Shadow Brokers threaten to unleash more hacking tools | Technology | The Guardian

The so-called Shadow Brokers, who claimed responsibility for releasing NSA tools that were used to spread the WannaCry ransomware through the NHS and across the world, said they have a new suite of tools and vulnerabilities in newer software. The possible targets include Microsoft’s Windows 10, which was unaffected by the initial attack and is on at least 500m devices around the world.

Fuente: Shadow Brokers threaten to unleash more hacking tools | Technology | The Guardian


Leaked NSA Malware Is Helping Hijack Computers Around the World

In mid-April, an arsenal of powerful software tools apparently designed by the NSA to infect and control Windows computers was leaked by an entity known only as the “Shadow Brokers.” Not even a whole month later, the hypothetical threat that criminals would use the tools against the general public has become real, and tens of thousands of computers worldwide are now crippled by an unknown party demanding ransom.

Fuente: Leaked NSA Malware Is Helping Hijack Computers Around the World


Microsoft responsabiliza a la Agencia de Seguridad Nacional de EE.UU. de propiciar el ciberataque masivo que afectó al menos a 150 países – El Mostrador

El gigante de la informática criticó el papel de los gobiernos y organizaciones que coleccionan vulnerabilidades informáticas que después pueden ser robadas o vendidas a delincuentes informáticos. La empresa pide que lo sucedido sea una lección para erradicar esta práctica en el mundo.

Fuente: Microsoft responsabiliza a la Agencia de Seguridad Nacional de EE.UU. de propiciar el ciberataque masivo que afectó al menos a 150 países – El Mostrador


Empresas tecnológicas denuncian decreto antiinmigración de Trump ante la justicia

Varias decenas de empresas tecnológicas, incluidas Apple, Facebook, Google, Microsoft y Twitter, presentaron la noche del domingo un documento legal ante la justicia de Estados Unidos contra el decreto antiinmigración del presidente Donald Trump.

Fuente: Empresas tecnológicas denuncian decreto antiinmigración de Trump ante la justicia


It might be trending, but that doesn’t make it true | John Naughton | Opinion | The Guardian

As the fallout from the first US presidential debate showed, taking social media at face value is foolhardy

Fuente: It might be trending, but that doesn’t make it true | John Naughton | Opinion | The Guardian


Obama puts Congress on notice: TPP is coming – POLITICO

But the deal is going nowhere until the White House addresses a number of concerns lawmakers have raised about the trade agreement, which Canada, Mexico, Japan and eight other countries joined the United States in signing last February.

Fuente: Obama puts Congress on notice: TPP is coming – POLITICO


TPP y Sistemas de Arbitraje Inversor-Estado: La soberanía de los pueblos retrocede ante las transnacionales – Resumen

El Acuerdo Transpacífico o TPP representa un sofisticado instrumento jurídico orientado a maximizar los beneficios de empresas transnacionales que operen en los países adheridos a él. Si bien, las conversaciones respecto a sus condiciones concluyeron el 5 de octubre de 2015, recién el 26 de enero de 2016 y el 8 de febrero de 2016, la Dirección General de Relaciones Económicas Internacionales [DIRECON], publicó sus versiones en inglés y en castellano, respectivamente

Fuente: TPP y Sistemas de Arbitraje Inversor-Estado: La soberanía de los pueblos retrocede ante las transnacionales – Resumen


Chile Mejor Sin TPP –

Somos un grupo de diversas organizaciones, movimientos, parlamentari@s y ciudadan@s que conformamos esta plataforma ciudadana en rechazo a al secretismo y violación de los DD.HH por parte del Acuerdo Transpacífico (TPP).

Fuente: Chile Mejor Sin TPP – Somos un grupo de diversas organizaciones, movimientos, parlamentari@s y ciudadan@s que conformamos esta plataforma ciudadana en rechazo a al secretismo y violación de los DD.HH por parte del Acuerdo Transpacífico (TPP).


Five Big Unanswered Questions About NSA’s Worldwide Spying

Nearly three years after NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden gave journalists his trove of documents on the intelligence community’s broad and powerful surveillance regime, the public is still missing some crucial, basic facts about how the operations work.Surveillance researchers and privacy advocates published a report on Wednesday outlining what we do know, thanks to the period of discovery post-Snowden — and the overwhelming amount of things we don’t.

Fuente: Five Big Unanswered Questions About NSA’s Worldwide Spying


Cómo es el 'Google' secreto de la NSA y cuáles son sus peligros

Cómo es el ‘Google’ secreto de la NSA y cuáles son sus peligros.


La última filtración de los “papeles de Snowden” revela la creación del buscador ICREACH para rastrear entre los metadatos espiados

La herramienta pudo servir para detenciones e interrogatorios de sospechosos

El anterior director de la NSA, Keith Alexander, ahora consultor privado, fue su promotor

Cárcel de Guantánamo. Foto: EFE

Aunque hace más de un año empezaron a salir a la luz las prácticas de espionaje masivo de la NSA con la publicación del rastreo de las llamadas de los usuarios de Verizon, el caso está lejos de cerrarse.

El último de los programas conocidos, revelado por “The Intercept” la semana pasada, es “ICREACH”, un buscador que la NSA habría desarrollado en secreto para rastrear entre miles de millones de metadatos obtenidos en sus actividades de espionaje indiscriminado.

Se trata, entre los sistemas de espionaje hasta ahora desvelados, de uno de los más graves por la cesión de millones de datos registrados a otras agencias como la CIA, el FBI o la DEA (que carecen del control y autorización excepcional con que supuestamente contaría la NSA), porquehabría servido para detenciones e interrogatorios a quienes se consideraban sospechosos “a la luz” del tratamiento de dichos metadatos.

