Shadow Brokers threaten to unleash more hacking tools | Technology | The Guardian

The so-called Shadow Brokers, who claimed responsibility for releasing NSA tools that were used to spread the WannaCry ransomware through the NHS and across the world, said they have a new suite of tools and vulnerabilities in newer software. The possible targets include Microsoft’s Windows 10, which was unaffected by the initial attack and is on at least 500m devices around the world.

Fuente: Shadow Brokers threaten to unleash more hacking tools | Technology | The Guardian


Spies for Hire

While cybersecurity companies traditionally aim to ensure that the code in software and hardware is free of flaws — mistakes that malicious hackers can take advantage of — DarkMatter, according to sources familiar with the company’s activities, was trying to find and exploit these flaws in order to install malware. DarkMatter could take over a nearby surveillance camera or cellphone and basically do whatever it wanted with it — conduct surveillance, interfere with or change any electronic messages it emitted, or block the signals entirely.

Fuente: Spies for Hire


Living Under Digital Surveillance: Human Rights Defender Perceptions and Experiences | Front Line Defenders

In November 2015, at the Eighth Dublin Platform for Human Rights Defenders, Front Line Defenders (FLD) asked human rights defenders (HRDs) from across Asia, Africa, Americas, Europe and the Middle East/North Africa to share experiences of living under digital surveillance and the perceived impact this has on their work and lives.

Fuente: Living Under Digital Surveillance: Human Rights Defender Perceptions and Experiences | Front Line Defenders


Alguien te mira: las miles de solicitudes que hacen los gobiernos para acceder a datos de usuarios de Facebook – El Mostrador

La red social precisó que el número de artículos restringidos por infringir la ley ascendió el segundo semestre de 2015 a 55.827, una cifra muy elevada en comparación con la del mismo periodo de 2014, que se situó en 20.568. La red social Facebook recibió en el último semestre 2015 un total de 46.763 solicitudes de acceso a datos de sus usuarios, un 13 % más que en el mismo periodo del año anterior, según informó la compañía estadounidence

Fuente: Alguien te mira: las miles de solicitudes que hacen los gobiernos para acceder a datos de usuarios de Facebook – El Mostrador


The Vigilante Who Hacked Hacking Team Explains How He Did It | Motherboard

Back in July of last year, the controversial government spying and hacking tool seller Hacking Team was hacked itself by an outside attacker. The breach made headlines worldwide, but no one knew much about the perpetrator or how he did it.That mystery has finally been revealed.

Fuente: The Vigilante Who Hacked Hacking Team Explains How He Did It | Motherboard


Reino Unido espía a los refugiados hackeando sus móviles y ordenadores

Los refugiados no tienen derechos. De ahí se deriva que sus teléfonos pueden ser hackeados y sus ordenadores también. Al parecer, esto es lo que ha hecho -legalmente y según The Observer – los funcionarios de la oficina de inmigración británica. En 2013 recibieron poderes para hackear los dispositivos electrónicos de todos los refugiados y peticionarios de asilo que considerasen necesario. Y lo consideran.

Fuente: Reino Unido espía a los refugiados hackeando sus móviles y ordenadores


Fundación Karisma | ¿Qué hay de nuevo en el estado de la vigilancia masiva en Colombia?

The State of Surveillance es un estudio dirigido por Privacy International, que aborda temas como la privacidad y la vigilancia a nivel mundial y cuenta con 13 informes de diferentes países, que se actualizan dos veces al año. Con Fundación Karisma participamos de la creación del capítulo para Colombia que en este mes de marzo presenta la actualización de “Un Estado en la sombra: vigilancia y orden público en Colombia”

Fuente: Fundación Karisma | ¿Qué hay de nuevo en el estado de la vigilancia masiva en Colombia?


Five Big Unanswered Questions About NSA’s Worldwide Spying

Nearly three years after NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden gave journalists his trove of documents on the intelligence community’s broad and powerful surveillance regime, the public is still missing some crucial, basic facts about how the operations work.Surveillance researchers and privacy advocates published a report on Wednesday outlining what we do know, thanks to the period of discovery post-Snowden — and the overwhelming amount of things we don’t.

Fuente: Five Big Unanswered Questions About NSA’s Worldwide Spying


Icelandic Pirate Party’s rapid rise may result in citizenship for Snowden | Ars Technica

Icelandic Pirate Party’s rapid rise may result in citizenship for Snowden | Ars Technica.

Pirate support reaches 23.9 percent in recent poll, passing conservative party.

Nearly two years after the Icelandic Pirate Party won three seats in the island nation’s parliament in 2013, a new poll shows that the young party has the highest level of support of any party in the country. According to Visir.is, an Icelandic news site, the party’s support has reached 23.9 percent.

If the Píratar can translate that level of current support into actual votes in the next election (currently scheduled for 2017), it could lead to a higher likelihood that the country would grant asylum for Edward Snowden, possibly granting him citizenship as well. The Pirates put forward such a bill (Google Translate) in parliament in 2013, but it has not advanced.

Birgitta Jónsdóttir, who founded the party in 2012, previously told an assembled crowd in Berkeley, California, that she very much wants to help the National Security Agency whistleblower. She currently holds one of the Pirate Party’s three seats in the Icelandic parliament.

The Icelandic parliament has the power to bestow citizenship on applicants by a simple majority vote—most famously this happened with chess champion Bobby Fischer in 2005. Fischer, a native-born American, had run afoul of sanctions laws when he played a match in then-Yugoslavia in 1992. Once he became an Icelander, Fischer flew from Japan, where he had been held in prison, directly to Denmark and on to Iceland. (He lived in Iceland until his death in 2008.)


Technology should be used to create social mobility – not to spy on citizens | Technology | The Guardian

Technology should be used to create social mobility – not to spy on citizens | Technology | The Guardian.

GCHQPrivate eyes are watching you: the British government communications headquarters (GCHQ) is monitoring the communications of millions of people. Photograph: GCHQ / British Ministry of Defence/EPA

Why spy? That’s the several-million pound question, in the wake of the Snowden revelations. Why would the US continue to wiretap its entire population, given that the only “terrorism” they caught with it was a single attempt to send a small amount of money to Al Shabab?

One obvious answer is: because they can. Spying is cheap, and cheaper every day. Many people have compared NSA/GCHQ mass spying to the surveillance programme of East Germany’s notorious Stasi, but the differences between the NSA and the Stasi are more interesting than the similarities.

The most important difference is size. The Stasi employed one snitch for every 50 or 60 people it watched. We can’t be sure of the size of the entire Five Eyes global surveillance workforce, but there are only about 1.4 million Americans with Top Secret clearance, and many of them don’t work at or for the NSA, which means that the number is smaller than that (the other Five Eyes states have much smaller workforces than the US). This million-ish person workforce keeps six or seven billion people under surveillance – a ratio approaching 1:10,000. What’s more, the US has only (“only”!) quadrupled its surveillance budget since the end of the Cold War: tooling up to give the spies their toys wasn’t all that expensive, compared to the number of lives that gear lets them pry into.

IT has been responsible for a 2-3 order of magnitude productivity gain in surveillance efficiency. The Stasi used an army to surveil a nation; the NSA uses a battalion to surveil a planet.

Spying, especially domestic spying, is an aspect of what the Santa Fe Institute economist Samuel Bowles calls guard labour: work that is done to stabilise property relationships, especially the property belonging to the rich.

