Empresas tecnológicas denuncian decreto antiinmigración de Trump ante la justicia

Varias decenas de empresas tecnológicas, incluidas Apple, Facebook, Google, Microsoft y Twitter, presentaron la noche del domingo un documento legal ante la justicia de Estados Unidos contra el decreto antiinmigración del presidente Donald Trump.

Fuente: Empresas tecnológicas denuncian decreto antiinmigración de Trump ante la justicia


‘Crypto Wars’ timeline: A history of the new encryption debate

Encryption is finally mainstream.Government officials and technologists have been debating since the early 1990s whether to limit the strength of encryption to help the law-enforcement and intelligence communities monitor suspects’ communications. But until early 2016, this was a mostly esoteric fight, relegated to academic conferences, security agencies’ C-suites, and the back rooms of Capitol Hill.Everything changed in mid-February, when President Barack Obama’s Justice Department, investigating the terrorists who carried out the San Bernardino, California, shooting, asked a federal judge to force Apple to help the Federal Bureau of Investigation unlock one attacker’s iPhone.What followed was an unexpectedly rancorous and unprecedentedly public fight over how far the government should go to pierce and degrade commercial security technology in its quest to protect Americans from terrorism.

Fuente: ‘Crypto Wars’ timeline: A history of the new encryption debate


Google warns red tape threatens European tech sector – FT.com

Europe risks falling behind in digital innovation, as regulators and governments discourage entrepreneurs and suffocate technology companies with red tape, says Google’s leading executive on the continent. Matt Brittin told the Financial Times that EU authorities were sceptical of digital change and a maze of regulations were holding back the continent, leaving it lagging behind the US and in danger of being overtaken by China.

Fuente: Google warns red tape threatens European tech sector – FT.com


Donald Trump and Tay, the ultimate Twitter bots — FT.com

Microsoft is planning to put an array of chatbots and intelligent digital assistants at the heart of its future technology, its CEO said on Wednesday, even as the company was forced once again to shut down its Twitter bot, Tay, after it went rogue for a second time. A week earlier Tay was taken offline for posting outrageous racist comments and sexist abuse. But Microsoft is not alone in exploring bot-space.

Fuente: Donald Trump and Tay, the ultimate Twitter bots — FT.com


Digital advances uneven across US economy – FT.com

Large sections of the US economy are failing to make the most of digital technologies and millions more jobs are set to be displaced as companies do more to harness the innovations available to them, according to a new report. Research from the

Fuente: Digital advances uneven across US economy – FT.com


NSA Claims Iran Learned from Western Cyberattacks – The Intercept

NSA Claims Iran Learned from Western Cyberattacks – The Intercept.

Featured photo - NSA Claims Iran Learned from Western Cyberattacks

The U.S. Government often warns of increasingly sophisticated cyberattacks from adversaries, but it may have actually contributed to those capabilities in the case of Iran.

top secret National Security Agency document from April 2013 reveals that the U.S. intelligence community is worried that the West’s campaign of aggressive and sophisticated cyberattacks enabled Iran to improve its own capabilities by studying and then replicating those tactics.

The NSA is specifically concerned that Iran’s cyberweapons will become increasingly potent and sophisticated by virtue of learning from the attacks that have been launched against that country. “Iran’s destructive cyber attack against Saudi Aramco in August 2012, during which data was destroyed on tens of thousands of computers, was the first such attack NSA has observed from this adversary,” the NSA document states. “Iran, having been a victim of a similar cyber attack against its own oil industry in April 2012, has demonstrated a clear ability to learn from the capabilities and actions of others.”

The document was provided to The Intercept by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, and was prepared in connection with a planned meeting with Government Communications Headquarters, the British surveillance agency. The document references joint surveillance successes such as “support to policymakers during the multiple rounds of P5 plus 1 negotiations,” referring to the ongoing talks between the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, Germany and Iran to forge an agreement over Iran’s nuclear program.


Aaron Swartz stood up for freedom and fairness – and was hounded to his death | Comment is free | The Guardian

Aaron Swartz stood up for freedom and fairness – and was hounded to his death | Comment is free | The Guardian.

Internet activist Aaron Swartz in a San Francisco bookshop in 2008, five years before his suicide.

 Internet activist Aaron Swartz in a San Francisco bookshop in 2008, five years before his suicide. Photograph: Noah Berger/Reuters

On Monday, BBC Four screened a remarkable film in its Storyville series. The Internet’s Own Boy told the story of the life and tragic death of Aaron Swartz, the leading geek wunderkind of his generation who was hounded to suicide at the age of 26 by a vindictive US administration. The film is still available on BBC iPlayer, and if you do nothing else this weekend make time to watch it, because it’s the most revealing source of insights about how the state approaches the internet since Edward Snowden first broke cover.

