on the internet spying that has been revealed by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden.

The scientist, who was honoured in the opening ceremony of the London Olympics, reserved his harshest words for GCHQ and the NSA’s undermining of the protection afforded by encryption, which he said would benefit organised criminal hacker gangs and hostile states. “In a totalitarian state where it reckoned it was the only strong state in the world, I can imagine that being a reasonable plan. But in this situation, internet security is hard. It’s naïve to imagine that if you introduce a weakness into a system you will be the only one to use it.”

He also criticised the cracking of encryption on ethical grounds: “Any democratic country has to take the high road; it has to live by its principles. I’m very sympathetic to attempts to increase security against organised crime, but you have to distinguish yourself from the criminal.”

Berners-Lee said that the series of Snowden disclosures revealed a failure at the heart of oversight in both the US and UK governments, which he called “dysfunctional and unaccountable”. The leaked documents begged the question: who guards the guards themselves?

In practice, he said, the only practical answer to that question was the whistleblowers. He called for the introduction of an international system of protection for whistleblowers such as Snowden, who has taken up a year’s temporary refuge in Russia.

The Obama administration has pursued official leakers heavily, launching eight prosecutions under the 1917 Espionage Act including that of Snowden himself – more than twice the total number under all previous presidents.

“Civilisation has to a certain extent depended on whistleblowers, and therefore you have to protect them,” Berners-Lee said.


La omnipotencia de la NSA | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La omnipotencia de la NSA | Internacional | EL PAÍS.


Sede de la NSA en Fort Meade, Maryland. / AP

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Desde el teléfono móvil de la canciller alemana Angela Merkel hasta el documento con el resumen de los puntos principales que el secretario general de Naciones Unidas, Ban Ki-moon, iba a tratar en una reunión con el presidente de EE UU, Barack Obama, pasando por las comunicaciones del líder supremo de Irán, el ayatolá Ali Jameneí, las llamadas de miembros de la guerrilla colombiana de las FARC, los mensajes de Hezbolá o los correos electrónicos del ministro de Economía venezolano, los tentáculos del espionaje de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad estadounidense (NSA) se antojan infinitos, tal y como demuestra un extenso reportaje publicado este sábado por The New York Times, en el que se revisa la evolución de las prácticas de vigilancia de la institución desde su creación, el 4 de noviembre de 1952, y su alcance. El artículo, realizado a partir de los miles de documentos filtrados al diario por Edward Snowden, muestra a la NSA como un “omnívoro informático” con una capacidad ilimitada para interceptar datos.

La información obtenida por los servicios de vigilancia no solamente se utiliza para fines antiterroristas sino también para obtener “ventaja diplomática con países aliados como Alemania o Francia” y “económica con Japón o Brasil”

El espionaje de la NSA se cierne sobre los cables de fibra óptica, las líneas telefónicas y los nodos de Internet y sus prácticas contemplan el robo de información de ordenadores personales y la introducción en los mismos de software de vigilancia, bajo el amparo de la operación Acceso a Medida, el establecimiento de micrófonos ocultos en teléfonos móviles o la vigilancia de transacciones bancarias. La amplitud de las técnicas evidencia que la información obtenida por los servicios de vigilancia no solamente se utiliza para fines antiterroristas sino también para obtener “ventaja diplomática con países aliados como Alemania o Francia” y “económica con Japón o Brasil”, concluye el Times.


Los amigos que espían a Estados Unidos – El Mostrador

Los amigos que espían a Estados Unidos – El Mostrador.no espiar

 

¿Quién espía a quién? La pregunta surge después de que la bomba del escándalo del espionaje saltase en los últimos días a Europa con las informaciones que sugieren que Estados Unidos espió a Alemania, Francia y España.

En el primer caso, el gobierno alemán pidió explicaciones por reportes que hablaban de un supuesto seguimiento al celular de la canciller Angela Merkel entre 2002 y 2013 por parte de Washington; en el caso de París y Madrid, el enfado vino por el supuesto espionaje a millones de llamadas de ciudadanos.