Estas prácticas vulnerarían, tal como apuntaron enseguida las primeras reacciones, la Cuarta Enmienda de la Constitución norteamericana que establece que solo se podrá ser objeto de investigación o detención por causas “razonables”:

“El derecho de los habitantes de que sus personas, domicilios, papeles y efectos se hallen a salvo de pesquisas y aprehensiones arbitrarias, será inviolable, y no se expedirán al efecto mandamientos que no se apoyen en un motivo verosímil…”


The US government can brand you a terrorist based on a Facebook post. We can't let them make up the rules | Arjun Sethi | Comment is free | theguardian.com

The US government can brand you a terrorist based on a Facebook post. We can’t let them make up the rules | Arjun Sethi | Comment is free | theguardian.com.

Innocent people’s lives are being ruined. Why isn’t anyone watching the watchlist? 

facebook surveillance illustration
Reasonable suspicion is based on a circular logic – people can be watchlisted if they are suspected of being suspected terrorists – that is ultimately backwards, and must be changed. Illustration: Joelle L / Flickr via Creative Commons Illustration: Joelle L / Flickr via Creative Commons

The US government’s web of surveillance is vast and interconnected. Now we know just how opaque, inefficient and discriminatory it can be.

As we were reminded again just this week, you can be pulled into the National Security Agency’s database quietly and quickly, and the consequences can be long and enduring. Through ICREACH, a Google-style search engine created for the intelligence community, the NSA provides data on private communications to 23 government agencies. More than 1,000 analysts had access to that information.

This kind of data sharing, however, isn’t limited to the latest from Edward Snowden’s NSA files. It was confirmed earlier this month that the FBI shares its master watchlist, the Terrorist Screening Database, with at least 22 foreign governments, countless federal agencies, state and local law enforcement, plus private contractors.

The watchlist tracks “known” and “suspected” terrorists and includes both foreigners and Americans. It’s also based on loose standards and secret evidence, which ensnares innocent people. Indeed, the standards are so low that the US government’s guidelines specifically allow for a single, uncorroborated source of information – including a Facebook or Twitter post – to serve as the basis for placing you on its master watchlist.

Of the 680,000 individuals on that FBI master list, roughly 40% have “no recognized terrorist group affiliation”, according to the Intercept. These individuals don’t even have a connection – as the government loosely defines it – to a designated terrorist group, but they are still branded as suspected terrorists.

The absurdities don’t end there. Take Dearborn, Michigan, a city with a population under 100,000 that is known for its large Arab American community – and has more watchlisted residents than any other city in America except New York.

These eye-popping numbers are largely the result of the US government’s use of a loose standard – so-called “reasonable suspicion” – in determining who, exactly, can be watchlisted.

Reasonable suspicion is such a low standard because it requires neither “concrete evidence” nor “irrefutable evidence”. Instead, an official is permitted to consider “reasonable inferences” and “to draw from the facts in light of his/her experience”.

Consider a real world context – actual criminal justice – where an officer needs reasonable suspicion to stop a person in the street and ask him or her a few questions. Courts have controversially held that avoiding eye contact with an officer, traveling alone, and traveling late at night, for example, all amount to reasonable suspicion.

This vague criteria is now being used to label innocent people as terrorism suspects.


ICREACH: How the NSA Built Its Own Secret Google -The Intercept

ICREACH: How the NSA Built Its Own Secret Google -The Intercept.

 

architecture
By 200

The National Security Agency is secretly providing data to nearly two dozen U.S. government agencies with a “Google-like” search engine built to share more than 850 billion records about phone calls, emails, cellphone locations, and internet chats, according to classified documents obtained by The Intercept.

The documents provide the first definitive evidence that the NSA has for years made massive amounts of surveillance data directly accessible to domestic law enforcement agencies. Planning documents for ICREACH, as the search engine is called, cite the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Drug Enforcement Administration as key participants.

ICREACH contains information on the private communications of foreigners and, it appears, millions of records on American citizens who have not been accused of any wrongdoing. Details about its existence are contained in the archive of materials provided to The Intercept by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden.

Earlier revelations sourced to the Snowden documents have exposed a multitude of NSA programs for collecting large volumes of communications. The NSA has acknowledged that it shares some of its collected data with domestic agencies like the FBI, but details about the method and scope of its sharing have remained shrouded in secrecy.


Cisco Systems to cut 6000 jobs

Cisco Systems to cut 6000 jobs.

Cisco has had to make more adjustments to counter sluggish sales.Cisco has had to make more adjustments to counter sluggish sales. Photo: Albert Gea

In what has become almost an annual ritual, computer networking and communications colossus Cisco Systems on Wednesday said it was laying off thousands of employees as it struggles with sluggish sales and a range of fierce competitors.

The company announced 6000 job cuts on a conference call following its quarterly earnings report, or roughly 8 per cent of its workforce, and has trimmed nearly 20,000 jobs worldwide over the last five years. Although Chief Financial Officer Frank Calderoni said the company expected to reinvest much of the savings from the cuts announced Wednesday into key growth areas, Cisco officials would not say how many new people would be hired in those areas or where they would be employed. They also did not say where the cuts would occur.

A spokeswoman for Cisco Australia said the cuts would have a global impact. It’s understood the company employees around 1000 people in Australia.

Noting that the San Jose corporation needs to make changes to keep pace with rapidly changing technology, Baird Equity Research analyst Jayson Noland said “it’s probably frustrating to be an employee there when they are going to have major restructuring efforts like this every year or two.” But he added, “if your skills are stale as an engineer or as a sales and marketing guy, you’re running the risk of being replaced.”