The amount a state needs to expend on guard labour is a function of how much legitimacy the state holds in its population’s reckoning. A state whose population mainly views the system as fair needs to do less coercion to attain stability. People who believe that they are well-served by the status quo will not work to upset it. States whose populations view the system as illegitimate need to spend more on guard labour.


Cómo es el 'Google' secreto de la NSA y cuáles son sus peligros

Cómo es el ‘Google’ secreto de la NSA y cuáles son sus peligros.


La última filtración de los “papeles de Snowden” revela la creación del buscador ICREACH para rastrear entre los metadatos espiados

La herramienta pudo servir para detenciones e interrogatorios de sospechosos

El anterior director de la NSA, Keith Alexander, ahora consultor privado, fue su promotor

Cárcel de Guantánamo. Foto: EFE

Aunque hace más de un año empezaron a salir a la luz las prácticas de espionaje masivo de la NSA con la publicación del rastreo de las llamadas de los usuarios de Verizon, el caso está lejos de cerrarse.

El último de los programas conocidos, revelado por “The Intercept” la semana pasada, es “ICREACH”, un buscador que la NSA habría desarrollado en secreto para rastrear entre miles de millones de metadatos obtenidos en sus actividades de espionaje indiscriminado.

Se trata, entre los sistemas de espionaje hasta ahora desvelados, de uno de los más graves por la cesión de millones de datos registrados a otras agencias como la CIA, el FBI o la DEA (que carecen del control y autorización excepcional con que supuestamente contaría la NSA), porquehabría servido para detenciones e interrogatorios a quienes se consideraban sospechosos “a la luz” del tratamiento de dichos metadatos.

Estas prácticas vulnerarían, tal como apuntaron enseguida las primeras reacciones, la Cuarta Enmienda de la Constitución norteamericana que establece que solo se podrá ser objeto de investigación o detención por causas “razonables”:

“El derecho de los habitantes de que sus personas, domicilios, papeles y efectos se hallen a salvo de pesquisas y aprehensiones arbitrarias, será inviolable, y no se expedirán al efecto mandamientos que no se apoyen en un motivo verosímil…”


The US government can brand you a terrorist based on a Facebook post. We can't let them make up the rules | Arjun Sethi | Comment is free | theguardian.com

The US government can brand you a terrorist based on a Facebook post. We can’t let them make up the rules | Arjun Sethi | Comment is free | theguardian.com.

Innocent people’s lives are being ruined. Why isn’t anyone watching the watchlist? 

facebook surveillance illustration
Reasonable suspicion is based on a circular logic – people can be watchlisted if they are suspected of being suspected terrorists – that is ultimately backwards, and must be changed. Illustration: Joelle L / Flickr via Creative Commons Illustration: Joelle L / Flickr via Creative Commons

The US government’s web of surveillance is vast and interconnected. Now we know just how opaque, inefficient and discriminatory it can be.

As we were reminded again just this week, you can be pulled into the National Security Agency’s database quietly and quickly, and the consequences can be long and enduring. Through ICREACH, a Google-style search engine created for the intelligence community, the NSA provides data on private communications to 23 government agencies. More than 1,000 analysts had access to that information.

This kind of data sharing, however, isn’t limited to the latest from Edward Snowden’s NSA files. It was confirmed earlier this month that the FBI shares its master watchlist, the Terrorist Screening Database, with at least 22 foreign governments, countless federal agencies, state and local law enforcement, plus private contractors.

The watchlist tracks “known” and “suspected” terrorists and includes both foreigners and Americans. It’s also based on loose standards and secret evidence, which ensnares innocent people. Indeed, the standards are so low that the US government’s guidelines specifically allow for a single, uncorroborated source of information – including a Facebook or Twitter post – to serve as the basis for placing you on its master watchlist.

Of the 680,000 individuals on that FBI master list, roughly 40% have “no recognized terrorist group affiliation”, according to the Intercept. These individuals don’t even have a connection – as the government loosely defines it – to a designated terrorist group, but they are still branded as suspected terrorists.

The absurdities don’t end there. Take Dearborn, Michigan, a city with a population under 100,000 that is known for its large Arab American community – and has more watchlisted residents than any other city in America except New York.

These eye-popping numbers are largely the result of the US government’s use of a loose standard – so-called “reasonable suspicion” – in determining who, exactly, can be watchlisted.

Reasonable suspicion is such a low standard because it requires neither “concrete evidence” nor “irrefutable evidence”. Instead, an official is permitted to consider “reasonable inferences” and “to draw from the facts in light of his/her experience”.

Consider a real world context – actual criminal justice – where an officer needs reasonable suspicion to stop a person in the street and ask him or her a few questions. Courts have controversially held that avoiding eye contact with an officer, traveling alone, and traveling late at night, for example, all amount to reasonable suspicion.

This vague criteria is now being used to label innocent people as terrorism suspects.


ICREACH: How the NSA Built Its Own Secret Google -The Intercept

ICREACH: How the NSA Built Its Own Secret Google -The Intercept.

 

architecture
By 200

The National Security Agency is secretly providing data to nearly two dozen U.S. government agencies with a “Google-like” search engine built to share more than 850 billion records about phone calls, emails, cellphone locations, and internet chats, according to classified documents obtained by The Intercept.

The documents provide the first definitive evidence that the NSA has for years made massive amounts of surveillance data directly accessible to domestic law enforcement agencies. Planning documents for ICREACH, as the search engine is called, cite the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Drug Enforcement Administration as key participants.

ICREACH contains information on the private communications of foreigners and, it appears, millions of records on American citizens who have not been accused of any wrongdoing. Details about its existence are contained in the archive of materials provided to The Intercept by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden.

Earlier revelations sourced to the Snowden documents have exposed a multitude of NSA programs for collecting large volumes of communications. The NSA has acknowledged that it shares some of its collected data with domestic agencies like the FBI, but details about the method and scope of its sharing have remained shrouded in secrecy.


UN privacy report a game-changer in fighting unlawful surveillance | Privacy International

UN privacy report a game-changer in fighting unlawful surveillance | Privacy International.

Today’s report on the right to privacy in the digital age by the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights, commissioned by the General Assembly in December 2013, marks an historic turning point in the international discourse around privacy and surveillance.

Privacy International believes the report will dramatically change the international conversation on the implications of surveillance and intelligence for human rights. Most importantly, it puts beyond doubt that the very existence of mass surveillance programmes – which the report notes are becoming a “dangerous habit” – interfere with human rights.

Not only is the report the most significant elaboration of the interpretation of the right to privacy issued by the UN in more than 25 years, it makes a number of ground-breaking findings that propel the fight against unlawful surveillance miles ahead. The High Commissioner uses consistently robust and clear language to issue the strongest condemnation of modern surveillance techniques that any international authority has appropriated to date.

The High Commissioner’s report lends substantial support to the propositions we have long advocated: that mass surveillance inherently interferes with human rights, mandatory data retention is neither necessary or proportionate, there is no persuasive difference between communications content and data when it comes to privacy, and States must extend human rights obligations to individuals whose communications pass through their jurisdictions (see our special report, Eyes Wide Open).

These are the same points we are advancing this week in the Investigatory Powers Tribunal as we take GCHQ to court for their own mass surveillance programme, and as we campaign against the UK’s efforts to rush through emergency legislation that drastically expands surveillance powers in Britain. The UN’s recognition of the right to privacy, in very strong terms, assists in dismantling many of the lines put forward by the UK government.