To say Swartz was a prodigy is an understatement. As an unknown teenager he was a co-designer of tools – like RSS and Markdown and of services like Reddit – that shaped the evolution of the web. He was also the kid who wrote most of the code underpinning Creative Commons, an inspired system that uses copyright law to give ordinary people control over how their digital creations can be used by others.

But Swartz was far more than an immensely-gifted programmer. The Storyville film includes home movies which show the entrancing, voraciously-inquisitive toddler who was father to the man. As he grew, he displayed the same open, questioning attitude to life one sees in other geniuses who are always asking “why?” and “why not?” and driving normal people nuts.


Silicon Valley busca novedades | Economía | EL PAÍS

Silicon Valley busca novedades | Economía | EL PAÍS.

La movilidad y las nuevas tecnologías de consumo personal son la clave

Desarrolladores informáticos en San Francisco. / R. GALBRAITH (REUTERS)

Sandhill Road, el Wall Street de la tecnología, tiene una extensión en Soma, el barrio de las startups de San Francisco. No hay un tren de alta velocidad, sino un viejo Caltrain, la línea que cada hora une el valle con la zona de mayor ebullición en la ciudad, Soma, llena de naves industriales reconvertidas en talleres donde se juega a adivinar el futuro. Los inversores, desde los años setenta, mantienen despacho en la calle que cruza con el Camino Real creado por los misioneros españoles; oficialmente, en los mapas es la carretera 101. Ahí tienen su despacho los socios de los grandes fondos de inversión. En San Francisco suelen quedarse los que visitan, escuchan, analizan y preparan informes antes de tomar decisiones, los asociados, la primera línea de frente, los que tratan con jóvenes que pretenden cambiar la mecánica de casi cualquier actividad.

Muy cerca del cuartel general de Facebook se encuentra la oficina de Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers, conocidos por sus iniciales, KPCB. En estas oficinas, cuyo alquiler no tiene nada que envidiar a los de Manhattan o la City londinense, se rastrean los siguientes negocios que despuntarán en el futuro para apostar por ellos. Randy Komisar, autor de un conocido libro de negocios con toque de autoayuda, El monje y el acertijo, dio uno de los golpes más sonados al invertir en Nest, una empresa fundada por exempleados de Apple en su mayoría y que terminó en manos de Google por 3.200 millones de dólares. Decidió depositar 20 millones con solo el primer power point de un termostato que se controla con el móvil. La plantilla de Nest llegó a 400 personas al pasar a manos de Google. Aun así, Komisar ve difícil que haya novedades en aparatos en Silicon Valley: “Los que entienden de cacharros son los pioneros del valle y esos ya casi se han jubilado”, dice.

Fuente: CB Insights / EL PAÍS

David Golden es socio gestor en Revolution Ventures, una empresa fundada por Steve Case, creador de AOL. Es el último en llegar de los grandes fondos. Surgió en 2008 y ganó gran parte de su prestigio al vender Zipcar, dedicada al alquiler de coches por horas, a Avis por 500 millones de dólares. Golden da un toque de atención con respecto al hardware: “Mucho cuidado. Hay que estudiar bien los productos. Pensar lo que una persona estaría dispuesta a pagar por algo”. Es una clara referencia a Kickstarter e Indie Gogo, las dos plataformas de financiación colectiva más populares. Komisar está en sintonía: “Miden la demanda de un grupo de entusiastas concreto, pero no son fiables. Solo me parece bueno para aprender”. Únicamente muestra interés por las impresoras 3D. “No sé si habrá una en cada casa, como ha pasado con el teléfono o el PC, pero los usos son cada vez más interesantes”, asegura.


Cisco Systems to cut 6000 jobs

Cisco Systems to cut 6000 jobs.

Cisco has had to make more adjustments to counter sluggish sales.Cisco has had to make more adjustments to counter sluggish sales. Photo: Albert Gea

In what has become almost an annual ritual, computer networking and communications colossus Cisco Systems on Wednesday said it was laying off thousands of employees as it struggles with sluggish sales and a range of fierce competitors.

The company announced 6000 job cuts on a conference call following its quarterly earnings report, or roughly 8 per cent of its workforce, and has trimmed nearly 20,000 jobs worldwide over the last five years. Although Chief Financial Officer Frank Calderoni said the company expected to reinvest much of the savings from the cuts announced Wednesday into key growth areas, Cisco officials would not say how many new people would be hired in those areas or where they would be employed. They also did not say where the cuts would occur.

