The danger of porn goes beyond just sex – it normalises unchecked desire | Andrew Brown | Opinion | The Guardian

The industry is built on the principle that the customer always comes first. Nothing and no one matters more than what the customer wants. This predictably leads to horrible damage to those who produce porn, and to the people who are their product. But there is also damage done to consumers who are offered their little holiday in a world of wish fulfilment. Some will want to emigrate there.

Fuente: The danger of porn goes beyond just sex – it normalises unchecked desire | Andrew Brown | Opinion | The Guardian


Comercio por internet: las mujeres ya somos casi la mitad del mercado ¿quieres saber qué compramos? – El Mostrador

A nivel mundial, nosotras adquirimos a través de la web mayor cantidad de productos que los hombres, según la Comscore, compañía de investigación de marketing on line. En Chile, aumentamos sostenidamente nuestro consumo virtual y lo hacemos sobre todo por celular entre las 4 y las 10 de la noche.

Fuente: Comercio por internet: las mujeres ya somos casi la mitad del mercado ¿quieres saber qué compramos? – El Mostrador


Tiendas cierran a ritmo récord conforme Amazon arrasa comercios – El Mostrador

La rápida caída de tantos minoristas ha dejado a los centros comerciales con cientos de locales vacíos, y los daños podrían solo estar empezando.

Fuente: Tiendas cierran a ritmo récord conforme Amazon arrasa comercios – El Mostrador


La pugna por el TPP en Chile: las razones para salvar o dejar morir el acuerdo – El Mostrador

Uno de los temas que hizo mucho ruido desde que se empezó a hacer pública la existencia de las negociaciones en torno al TPP, está relacionado con lo digital.Según explica Pablo Voillier, “la promesa de la Direcon fue que el TPP no iba a ir más allá de las obligaciones adquiridas por Chile en el Tratado de Libre Comercio (TLC) con Estados Unidos. Esto no se cumple en una serie de materias sensibles”.

Fuente: La pugna por el TPP en Chile: las razones para salvar o dejar morir el acuerdo – El Mostrador


Chile Mejor Sin TPP: “Llega a dar vergüenza ajena escuchar a Bachelet defender un tratado que fue desahuciado por Trump” – El Mostrador

“Insistir en mandar el proyecto al Congreso es un regalo para las transnacionales que sin duda no dan su brazo a torcer, puesto que este tratado está lleno de beneficios para estas grandes compañías farmacéuticas, biotecnológicas y de informática, que significan vulneración de nuestros derechos humanos a la salud, a la alimentación y al acceso al conocimiento y la libre expresión”, sostuvieron.

Fuente: Chile Mejor Sin TPP: “Llega a dar vergüenza ajena escuchar a Bachelet defender un tratado que fue desahuciado por Trump” – El Mostrador


¿Está perdida la lucha por hacer más justo el régimen de derecho de autor? | Derechos Digitales

Mientras el debate siga secuestrado por la óptica comercial, los titulares de derechos y sus intereses, la discusión real en torno a acceso al conocimiento, a la participación en la actividad cultural y la libertad de expresión tienen poco espacio fértil. Y con ello, las posibilidades de una reforma seria y justa son escasas.

Fuente: ¿Está perdida la lucha por hacer más justo el régimen de derecho de autor? | Derechos Digitales


5 cosas que pueden conseguirse en las redes oscuras de internet – El Mostrador

La internet oscura comprende el contenido que circula en redes encriptadas, o darknets, que utilizan la World Wide Web, pero que requieren de programas o autorizaciones especiales de acceso.

Fuente: 5 cosas que pueden conseguirse en las redes oscuras de internet – El Mostrador


Surge in cybercrime figures prompts police call for awareness campaign | UK news | The Guardian

One in 10 people in England and Wales have been victim of cybercrime in past year, first official figures show

Fuente: Surge in cybercrime figures prompts police call for awareness campaign | UK news | The Guardian


TiSA: un nuevo mega tratado económico que sigue el modus operandis del TPP | Derechos Digitales

El Acuerdo en Comercio de Servicios, TiSA por sus siglas en inglés, es un tratado multilateral en vías de negociación entre 23 países, incluyendo a Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea. En América Latina están participando Colombia, Costa Rica, México, Panamá, Perú, Paraguay y Chile. El objetivo del tratado es liberalizar el comercio de servicios, como banca, salud, comercio electrónico y transportes a nivel mundial. Las similitudes con el TPP son evidentes: ambos son grandes tratados multilaterales que buscan promover el comercio internacional yendo más allá de la mera disminución de aranceles, homogeneizando la regulación de áreas sensibles de los países involucrados.