Y mientras los países europeos piden explicaciones a Washington por las informaciones reveladas por el analista de inteligencia Edward Snowden filtradas a los medios -algo que hicieron antes países latinoamericanos como Brasil o México-, algunos analistas recuerdan que el espionaje entre países, aunque se trate de aliados, está a la orden del día.


Estados Unidos resta trascendencia a la crisis del espionaje | Internacional | EL PAÍS

Estados Unidos resta trascendencia a la crisis del espionaje | Internacional | EL PAÍS.

 

La familia Obama ha salido a pasear este domingo. / M. THEILER (REUTERS)

Estados Unidos dedica hoy más esfuerzos aparentes a arreglar los fallos en la página web de la reforma sanitaria que a resolver la crisis diplomática provocada por el espionaje norteamericano en Europa. Eso es reflejo, no solo de cuales son las prioridades de la opinión pública, los medios de comunicación y el Gobierno en este momento, sino de la falta de opciones de las que dispone el presidente Obama para responder a corto plazo y de forma satisfactoria a las protestas de los líderes europeos, que se espera que desaparezcan con el paso del tiempo sin dejar una huella profunda.

En general, la política adoptada por la Administración estadounidense desde el estallido de este conflicto ha sido la de atender respetuosamente las quejas de gobiernos que, por otra parte, son estrechos aliados, pero ofreciendo a cambio solo promesas vagas de cambios en los mecanismos de espionaje, sin muchas perspectivas de que puedan cumplirse.

Eso no significa que el problema no sea real, incluso acuciante en términos morales. Las revelaciones de Edward Snowden han puesto en evidencia la existencia de un monstruoso sistema de recolección de datos privados que, al margen de cualquier problema con Europa, constituye una amenaza para el régimen de libertades individuales del que presume este país.


EEUU advierte sobre documentos de Snowden con material sensible para otros países – BioBioChile

EEUU advierte sobre documentos de Snowden con material sensible para otros países – BioBioChile.

 

Mw238 (CC) | FlickrMw238 (CC) | Flickr

Publicado por Gabriela Ulloa | La Información es de Agencia AFP

Estados Unidos ha advertido a los servicios de inteligencia de otros países de que los documentos obtenidos por Edward Snowden contienen información sobre cómo otras capitales cooperan en secreto con Washington, publicó el jueves un periódico.

Según The Washington Post, algunas de las decenas de miles de documentos extraídos por el ex agente de inteligencia estadounidense contienen material sensible sobre programas extranjeros de recopilación de información contra países como Irán, Rusia y China.


Mass spying: how the US stamps its supremacy on the Pacific region | Antony Loewenstein | Comment is free | theguardian.com

Mass spying: how the US stamps its supremacy on the Pacific region | Antony Loewenstein | Comment is free | theguardian.com.

The US is keen to convince its Pacific friends to fear a spy-friendly Beijing. The irony? Washington’s spying network is far more widespread than anything coming from the Chinese

 

NSA Prism illustration
‘We still don’t know the exact extent of intelligence sharing between Australia and the US, except it’s very close and guaranteed to continue’. Photograph: Pawel Kopczynski/Reuters

 

What if China was beating the US at its own super-power game in the Pacific and we didn’t even notice?

 

While Washington distracts itself with shutdown shenanigans and failed attempts to control the situation in the Middle East, president Obama’s “pivot to Asia” looks increasingly shaky. Beijing is quietly filling the gap, signing multi-billion dollar trade deals with Indonesia and calling for a regional infrastructure bank.

 

Meanwhile in recent years, New Zealand has been feeling some of the US’s attention, and conservative prime minister John Key is more than happy to shift his country’s traditional skepticism towards Washington into a much friendlier embrace. Canberra is watching approvingly. It’s almost impossible to recall a critical comment by leaders of either country towards global US surveillance. We are like obedient school children, scared that the bully won’t like us if we dare push back and argue harder for our own national interests.