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Cisco is Silicon Valley’s fifth-biggest corporation by revenue, but its sales have been blunted by the sluggish global economy. It also faces competition from recent start-ups to more established corporations such as Juniper Networks of Sunnyvale and Brocade Communications Systems of San Jose.


The Trans-Pacific Partnership Isn't Going to Happen Anytime Soon

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Isn’t Going to Happen Anytime Soon.

Whatever shortcomings it may have, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreement should not have problems with self-esteem. When former Secretary of State James Baker last month listed seven keys to restoring U.S. leadership in the world, the TPP came in at number four. For Japan, the TPP sits atop the list of structural reform measures for Abenomics’ so-called “third arrow.” But when will the TPP transform from an idealized vision to an actual, concluded trade agreement?

Fans have been waiting for quite a while. The United States joined the talks almost six years ago, at the very end of the Bush presidency. There were high hopes in late 2011, when the United States hosted the annual APEC leaders summit in Hawaii. Trade mavens anticipated a breakthrough this spring, first at a Singapore ministerial and then again when President Obama visited Tokyo to talk trade. At each stage, negotiators have emitted frameworks, landing zones, targets and understandings — everything short of an actual trade agreement.

Last month, after a meeting with New Zealand Prime Minister John Key, Obama said: “Our hope is by the time we see each other again in November, when I travel to Asia, we should have something that we have consulted with Congress about, that the public can take a look at, and we can make a forceful argument to go ahead and close the deal.” That was not exactly an ironclad promise of a November conclusion, but it was widely interpreted as a potential due date.

Of course, it’s totally unrealistic.


Los gigantes tecnológicos pagan el precio por el caso Snowden

Los gigantes tecnológicos pagan el precio por el caso Snowden.

Un año después de las revelaciones del extécnico de la NSA Edward Snowden, grandes empresas como Microsoft, IBM o Cisco sufren las consecuencias del ciberespionaje practicado por su Gobierno

 

 

Muchos recelan de los sistemas que provienen de Estados Unidos, incluido el mercado chino, esperanza de crecimiento para las tecnológicas.

Muchos recelan de los sistemas que provienen de Estados Unidos, incluido el mercado chino, esperanza de crecimiento para las tecnológicas.

 

El tradicional mimo con el que el Gobierno de Estados Unidos trata a sus empresas nacionales y las impulsa a hacer negocios en todo el mundo se ha visto malogrado en estos últimos 12 meses. Se acaba de cumplir un año desde que las primeras revelaciones de Edward Snowden estamparan las páginas de The Guardian y The Washington Post.

Tras el estupor inicial, el debate sobre la privacidad de los ciudadanos se desarrolla en diferentes países y aparece entre los usuarios la preocupación para evitar la dependencia de la tecnología estadounidense. Y entre los principales afectados se encuentran nombres como IBM, Cisco o Microsoft.

Las empresas de Estados Unidos son las que más tecnología exportan a todo el mundo y la amenaza de posibles puertas traseras en sus sistemas es también una amenaza para su negocio. Apenas un mes después del escándalo, más de 50 compañías pidieron en una carta a Barack Obama permiso para ser más transparentes sobre la información que tenían que pasar al gobierno. Fue el primer intento –tímido– por evitar que sus negocios salieran malparados.

A lo largo de este año transcurrido desde las revelaciones sobre la NSA se han podido comprobar los daños económicos más inmediatos para las compañías tecnológicas e incluso estimar los que podrían darse en el futuro. Aun así existen muchos contratos firmados por varios años, con lo que las verdaderas consecuencias se sabrán a medida que vayan expirando estos contratos.

Microsoft ya ha perdido algunos clientes, tanto es así que el pasado mes de enero anunció que permitirá a los usuarios elegir en qué país se almacenarán sus datos. El golpe más importante para la compañía de Redmond ha sido el plan de Brasil para abandonar el uso de Microsoft Outlook, sustituyéndolo por su propio sistema de correo electrónico, con centros de datos locales. De paso, también se ha cancelado un acuerdo de 4.000 millones de dólares por el que el país carioca iba a comprar aviones de combate a Estados Unidos.

La comunicación entre Brasil y Europa hasta ahora se producía mediante cables submarinos estadounidenses, pero la UE y el Gobierno brasileño han aprobado la construcción de nuevos cables, que correrá a cargo de empresas brasileñas y españolas. Mientras que otros países de Latinoamérica, bajo la bandera de UNASUR, están pensando en la posibilidad de crear su propio sistema de comunicaciones a prueba del espionaje de la NSA.


How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance Dragnet – The Intercept

How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance Dragnet – The Intercept.

By 
Featured photo - How Secret Partners Expand NSA’s Surveillance DragnetTop-secret documents reveal how the NSA has established secret partnerships to spy on huge flows of private data.

Huge volumes of private emails, phone calls, and internet chats are being intercepted by the National Security Agency with the secret cooperation of more foreign governments than previously known, according to newly disclosed documents from whistleblower Edward Snowden.

The classified files, revealed today by the Danish newspaper Dagbladet Information in a reporting collaboration with The Intercept, shed light on how the NSA’s surveillance of global communications has expanded under a clandestine program, known as RAMPART-A, that depends on the participation of a growing network of intelligence agencies.

It has already been widely reported that the NSA works closely with eavesdropping agencies in the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia as part of the so-called Five Eyes surveillance alliance. But the latest Snowden documents show that a number of other countries, described by the NSA as “third-party partners,” are playing an increasingly important role – by secretly allowing the NSA to install surveillance equipment on their fiber-optic cables.