Fuente: TiSA: un nuevo mega tratado económico que sigue el modus operandis del TPP | Derechos Digitales


Google to be hit by new complaint from Brussels – FT.com

Margrethe Vestager, the EU’s competition commissioner, is planning to issue two separate “statements of objections” against the company for allegedly abusing its market power in online advertising and shopping, said people familiar with the case.

Fuente: Google to be hit by new complaint from Brussels – FT.com


Cross-border trade online: how Brussels plans to change rules – FT.com

Companies from Google and Netflix to the UK’s Royal Mail were focused on Brussels on Wednesday when the European Commission launched sweeping rules for cross-border digital trade, covering everything from online shopping to streaming services and even parcel delivery

Fuente: Cross-border trade online: how Brussels plans to change rules – FT.com


Elsevier Acquires SSRN | The Scholarly Kitchen

SSRN is first and foremost a site where content is discovered and distributed. Through its working papers and preprints, SSRN is a hub for the early versions of research across many social sciences fields, plus law and some of the humanities as well. It is free to authors for article deposit and free to readers for downloading, and Elsevier has committed that this will not change.

Fuente: Elsevier Acquires SSRN | The Scholarly Kitchen


Chile Mejor Sin TPP –

Somos un grupo de diversas organizaciones, movimientos, parlamentari@s y ciudadan@s que conformamos esta plataforma ciudadana en rechazo a al secretismo y violación de los DD.HH por parte del Acuerdo Transpacífico (TPP).

Fuente: Chile Mejor Sin TPP – Somos un grupo de diversas organizaciones, movimientos, parlamentari@s y ciudadan@s que conformamos esta plataforma ciudadana en rechazo a al secretismo y violación de los DD.HH por parte del Acuerdo Transpacífico (TPP).


El TPP no debe ser ratificado | Manzana Mecánica

Mientras las negociaciones del TPP eran secretas nos decían que no teníamos de qué preocuparnos, que ya nos mostrarían el TPP y tendríamos tiempo para discutir y conversar ampliamente una vez que las negociaciones concluyeran. Pues no fue así. Poco después de que se publicara el tratado, éste fue firmado por 12 países en Nueva Zelanda, con la intención de dejar poco o nada de espacio para que la sociedad civil pudiese dar su opinión.Como hemos escrito anteriormente, el TPP tiene poco que ver con libre comercio. En cambio, el tratado dice mucho sobre nuevas normativas de “propiedad intelectual” para aumentar las ganancias de los intermediarios culturales, disminuyendo los derechos de las personas. Estas normativas incluyen aumento retroactivo del plazo de exclusividad del copyright, más vigilancia de las empresas de Internet sobre el contenido que publican los usuarios, y menos protección sobre datos privados de las personas.

Fuente: El TPP no debe ser ratificado | Manzana Mecánica


Chile, el TPP y la decadencia de Estados Unidos – El Mostrador

Desde el punto de vista macroeconómico, el TPP debe rechazarse porque, además de las razones antes expuestas, su ratificación implicaría respaldar y seguir ahondando en el modelo de comercio exterior chileno con sus nefastas consecuencias sobre el empleo, la distribución del ingreso y sobre el medio ambiente.Finalmente, aunque no menos importante, es la limitación de los derechos de los usuarios de internet. Esto nos privaría del poder de las redes sociales para conocer y denunciar la corrupción y otras malas prácticas existentes en buena parte del mundo empresarial y político.

Fuente: Chile, el TPP y la decadencia de Estados Unidos – El Mostrador


Los debates sobre vigilancia en Europa que pueden influir en América Latina – Derechos Digitales

De manera intensa en Europa se discuten nuevas reglas para la vigilancia, la inteligencia y la transferencia internacional de datos personales. Mientras el mundo mira expectante, el resultado de esos debates puede tener efectos en Latinoamérica.

Fuente: Los debates sobre vigilancia en Europa que pueden influir en América Latina – Derechos Digitales


¿Qué alcances tiene el TPP firmado por Chile? – El Mostrador

El TPP ha sido criticado por el secretismo que ha rodeado las conversaciones que comenzaron hace cinco años y porque amenaza, según ONGs y centrales sindicales, los derechos laborales, el acceso a los medicamentos y el medio ambiente.