Below, we analyse the five major findings of the report that we believe will fundamentally transform the debate around surveillance, intelligence and the right to privacy.


The byzantine, meandering discussion on the future of the internet | Technology | theguardian.com

The byzantine, meandering discussion on the future of the internet | Technology | theguardian.com.

Is the centralised, monopolistic Icann truly capable of serving the domain name industry, while also trying to regulate it?

Icann
Icann Photograph: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Last week, nearly 3,500 people met in London to discuss management of the internet. Yet judging from the media coverage, it was less newsworthy than the arrival of an app called Yo. Apart from a flare-up from a French government minister at one point of proceedings (on protecting wine domains), the whole show went largely unnoticed.

The occasion was the 50th meeting – and the first in the UK – of Icann, the 16-year-old organisation that manages the internet’s centralised domain name and numbering system. Is that boring or what? Well, perhaps, but as the US TV talk-show host John Oliver said recently, on another vitally important but soporific-sounding topic – that of net neutrality – “if you want to do something evil, put it inside something that sounds incredibly boring …”

So what is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (Icann)? It’s a private Californian company, established by the US government in 1998, which sits atop the lucrative domain name industry. (The one that allows you to register putinarainbow.com for an annual fee.) After the explosion in domain names this year from the original group of 22 (.net, .org, etc) to over 1,000 (.manythings), Icann’s annual revenue is soaring – close to $300m at last count.

The business of giving title to these digital landholdings has made Icann a plush operation – as evidenced by the slick event at the Hilton Metropole (complete with lavish free social programme). But all corporate beanfeasts are lavish. So what’s the problem?

Simply this: Icann isn’t a corporation competing with others for a share of its market. Instead, it’s a centralised, monopolistic, hardly accountable private organisation that exercises public authority and power. At the same time that it’s providing services to the domain name industry, it is also trying to regulate it. On top of that, it claims to be “dedicated to keeping the internet secure, stable and interoperable.” Think about that, and the realities of the surveilled internet, as you digest how Icann operates.

We know from history and economics that monopolies in private hands never act in the public interest. Icann, however, masterfully avoids this topic by appealing to amorphous, unenforceable notions of accountability to the “global community”; something they try to capture with the ugly term “multistakeholderism”.

The real problem with this poorly defined notion is that, in practice, it serves powerful incumbents and the centrally positioned US government, diffusing talk of any genuinely representative global alternative for policy-making and oversight. Participants in Icann, who still can’t quite believe their luck, will defend the model to the hilt, regardless of where it’s been and where it’s taking us.


Los gigantes tecnológicos pagan el precio por el caso Snowden

Los gigantes tecnológicos pagan el precio por el caso Snowden.

Un año después de las revelaciones del extécnico de la NSA Edward Snowden, grandes empresas como Microsoft, IBM o Cisco sufren las consecuencias del ciberespionaje practicado por su Gobierno

 

 

Muchos recelan de los sistemas que provienen de Estados Unidos, incluido el mercado chino, esperanza de crecimiento para las tecnológicas.

Muchos recelan de los sistemas que provienen de Estados Unidos, incluido el mercado chino, esperanza de crecimiento para las tecnológicas.

 

El tradicional mimo con el que el Gobierno de Estados Unidos trata a sus empresas nacionales y las impulsa a hacer negocios en todo el mundo se ha visto malogrado en estos últimos 12 meses. Se acaba de cumplir un año desde que las primeras revelaciones de Edward Snowden estamparan las páginas de The Guardian y The Washington Post.

Tras el estupor inicial, el debate sobre la privacidad de los ciudadanos se desarrolla en diferentes países y aparece entre los usuarios la preocupación para evitar la dependencia de la tecnología estadounidense. Y entre los principales afectados se encuentran nombres como IBM, Cisco o Microsoft.

Las empresas de Estados Unidos son las que más tecnología exportan a todo el mundo y la amenaza de posibles puertas traseras en sus sistemas es también una amenaza para su negocio. Apenas un mes después del escándalo, más de 50 compañías pidieron en una carta a Barack Obama permiso para ser más transparentes sobre la información que tenían que pasar al gobierno. Fue el primer intento –tímido– por evitar que sus negocios salieran malparados.

A lo largo de este año transcurrido desde las revelaciones sobre la NSA se han podido comprobar los daños económicos más inmediatos para las compañías tecnológicas e incluso estimar los que podrían darse en el futuro. Aun así existen muchos contratos firmados por varios años, con lo que las verdaderas consecuencias se sabrán a medida que vayan expirando estos contratos.

Microsoft ya ha perdido algunos clientes, tanto es así que el pasado mes de enero anunció que permitirá a los usuarios elegir en qué país se almacenarán sus datos. El golpe más importante para la compañía de Redmond ha sido el plan de Brasil para abandonar el uso de Microsoft Outlook, sustituyéndolo por su propio sistema de correo electrónico, con centros de datos locales. De paso, también se ha cancelado un acuerdo de 4.000 millones de dólares por el que el país carioca iba a comprar aviones de combate a Estados Unidos.

La comunicación entre Brasil y Europa hasta ahora se producía mediante cables submarinos estadounidenses, pero la UE y el Gobierno brasileño han aprobado la construcción de nuevos cables, que correrá a cargo de empresas brasileñas y españolas. Mientras que otros países de Latinoamérica, bajo la bandera de UNASUR, están pensando en la posibilidad de crear su propio sistema de comunicaciones a prueba del espionaje de la NSA.


How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance Dragnet – The Intercept

How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance Dragnet – The Intercept.

By 
Featured photo - How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance DragnetTop-secret documents reveal how the NSA has established secret partnerships to spy on huge flows of private data.

Huge volumes of private emails, phone calls, and internet chats are being intercepted by the National Security Agency with the secret cooperation of more foreign governments than previously known, according to newly disclosed documents from whistleblower Edward Snowden.

The classified files, revealed today by the Danish newspaper Dagbladet Information in a reporting collaboration with The Intercept, shed light on how the NSA’s surveillance of global communications has expanded under a clandestine program, known as RAMPART-A, that depends on the participation of a growing network of intelligence agencies.

It has already been widely reported that the NSA works closely with eavesdropping agencies in the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia as part of the so-called Five Eyes surveillance alliance. But the latest Snowden documents show that a number of other countries, described by the NSA as “third-party partners,” are playing an increasingly important role – by secretly allowing the NSA to install surveillance equipment on their fiber-optic cables.

The NSA documents state that under RAMPART-A, foreign partners “provide access to cables and host U.S. equipment.” This allows the agency to covertly tap into “congestion points around the world” where it says it can intercept the content of phone calls, faxes, e-mails, internet chats, data from virtual private networks, and calls made using Voice over IP software like Skype.

The program, which the secret files show cost U.S. taxpayers about $170 million between 2011 and 2013, sweeps up a vast amount of communications at lightning speed. According to the intelligence community’s classified “Black Budget” for 2013, RAMPART-A enables the NSA to tap into three terabits of data every second as the data flows across the compromised cables – the equivalent of being able to download about 5,400 uncompressed high-definition movies every minute.


US tech groups must adapt to life after Edward Snowden – FT.com

US tech groups must adapt to life after Edward Snowden – FT.com.