The NSA documents state that under RAMPART-A, foreign partners “provide access to cables and host U.S. equipment.” This allows the agency to covertly tap into “congestion points around the world” where it says it can intercept the content of phone calls, faxes, e-mails, internet chats, data from virtual private networks, and calls made using Voice over IP software like Skype.

The program, which the secret files show cost U.S. taxpayers about $170 million between 2011 and 2013, sweeps up a vast amount of communications at lightning speed. According to the intelligence community’s classified “Black Budget” for 2013, RAMPART-A enables the NSA to tap into three terabits of data every second as the data flows across the compromised cables – the equivalent of being able to download about 5,400 uncompressed high-definition movies every minute.


US tech groups must adapt to life after Edward Snowden – FT.com

US tech groups must adapt to life after Edward Snowden – FT.com.

Many early tenets of the internet age no longer apply
Demonstrators hold placards featuring an image of former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden as they take part in a protest against the US National Security Agency (NSA) collecting German emails, online chats and phone calls and sharing some of it with the country's intelligence services in Berlin©AFP

Demonstrators hold placards featuring former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden in protest against intelligence services

On the anniversary of Edward Snowden’s revelations that lifted the lid on US internet surveillance, it is worth pondering how much things have changed for American tech companies – and, by extension, their investors.

Like the world before the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the pre-Snowden internet is starting to feel like a more innocent, far-off place. The ascendancy of American internet companies seemed unshakeable. With the exception of China and one or two other countries, there was little to disturb their dominance.

In retrospect, some of the received wisdom from that time is now starting to sound complacent. Its tenets included a borderless internet where information would always flow freely; a standard set of services delivered globally to an audience numbering in the billions; freedom from much of the regulation that encumbers companies trapped in the physical world; and the untrammelled ability to amass large amounts of data to feed evermore refined ad targeting. None of these things feels as assured as it once did.

In reality, the ground had already been shifting, as politicians and regulators took a keener interest in the expanding digital realm. Any hopes of retaining the light-touch regulation of the internet’s early days, when governments were grappling with its implications, already looked like wishful thinking. But the shock from the Snowden disclosures has greatly accelerated the shift.

However it plays out in detail, the direction is clear. Regulations will be tougher and courts more prone to set limits – as Google found last month, when it was ordered to extend a new “right to be forgotten” to people in Europe. Foreign customers will be more likely to consider buying from local suppliers, often with encouragement from their governments. In extreme cases, the Snowden leaks will provide an excuse to shut out US companies altogether on security grounds.

The reaction has been most obvious in countries such as China, which picked this week’s 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown to step up its rhetorical assault on US internet companies, and Russia, which is leading the way in pushing for data about its citizens to be held on local servers.

One result of all of this, inevitably, will be higher costs. Breaking up the big data holdings of cloud companies into national or regional pools would eat into the scale economies the digital world makes possible. Even without this, more onerous privacy rules are likely to raise the compliance stakes, while limiting the room to experiment with new ways of making money from customer data.

These may be costs worth paying. But in the wake of the Snowden disclosures, there is a danger of excessive reactions that cut into the potential benefits of digital services.

The internet companies, while struggling to reassure their users, are paying the penalty for having appeared in the past to have put their own commercial interests first. Moves like Facebook’s attempt last week to give its members more control over the privacy of their personal data, for instance, may have come too late to change the perception.

US cloud services companies that sell to governments or business customers, meanwhile, will face different pressures. For some, the response will be to rely more heavily on local partners to deliver their services and act as the front line in dealing with regulators. That could lead to more “white label” services from American companies that recede into the background.

Stronger competition in some foreign markets also looks likely as national governments promote their local champions. In China, IBM and Microsoft have been beset by recent reports of official encouragement for some big customers to stop buying their technology.

However, the lock that US companies have in many corners of the IT industry makes it hard to predict how quickly serious competition will emerge. It may be relatively easy to find alternative suppliers for the routers or switches made by a Cisco or the industry-standard servers from a Hewlett-Packard, but much US tech is not quickly replaceable. And when it comes to the type of cloud services that are starting to play a bigger role in IT provision, American companies have taken a definitive early lead.

None of this changes the new realities, though. As the expanding digital platforms of companies like Google and Facebook encroached deeper into everyday life, it was inevitable that they would attract greater scrutiny, envy and resistance. The test for US internet companies in the post-Snowden era will be how well they adapt to the changing times.

Richard Waters is the Financial Times’ West Coast Editor

 


Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian

Privacy under attack: the NSA files revealed new threats to democracy | Technology | The Guardian.

Thanks to Edward Snowden, we know the apparatus of repression has been covertly attached to the democratic state. However, our struggle to retain privacy is far from hopeless

US National Security Agency
The US National Security Agency threat operations centre in Fort Meade, Maryland, in 2006. Photograph: Paul Richards/AFP/Getty Images

In the third chapter of his History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon gave two reasons why the slavery into which the Romans had tumbled under Augustus and his successors left them more wretched than any previous human slavery. In the first place, Gibbon said, the Romans had carried with them into slavery the culture of a free people: their language and their conception of themselves as human beings presupposed freedom. And thus, says Gibbon, for a long time the Romans preserved the sentiments – or at least the ideas – of a freeborn people. In the second place, the empire of the Romans filled all the world, and when that empire fell into the hands of a single person, the world was a safe and dreary prison for his enemies. As Gibbon wrote, to resist was fatal, and it was impossible to fly.

The power of that Roman empire rested in its leaders’ control of communications. The Mediterranean was their lake. Across their European empire, from Scotland to Syria, they pushed roads that 15 centuries later were still primary arteries of European transportation. Down those roads the emperor marched his armies. Up those roads he gathered his intelligence. The emperors invented the posts to move couriers and messages at the fastest possible speed.