Fuente: ¿Qué alcances tiene el TPP firmado por Chile? – El Mostrador


TPP: la lucha recién comienza – Derechos Digitales

Acaba de firmarse entre 12 países el TPP: un acuerdo que amenaza no solo nuestro derecho a la salud, al medio ambiente, a la libertad de expresión y a la privacidad en internet, sino a nuestra democracia. Si bien la firma no convierte al tratado en ley, es el primer paso para ello dentro de los países involucrados.

Fuente: TPP: la lucha recién comienza – Derechos Digitales


TPP: una encrucijada más para la Nueva Mayoría

El problema que plantea este megaacuerdo no es, paradójicamente, de índole comercial. El problema es político y social, disfrazado de comercio para eludir la responsabilidad de no haber realizado un proceso democrático y de participación social. Y también porque el TPP afecta a temas tan sensibles como la salud de los chilenos, el poder de las empresas internacionales en nuestro territorio o los cambios a la legislación que afectarán los derechos digitales, a las empresas del Estado y nuestro modelo de desarrollo económico.

Fuente: TPP: una encrucijada más para la Nueva Mayoría


The Internet of Things That Talk About You Behind Your Back | Motherboard

Your computerized things are talking about you behind your back, and for the most part you can’t stop them—or even learn what they’re saying.

Fuente: The Internet of Things That Talk About You Behind Your Back | Motherboard


Just Before Passing Surveillance Expansion, Lawmakers Partied With Pro-CISA Lobbyists

The night before Congress passed legislation to expand surveillance power, legislators attended a party with the chief lobbyists for the bill.

Fuente: Just Before Passing Surveillance Expansion, Lawmakers Partied With Pro-CISA Lobbyists


TPP y leyes de propiedad intelectual preocupan a industria de Internet | El Economista

TPP y leyes de propiedad intelectual preocupan a industria de Internet | El Economista.


La posición de la Amipci es que en ambientes digitales exista el respeto a los derechos de autor y propiedad intelectual sin menoscabar los derechos ni libertades de los ciudadanos dentro de Internet.
JULIO SÁNCHEZ ONOFRE
ABR 7, 2015 |
21:53
Foto: Reuters

La Asociación Mexicana de Internet (Amipci) planea entregar este miércoles a la Cámara de Diputados un documento donde emitirá la postura de la industria digital en México en torno a las legislaciones de propiedad intelectual en ambientes digitales, incluyendo la negociación del Acuerdo Estratégico Transpacífico de Asociación Económica (TPP, por su sigla en inglés).

La posición de la Amipci es que en ambientes digitales exista el respeto a los derechos de autor y propiedad intelectual sin menoscabar los derechos ni libertades de los ciudadanos dentro de Internet.

“En las negociaciones del TPP hemos sido convocados por la Secretaría de Economía y hemos fijado postura cargas a ISP (proveedores de servicios de Internet), y en la propiedad intelectual también hemos fijado una postura al respecto”, adelantó Julio César Vega, director general de la Amipci.

El directivo no detalló el pronunciamiento que realizarán ante los Legisladores, pero aseguró que las preocupaciones de la industria es que las legislaciones protejan también posibles abusos que puedan surgir bajo el argumento de la protección a derechos de autor y propiedad intelectual, y que las nuevas legislaciones impliquen cargas económicas adicionales a los proveedores de Internet.

“Es un poco en la línea lo que habíamos expresado del texto del TPP en el que se promueve un esquema de ‘notice and take down’ (que obliga a los hosts de Internet a retirar contenido presuntamente ilegal), donde no medie autoridad alguna para la bajada de contenidos que sean subidos por los usuarios. Seguimos considerado que debe existir una autoridad intermedia, un mandato legal a través del cual se notifique y se lleve un proceso legal para bajar los contenidos”, explicó Julio César Vega.


Discográficas quieren que Spotify limite la música “gratis” – FayerWayer

Discográficas quieren que Spotify limite la música “gratis” – FayerWayer.

Universal presiona a Spotify para que tengan menos usuarios gratuitos y más suscriptores.