Many early tenets of the internet age no longer apply
Demonstrators hold placards featuring an image of former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden as they take part in a protest against the US National Security Agency (NSA) collecting German emails, online chats and phone calls and sharing some of it with the country's intelligence services in Berlin©AFP

Demonstrators hold placards featuring former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden in protest against intelligence services

On the anniversary of Edward Snowden’s revelations that lifted the lid on US internet surveillance, it is worth pondering how much things have changed for American tech companies – and, by extension, their investors.

Like the world before the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the pre-Snowden internet is starting to feel like a more innocent, far-off place. The ascendancy of American internet companies seemed unshakeable. With the exception of China and one or two other countries, there was little to disturb their dominance.

In retrospect, some of the received wisdom from that time is now starting to sound complacent. Its tenets included a borderless internet where information would always flow freely; a standard set of services delivered globally to an audience numbering in the billions; freedom from much of the regulation that encumbers companies trapped in the physical world; and the untrammelled ability to amass large amounts of data to feed evermore refined ad targeting. None of these things feels as assured as it once did.

In reality, the ground had already been shifting, as politicians and regulators took a keener interest in the expanding digital realm. Any hopes of retaining the light-touch regulation of the internet’s early days, when governments were grappling with its implications, already looked like wishful thinking. But the shock from the Snowden disclosures has greatly accelerated the shift.

However it plays out in detail, the direction is clear. Regulations will be tougher and courts more prone to set limits – as Google found last month, when it was ordered to extend a new “right to be forgotten” to people in Europe. Foreign customers will be more likely to consider buying from local suppliers, often with encouragement from their governments. In extreme cases, the Snowden leaks will provide an excuse to shut out US companies altogether on security grounds.

The reaction has been most obvious in countries such as China, which picked this week’s 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown to step up its rhetorical assault on US internet companies, and Russia, which is leading the way in pushing for data about its citizens to be held on local servers.

One result of all of this, inevitably, will be higher costs. Breaking up the big data holdings of cloud companies into national or regional pools would eat into the scale economies the digital world makes possible. Even without this, more onerous privacy rules are likely to raise the compliance stakes, while limiting the room to experiment with new ways of making money from customer data.

These may be costs worth paying. But in the wake of the Snowden disclosures, there is a danger of excessive reactions that cut into the potential benefits of digital services.

The internet companies, while struggling to reassure their users, are paying the penalty for having appeared in the past to have put their own commercial interests first. Moves like Facebook’s attempt last week to give its members more control over the privacy of their personal data, for instance, may have come too late to change the perception.

US cloud services companies that sell to governments or business customers, meanwhile, will face different pressures. For some, the response will be to rely more heavily on local partners to deliver their services and act as the front line in dealing with regulators. That could lead to more “white label” services from American companies that recede into the background.

Stronger competition in some foreign markets also looks likely as national governments promote their local champions. In China, IBM and Microsoft have been beset by recent reports of official encouragement for some big customers to stop buying their technology.

However, the lock that US companies have in many corners of the IT industry makes it hard to predict how quickly serious competition will emerge. It may be relatively easy to find alternative suppliers for the routers or switches made by a Cisco or the industry-standard servers from a Hewlett-Packard, but much US tech is not quickly replaceable. And when it comes to the type of cloud services that are starting to play a bigger role in IT provision, American companies have taken a definitive early lead.

None of this changes the new realities, though. As the expanding digital platforms of companies like Google and Facebook encroached deeper into everyday life, it was inevitable that they would attract greater scrutiny, envy and resistance. The test for US internet companies in the post-Snowden era will be how well they adapt to the changing times.

Richard Waters is the Financial Times’ West Coast Editor

 


Reset the Net: herramientas para tu privacidad | Manzana Mecánica

Reset the Net: herramientas para tu privacidad | Manzana Mecánica.

Durante este 5 de junio hemos decidido sumarnos a la campaña “Reset the Net” con un molesto widget, que resulta tan intrusivo como las prácticas de la NSA que vigilan el tráfico de la red.

No importa si piensas o no que tienes “algo que ocultar”. Las mismas herramientas que usa NSA para espiar lo que tú haces en Internet, pueden ser usadas por otros para conocer y revelar aspectos de tu vida personal que no tendrían por qué ser públicos. La solución es que nosotros mismos tomemos control de nuestros datos privados con algunas simples medidas de protección.

La campaña expresa los conceptos desde el punto de vista de los estadounidenses, pero las herramientas que promueven son globales. Tan globales que pueden instalarse en Linux, Mac y Windows, y están destinadas a ayudarte a proteger tu privacidad.


Snowden, Greenwald, Appelbaum, WikiLeaks 'blacklisted' from Stockholm Internet Forum — RT News

Snowden, Greenwald, Appelbaum, WikiLeaks ‘blacklisted’ from Stockholm Internet Forum — RT News.

Published time: May 27, 2014 16:36

Image from David Michael Miranda's facebook page

Image from David Michael Miranda’s facebook page

Key digital rights activists – including Edward Snowden and hacker Jacob Appelbaum – have been blacklisted from the Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) on internet openness and freedom. The move has caused a stir at the gathering and outraged Twitter users.

The third annual European meeting of internet activists kicked off in Sweden on May 26, with its main theme being “Internet– privacy, transparency, surveillance and control.”

But strangely enough, those whose names immediately spring to mind when it comes to the issue of surveillance were not allowed to attend the event.

Former CIA employee Edward Snowden, who revealed the NSA’s mass spying program, was not invited. Neither was journalist Glenn Greenwald, who broke the story.

Hacker Jacob Appelbaum, who found German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s mobile phone number in Snowden’s database, didn’t receive an invitation either.

The conference also failed to invite representatives of WikiLeaks, which repeatedly made headlines worldwide by leaking diplomatic cables.

According to German magazine Cicero Online, the only non-governmental organization among the hosts of the conference – .SE – had made a list of possible candidates and sent it to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for approval.The ministry vetoed the activists from attending the SIF – the brainchild of Foreign Minister Carl Bildt. Snowden’s name was marked red, the magazine wrote, suggesting that could be code for “do not invite.”


Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian

Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian.

Thanks to Edward Snowden, we know the apparatus of repression has been covertly attached to the democratic state. However, our struggle to retain privacy is far from hopeless

US National Security Agency
The US National Security Agency threat operations centre in Fort Meade, Maryland, in 2006. Photograph: Paul Richards/AFP/Getty Images

In the third chapter of his History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon gave two reasons why the slavery into which the Romans had tumbled under Augustus and his successors left them more wretched than any previous human slavery. In the first place, Gibbon said, the Romans had carried with them into slavery the culture of a free people: their language and their conception of themselves as human beings presupposed freedom. And thus, says Gibbon, for a long time the Romans preserved the sentiments – or at least the ideas – of a freeborn people. In the second place, the empire of the Romans filled all the world, and when that empire fell into the hands of a single person, the world was a safe and dreary prison for his enemies. As Gibbon wrote, to resist was fatal, and it was impossible to fly.

The power of that Roman empire rested in its leaders’ control of communications. The Mediterranean was their lake. Across their European empire, from Scotland to Syria, they pushed roads that 15 centuries later were still primary arteries of European transportation. Down those roads the emperor marched his armies. Up those roads he gathered his intelligence. The emperors invented the posts to move couriers and messages at the fastest possible speed.