Using that infrastructure, with respect to everything that involved the administration of power, the emperor made himself the best-informed person in the history of the world.

That power eradicated human freedom. “Remember,” said Cicero to Marcellus in exile, “wherever you are, you are equally within the power of the conqueror.”

The empire of the United States after the second world war also depended upon control of communications. This was more evident when, a mere 20 years later, the United States was locked in a confrontation of nuclear annihilation with the Soviet Union. In a war of submarines hidden in the dark below the continents, capable of eradicating human civilisation in less than an hour, the rule of engagement was “launch on warning”. Thus the United States valued control of communications as highly as the Emperor Augustus. Its listeners too aspired to know everything.

We all know that the United States has for decades spent as much on its military might as all other powers in the world combined. Americans are now realising what it means that we applied to the stealing of signals and the breaking of codes a similar proportion of our resources in relation to the rest of the world.

The US system of listening comprises a military command controlling a large civilian workforce. That structure presupposes the foreign intelligence nature of listening activities. Military control was a symbol and guarantee of the nature of the activity being pursued. Wide-scale domestic surveillance under military command would have violated the fundamental principle of civilian control.

Instead what it had was a foreign intelligence service responsible to the president as military commander-in-chief. The chain of military command absolutely ensured respect for the fundamental principle “no listening here”. The boundary between home and away distinguished the permissible from the unconstitutional.

The distinction between home and away was at least technically credible, given the reality of 20th-century communications media, which were hierarchically organised and very often state-controlled.

When the US government chose to listen to other governments abroad – to their militaries, to their diplomatic communications, to their policymakers where possible – they were listening in a world of defined targets. The basic principle was: hack, tap, steal. We listened, we hacked in, we traded, we stole.

In the beginning we listened to militaries and their governments. Later we monitored the flow of international trade as far as it engaged American national security interests.


Der Spiegel: NSA Put Merkel on List of 122 Targeted Leaders – The Intercept

Der Spiegel: NSA Put Merkel on List of 122 Targeted Leaders – The Intercept

By 


Featured photo - Der Spiegel: NSA Put Merkel on List of 122 Targeted LeadersGerman Chancellor Angela Merkel uses her mobile phone in Berlin in 2011. (AP File Photo/Gero Breloer)

Secret documents newly disclosed by the German newspaper Der Spiegel on Saturday shed more light on how aggressively the National Security Agency and its British counterpart have targeted Germany for surveillance.

A series of classified files from the archive provided to reporters by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, also seen by The Intercept, reveal that the NSA appears to have included Merkel in a surveillance database alongside more than 100 others foreign leaders. The documents also confirm for the first time that, in March 2013, the NSA obtained a top-secret court order against Germany as part of U.S. government efforts to monitor communications related to the country. Meanwhile, the British spy agency Government Communications Headquarters targeted three German companies in a clandestine operation that involved infiltrating the companies’ computer servers and eavesdropping on the communications of their staff.

Der Spiegel, which has already sketched out over several stories the vast extent of American and British targeting of German people and institutions, broke the news last October that Merkel’s cellphone calls were being tapped by the NSA – sparking a diplomatic backlash that strained US-Germany relations. Now a new document, dated 2009, indicates that Merkel was targeted in a broader NSA surveillance effort. She appears to have been placed in the NSA’s so-called “Target Knowledge Base“ (TKB), which Der Spiegel described as the central agency database of individual targets. An internal NSA description states that employees can use it to analyze “complete profiles“ of targeted people.

A classified file demonstrating an NSA search system named Nymrod shows Merkel listed alongside other heads of state. Only 11 names are shown on the document, including Syria’s Bashar al-Assad, Belarus’s Alexander Lukashenko, and Columbia’s Alvaro Uribe – the list is in alphabetical order by first name – but it indicates that the full list contains 122 names. The NSA uses the Nymrod system to “find information relating to targets that would otherwise be tough to track down,” according to internal NSA documentsNymrod sifts through secret reports based on intercepted communications as well as full transcripts of faxes, phone calls, and communications collected from computer systems. More than 300 “cites” for Merkel are listed as available in intelligence reports and transcripts for NSA operatives to read.

But the NSA’s surveillance of Germany has extended far beyond its leader. Der Spiegel reporters Marcel Rosenbach and Holger Stark – together with The Intercept’s Laura Poitras – described a separate document from the NSA’s Special Source Operations unit, which shows that the Obama administration obtained a top-secret court order specifically permitting it to monitor communications related to Germany. Special Source Operations is the NSA department that manages what the agency describes as its “corporate partnerships” with major US companies, including AT&T, Verizon, Microsoft, and Google. The order on Germany was issued by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court on March 7, 2013. The court issues annual certifications to the NSA that authorize the agency to intercept communications related to named countries or groups; it has provided similar authorization, Der Spiegel reported, for measures targeting China, Mexico, Japan, Venezuela, Yemen, Brazil, Sudan, Guatemala, Bosnia and Russia.


La NSA tenía un archivo con datos de 122 jefes de Estado | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La NSA tenía un archivo con datos de 122 jefes de Estado | Internacional | EL PAÍS.

La revista alemana ‘Der Spiegel’ revela que la base de datos incluye 300 informes sobre Merkel


La canciller Merkel este viernes en Berlín. / SEAN GALLUP (GETTY IMAGES)

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El espionaje de EEUU acumula “más de 300 informes” sobre la canciller alemana, Angela Merkel, informó este sábado el semanario Der Spiegel, que cita documentos obtenidos a través del extécnico de la inteligencia estadounidense Edward Snowden.