No hay descanso para Spotify, la empresa que ofrece música en streaming vía su plataforma lleva meses con ciertos problemas con grandes discográficas, en concreto Universal quienes están presionando para que el servicio ofrezca menos música para usuarios que no pagan.

Hace unos meses Taylor Swift y la discográfica que la representa eliminó todas las canciones de sus artistas por un desacuerdo con el dinero que lograban de esta plataforma. Y aunque hay muchos artistas haciendo buen dinero con Spotify, son solo un grupo muy selecto de artistas muy famosos que ven buenos resultados al estar disponibles para usuarios de Spotify.

Pero aquí el problema, aunque el mercado de la música bajo suscripción está dando sus frutos –con cerca de USD$800 millones solo en EE.UU. para las discográficas–, son los usuarios que no pagan los que se están tratando como pérdidas.

Según la revista Rolling Stone, en 2014 Spotify generó para las discográficas USD$295 millones sólo de usuarios que usan el servicio sin pagar, gracias a la publicidad que Spotify muestra e integra entre canciones. Pero estos usuarios podrían estar pagando el servicio mensual y así aumentar ganancias, algo que se vería como un síntoma de buena salud financiera y las discográficas puedan mejorar sus contratos por reproducciones.


Consorcios podrán doblar a los gobiernos en el ATP — La Jornada

Consorcios podrán doblar a los gobiernos en el ATP — La Jornada.

mié, 25 mar 2015 16:57

El Acuerdo de Asociación Transpacífico (ATP) de libre comercio que negocian en secreto los gobiernos de 12 países –entre ellos, el de México– otorgará a los inversionistas extranjeros privilegios y derechos por encima de los nacionales y establecerá normas y mecanismos supranacionales de resolución de conflictos que dejarán a los Estados firmantes en desventaja jurídica ante los empresarios foráneos. Lo anterior se desprende del capítulo 2 del texto del acuerdo en su fase actual de negociación, documento secreto que Wikileaks proporcionó a este diario en exclusiva para nuestro país y cuyo texto completo puede consultarse en el vínculo al final de esta nota.

La más reciente versión del acuerdo, fechada el 20 de enero de 2015, y cuya autenticidad fue verificada por la organización no gubernamental Public Citizen, revela que los negociadores del ATP se han puesto ya de acuerdo para otorgar a las empresas extranjeras “mayores poderes para demandar directamente a los gobiernos firmantes en tribunales extrajudiciales (investor-state dispute settlement, ISDS) conformados de manera discrecional y sin mecanismos de control, los cuales se encargarán de resolver disputas entre inversionistas y Estados por políticas nacionales. Las empresas extranjeras “podrán exigir compensaciones, pagadas por los contribuyentes, ante acciones gubernamentales financieras, de salud, ambientales, de uso de suelo y otras” cuando consideren que no han sido respetados los privilegios que habrá de otorgarles el propio ATP frente a compañías locales, señala un análisis a cargo de Lori Wallach y Ben Beachy, expertos de Public Citizen que exploraron las implicaciones del documento filtrado.


New Zealand Spied on WTO Director Candidates – The Intercept

New Zealand Spied on WTO Director Candidates – The Intercept.

Featured photo - New Zealand Spied on WTO Director Candidates

New Zealand launched a covert surveillance operation targeting candidates vying to be director general of the World Trade Organization, a top-secret document reveals.

In the period leading up to the May 2013 appointment, the country’s electronic eavesdropping agency programmed an Internet spying system to intercept emails about a list of high-profile candidates from Brazil, Costa Rica, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Mexico, and South Korea.

New Zealand’s trade minister Tim Groser was one of nine candidates in contention for the position at the WTO, a powerful international organization based in Geneva, Switzerland that negotiates trade agreements between nations. The surveillance operation, carried out by Government Communications Security Bureau, or GCSB, appears to have been part of a secret effort to help Groser win the job.


Twitter puts trillions of tweets up for sale to data miners | Technology | The Guardian

Twitter puts trillions of tweets up for sale to data miners | Technology | The Guardian.

Company plans to make content generated by users available to commerce, academia and even police involved in crowd control

Twitter user about to start up Twitter on a phone
Twitter is quick to point out that ‘what you say on Twitter may be viewed all around the world instantly’. Photograph: Dominic Lipinski/PA

You are travelling by plane to see your newborn grandchild. As you board the aircraft, the cabin crew address you by name and congratulate you on the arrival of a bouncing baby boy. On your seat, you find a gift-wrapped blue rattle with a note from the airline.