A spokeswoman for Cisco Australia said the cuts would have a global impact. It’s understood the company employees around 1000 people in Australia.

Noting that the San Jose corporation needs to make changes to keep pace with rapidly changing technology, Baird Equity Research analyst Jayson Noland said “it’s probably frustrating to be an employee there when they are going to have major restructuring efforts like this every year or two.” But he added, “if your skills are stale as an engineer or as a sales and marketing guy, you’re running the risk of being replaced.”

Advertisement

Cisco is Silicon Valley’s fifth-biggest corporation by revenue, but its sales have been blunted by the sluggish global economy. It also faces competition from recent start-ups to more established corporations such as Juniper Networks of Sunnyvale and Brocade Communications Systems of San Jose.


Amazon amenaza con llevarse el proyecto de los drones de reparto de EE UU | Economía | EL PAÍS

Amazon amenaza con llevarse el proyecto de los drones de reparto de EE UU | Economía | EL PAÍS.


Un drone volando en Manhattan. / MIKE SEGAR (REUTERS)

Enviar a LinkedIn29
Enviar a TuentiEnviar a MenéameEnviar a Eskup

EnviarImprimirGuardar

Amazon, que aspira a poder entregar sus paquetes con robots en un futuro, ha pedido permiso a las autoridades de aviación estadounidenses para empezar a hacer pruebas con sus drones en el exterior, según ha anunciado la empresa en un comunicado. “Estamos avanzando rápidamente en nuestra investigación y desarrollo del proyecto en nuestro laboratorio de Seatlle”, añade la nota firmada por Paul Misener, quien deja caer que en caso de que el Departamento Federal de Aviación (FAA, por sus siglas en inglés) no les dejen seguir adelante con la iniciativa, se la llevarán del país.

Para poder ser repartidas por los aviones no tripulados de Amazon, que alcanzan velocidades de hasta 80 kilómetros por hora (50 millas), tienen una autonomía de 16 kilómetros y cuentan con ocho hélices, los paquetes deben pesar menos de 2,3 kilos (5 libras). La empresa recuerda que el 86% de las mercancías que vende a través de la web son lo suficientemente ligeras como para ser transportadas por los drones, lo que agilizaría las entregas a los clientes.

Hasta ahora, indica Amazon, solo ha podido probar su sistema de reparto de drones en el laboratorio. Pero ahora tiene que dar el siguiente paso y ponerlos en práctica al aire libre, algo que prohíbe la ley. “Queremos seguir manteniendo el foco, los empleos y la inversión de este importante proyecto en Estados Unidos realizando operaciones al aire libre en las proximidades de Seattle”, explica en el comunicado Misener, vicepresidente de la compañía. En este sentivo, destaca que en el equipo responsable del proyecto hay “expertos en robótica de reconocido prestigio internacional, científicos, ingenieros aeronáuticos y hasta un antiguo astronauta de la NASA”. Hasta la fecha, ya han desarrollado ocho prototipos.

Sin embargo, la FAA ha prohibido la gran mayoría de vuelos comerciales hasta que no desarrolle la legislación sobre estos aparatos. En el caso concreto de Amazon, además, hace unas semanas la oficina federal advirtió de que el planteamiento del portal de usar los aparatos para realizar entregas de paquetes no ofrece todas las garantías.


Why Germany Dominates the U.S. in Innovation – Dan Breznitz – Harvard Business Review

Why Germany Dominates the U.S. in Innovation – Dan Breznitz – Harvard Business Review.

by Dan Breznitz  |   8:00 AM May 27, 2014

Reading the headlines, you might think that the most urgent question about national success in innovation and growth is whether the U.S. or China should get the gold medal. The truth is: Germany wins hands down.

Germany does a better job on innovation in areas as diverse as sustainable energy systems, molecular biotech, lasers, and experimental software engineering. Indeed, as part of an effort to learn from Germany about effective innovation, U.S. states have encouraged the Fraunhofer Society, a German applied-science think tank, to set up no fewer than seven institutes in America.

True, Americans do well at inventing. The U.S. has the world’s most sophisticated system of financing radical ideas, and the results have been impressive, from Google to Facebook to Twitter. But the fairy tale that the U.S. is better at radical innovation than other countries has been shown in repeated studies to be untrue. Germany is just as good as the U.S. in the most radical technologies.

What’s more important, Germany is better at adapting inventions to industry and spreading them throughout the business sector. Much German innovation involves infusing old products and processes with new ideas and capabilities or recombining elements of old, stagnant sectors into new, vibrant ones.