Estos informes, calificados de alto secreto, están en un archivo especial con datos de jefes de Estado y Gobierno que en mayo de 2009 contaba con fichas de 122 personas, entre ellas las de los entonces presidentes de Perú, Alan García; Guatemala, Álvaro Colom, y Colombia, Álvaro Uribe.

La lista de líderes internacionales espiados por EEUU arrancaba con Abdullah Badawi, el entonces recién dimitido primer ministro de Malasia, y concluía con Yulia Timoshenko, la líder opositora ucraniana, que en aquel momento era primera ministra de su país.

La justificación de espiar a estas personalidades extranjeras era lograr “informaciones” sobre “objetivos” que “de otra forma es difícil de conseguir”, según uno de los documentos a los que tuvo acceso Der Spiegel.


EE UU se dispone a renunciar a su control sobre Internet | Tecnología | EL PAÍS

EE UU se dispone a renunciar a su control sobre Internet | Tecnología | EL PAÍS.

Foro organizado por la ICANN en 2013. / MICHELLE QUINN (AP)

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El Departamento de Comercio de Estados Unidos ha anunciado este viernes su intención de renunciar al control que el Gobierno federal ejerce sobre la Corporación de Internet para la Asignación de Nombres y Números (ICANN, en sus siglas en inglés) –el organismo encargado de asignar las direcciones de protocolo IP y de gestionar el sistema de dominios-. La decisión se considera una cesión ante la presión internacional, especialmente por parte de la Unión Europea, para que abandone la supervisión de la estructura del ciberespacio, un apremio que se ha intensificado a raíz del escándalo de espionaje por parte de las agencias de inteligencia norteamericanas.

“Damos la bienvenida al inicio de este proceso de transición para que toda la comunidad global pueda estar completamente incluida”, ha señalado el presidente de la ICANN, Fadi Chehade. Las repercusiones de esta decisión no están claras, toda vez que va a ser EE UU quien establezca las condiciones y las pautas de ese traspaso de poder. El Departamento de Comercio quiere asegurarse de que la entidad que vaya a encargarse de la supervisión de la administración de Internet sea independiente, tenga la confianza de todos los internautas, empresarios y Gobiernos y garantice la seguridad y la libertad de la red. En el anuncio se ha excluido cualquier posibilidad de que sean las Naciones Unidas quienes tomen el testigo de Washington en las tareas de control, una posibilidad que han apoyado muchos países pero que siempre ha contado con la oposición frontal de la Administración estadounidense.


Foreign Officials In the Dark About Their Own Spy Agencies' Cooperation with NSA – The Intercept

Foreign Officials In the Dark About Their Own Spy Agencies’ Cooperation with NSA – The Intercept.

By 
Featured photo - Foreign Officials In the Dark About Their Own Spy Agencies’ Cooperation with NSAGerman Chancellor Angela Merkel

One of the more bizarre aspects of the last nine months of Snowden revelations is how top political officials in other nations have repeatedly demonstrated, or even explicitly claimed, wholesale ignorance about their nations’ cooperation with the National Security Agency, as well as their own spying activities. This has led to widespread speculation about the authenticity of these reactions: Were these top officials truly unaware, or were they pretending to be, in order to distance themselves from surveillance operations that became highly controversial once disclosed?

In Germany, when Der Spiegel first reported last June that the NSA was engaged in mass spying aimed at the German population, Chancellor Angela Merkel and other senior officials publicly expressed outrage – only for that paper to then reveal documents showing extensive cooperation between the NSA and the German spy agency BND. In the Netherlands, a cabinet minister was forced to survive a no-confidence vote after he admitted to having wrongfully attributed the collection of metadata from 1.8 million calls to the NSA rather than the Dutch spying agency.

In the UK, Chris Huhne, a former cabinet minister and member of the national security council until 2012, insisted that ministers were in “utter ignorance” about even the largest GCHQ spying program, known as Tempora, “or its US counterpart, the NSA’s Prism,” as well as “about their extraordinary capability to hoover up and store personal emails, voice contact, social networking activity and even internet searches.”

A similar controversy arose in the U.S., when the White House claimed that President Obama was kept unaware of the NSA’s surveillance of Merkel’s personal cell phone and those of other allied leaders. Senate Intelligence Committee Chairwoman Dianne Feinstein claimed the same ignorance, while an unnamed NSA source told a German newspaper that the White House knew.

A new NSA document published today by The Intercept sheds considerable light on these questions. The classified document contains an internal NSA interview with an official from the SIGINT Operations Group in NSA’s Foreign Affairs Directorate. Titled “What Are We After with Our Third Party Relationships? — And What Do They Want from Us, Generally Speaking?”, the discussion explores the NSA’s cooperative relationship with its surveillance partners. Upon being asked whether political shifts within those nations affect the NSA’s relationships, the SIGINT official explains why such changes generally have no effect: because only a handful of military officials in those countries are aware of the spying activities. Few, if any, elected leaders have any knowledge of the surveillance.

Are our foreign intelligence relationships usually insulated from short-term political ups and downs, or not?

(S//SI//REL) For a variety of reasons, our intelligence relationships are rarely disrupted by foreign political perturbations, international or domestic. First, we are helping our partners address critical intelligence shortfalls, just as they are assisting us. Second, in many of our foreign partners’ capitals, few senior officials outside of their defense-intelligence apparatuses are witting to any SIGINT connection to the U.S./NSA [emphasis added].

 


Internet governance too US-centric, says European commission | Technology | The Guardian

Internet governance too US-centric, says European commission | Technology | The Guardian.