In Twitter data strategy chief Chris Moody’s vision of the future, companies surprising their customers like this could become an everyday occurrence – made possible because Twitter is listening.

Computer systems are already aggregating trillions of tweets from the microblogging site, sorting and sifting through countless conversations, following the banter and blustering, ideas and opinions of its 288 million users in search of commercial opportunities.

It is not only commercial interests that are mining the data. Academics are using it to gauge the mood in a football crowd, and trying to shed light on whether Premier League players such as Manchester United’s Radamel Falcao are overpaid – with a team of researchers from Reading, Dundee and Cambridge universities testing whether top-flight footballers’ salaries are related purely to performance on the pitch or can be boosted by popularity on social media.

Selling data is as yet a small part of Twitter’s overall income – $70m out of a total of $1.3bn last year, with the lion’s share of cash coming from advertising, but the social network has big plans to increase that. Its acquisition of Chris Moody’s analytics company Gnip for $130m last April is a sign of that intent.

Google and Facebook have built their businesses around sharing data, but their control of our private and public information has become a source of huge controversy.


Microsoft offers free Windows upgrade in assault on China piracy – FT.com

Microsoft offers free Windows upgrade in assault on China piracy – FT.com.

epa04425404 A screenshot of the newly unveiled Microsoft Windows 10 is seen during a preview event in San Francisco, California, USA, 30 September 2014. The new task-view button on the task bar gives you one-click access to all of your running apps and programs. EPA/MICROSOFT / HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY, NO SALES©EPA

Screenshot of Microsoft’s Windows 10

Microsoft is to offer hundreds of millions of Chinese consumers who use pirated software a free upgrade to legitimate copies of the Windows operating system, as it seeks to consolidate its unofficial position as a leading technology supplier to the world’s most populous country.

Piracy has long bedevilled Microsoft in China, where it is estimated that more than 80 per cent of PCs running Windows are using pirated software.

Ironically, however, the illegitimate software has ensured that Windows remains the dominant PC operating system in the country, reducing the risk that consumers would turn to free alternatives such as Linux instead.

That has given Microsoft a foot in the door to one of the world’s most promising tech markets — and a chance to sell its online services and other products — at a time when rivals including Google and Facebook are effectively shut out.

Terry Myerson, head of Windows, announced the giveaway plan at an event in Shenzhen on Wednesday. He also used the occasion to reveal that Windows 10, which had been expected to be released late in the year, would be made available “this summer”.

The free upgrade offer is a smart way for Microsoft to “keep users in the fold,” said Al Hilwa, an analyst at IDC, a tech research firm. Giving away the technology also reflects the fact that the way the company makes money “will ultimately shift to apps, services, content and hardware as opposed to direct OS licences,” he said.

The free copies of Windows 10 in China will be distributed through partnerships with local tech companies, which will be able to use the offer to cement their own relationships with consumers. Microsoft refused to comment on the commercial terms it had reached with these companies, or the precise methods it would use to “legitimise” PCs that have been using stolen software.

 


Critics attack FCC as it releases new rules to protect net neutrality | Technology | The Guardian

Critics attack FCC as it releases new rules to protect net neutrality | Technology | The Guardian.

Members of the audience react after the Federal Communications Commission votes to pass the new rules.
 Members of the audience react after the Federal Communications Commission votes to pass the new rules. Photograph: Yuri Gripas/Reuters

After a year of acrimonious wrangling, threats and an unprecedented online campaign, the Federal Communications Commission on Thursday finally released its new rules on regulating the internet.

The 313-page document is now being scrutinised by an army of communications lawyers as the cable and telecoms industry considers whether – or more likely when – to sue the regulator in the hopes of overturning the new rules.

Last month the FCC voted to approve new regulations that will strengthen its powers to oversee broadband internet in the US. The rules followed a call from Barack Obama for the “strongest possible” regulations to protect net neutrality – the principle that all services and information should have equal access to the internet.

The new rules ban internet service providers (ISPs) from blocking or “throttling” any legitimate service online. The FCC also outlawed ISPs from creating fast lanes for preferred services – a practice known as “paid prioritization.” The FCC will also have the power to step in if it feels new practices in the industry are not “just and reasonable” and will, for the first time, also oversee mobile broadband.