Using that infrastructure, with respect to everything that involved the administration of power, the emperor made himself the best-informed person in the history of the world.

That power eradicated human freedom. “Remember,” said Cicero to Marcellus in exile, “wherever you are, you are equally within the power of the conqueror.”

The empire of the United States after the second world war also depended upon control of communications. This was more evident when, a mere 20 years later, the United States was locked in a confrontation of nuclear annihilation with the Soviet Union. In a war of submarines hidden in the dark below the continents, capable of eradicating human civilisation in less than an hour, the rule of engagement was “launch on warning”. Thus the United States valued control of communications as highly as the Emperor Augustus. Its listeners too aspired to know everything.

We all know that the United States has for decades spent as much on its military might as all other powers in the world combined. Americans are now realising what it means that we applied to the stealing of signals and the breaking of codes a similar proportion of our resources in relation to the rest of the world.

The US system of listening comprises a military command controlling a large civilian workforce. That structure presupposes the foreign intelligence nature of listening activities. Military control was a symbol and guarantee of the nature of the activity being pursued. Wide-scale domestic surveillance under military command would have violated the fundamental principle of civilian control.

Instead what it had was a foreign intelligence service responsible to the president as military commander-in-chief. The chain of military command absolutely ensured respect for the fundamental principle “no listening here”. The boundary between home and away distinguished the permissible from the unconstitutional.

The distinction between home and away was at least technically credible, given the reality of 20th-century communications media, which were hierarchically organised and very often state-controlled.

When the US government chose to listen to other governments abroad – to their militaries, to their diplomatic communications, to their policymakers where possible – they were listening in a world of defined targets. The basic principle was: hack, tap, steal. We listened, we hacked in, we traded, we stole.

In the beginning we listened to militaries and their governments. Later we monitored the flow of international trade as far as it engaged American national security interests.


NETMundial: a long way to go to combat mass surveillance | Privacy International

NETMundial: a long way to go to combat mass surveillance | Privacy International.

NETMundial – a global conference initiated by the Brazilian government – has produced ‘The Multi-stakeholder Statement of São Paulo’, a Roadmap and Principles on internet governance that could herald new respect for the right to privacy online. However, the outcome document fails to adequately recognise the relationship between internet governance and mass surveillance, reflecting a larger problem that was present throughout the two-day meeting.

By the end of the conference, both the Principles and the Roadmap had been watered down from previous versions, after governments pushed to soften language pertaining to mass surveillance. This of course is an ironic outcome, given that the conference was called in response to the Snowden leaks detailing the global surveillance infrastructure operated by the Five Eyes.

Despite NETMundial being presented as having a “multi-stakeholder” approach, this was far from the truth, with participation entailing a replication of the backroom diplomatic shenanigans that occur at so many international conferences. The disregard for true civil society input can be seen in the weak language in the outcome documents on mass surveillance. However, the Statement still provides a useful tool to helping shape future debates around surveillance online.

Still, it is difficult not to feel disappointed that a meeting which held so much promise resulted in outcome documents with timid protections for the right to privacy around the world.


A Global Campaign to Monitor the "Digital Weapons" Trade | TechPresident

A Global Campaign to Monitor the “Digital Weapons” Trade | TechPresident.

BY Carola Frediani | Tuesday, April 8 2014

A map from the CAUSE website shows where surveillance technology has been sold to countries with spotty human rights records.

It might seem that there is little connection between Milan and the atrocities occurring in Syria under the regime of President Bashar al-Assad but we now know that a little known Italian tech company called Area SpA was providing Assad with technology that could virtually allow him to seize and search any e-mail that passed through the country. Unfortunately, such an example is now fairly commonplace: Vodafone in Egypt, as well as Siemens and Nokia in Iran, to name a few.

Though Area SpA later announced it was curtailing its surveillance project in Syria, in an alarming trend, surveillance technology companies, many of them in western countries with decent human rights records are selling such technology to countries with fairly sinister ones. This problem, which some activists have called the “digital arms trade” is global and complex in nature and is at the heart of a new global campaign launched on April 4 by an international group of leading NGOs. They banded together to create the Coalition Against Unlawful Surveillance Exports (CAUSE), calling for governments to take action on the international trade in communication surveillance technologies.

The group — which includes Amnesty International, Digitale Gesellschaft, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), Human Rights Watch, the New America Foundation’s Open Technology Institute, Privacy International, and Reporters without Borders — wants governments and private companies to tackle the proliferation and abuse of these technologies across the world, since they are more often than not used to violate their citizens’ right to privacy, free speech and a host of other human rights. World leaders are responsible for keeping such invasive surveillance systems and technologies out of the hands of dictators and oppressive regimes, said the coalition’s organizers.

“What is unique about the CAUSE coalition are the groups that are part of it,” Mike Rispoli, Communication Manager of UK-based Privacy International, says to techPresident. “You have organizations like Privacy International, as well as Open Technology Institute or Digitale Gesellschaft, that focus on technology, digital rights, etc., but you also have more traditional human rights groups like Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and Reporters without Borders. The reason why this is so important is that there’s a broad recognition that surveillance technologies pose significant threat to the enjoyment of rights around the world, not just the right to privacy but also freedom of expression.”

What exactly do these technologies do? There is malware that allows surreptitious data extraction from personal devices such as phone and PCs; tools that can intercept telecommunications traffic; spygear that geolocates mobile phones and can therefore track their owners; monitoring systems that allow authorities to track entire populations; and devices used to tap undersea fiber optic cables to enable NSA-style internet monitoring and filtering.


Dilma cargó contra el monopolio en Internet | SurySur

Dilma cargó contra el monopolio en Internet | SurySur.

br dilma

La cumbre NetMundial sobre la gobernanza de Internet comenzó ayer en San Pablo con un fuerte llamado a la regulación global de la red, críticas al espionaje de Estados Unidos y a su papel como controlador de facto de la web. La presidenta de Brasil, Dilma Rousseff, afirmó que ningún país debe monopolizar la gobernanza de la red, en una clara alusión a Washington. “Es importante la participación multilateral. La participación de los gobiernos debe ocurrir con igualdad entre sí, sin que un país tenga más peso que otros”, sostuvo la mandataria ante representantes de más de 80 países, así como de la sociedad civil y de empresas de Internet”.

Rousseff, víctima directa del espionaje estadounidense, saludó también el reciente anuncio de Washington, que cederá a una entidad de carácter multisectorial el control de la Icann –Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers–, la corporación internacional encargada de administrar el sistema mundial de nombres de dominio de Internet, manejada hasta ahora por el Departamento de Comercio estadounidense y con base en California.

Por razones históricas, Estados Unidos alberga los principales organismos que administran las direcciones, dominios, normas y protocolos de la web, lo que irrita desde hace años a varios gobiernos. Impulsora de esta cumbre mundial tras las revelaciones del analista Edward Snowden sobre la vigilancia de Estados Unidos a ciudadanos, empresas y a gobernantes, la presidenta brasileña insistió en que “para que Internet sea más democrática, necesita más presencia de los países en desarrollo” en su regulación. Rousseff ya había repudiado el espionaje estadounidense en la Asamblea General de la ONU en septiembre de 2013, cuando propuso un modelo multilateral de administración de Internet.

br marco civil internet1Al igual que otros países, como Alemania y México, Brasil, reaccionó con fuerza a las denuncias de que Washington espió a millones de brasileños, a la estatal Petrobras, así como a Rousseff y a sus asesores. A raíz de las revelaciones de Snowden, la presidenta incluso suspendió una visita de Estado a Washington programada para octubre pasado. Brasilia quiere convertirse en una voz líder en los cambios a la regulación de Internet como anfitriona de NetMundial, que culmina hoy, para debatir sobre el futuro de la red, que cumplió 25 años.