Commission says NSA revelations call into question US role in internet governance, which should be more global
Neelie Kroes

Neelie Kroes, the European commissioner for digital affairs. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

The mass surveillance carried out by the US National Security Agencymeans that governance of the internet has to be made more international and less dominated by America, the European Union‘s executive has declared.

Setting out proposals on how the world wide web should function and be regulated, the European commission called for a shift away from the California-based Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (Icann), which is subject to US law, is contracted by the US administration and is empowered to supervise how digital traffic operates.

“Recent revelations of large-scale surveillance have called into question the stewardship of the US when it comes to internet governance,” said the commission.

“Given the US-centric model of internet governance currently in place, it is necessary to broker a smooth transition to a more global model while at the same time protecting the underlying values of open multi-stakeholder governance …


Edward Snowden nominated for Nobel peace prize | World news | theguardian.com

Edward Snowden nominated for Nobel peace prize | World news | theguardian.com.

  • theguardian.com
Edward Snowden

Edward Snowden will be one of scores of names being considered by the Nobel prize committee. Photograph: The Guardian/AFP/Getty Images

Two Norwegian politicians say they have jointly nominated the former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden for the 2014Nobel peace prize.

The Socialist Left party politicians Baard Vegar Solhjell, a former environment minister, and Snorre Valen said the public debate and policy changes in the wake of Snowden’s whistleblowing had “contributed to a more stable and peaceful world order”.

Being nominated means Snowden will be one of scores of names that the Nobel committee will consider for the prestigious award.


Human Rights Watch critica el peligroso ejemplo de la NSA – BioBioChile

Human Rights Watch critica el peligroso ejemplo de la NSA – BioBioChile.

Publicado por Alberto Gonzalez | La Información es de Agencia AFPImagen de Archivo | Hades2k (cc)

Imagen de Archivo | Hades2k (cc)

Estados Unidos y su programa generalizado de vigilancia son un peligroso ejemplo para otros países, considera la ONG Human Rights Watch (HRW) en su informe anual, presentado este martes en Berlín y en el que también denuncia la situación política en Venezuela.

El texto, que analiza la situación de los derechos humanos en más de 90 países, considera que la falta de respeto a la vida privada por parte de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad (NSA) estadounidense permitirá a los Estados represivos imponer restricciones en la libertad de expresión.

La ONG, con sede en Nueva York, señala que el Gobierno estadounidense dispone de una “posición excepcional para vigilar las comunicaciones mundiales, ya que la mayoría de los datos de internet circulan por territorio estadounidense”, por lo que tiene una responsabilidad especial en la defensa de los derechos de los individuos.

En una entrevista con la AFP, el director ejecutivo de HRW, Kenneth Roth, consideró que países como China, Rusia e India toman ejemplo de la NSA para minar el respeto a la vida privada.

En reacción a la vigilancia de la NSA “muchos países van a crear internets locales, y van a forzar a los grupos de este sector a mantener los datos de sus usuarios en su país”, añadió.


EE.UU. también espió las comunicaciones entre Europa, norte de África y Asia – El Mostrador

EE.UU. también espió las comunicaciones entre Europa, norte de África y Asia – El Mostrador.

La NSA habría obtenido información “sobre la gestión de red” del sistema de cableado submarino Sea-Me-We-4, según un informe confidencial del 13 de febrero de 2013 al que tuvo acceso la revista germana.

espionaje EEUU 12

La Agencia de Seguridad Nacional estadounidense (NSA) también espió una de las vías más importantes de telecomunicación entre Europa, África del norte y Asia, según informaciones del semanario alemán Der Spiegel, dadas a conocer hoy.

El Departamento para Operaciones Adaptadas de Acceso (TAO) de la NSA habría obtenido información “sobre la gestión de red” del sistema de cableado submarino Sea-Me-We-4, según un informe confidencial del 13 de febrero de 2013 al que tuvo acceso la revista germana.

Según el informe, este sistema de cables transcurre desde Marsella hacia el norte de África y los estados del Golfo, para después pasar por Pakistán y la India hasta alcanzar Singapur, Malasia y Tailandia.

Entre las empresas participantes en este sistema se encuentra la francesa Orange y Telecom Italia.

Según los documentos internos, especialistas de la NSA habrían “hackeado” una página web de este consorcio de empresas para obtener documentos sobre la infraestructura técnica del sistema de cableado.

De este modo, según Der Spiegel, la agencia de inteligencia estadounidense se hizo con información detallada sobre una gran parte de la red.


La onda expansiva desatada por Snowden | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La onda expansiva desatada por Snowden | Internacional | EL PAÍS.


Edward Snowden el 10 de junio de 2013. / THE GUARDIAN (AFP)

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Las revelaciones del exanalista de la NSA Edward Snowden sobre el espionaje de Estados Unidos y Reino Unido han provocado un tsunamide consecuencias globales sin precedentes en el mundo de los servicios de espionaje. Han puesto a EEUU en apuros con sus aliados, han generado una enorme desconfianza global y multiplicado la sensación de que vivimos bajo la mirada de un gran hermano.


GCHQ and NSA targeted charities, Germans, Israeli PM and EU chief | UK news | The Guardian

GCHQ and NSA targeted charities, Germans, Israeli PM and EU chief | UK news | The Guardian.

• Unicef and Médecins du Monde were on surveillance list
• Targets went well beyond potential criminals and terrorists
• Revelations could cause embarrassment at EU summit

 

 

 

Edward Snowden composite with GCHQ and fibre optics

The details of GCHQ and NSA targets are the latest revelations from documents leaked by Edward Snowden. Photograph: Guardian

 

British and American intelligence agencies had a comprehensive list of surveillance targets that included the EU’s competition commissioner, German government buildings in Berlin and overseas, and the heads of institutions that provide humanitarian and financial help to Africa, top secret documents reveal.