Critics were unconvinced. Republican opponents of the rules have already called for the orders to be overturned, charging that they give too much power to the FCC and will stifle innovation. They have also launched an inquiry into Obama’s influence on the independent regulator’s decision.

Republican FCC commissioner Ajit Pai said he was “sad to witness the FCC’s unprecedented attempt to replace that freedom with government control”. He said the regulator was turning its back on 20-years of light regulation without justification. “We are flip-flopping for one reason and one reason alone: president Obama told us to do so,” he said.

The outlines of the rules were already clear, but both supporters and critics had called for an early release of the hefty report in order to scrutinise the details. Net neutrality activists cheered the FCC’s decision last month, giving the regulator’s chairman Tom Wheeler a standing ovation for the decision.


After its Superfish was caught, Lenovo might actually get bigger | Technology | The Guardian

After its Superfish was caught, Lenovo might actually get bigger | Technology | The Guardian.

Lenovo laptopThe Lenovo G570 laptop: the Windows PC market is undergoing a comprehensive squeeze, both in units and margins.

Lenovo’s stated intention to stop installing third-party apps on its PCs in the near future could have a dramatic effect on the PC industry, perhaps driving smaller rivals out of business altogether. Already the world’s biggest PC company, both by revenue and unit shipments, Lenovo could actually get bigger because it got caught.

In case the first part passed you by, Lenovo was discovered in late February to have been pre-installing an app called Superfish on its consumer PCs between October and December 2014. Superfish, it breezily declared, would help you by offering “suitable ads”. It did this by interposing its secure certificate into any secure SSL connections you made – to Google, a shopping site, your bank – and watching what was transmitted. If it saw something ad-like, it could replace that with its own Superfish-supplied ad.

Security specialists rapidly realised that Superfish and its SSL-grabbing ways were extremely bad news that could leave you open to “man in the middle” attacks by sites using the same certificate as Superfish. One expert showed his personal server pretending to be the Bank of America and getting a thumbs-up from his machine’s browser.

So Lenovo recanted, ate humble pie, and declared it wouldn’t pre-install any more– apart, that is, from “security software” (which you can take to mean products like McAfee’s Antivirus and their ilk) and Lenovo’s own applications.

You might wonder why Lenovo did this in the first place. Simple: Superfish and another app, called Pokki, and some others, paid Lenovo to be pre-installed, so they could benefit from access to users. Lenovo benefits from their money – and with margins in the consumer PC business wafer-thin, it wanted that badly. In the fourth quarter of 2013 its entire PC business had operating margins of 3.3%; in the fourth quarter of 2014 it was 5.3%.

That’s ahead of the rest of the PC market, which has wallowed around an average of between 2% and 4% since 2007, according to financial data from the five main Windows makers (Lenovo, HP, Dell, Asus and Acer). The violence of the market persuaded Dell to take itself private in October 2013, so its financial results since then are not available, but it often used to show zero profit or a loss in its consumer business. The rest aren’t doing much better, and the big five have 67% of the Windows PC market, and probably even more of the profit (because they get economies of scale).

The Windows PC market (ie, ignoring Apple) is undergoing a comprehensive squeeze, both in units and margins. With 1.5 billion PCs worldwide, and tablets and smartphones vying for purchases, the business has become a replacement market, and slowing. Consumers tend to buy a Windows PC on price, as there are few distinguishing features (beyond high-end Ultrabooks or 2-in-1s with detachable keyboards). That makes it a vicious, low-margin business.

If Lenovo’s “no bloatware” idea becomes popular, it will slice dollars per PC off its profitability – but also others’. For instance, Acer also installs Pokki. The other day someone complained to me that Pokki was slowing up their new Acer machine. Given the choice next time between a “clean” Lenovo and Acer, what might they take?

But can Acer afford to drop Pokki? Its operating profit has bumped around close to zero for some time. Without -installs, what happens to its PC profits? And then what happens to its PC business? I’m sure Lenovo would be happy to take up the slack in any market Acer withdraws from. From bad guy to humble pie to winner.


Freedom campaigners warn against EU ministers pushing for 2-speed internet | Technology | The Guardian

Freedom campaigners warn against EU ministers pushing for 2-speed internet | Technology | The Guardian.