Un punto en el que Brasil hizo especial atención es el de la privacidad de los datos. “Debemos proteger la privacidad de los ciudadanos, las comunicaciones son inviolables. La ley establece reglas claras para retirar contenido, siempre garantizando la presencia de decisiones judiciales. El desarrollo de Internet no puede prescindir de un debate en el que participen los Estados”, explicó Rousseff.

La reunión de San Pablo tiene lugar justo cuando el Congreso de Brasil acaba de aprobar el proyecto del marco civil de la web, considerado una suerte de constitución de la red. Con un fuerte apoyo de los internautas, el proyecto tiene entre sus principales pilares las garantías a la libertad de expresión y comunicación, así como la protección de la privacidad del usuario y de sus datos personales. “Quiero felicitar a los senadores que fueron capaces de aprobar esta ley en un tiempo record. La norma fue construida con la participación de toda la sociedad brasileña”, expresó Rousseff durante su discurso en NetMundial.


«Die Schweiz hätte ein Zeichen setzen können» – St.Galler Tagblatt Online

«Die Schweiz hätte ein Zeichen setzen können» – St.Galler Tagblatt Online.

Tagblatt Online, 28. Februar 2014, 10:07 Uhr

 

Zoom

Kenneth Page NGO Privacy International, London Politikverantwortlicher

 

Unternehmen haben ihre Exportgesuche für Überwachungssoftware aus der Schweiz zurückgezogen. Zufrieden?

Ja. Die Schweiz hat aber auch eine gute Chance verpasst. Die Regierung hätte viel proaktiver vorgehen und die Exportgesuche ablehnen können. Stattdessen haben die Unternehmen aus Ungeduld nun selber Entscheide gefällt. Die Schweiz hätte auf internationaler Ebene ein viel stärkeres Zeichen setzen können, indem sie die wachsenden Menschenrechtsbedenken gegenüber diesen Technologien anerkannt hätte. Zumal das Land dieses Jahr den OSZE-Vorsitz innehat.

 

Werden einige dieser Unternehmen nun Überwachungstechnik ohne Erlaubnis exportieren?

 

Sie brauchen eine Lizenz, um aus der Schweiz zu exportieren. Ansonsten würden sie Exportvorschriften verletzen. Einige Unternehmen haben aber Büros in anderen europäischen Ländern und können unter einer Gesetzgebung arbeiten, die ihnen passt. Die Firma Gamma zum Beispiel hat regionale Büros in Malaysia, den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten, Singapur oder Libanon. Es ist zudem wichtig, sich nicht allein auf diese Firmen zu fokussieren, da die Technologie oft über strategische Geschäftspartnerschaften verkauft wird.


Foreign Officials In the Dark About Their Own Spy Agencies' Cooperation with NSA – The Intercept

Foreign Officials In the Dark About Their Own Spy Agencies’ Cooperation with NSA – The Intercept.

By 
Featured photo - Foreign Officials In the Dark About Their Own Spy Agencies’ Cooperation with NSAGerman Chancellor Angela Merkel

One of the more bizarre aspects of the last nine months of Snowden revelations is how top political officials in other nations have repeatedly demonstrated, or even explicitly claimed, wholesale ignorance about their nations’ cooperation with the National Security Agency, as well as their own spying activities. This has led to widespread speculation about the authenticity of these reactions: Were these top officials truly unaware, or were they pretending to be, in order to distance themselves from surveillance operations that became highly controversial once disclosed?

In Germany, when Der Spiegel first reported last June that the NSA was engaged in mass spying aimed at the German population, Chancellor Angela Merkel and other senior officials publicly expressed outrage – only for that paper to then reveal documents showing extensive cooperation between the NSA and the German spy agency BND. In the Netherlands, a cabinet minister was forced to survive a no-confidence vote after he admitted to having wrongfully attributed the collection of metadata from 1.8 million calls to the NSA rather than the Dutch spying agency.

In the UK, Chris Huhne, a former cabinet minister and member of the national security council until 2012, insisted that ministers were in “utter ignorance” about even the largest GCHQ spying program, known as Tempora, “or its US counterpart, the NSA’s Prism,” as well as “about their extraordinary capability to hoover up and store personal emails, voice contact, social networking activity and even internet searches.”

A similar controversy arose in the U.S., when the White House claimed that President Obama was kept unaware of the NSA’s surveillance of Merkel’s personal cell phone and those of other allied leaders. Senate Intelligence Committee Chairwoman Dianne Feinstein claimed the same ignorance, while an unnamed NSA source told a German newspaper that the White House knew.

A new NSA document published today by The Intercept sheds considerable light on these questions. The classified document contains an internal NSA interview with an official from the SIGINT Operations Group in NSA’s Foreign Affairs Directorate. Titled “What Are We After with Our Third Party Relationships? — And What Do They Want from Us, Generally Speaking?”, the discussion explores the NSA’s cooperative relationship with its surveillance partners. Upon being asked whether political shifts within those nations affect the NSA’s relationships, the SIGINT official explains why such changes generally have no effect: because only a handful of military officials in those countries are aware of the spying activities. Few, if any, elected leaders have any knowledge of the surveillance.

Are our foreign intelligence relationships usually insulated from short-term political ups and downs, or not?

(S//SI//REL) For a variety of reasons, our intelligence relationships are rarely disrupted by foreign political perturbations, international or domestic. First, we are helping our partners address critical intelligence shortfalls, just as they are assisting us. Second, in many of our foreign partners’ capitals, few senior officials outside of their defense-intelligence apparatuses are witting to any SIGINT connection to the U.S./NSA [emphasis added].

 


An online Magna Carta: Berners-Lee calls for bill of rights for web | Technology | The Guardian

An online Magna Carta: Berners-Lee calls for bill of rights for web | Technology | The Guardian.

Exclusive: web’s inventor warns neutrality under sustained attack from governments and corporations

 

 

Link to video: World wide web inventor Tim Berners-Lee: ‘Establish web’s principles of openness and privacy’

The inventor of the world wide web believes an online “Magna Carta” is needed to protect and enshrine the independence of the medium he created and the rights of its users worldwide.

Sir Tim Berners-Lee told the Guardian the web had come under increasing attack from governments and corporate influence and that new rules were needed to protect the “open, neutral” system.

Speaking exactly 25 years after he wrote the first draft of the first proposal for what would become the world wide web, the computer scientist said: “We need a global constitution – a bill of rights.”

Berners-Lee’s Magna Carta plan is to be taken up as part of an initiative called “the web we want”, which calls on people to generate a digital bill of rights in each country – a statement of principles he hopes will be supported by public institutions, government officials and corporations.

“Unless we have an open, neutral internet we can rely on without worrying about what’s happening at the back door, we can’t have open government, good democracy, good healthcare, connected communities and diversity of culture. It’s not naive to think we can have that, but it is naive to think we can just sit back and get it.”

Berners-Lee has been an outspoken critic of the American and British spy agencies’ surveillance of citizens following the revelations by National Security Agency whistleblower Edward Snowden. In the light of what has emerged, he said, people were looking for an overhaul of how the security services were managed.