The papers show GCHQ, in collaboration with America’s National Security Agency (NSA), was targeting organisations such as the United Nations development programme, the UN’s children’s charity Unicef and Médecins du Monde, a French organisation that provides doctors and medical volunteers to conflict zones. The head of the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas) also appears in the documents, along with text messages he sent to colleagues.

The latest disclosures will add to Washington’s embarrassment following the heavy criticism of the NSA when it emerged that it had been tapping the mobile telephone of the German chancellor, Angela Merkel.

One GCHQ document, drafted in January 2009, makes clear the agencies were targeting an email address listed as belonging to another key American ally – the “Israeli prime minister”. Ehud Olmert was in office at the time. Three other Israeli targets appeared on GCHQ documents, including another email address understood to have been used to send messages between the then Israeli defence minister, Ehud Barak, and his chief of staff, Yoni Koren.

Britain’s targeting of Germany may also prove awkward for the prime minister, David Cameron; in October, he endorsed an EU statement condemning NSA spying on world leaders, including Merkel. They have both been in Brussels, attending an EU summit that concludes on Friday.


La omnipotencia de la NSA | Internacional | EL PAÍS

La omnipotencia de la NSA | Internacional | EL PAÍS.


Sede de la NSA en Fort Meade, Maryland. / AP

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Desde el teléfono móvil de la canciller alemana Angela Merkel hasta el documento con el resumen de los puntos principales que el secretario general de Naciones Unidas, Ban Ki-moon, iba a tratar en una reunión con el presidente de EE UU, Barack Obama, pasando por las comunicaciones del líder supremo de Irán, el ayatolá Ali Jameneí, las llamadas de miembros de la guerrilla colombiana de las FARC, los mensajes de Hezbolá o los correos electrónicos del ministro de Economía venezolano, los tentáculos del espionaje de la Agencia Nacional de Seguridad estadounidense (NSA) se antojan infinitos, tal y como demuestra un extenso reportaje publicado este sábado por The New York Times, en el que se revisa la evolución de las prácticas de vigilancia de la institución desde su creación, el 4 de noviembre de 1952, y su alcance. El artículo, realizado a partir de los miles de documentos filtrados al diario por Edward Snowden, muestra a la NSA como un “omnívoro informático” con una capacidad ilimitada para interceptar datos.

La información obtenida por los servicios de vigilancia no solamente se utiliza para fines antiterroristas sino también para obtener “ventaja diplomática con países aliados como Alemania o Francia” y “económica con Japón o Brasil”

El espionaje de la NSA se cierne sobre los cables de fibra óptica, las líneas telefónicas y los nodos de Internet y sus prácticas contemplan el robo de información de ordenadores personales y la introducción en los mismos de software de vigilancia, bajo el amparo de la operación Acceso a Medida, el establecimiento de micrófonos ocultos en teléfonos móviles o la vigilancia de transacciones bancarias. La amplitud de las técnicas evidencia que la información obtenida por los servicios de vigilancia no solamente se utiliza para fines antiterroristas sino también para obtener “ventaja diplomática con países aliados como Alemania o Francia” y “económica con Japón o Brasil”, concluye el Times.


Los amigos que espían a Estados Unidos – El Mostrador

Los amigos que espían a Estados Unidos – El Mostrador.no espiar

 

¿Quién espía a quién? La pregunta surge después de que la bomba del escándalo del espionaje saltase en los últimos días a Europa con las informaciones que sugieren que Estados Unidos espió a Alemania, Francia y España.

En el primer caso, el gobierno alemán pidió explicaciones por reportes que hablaban de un supuesto seguimiento al celular de la canciller Angela Merkel entre 2002 y 2013 por parte de Washington; en el caso de París y Madrid, el enfado vino por el supuesto espionaje a millones de llamadas de ciudadanos.

Y mientras los países europeos piden explicaciones a Washington por las informaciones reveladas por el analista de inteligencia Edward Snowden filtradas a los medios -algo que hicieron antes países latinoamericanos como Brasil o México-, algunos analistas recuerdan que el espionaje entre países, aunque se trate de aliados, está a la orden del día.


Estados Unidos resta trascendencia a la crisis del espionaje | Internacional | EL PAÍS

Estados Unidos resta trascendencia a la crisis del espionaje | Internacional | EL PAÍS.

 

La familia Obama ha salido a pasear este domingo. / M. THEILER (REUTERS)

Estados Unidos dedica hoy más esfuerzos aparentes a arreglar los fallos en la página web de la reforma sanitaria que a resolver la crisis diplomática provocada por el espionaje norteamericano en Europa. Eso es reflejo, no solo de cuales son las prioridades de la opinión pública, los medios de comunicación y el Gobierno en este momento, sino de la falta de opciones de las que dispone el presidente Obama para responder a corto plazo y de forma satisfactoria a las protestas de los líderes europeos, que se espera que desaparezcan con el paso del tiempo sin dejar una huella profunda.

En general, la política adoptada por la Administración estadounidense desde el estallido de este conflicto ha sido la de atender respetuosamente las quejas de gobiernos que, por otra parte, son estrechos aliados, pero ofreciendo a cambio solo promesas vagas de cambios en los mecanismos de espionaje, sin muchas perspectivas de que puedan cumplirse.

Eso no significa que el problema no sea real, incluso acuciante en términos morales. Las revelaciones de Edward Snowden han puesto en evidencia la existencia de un monstruoso sistema de recolección de datos privados que, al margen de cualquier problema con Europa, constituye una amenaza para el régimen de libertades individuales del que presume este país.