 

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA), warmly backed by Australian prime minister Tony Abbott and New Zealand, is just the latest example of US client states allowing US multinationals far too much influence in their markets in a futile attempt to challenge ever-increasing Chinese business ties in Asia. German-born, New Zealand resident and internet entrepreneur Kim Dotcom tweeted this week:

 

 

This erosion of sovereignty goes to the heart with what’s wrong with today’s secretive and unaccountable arrangements between nations desperate to remain under the US’s security blanket, and New Zealand provides an intriguing case-study in how not to behave, including using US spy services to monitor the phone calls of Kiwi journalist Jon Stephenson and his colleagues while reporting the war in Afghanistan.

 

There’s no indication that Australia isn’t following exactly the same path, with new evidence that Australia knew about the US spying network Prism long before it was made public. We still don’t know the exact extent of intelligence sharing between Australia and the US, except it’s very close and guaranteed to continue. Frustratingly, the “Five Eyes” relationship between English-speaking democracies has only been seriously discussed publicly in the last years by Greens senator Scott Ludlam.


Líderes de Internet preocupados por menor confianza de usuarios tras espionaje – BioBioChile

Líderes de Internet preocupados por menor confianza de usuarios tras espionaje – BioBioChile.

Publicado por Gabriela Ulloa | La Información es de Agencia AFPZsuzsanna Kilian (SXC)

Zsuzsanna Kilian (SXC)

Los líderes de las principales organizaciones de Internet manifestaron el lunes su preocupación por el debilitamiento de la confianza de los usuarios de la red, debido a las recientes revelaciones sobre espionaje.

“La web e Internet han producido enormes beneficios en cuanto al desarrollo social y económico mundial”, indicaron los líderes en una declaración de diez organizaciones responsables de la coordinación de Internet en el mundo.

“Ambas fueron construidas y se administran en función del interés público mediante mecanismos únicos de cooperación global multipartita (multistakeholder), una característica intrínseca de su éxito”, añadió.

En ese contexto, las organizaciones destacaron “la importancia de una operación coherente de Internet a nivel global y alertaron por una posible fragmentación de Internet a nivel nacional”, al tiempo que expresaron “su profunda preocupación por el debilitamiento de la confianza de los usuarios de Internet a nivel global debido a las recientes revelaciones acerca del monitoreo y la vigilancia generalizados”.

Además, acordaron catalizar los esfuerzos de la comunidad hacia la evolución de una cooperación global multipartita en la red, en la que todos los actores, incluyendo los gobiernos, participen en pie de igualdad.

La declaración, difundida este lunes, fue acordada tras un encuentro la semana pasada en Montevideo de los líderes de la Corporación de Internet para la Asignación de Nombres y Números (ICANN), Internet Society (ISOC), la Junta de Arquitectura de Internet (IAB), el Grupo de Trabajo de Ingeniería de internet (IETF), el Consorcio World Wide Web (W3C) y los registros de direcciones de Internet para América Latina y el Caribe (LACNIC), Africa (AFRINIC), Norteamérica (ARIN), Asia-Pacífico (APNIC) y Europa (RIPE NCC).


Crece el consenso internacional sobre la propuesta de Brasil de regular Internet | Internacional | EL PAÍS

Crece el consenso internacional sobre la propuesta de Brasil de regular Internet | Internacional | EL PAÍS.


La presidenta brasileña, en el lanzamiento de una web de su gobierno. / FERNANDO BIZERRA JR (EFE)

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La propuesta sobre la creación de un marco global para la regularización de Internet, presentado en la ONU esta semana por la presidenta brasileña,Dilma Rousseff, en nombre de su gobierno, ha sido acogida favorablemente por una serie de países que se unen a la bandera levantada por Brasil. La idea nació tras haberse descubierto que la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad (NSA) de Estados Unidos había espiado a empresas brasileñas como Petrobras y hasta la correspondencia personal de Rousseff lo que llevó a la mandataria a renunciar a su viaje de Estado a Washington al no haber recibido del presidente Barack Obama las excusas y explicaciones exigidas.