Reporteros Sin Fronteras (RSF) nombra a Estados Unidos como “enemigo de internet” – BioBioChile

Reporteros Sin Fronteras (RSF) nombra a Estados Unidos como “enemigo de internet” – BioBioChile.

 

US Embassy Panama (CC)US Embassy Panama (CC)

 

Publicado por Christian Leal | La Información es de Agencia AFP

 

Estados Unidos y Gran Bretaña figuran entre los “enemigos de internet” señalados este miércoles en un informe anual de la organización Reporteros Sin Fronteras (RSF).

Publicado con motivo del día internacional contra la censura, el informe acusa a 31 instituciones como “enemigas de internet”, algunas de ellas pertenecientes a democracias tradicionalmente consideradas como respetuosas de las libertades individuales.

RSF incluyó en su lista negra a la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad (NSA) de Estados Unidos y al Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) de Gran Bretaña.

La NSA y el GCHQ, afirma, “espiaron las comunicaciones de varios millones de ciudadanos, incluyendo numerosos periodistas, introdujeron deliberadamente fallas de seguridad en estructuras destinadas a realizar búsquedas en internet, y piratearon el corazón mismo de la red en el marco de los programas Quantum Insert para la NSA y Tempora para el GCHQ”.

“Internet era un bien común, el NSA y el GCHQ lo convirtieron en arma al servicio de intereses particulares, atentando al pasar contra la libertad de información, la libertad de expresión y el derecho a la vida privada”, denuncia RSF, que también señala a un organismo de vigilancia de telecomunicaciones de la India.

“Las prácticas de vigilancia de esos tres países, algunas de las cuales fueron reveladas por el lanzador de alerta Edward Snowden, son tanto más intolerables cuanto que son utilizadas por países autoritarios como Irán, China, Turkmenistán, Arabia Saudita o Bahrein para justificar sus propios atentados contra la libertad de información”.


Inventor de la Web pide una Constitución Mundial de Internet para protegerla contra la vigilancia – BioBioChile

Inventor de la Web pide una Constitución Mundial de Internet para protegerla contra la vigilancia – BioBioChile.

 

Zsuzsanna Kilian (SXC)Zsuzsanna Kilian (SXC)

Publicado por Christian Leal | La Información es de Agencia AFP
 

Para el 25º aniversario de la World Wide Web, su inventor llamó este miércoles a la creación de una Carta de Internet, preocupado por las recientes revelaciones sobre la vigilancia gubernamental a los internautas.

Tim Berners-Lee, quien el 12 de marzo de 1989 publicó un artículo considerado el acta de nacimiento de la World Wide Web (www), realizó esta propuesta en el marco de la campaña “la web que queremos”, por una Internet libre.

“Necesitamos una Constitución mundial (Carta)” al respecto, declaró al diario británico The Guardian.

“Salvo que tengamos una Internet libre, neutral, en la cual podamos apoyarnos sin preguntarnos qué ocurre entre bambalinas, no podremos tener un gobierno libre, con una buena democracia, un buen sistema de salud, con comunidades conectadas y diversidad cultural”, dijo.

“No es algo ingenuo creer que podamos contar con ello, pero sí es ingenuo pensar que quedándonos de brazos cruzados lo vamos a obtener”, agregó, precisando que los internautas se han vuelto complacientes ante su pérdida de libertad en la red.


Edward Snowden 'humbled' by his election as Glasgow University rector | World news | The Guardian

Edward Snowden ‘humbled’ by his election as Glasgow University rector | World news | The Guardian.

In statement to the Guardian, NSA whistleblower describes vote as bold and historic decision in support of academic freedom
Edward Snowden

Edward Snowden, the NSA whistleblower. Photograph: Guardian

NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden said he was humbled and honoured after Glasgow University students voted overwhelmingly for him to serve as their rector for the next three years.

In a statement to the Guardian, Snowden described it as bold and historic decision in support of academic freedom. “In a world where so many of our developing thoughts and queries and plans must be entrusted to the open internet, mass surveillance is not simply a matter of privacy, but of academic freedom and human liberty,” Snowden said.

The vote is purely symbolic as Snowden is unlikely to be in a position to become a working rector, able to represent students at meetings of the university’s administrators. He is wanted by the US for leaking tens of thousands of documents to journalists and has been granted temporary asylum in Russia.

The result of the online election was announced to candidates and their supporters shortly after polls closed at 5pm on Tuesday.


Internet governance too US-centric, says European commission | Technology | The Guardian

Internet governance too US-centric, says European commission | Technology | The Guardian.

Commission says NSA revelations call into question US role in internet governance, which should be more global
Neelie Kroes

Neelie Kroes, the European commissioner for digital affairs. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

The mass surveillance carried out by the US National Security Agencymeans that governance of the internet has to be made more international and less dominated by America, the European Union‘s executive has declared.

Setting out proposals on how the world wide web should function and be regulated, the European commission called for a shift away from the California-based Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (Icann), which is subject to US law, is contracted by the US administration and is empowered to supervise how digital traffic operates.

“Recent revelations of large-scale surveillance have called into question the stewardship of the US when it comes to internet governance,” said the commission.

“Given the US-centric model of internet governance currently in place, it is necessary to broker a smooth transition to a more global model while at the same time protecting the underlying values of open multi-stakeholder governance …


Protesta global contra la vigilancia masiva, 11 de febrero de 2014: @DayWeFightBack | Manzana Mecánica

Protesta global contra la vigilancia masiva, 11 de febrero de 2014: @DayWeFightBack | Manzana Mecánica.

En el 2012 la ley SOPA fue derrotada por una coalición de internautas que consiguió levantar una protesta masiva. Esta protesta comenzó con banners en varios sitios web incluyendo la Wikipedia, y culminó en miles de llamadas que los congresistas norteamericanos no pudieron ignorar. En el 2013 algo similar sucedió con el tratado ACTA en Europa, con masivas movilizaciones en las calles que terminaron con una contundente votación de rechazo en el parlamento Europeo.

Para este 11 de febrero está convocada una manifestación global en contra de la vigilancia masiva. Todo tipo de acciones creativas son bienvenidas. Por ejemplo, puedes poner un banner o cambiar tu foto de perfil ese día. El objetivo es decirle a los gobiernos del mundo que los ciudadanos no toleraremos que sigan tomándose atribuciones que no tienen.

La protesta es convocada por una serie de organizaciones incluyendo EFF, ACLU y Mozilla, así como sitios web de altísimo tráfico como Reddit y Boingboing.


Revelan que Canadá recogió datos de viajeros en aeropuertos a través de WiFi – BioBioChile

Revelan que Canadá recogió datos de viajeros en aeropuertos a través de WiFi – BioBioChile.

Aeropuerto Internacional de Vancouver | IDuke (cc) – Wikipedia

Aeropuerto Internacional de Vancouver | IDuke (cc) – Wikipedia

Publicado por Gabriela Ulloa | La Información es de Agencia AFP
La inteligencia de Canadá realizó, para la NSA de Estados Unidos y otras agencias de inteligencia extranjeras, una prueba de recolección de datos de viajeros que pasaron por los aeropuertos y se conectaron a servicios WiFi, lo que permitió rastrearlos por días, informó la CBC.

La Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) dijo que documentos filtrados por el ex agente de inteligencia de la NSA, Edward Snowden, muestran que la Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC) podía seguir los movimientos de los canadienses que pasaron por los aeropuertos y se conectaban a los sistemas inalámbricos WiFi con teléfonos móviles, tabletas y computadoras portátiles.

El documento muestra que la agencia podía realizar un seguimiento de los viajeros durante una semana o más en tanto sus dispositivos inalámbricos los identificaban a través del WiFi en otras ciudades de Canadá, e incluso en los aeropuertos de Estados Unidos.


Edward Snowden nominated for Nobel peace prize | World news | theguardian.com

Edward Snowden nominated for Nobel peace prize | World news | theguardian.com.

  • theguardian.com
Edward Snowden

Edward Snowden will be one of scores of names being considered by the Nobel prize committee. Photograph: The Guardian/AFP/Getty Images

Two Norwegian politicians say they have jointly nominated the former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden for the 2014Nobel peace prize.

The Socialist Left party politicians Baard Vegar Solhjell, a former environment minister, and Snorre Valen said the public debate and policy changes in the wake of Snowden’s whistleblowing had “contributed to a more stable and peaceful world order”.

Being nominated means Snowden will be one of scores of names that the Nobel committee will consider for the prestigious award.


Líderes de empresas tecnológicas piden cambio ambicioso en políticas de espionaje estadounidense – BioBioChile

Líderes de empresas tecnológicas piden cambio ambicioso en políticas de espionaje estadounidense – BioBioChile.

Publicado por Paula Ramírez | La Información es de Agencia AFPJohn T. Chambers | Wikipedia

John T. Chambers | Wikipedia

Directivos de grandes empresas tecnológicas reunidos en Davos pidieron este miércoles a las autoridades un cambio ambicioso en sus políticas de espionaje, tras el escándalo de las escuchas masivas de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad (NSA) norteamericana.

Los directivos reunidos en los Alpes suizos con motivo del Foro Económico Mundial dijeron que las demandas de seguridad de los gobiernos suponen un riesgo para su negocio.

“Lo que se ha visto en todo el mundo es el salvaje oeste”, dijo John T. Chambers, presidente de la compañía de sistemas Cisco, en un foro sobre el mundo digital.

“Tenemos que recuperar la confianza con nuestros usuarios”, dijo Marissa Mayer, consejera delegada del portal de internet Yahoo!.

“La confianza se ha resentido no sólo en Estados Unidos, sino también a nivel internacional, en países que están muy inquietos por lo que la NSA vigila”, añadió Mayer.

Según ella, los usuarios de internet y las empresas del sector deben poder conocer “qué tipo de datos nos piden (las autoridades), y cómo van a utilizarse esos datos”.

La semana pasada, el presidente de Estados Unidos, Barack Obama, anunció restricciones al sistema de vigilancia de comunicaciones de la NSA, aunque advirtió que mantendrá esta actividad para prevenir el terrorismo.

Los directivos reunidos en Davos indicaron que el diálogo con sus compañías apenas ha comenzado, y que se necesitan leyes más adaptadas para internet.

“De momento es muy difuso” el panorama, dijo Gavin Patterson, director ejecutivo de BT Group, grupo británico de telecomunicaciones.

“La legislación y la regulación tienen que ponerse al día”, según él.

Randall Stephenson, consejero delegado del grupo estadounidense de telecomunicaciones AT&T, recordó que el debate comenzó tras los ataques del 11 de septiembre de 2001 en Estados Unidos, cuando la seguridad se convirtió en una exigencia absoluta.

Pero según él, ahora se necesita “un equilibrio”.

“Creo que el cliente tiene mucho que decir en cuanto a de qué lado se inclina esta balanza”, declaró.

Patterson dijo que no cree posible que se respete la privacidad al 100%, ya que hace falta un mínimo de vigilancia para combatir la criminalidad.

Según Mayer, las autoridades de Estados Unidos ya dan alguna información a Yahoo! sobre el destino de los datos que recaban, pero es necesario que esta política se amplíe a la poderosa NSC.

El directivo de Cisco pidió normas “con las que todo el mundo pueda vivir, en especial en países aliados”, en una referencia velada a las alegaciones de que Estados Unidos espió las comunicaciones de líderes aliados como la canciller alemana, Angela Merkel, o el presidente mexicano, Enrique Peña Nieto.

En otro debate en el Foro Económico Mundial, el secretario general de Amnistía Internacional, Salil Shetty, denunció “un falso debate entre seguridad y protección de los ciudadanos”.

“No se puede tener una vigilancia masiva, es simplemente una violación de la legislación internacional”.

En la misma línea, el senador demócrata por Vermont Patrick J. Leahy dijo que “la recolección masiva de datos de teléfonos celulares tiene que parar”.


Independent commission to investigate future of internet after NSA revelations | World news | theguardian.com

Independent commission to investigate future of internet after NSA revelations | World news | theguardian.com.

Network cable

The investigation will focus on state censorship of the internet and issues of privacy and surveillance raised by Edward Snowden. Photograph: Oliver Berg/DPA/Corbis

A major independent commission headed by the Swedish foreign minister, Carl Bildt, was launched on Wednesday to investigate the future of the internet in the wake of the Edward Snowden revelations.

The two-year inquiry, announced at the World Economic Forum at Davos, will be wide-ranging but focus primarily on state censorship of the internet as well as the issues of privacy and surveillance raised by the Snowden leaks about America’s NSA and Britain’s GCHQ spy agencies.

The investigation, which will be conducted by a 25-member panel of politicians, academics, former intelligence officials and others from around the world, is an acknowledgement of the concerns about freedom raised by the debate.

Bildt, the former Swedish prime minister, said: “The rapid evolution of the net has been made possible by the open and flexible model by which it has evolved and been governed. But increasingly this is coming under attack.

“And this is happening as issues of net freedom, net security and net surveillance are increasingly debated. Net freedom is as fundamental as freedom of information and freedom of speech in our societies.”


Human Rights Watch critica el peligroso ejemplo de la NSA – BioBioChile

Human Rights Watch critica el peligroso ejemplo de la NSA – BioBioChile.

Publicado por Alberto Gonzalez | La Información es de Agencia AFPImagen de Archivo | Hades2k (cc)

Imagen de Archivo | Hades2k (cc)

Estados Unidos y su programa generalizado de vigilancia son un peligroso ejemplo para otros países, considera la ONG Human Rights Watch (HRW) en su informe anual, presentado este martes en Berlín y en el que también denuncia la situación política en Venezuela.

El texto, que analiza la situación de los derechos humanos en más de 90 países, considera que la falta de respeto a la vida privada por parte de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad (NSA) estadounidense permitirá a los Estados represivos imponer restricciones en la libertad de expresión.

La ONG, con sede en Nueva York, señala que el Gobierno estadounidense dispone de una “posición excepcional para vigilar las comunicaciones mundiales, ya que la mayoría de los datos de internet circulan por territorio estadounidense”, por lo que tiene una responsabilidad especial en la defensa de los derechos de los individuos.

En una entrevista con la AFP, el director ejecutivo de HRW, Kenneth Roth, consideró que países como China, Rusia e India toman ejemplo de la NSA para minar el respeto a la vida privada.

En reacción a la vigilancia de la NSA “muchos países van a crear internets locales, y van a forzar a los grupos de este sector a mantener los datos de sus usuarios en su país”, añadió.