Federal communications commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel after the FCC vote on net neutrality in the US. The FCC adopted and set sustainable rules of the road that will protect free expression and innovation on the internet.Federal communications commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel after the FCC vote on net neutrality in the US. The FCC adopted and set sustainable rules of the road that will protect free expression and innovation on the internet. Photograph: Brian Cahn/Corbis

European ministers are pushing for new laws which would “permit every imaginable breach of net neutrality”, internet freedom campaigners have warned.

Days after the US voted to protect an open internet where all traffic is considered equal, proposals agreed by European telecoms ministers of 28 members states could allow a two–speed internet, where companies such as YouTube or Netflix could legally pay mobile networks or broadband providers for faster, more reliable delivery of their content – potentially to the detriment of other internet users.

Campaigners warn the move could stifle online innovation and undermine the digital economy.


Cyber security rules raise fears of digital protectionism – FT.com

Cyber security rules raise fears of digital protectionism – FT.com.

March 5, 2015 1:48 pm

Computer board with chips and components©Dreamstime

Talk of protectionism once meant bemoaning barriers being erected in far-off lands for offcuts of beef or steel rods, but in Washington these days the protectionism fears have gone digital.

Mindful of the world-leading position of domestic technology companies like Google and Microsoft and eager to maintain their competitiveness in the face of new challengers, the US is increasingly pushing back against what it sees as a rising tide of protectionism aimed at the US tech sector in China, Europe and elsewhere.

In the latest example, President Barack Obama has led US complaints over new Chinese cyber security rules for the banking industry that tech companies complain would in effect shut them out of an important market.

The president said this week that he had raised American concerns over the new rules with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping. “We have made it very clear to them that this is something they are going to have to change if they are to do business with the United States,” he told Reuters on Monday.

Senior US officials including Jack Lew, the Treasury secretary, and John Kerry, secretary of state, have also raised “serious concerns” about the regulations. “The rules are not about security. They are about protectionism and favouring Chinese companies,” said Mike Froman, the US trade representative.

Mr Froman raised the possibility that China might be violating its commitments under bilateral and multilateral trade agreements if it implemented the new rules for the banking sector as planned this month. Other US officials have said Washington is examining whether it could take China to the World Trade Organisation over them in what could become a landmark case at the trade body.

But the concerns being expressed in the US capital about digital protectionism go beyond the new Chinese rules. Mr Obama last month accused European officials of disguising protectionism behind “high-minded” security and privacy concerns. They have also become a growing part of the conversation technology executives have with political leaders when they visit the US capital.

“We’re focused on the situation around the world,” Brad Smith, Microsoft’s general counsel, said after a day of meetings with members of Congress this week. “China is an important market. Other countries are obviously important as well. There are aspects of protectionism that we have to worry about in many countries.”

In depth

Cyber warfare

Cyber security

As online threats race up national security agendas and governments look at ways of protecting their national infrastructures a cyber arms race is causing concern to the developed world

Further reading

The perceived pushback against US tech companies is partly the result of concerns triggered by the revelations of whistleblower Edward Snowden about US cyber-snooping around the world. US officials and executives, however, argue that the response in places like Europe and China now appears targeted more at keeping US businesses out of competitive markets than protecting citizens from privacy concerns.

“We also have to get the balance right between privacy and security. There are trade aspects but there are other aspects as well,” Mr Smith said.

“The short story is that these issues are of growing importance and have a broadening impact. We’re seeing more countries consider them and it is going to require a thoughtful dialogue among a number of governments to sort this out.”

US policy makers and experts are also beginning to fret about the US’s competitive advantage in the trade in all things digital.

To many, the future of globalisation is overwhelmingly digital with emails and 3D printing threatening to replace container ships, and services increasingly delivered online and across borders.

In that context, online barriers such as the “Great Firewall” of China erected to keep out content Beijing objects to, look like impediments to free trade as much as to free speech.

Before the recent controversy over China’s new rules, the US was focusing its energies on making sure that new trade agreements — such as the vast, 12-country Trans-Pacific Partnership now nearing conclusion — limit the restrictions that can be put on the flow of data across borders.

The US has also been pushing for a new agreement on services it is negotiating in Geneva with the EU and more than 20 other countries to guarantee the free flow of data across borders. China has sought to join those negotiations but has been blocked from joining by the US.


A digital public space is Britain’s missing national institution | Technology | The Guardian

A digital public space is Britain’s missing national institution | Technology | The Guardian.