Rousseff no descartó que la ausencia de las grandes petroleras mundiales, como las americanas y británicas a la subasta del campo Libra del presal, haya podido estar relacionada con dicho espionaje. “Nosotros no estamos pidiendo a la ONU que controle Internet”, dice Rousseff, porque según ella, su gobierno “no concuerda con esos tipos de control”. Lo que Brasil ha pedido, por boca de la mandataria, es que la ONU “preserve la seguridad de ciudadanos, empresas e instituciones, y no deje que la nueva guerra se dé dentro del ámbito cibernético”. Lo que exige Brasil es un “marco civil global del gobierno de internet”.


Various items: NSA stories around the world | Glenn Greenwald | Comment is free | theguardian.com

Various items: NSA stories around the world | Glenn Greenwald | Comment is free | theguardian.com.

Revelations continue to produce outcomes on multiple levels in numerous countries around the world

(updated below)

I’m still working at trying to get the next set of NSA stories published. That, combined with a rapidly approaching book deadline, will make non-NSA-article postings difficult for the next couple of weeks. Until then, here are a few items to note regarding a point I have often tried to make: namely, one of the most overlooked aspects of the NSA reporting in the US has been just how global of a story this has become:


Google's Eric Schmidt says government spying is 'the nature of our society' | World news | theguardian.com

Google’s Eric Schmidt says government spying is ‘the nature of our society’ | World news | theguardian.com.

Tech giant’s executive chairman calls for greater transparency but declines to ‘pass judgment’ on spying operations

Eric Schmidt

Eric Schmidt said ‘there’s been spying for years, there’s been surveillance for years’. Photograph: Rebecca Naden/Reuters

Eric Schmidt, the executive chairman of Google, reiterated the tech industry’s call for greater transparency from the US government oversurveillance on Friday, but declined to “pass judgment” on American spying operations.

Speaking in New York, at an event hosted by the New America Foundation, Schmidt said it was time for a public debate about the nature of the surveillance activities carried out by the National Security Agency (NSA). But he also said that spying was a fact of modern life.

“There’s been spying for years, there’s been surveillance for years, and so forth, I’m not going to pass judgement on that, it’s the nature of our society,” he said.


Programa de EEUU, capaz de intervenir toda actividad cibernética en el mundo

http://www.surysur.net/2013/08/programa-de-eeuu-capaz-de-intervenir-toda-actividad-cibernetica-en-el-mundo/
ago 1 2013

espionaje keuscore

Un programa masivo de espionaje de la Agencia de Seguridad Nacional (NSA por sus siglas en inglés) tiene la capacidad de intervenir casi toda comunicación y actividad cibernética de usuarios alrededor del mundo a través de su presencia operativa en 150 sitios, según otro documento secreto divulgado por el ex contratista de esa agencia Edward Snowden publicado hoy por The Guardian de Londres.

Estas revelaciones se dan el mismo día en que el gobierno de Barack Obama presentó por primera vez documentos secretos ahora desclasificados sobre los parámetros del controvertido programa de vigilancia de registros de toda llamada telefónica en Estados Unidos, programa revelado primero por Snowden, a la vez que en audiencias legislativas directores de inteligencia fueron sujetos a interrogatorios por senadores que demandan mayor transparencia en el manejo de los programas masivos de vigilancia.


Edward Snowden: 'The US government will say I aided our enemies' – video interview

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2013/jul/08/edward-snowden-video-interview?INTCMP=SRCH

In the second part of an exclusive interview with Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras, former NSA contractor Edward Snowden contemplates the reaction from the US government to his revelations of top-secret documents regarding its spying operations on domestic and foreign internet traffic, email and phone use. This interview was recorded in Hong Kong on 6 June 2013

• Watch the first part of the exclusive interview with Edward Snowden

• Read the Guardian’s full NSA files coverage


Hands off Edward Snowden!

http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/07/09/pers-j09.html

9 July 2013

The Obama administration and the US military and intelligence apparatus are waging an ever more aggressive worldwide campaign to capture Edward Snowden. At the same time, and undoubtedly in response to intensifying pressure from Washington, Russian authorities are sending increasingly blunt signals that they want the departure of the former National Security Agency contractor from the Moscow international airport where he has been trapped for the last two weeks.