David BowieA costume from a David Bowie exhibition at the Victoria and Albert museum in central London. The V&A is under-represented in the digital world. Photograph: Leon Neal/AFP/Getty Images

A cynic might say that we have the internet we deserve. We were promised a democratic platform for change, for equality, for collaboration, yet are faced with a reality of weary cynicism, as author Charles Leadbeater wrote last summer, and an assumption that we cannot trust any organisation with our personal data.

We were told of flourishing startups and opportunities for all, yet the internet has amplified global inequalities, says Andrew Keen, a writer on the internet revolution, using the parlance of openness and opportunity to create an industry of disproportionately wealthy entrepreneurs.

And as the meaningful engagement of governments in the lives of citizens diminishes, we stare into a dystopian future described by Evgeny Morozov: Silicon Valley is heading towards a “digital socialism”, where benevolent corporations provide all the health, education, travel and housing employees could ever desire, negating the need for state provision. Ice that cake with the unpalatable truth about the reach of our government’s surveillance services and we might think our internet is already beyond help.

Commercial interests have shaped the internet, and have created such powerful organisations that governments now struggle to keep up – out-funded, out-lobbied and outwitted. Rather than reflecting the real world, the internet absorbs and amplifies it, re-presenting a version of our lives, our work and our culture, from the gross disproportion of privilege and access afforded to those even able to access the internet to the misogyny that cripples meaningful debate. Even acknowledging its infancy, the internet does not represent a version of ourselves of which we can be proud. From privacy and surveillance to our collective cultural record, where is the internet we are truly capable of? Quietly, excitedly, and in a modestly British way, there is an alternative emerging. Rather than the internet as shopping mall – defined and dominated by commercial interests – how could we build the public park of the internet?


Guerra abierta por dominar los ‘cerebros’ de los ‘smartphones’ y los ‘wearables’ | Mobile World Capital | Eventos EL PAÍS

Guerra abierta por dominar los ‘cerebros’ de los ‘smartphones’ y los ‘wearables’ | Mobile World Capital | Eventos EL PAÍS.

 

Un responsable de MediaTek muestra una zapatilla conectada.

Los cerebros de los smartphones y de los wearables, los procesadores, también cuentan, y mucho, a la hora de lanzar un buen dispositivo. Y si la rivalidad entre fabricantes de terminales es muy fuerte, la que mantienen los proveedores de chips no es menor.


Las leyes acorralan a Uber | Economía | EL PAÍS

Las leyes acorralan a Uber | Economía | EL PAÍS.

La aplicación se ha prohibido o suspendido en 13 países o ciudades

Un móvil con la aplicación de Uber junto a un taxi, esta semana en Madrid. / SERGIO PEREZ (REUTERS)

Uber no es una plataforma de comercio colaborativo cualquiera. La empresa, que a través de una aplicación para móviles permite a los particulares ofrecer su coche como medio de transporte público, es un gigante valorado en 32.200 millones de euros que cuenta con Google y el banco de inversión Goldman Sachs entre sus inversores. Sus atrevidas políticas empresariales han llegado a contemplar hasta la posibilidad deinvestigar la vida privada de los periodistas que siguen a la firma y le han permitido asentarse en 52 países y más de 250 ciudades.

Pero esta expansión tan agresiva tiene su precio: el pasado martes España se convirtió en un nuevo miembro del numeroso grupo de lugares —desde Corea del Sur hasta algunos Estados de EE UU, pasando por India y varios países y ciudades de la UE— que han prohibido o suspendido cautelarmente su servicio. Unas medidas que, al cuestionar su modelo de negocio, ponen en duda la futura viabilidad de Uber.

Google y Goldman Sachs figuran entre los inversores de la firma

El pasado 9 de diciembre, el Juzgado de lo Mercantil número 2 de Madrid ordenó el cese cautelar de las actividades de Uber en España. La medida, impulsada por la demanda de la Asociación Madrileña del Taxi, uno de los gremios que han protagonizado en los últimos meses las protestas contra la firma, no parece preocupar a los conductores que usan su plataforma: “Todo va a seguir igual. El mercado lo hacen los usuarios, que siguen aumentando. Les gusta el servicio y la manera en la que funciona, no solo el hecho de que sea más barato”, aseguró un chófer, que prefirió mantener el anonimato, durante un viaje en Madrid justo el día siguiente a la decisión del tribunal.