The life of Snowden is in imminent danger. The vindictive character of Washington’s international manhunt has intensified with the mounting series of disclosures exposing massive unconstitutional and illegal spying on not only American citizens, but peoples and governments all over the world, from Western Europe to Brazil.


EE UU espió también a 38 embajadas de países aliados

http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2013/07/01/actualidad/1372667349_201790.html

Japón, México, Corea del Sur, India y Turquía se unen a Alemania, la UE o la ONU

Protesta en Alemania contra el espionaje. / Peter Steffen (AP)

Nuevas revelaciones del diario The Guardian sobre el espionaje de Estados Unidos indican que al menos 38 embajadas o misiones extranjeras en ese país fueron sometidas a espionaje. El diario se basa en documentos de 2007 y 2010 que le hizo llegar Edward Snowden. Entre las misiones espiadas están las oficinas de la Comisión Europea en Washington y de la representación de la UE en Naciones Unidas y las embajadas de aliados tradicionales como Francia, Italia, Grecia, México, Japón, India, Corea del Sur y Turquía.


Edward Snowden y el programa de espionaje inconstitucional de Estados Unidos

jun 15 2013

eeuu edward snowden

Edward Snowden admitió públicamente esta semana ser el responsable de lo que podría ser la filtración más importante de documentos secretos del gobierno en la historia de Estados Unidos. El ex funcionario de la CIA y analista de la empresa privada de consultoría de inteligencia Booz Allen Hamilton habló en Hong Kong con Glenn Greenwald, del periódico The Guardian, con la cineasta independiente Laura Poitras y con Barton Gellman, del Washington Post.

Snowden les proporcionó pruebas fehacientes de que el gobierno de Estados Unidos, principalmente a través de la Agencia de Seguridad Nacional (NSA, por sus siglas en inglés), está llevando a cabo un amplio programa de vigilancia y espionaje a nivel mundial y, lo que es quizá más controvertido, de prácticamente todos los ciudadanos estadounidenses, por fuera de las atribuciones constitucionales.


Espionaje de las comunicaciones, ¿un blues orwelliano?

jun 17 2013

eeuu espionaje telefonos

Nos acaban de informar que todos los que usamos teléfonos y cualquiera de los principales servicios de comunicación cibernética –o sea, casi todo correo electrónico, chat, videochat, video, llamada por Internet, documento– está potencialmente expuesto a ser espiado por los servicios de inteligencia de Estados Unidos, particularmente si las comunicaciones son internacionales.


Londres habría “espiado” a delegados del G20 según prensa británica

Lunes 17 junio 2013 | 8:10 · Actualizado: 8:10
Publicado por Alberto Gonzalez | La Información es de Agencia AFP · 148 visitas
Imagen:Archivo | Creative CommonsImagen: Archivo | Creative Commons

Los documentos revelados por el exconsultor de la Agencia de Seguridad Nacional estadounidense (NSA) Edward Snowden muestran que el Reino Unido habría espiado a delegados del G20 durante las cumbres de abril y septiembre de 2009, informó este lunes el diario The Guardian.


Enemigos de Internet: Siria, China, Irán…

http://tecnologia.elpais.com/tecnologia/2013/03/12/actualidad/1363074895_779478.html

Reporteros Sin Fronteras publica su informe anual en el Día Mundial contra la Cibercensura

Siria, China, Irán, Bahrein y Vietnam están entre una docena de países enemigos de Internet por sus políticas de espionaje online, según el informe anual de Reporteros Sin Fronteras que ha publicado hoy martes coincidiendo con el Día Mundial contra la Cibercensura.

El informe de este año, del que ha desaparecido Cuba como uno de los países que más espía a sus ciudadanos, también incluye a un grupo de países “bajo vigilancia” y, aunque hay una mayoría de países árabes y dictatoriales, también se encuentran en ese capítulo Australia y Francia por sus leyes de filtraje de contenidos y cierre de cuentas de particulares por motivos de copyright. En ese sentido, RSF señala: “Francia no debe sacrificar la libertad de expresión en Internet y la neutralidad de la Red por razones de seguridad o de protección del copyright”.